Premium Essay

Mccarthyism

In: Historical Events

Submitted By meg7698
Words 581
Pages 3
McCarthyism McCarthyism originated in the late 1940’s during the Second Red Scare period when
Senator Joseph McCarthy began making rash accusations of treason and such crimes in fear of
Communist influence on American culture. A spectrum of actions resulted from this irrational, growing fear of Communism. The Red Scare began after World War II and carried out tensions from the Cold War between the two world superpowers. The House Un-American Activities Committee was created in 1938 to monitor Communist actions. This committee sought to expose any suspected Communist supporters living in the United States. Many suspected communists lost their jobs, homes, families and were even imprisoned. Government officials, Hollywood stars, and educators were targeted mostly by these exaggerated accusations. Many well-known and appreciated people were subjected to testify their beliefs, involvement with and general knowledge of the Communist Party in the United States. The Hollywood “blacklist” included those who could not be employed due to their supposed affiliations with the Communist party. The “Hollywood Ten” were a group of ten hollywood stars subpoenaed by the HUAC that took a stand and tried to defend their first amendment rights to freedom of speech and the freedom to assemble. The Committee failed to see the value in their argument and sentenced them all to six to twelve months of imprisonment. All those who were accused after the Hollywood Ten case plead the fifth and became known as “Fifth Amendment Communist’s. Many thought that health services, vaccinations and mental health services were influenced by Communists to brainwash Americans. Joseph McCarthy convinced the majority of Americans to side with his paranoia. American officials seemed to believe that all Communists sought to overthrow the American government. Thousands of people who were subpoenaed by…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism

...Anticommunism and McCarthyism Hist/145 November 30, 2011 Janice Harder This paper will require me to define and use quotations to defend my position to answer the questions of the difference between McCarthyism and anti-communism, the perspective of the press, the decisions of the foreign policy, and the lives of Americans. I would attempt to integrate the questions of McCarthyism, anti-communism, and the perspective of the press in the first part of the paper, because they are related. The differences are that McCarthyism was a radical expression of anti-communism, because anti-communism was a political belief that was against any social, cultural, political, and foreign policy that supported a government controlled state, economy, and cultural life. McCarthyism sought to fight communism by rooting out disloyal government officials through hearings, investigations, and wire tapping them to find out if they had allegiance to the communist party. McCarthy came out in the 1950's with a list of 205 spies that changed every day, but he began to target spies that no longer worked for the government(Goldfield D, 2006). They are closely related, but McCarthyism accused too many innocent people such as teachers, the army, and was finally censured by the Senate for interfering with the rights of the citizens which the article on the censorship and the symbol of McCarