Premium Essay

Mba in Project and Construction Mnagement

In: Business and Management

Submitted By dharmu
Words 795
Pages 4
The Reinforcement Theory of Motivation includes 4 aspects: Positive, Negative, Punishment, Extinction. Positive reinforcement – When the employees work hard, have done work well, and bring some interests for the organization, the organization will give some rewards to motivate them. For example: In a company, the employees’ work exploits will be showed in the notice board every month. The best employee should be given some rewards. Thus, they will bring some benefits for their organization. Negative reinforcement – When the employees have some prombles make he/she does not work hardly and brought some losses for the organization, the organization will give them help. Thus, it can help the employees to eliminate affect. For example: if they feel work no motivity . we will to know their prombles , than eliminate affect . if his family has some prombles ,we will help him. to improve the environment of workplace , furnish regular bus ,get a psychologist to account for the promble of mental(Psychology Management), eliminate theestrangement of new and old staff . Punishment reinforcement – When the employees make the organization suffer some harm or do something wrong, they will be given some punishments. For example: When the company suffers a great loss because of the employee’s laxity and mistake, the organization will give him a serious punishment and be deducted some wages. Extinction reinforcement – When the employee can’t not only bring interests for the organization, but also lead to loss, he will be disregarded and extinct. For example: In a company, the employee who isn’t the best, and isn’t the worst, sometimes, the workmates don’t know the employee work at the company all the time, he has been disregarded. So, the organization should let him give a letter of…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Project Report on Construction

...| MANAV RACHNA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY | A PROJECT REPORT ON SANDEEP TEWATIA ROLLNO.- 10/FIP/U1/BBI/008 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The study was conducted by the assistance of several individuals. I really appreciate their help and hereby thank them. I would like to give special thanks to the following people: 1 Firstly, I would like to thank Ms. Divya who had supervised the study and was in charge of the entire project. Her presence and assistant was remarkable and so I am grateful to her. 2 Secondly, I would like to thank the outlet managers who were interviewed. They took out time from their busy schedules to help me proceed with my study. Their assistance was very significant and so I am grateful to them as well. 3 Thirdly, I would like to thank all other people who provided me with the resources to conduct my study. Their help and assistance was very valuable and so I would like to acknowledge them as well. Overall all the above-mentioned people had a great role in my study. Their direct and indirect help indeed proved to be a great help. OM BUILDCON PVT. LTD. ------------------------------------------------- Company Profile HEAD OFFICE | : | 648, SEC. 16A, FARIDABAD, HARYANA | TELEPHONE | : | 0129-4070524 | FAX | : | 0129-4074648 | E-MAIL |...

Words: 2691 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Mba Project

...would dare face investment analysts without an Internet strategy. But even a detailed and thoughtful approach to the Web does not guarantee business success. The main purpose behind the launching of online banking services is to provide the customers with an alternative, more responsive and with less expensive options. With options just a click away, customers have more control than ever. They expect real-time answers and superior usability. They also want personal attention and highly customized products and services. The focus of e-business must always be on the customer. On the other hand, the technology and the business structure follow on form of the value you intend to provide to the customer. ABOUT THE PROJECT Motivation of the Project Objectives of the Project METHODOLGY NATURE OF THE DATA Primary Research Data Secondary Research Data SOURCE & COLLECTION OF DATA TOOLS & TECHNIQUES OF ANALYSIS TREND ANALYSIS EXPECTED CONTRIBUTION FROM THE STUDY LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY BIBLIOGRAPHY...

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Lic Project for Mba

...„insurance is an economic device for reducing and eliminating risk through the process of combining a sufficient number of homogeneous exposures into a group to make the losses predictable for the group as a whole11. 2. About Life Insurance Corporation of India In January 1956, 245 Indian and foreign insurers and provident societies operating in India were taken over by the Central Government by an Act of parliament, “The Life Insurance Corporation Act 1956”. The LIC, with a capital of Rs 5 crores was set up in September 1956. As on 31st March 2011, there were 8 Zonal Offices, 111 Divisional Offices and 2,048 Branch Offices and 1123 Satellite Offices (SOs). 3. Review of Literature Anderson and dow1 in their book-“actuarial statistics-construction of mortality and other tables” examined the factors to be considered for constructing a mortality table. Bhanu kiran2 in his thesis, “life insurance marketing” discussed the marketing practices of different players in the industry in india. The study found that the lic is far ahead of other players in the industry due to its strong marketing network Desai3 in his book-“life insurance in india-its history and dimensions of growth” explained and elaborated the historical background of life insurance industry in india and its growth since nationalization. Harris4 in his book- “life insurance salesmanship” felt that insurance selling is an art, which is acquired by one through experience and exposure but not through teaching.......

Words: 5239 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Sequence of a Construction Project

...Sequence of a Typical Construction Project Like everything, a construction project begins with an idea that is born of a particular wish or need. Once the decision has been made by the owner to transform this idea into a reality, in a sense, the first phase of the project has begun. During this project initiation, the owner gives great consideration to the various parameters of the project, such as, what is actually needed, the work required, and how much financing may be obtained. The decision to build is not one to be taken lightly, but by the end of this evaluation process the owner should have a clear, but very general vision of the impending project. After this period of analysis, if the project still proves beneficial, the owner may then decide to take the next step and hire design professionals to begin the ‘design phase’ of the project. Upon selection of design professionals, the owner has now become the client and the programming stage of the design phase may begin. During this process, the design professional’s primary focus is to ascertain the needs and desires of the client. Programming also involves searching into which codes and regulations will be applicable to the specific project. If required, the design professionals may also be engaged to assist the client in site selection and feasibility. A land surveyor and real estate agent may also be employed to help in determining the adaptability of a site for a particular project. There are many......

Words: 1634 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Mba Project

...Case Study: Project Prerna Background: In 2012, India's urban housing shortage was estimated at nearly 19 million households, according to a report by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation. According to 2011 Census, of the 11.97 million residents of Mumbai, around 8.68 million people live in slums. These slum dwellers, though residing in urban India, have unique set of characteristics and face various challenges which are as follows: The slum dwellers are not provided affordable housing with legal land title(possesion) hence they cannot leverage any credit facility using the house or land as acceptable collateral. They cannot pay taxes even if they want to because taxation gives them the legal status. Hence their status remains as the secondary citizens of the city. Slums do not have basic services and provision of formal infrastructure, education, health care facilities. Majority of the slum dwellers and residents are first generation migrants from the rural areas. They possess skills that are not competent enough or do not have any significant market in the cities. They have to learn or are required to develop new skills, which require long-term investment of time and resources, which they do not have. Their only option remains is getting engaged in occupations that are unskilled and menial, and where the incomes are low(mostly laborious and shift jobs). These are also casual jobs where advantage is taken of their situation and they are cheated. The...

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Improving Quality in the Management of Property Development and Construction Projects

...IMPROVING QUALITY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS Portfolio presented on 29th October 2004 in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (DBA) JOHN PANIL MIEM, PEng (Msia) Bsc. (Hons) Civil Eng. MBA (Tech. Mgmt.) International Graduate School of Management Division of Business and Enterprise University of South Australia DOCTOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PORTFOLIO/DISSERTATION SUBMISSION SUPERVISOR APPROVAL DECLARATION Candidate Name: John Panil UniSA Candidate ID Number: 00112656C Dear Sir To the best of my knowledge, the portfolio contains all of the candidate's own work completed under my supervision, and is worthy of examination. I have approved for submission the portfolio that is being submitted for examination. 5.001) Signature: Supervi or Professor Si Heng Loke Date Signa re: Supervisor Dr Karlos Knapp Date Supported by: j (\Professor David Richards Chair, IGSM Doctoral Board of Examiners a% Date DECLARATION I hereby declare that this portfolio does not incorporate without acknowledgment any materials previously submitted for a degree or diploma in any university and that to the best of my knowledge, it also does not contain any materials previously published or written by another person, except where due reference is made in the text. Si Date: John anil Can date, Doctor of Business......

Words: 41815 - Pages: 168

Premium Essay

Mba Project

...assets (more depreciation), increase short-term liabilities (repairs and refurbishment of items), decrease sales revenue and increase cost of sales.17 In sum, for many reasons – costs, customer service and revenue – reverse logistics is an increasingly important part of current and future supply chain strategies. It behoves firms to be on the leading edge of reverse logistics process development. I 17. Ron Giuntini, “The Reverse Supply Chain – Unplanned Returns: Managing the Accrual Expenditure Accounts”, The OEM Product-Services Review, June/July 2001, p. 3. Want to Drive Adoption? CommerceNet can help. CommerceNet is a unique not-for-profit organization advancing eCommerce globally through sponsorship and management of real-world projects and pilots that help your clients separate fact from vaporware. We are currently engaged in programs defining global issues and solutions in areas that will directly affect your organization’s future eCommerce plans: • Return on Investment and Economic Impact of Automation • Transportation and Logistics • Next Generation Internet Applications • Emerging Electronic Commerce Standards • eServices • Low Cost Interoperability Solutions • Wireless and Pervasive Access • Internet Payments and Security Why deal with uncertainty when reality is so nearby. Become a member now call 1-888-255-1900 x273 www.commerce.net ...

Words: 2451 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Project on Security Selection and Portfolio Construction

...------------------------------------------------- 1.0 Introduction Investment In finance, investment is putting money into an asset with the expectation of capital appreciation, dividends, and/or interest earnings. This may or may not be backed by research and analysis. Most or all forms of investment involve some form of risk, such as investment in equities, property, and even fixed interest securities which are subject, among other things, to inflation risk. It is indispensable for project investors to identify and manage the risks related to the investment. Investment Management Investment management is the professional asset management of various securities (shares, bonds and other securities) and other assets (e.g., real estate) in order to meet specified investment goals for the benefit of the investors. Investors may be institutions (insurance companies, pension funds, corporations, charities, educational establishments etc.) or private investors (both directly via investment contracts and more commonly via collective investment schemes e.g. mutual funds or exchange-traded funds). The term asset management is often used to refer to the investment management of collective investments, while the more generic fund management may refer to all forms of institutional investment as well as investment management for private investors. Investment managers who specialize in advisory or discretionary management on behalf of (normally wealthy) private investors may often......

Words: 4274 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Construction of Loop (Saidabad Side) of Khilgaon Flyover Project

...Project Summary of Construction of Loop (Saidabad Side) of Khilgaon Flyover Project Course Name: International Project Management Course Code: IB-509 Submitted To: Suborna Barua, Assistant Professor, Department of International Business, University of Dhaka Submitted By: Sl. No | Name | Roll No. | 01. | H. M. Rubayyiat Quayyum | 20 | 02. | Md. Mizanur Rahman | 31 | 03. | Md. Sajib Hossain | 32 | 04. | Md. Alauddin Akash | 34 | MBA 6th Batch Department Of International Business University of Dhaka Date: May 27, 2014 Construction of Loop (Saidabad Side) of Khilgaon Flyover Project * Summary of needs and request for action: The government undertook a number of remedial measures to address the public sufferings caused by intolerable traffic congestions in Dhaka city. As a part of the total initiatives to improve the traffic situation in Dhaka the then government approved the Khilgaon Flyover project in the ECNEC meeting on 09/02/2000. Accordingly LGED constructed the flyover which was opened for traffic from March 2005. However, the implementation was not done as per original plan/design because the subsequent government (2001-2006) dropped one of the important loops (Saidabad side) from the project. This has seriously constrained the objectives and expected benefits of the flyover as originally planned. Till now the large volume of traffic coming from Progoti Sarani and eastern part of the city (Mothertek, Kadamtali, Basabo, Shepaibag, Meradia, Goran) can not use...

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mba, Math533, Course Project a

...MATH-533 Applied Managerial Statistics Course Project Part A Introduction It is so interesting to choose sections location, an income and size as representative of my course project. From the list, it really makes me an interest of trend of people who is living in urban, has how many of family members and how much they earn. Basically I would like to categorize the direction of cluster of people and their desires to live which area of country. First, I am going to analyze the locations versus family size, and then family size versus to income. Then I will analyze further how many of family and location has how much income which helps us to reveal to pay back the credits. 1st Individual Variable (Location) Table 1 and graph 1 Location | Number of houses | Rural | 14 | Suburban | 15 | Urban | 21 | From the table 1 and graph 1 shows the number of houses and number of locations. Based on the information customers from AJ Davis tend to live in the Urban area rather than the suburban and rural area. 2nd individual variable (Size) Size (family members) | number of objects | 1 | 5 | 2 | 15 | 3 | 8 | 4 | 9 | 5 | 5 | 6 | 5 | 7 | 3 | Graph 2 and table 2 Based on table 2 information following data comes out. (Numbers of customers) Minimum: 3 Median:5 Q3:8.5 Maximum:15 Based on the graph 2 and table 2, most of the customers intend to have less than 5 family members. The majority of customers have 2 family members and only 3 of......

Words: 354 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mba Project

...his poor standard of living in big cities. Good house means possibility of home life, happiness and health; bad houses spell squalor, drink, diseases, immorality, crime, etc. overcrowding of people in dark quarters in slum areas is mainly responsible for the outbreak of tuberculosis. According to Radha Kamal Mukerjee,”In the thousand slums of the industrial centers, manhood is unquestionably brutalized, womanhood dishonored and childhood poisoned at its very source”. Recognizing the need for housing accommodation, an Industrial Housing Scheme was introduced in 1952. Under this scheme, the Central Government offers loans to industrial subsidized housing scheme for economically weaker sections of society (1952) Rural House-sites-cum-hut construction scheme for landless workers (1971), has also been introduced to reduce the housing shortage to workers. The government has also introduced housing schemes for mines and plantation workers in early 50s. Housing schemes for dock workers was drawn up in 1964. The progress of industrial housing schemes has so far been very slow due to various reasons: non-utilization of allocated funds, non-availability of development land in urban areas. The NCL recommended that the Government should assume major responsibility for housing, with active help from employers. III. TRANSPORTATION The Committee on Labour Welfare, 1969, recommended the provision of transport facilities to workers so that they can reach the workplace punctually and......

Words: 7753 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Construction Projects: Establishing a Procurement Strategy

...Construction Projects: Establishing a Procurement Strategy Introduction The construction industry is one of the major contributors to the gross domestic product of many economies, and as a result, it is important that the environment of the industry is kept as healthy as possible. Previous research studies based on the construction industry (NWPC, 1990; Latham, 1994) have emphasised the key improvement areas, and one of these areas is the selection and use of a suitable procurement strategy in any construction project. The construction process has been seen as involving “all those activities, be they technical, managerial or strategic which make up the realisation phase of a project where the physical facility actually appears, and on completion, the facility is in a useable state, which is an important part of the whole project endeavour and actually impacts the perception of the client” (Rowlinson & McDermott, 1999: pp. 27). But then the concept of success is generally an ambiguous one in a construction project because of the varying perceptions of the project participants, since they will all have their own view of success (Chan, Scott & Lam, 2002). Therefore, several issues need to be considered in order to ensure the success of the outcome of a construction project. However, current research (Chinyio, Olomololaiye & Corbett, 1998) confirms that construction clients have been dissatisfied with the performance of construction consultants and contractors on most...

Words: 1759 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Construction Project

...contract. Miscommunication may also lead to loss in momentum which increases the cost in contract. Lack of transparency between the parties is yet another contract related problems. This type of fundamental problem may due to various reasons. The contract commitment must be fulfilled by both the parties in contract by personnel appointed by the parties. Furthermore, other areas of risk also includes leakage in revenue, overrunning in cost, failure in the contract to meet the business needs etc. This all risks makes the parties to understand the contract in depth and they should manage the risk exposure in contract. They must fully understand the terms of contract to manage the risk. Another way is that both the parties should see the project outcome in advance to avoid conflict between them. The risk should be identified as the first step to avoid future dispute in contracts. Various factors that increase contract risk The main reason for increase in contract risk is that parties does not manage the risk in contract using a systematic approach. The expectation depends upon that each parties should be able to fulfil their commitments in the contract. (i) Dependence on third parties for other service like logistics, manufacturing, payroll etc. are creating issue in completion of contract. Because third parties have different expectation on contract. (ii) Companies licensing patents, copyrights, trademarks etc. wants to exploit newly developed......

Words: 3459 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Handbook-Project-and-Construction-Management

...2011 HANDBOOK For project and construction management – Fundamental concepts “Project coordination” From tender to 5 years inspection - Construction Management - final version Københavns Erhvervsakademi and VIA University College, Horsens August 2010 00. Introduction 00 Introduction This handbook is primarily intended for the use by students in their final semester of the constructing architect education - specializing in construction management. Construction management aims at a future career as a construction or project manager working for a contractor. The handbook will also be useful as a guide for small and medium sized contractors. The handbook is a joint venture between lecturers in construction management at VIA University College in Horsens (Vibeke Kragh, Benny Olsen, and Henrik Kopp) and KEA - Københavns Erhvervsakademi (Eva Weincke, Kaj Torben Hansen, Benny Lennart Bay, Anders Christensen and Lone Lykke Larsen). Consequently, the handbook will contain requirements for documentation and other examples that are not necessarily relevant to contractors, but are deemed relevant for students. The handbook is based on practical examples from a fictive contractor. In this context, relevant aspects from ‘real-life’ contractors will be included. The booklet is based on project coordination showing the progress in the construction process. The sections follow project phases from tender to handing over - in a main contractor contract. As......

Words: 15776 - Pages: 64

Premium Essay

Cost Control in Construction Projects

...Construction Project Controls: Cost, Schedule, and Change Management UP-201 September 2004 CURT Owner Member Companies Abbott Laboratories Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. Ameren American Electric Power Baxter Healthcare Corporation Boeing Company Caterpillar Inc. Citigroup ConocoPhillips DTE Energy The Dow Chemical Company E.I. Dupont De Nemours & Company Eastman Kodak Company Ernst & Young ExxonMobil Chemical Company FMC Corporation FirstEnergy Corporation General Electric Company General Mills, Inc. General Motors Corporation HCA Healthcare Corporation Hercules, Inc. Honda of America Mfg., Inc. IBM Intel Corporation Johnson & Johnson Kansas City Power & Light Company The McGraw-Hill Companies MeadWestvaco Corporation Merck & Company, Inc. Owens Corning PSEG Power, LLC Pfizer, Inc. The Procter & Gamble Company Rohm and Haas Shell Global Solutions (U.S.), Inc. Southern Companies Sunoco, Inc. TECO Tampa Electric Company Toyota Motor Mfg. North America Tyco International U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers U.S. General Services Administration The University Of Cincinnati Associate Member Companies Alberici Group, Inc. BE&K Bechtel Egizii Electric, Inc. Fluor Corporation Hunt Construction Group Jacobs Engineering Group Rudolph/Libbe Companies The Shaw Group, Inc. Tetra Tech FW Inc. Turner Construction Company Zachry Construction Corporation Association Associate Members Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC) Associated General Contractors of America (AGC) Mechanical......

Words: 2779 - Pages: 12

Economics and Dependent Variable Increases | wohnwagen knaus azur | Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse2018117 min +101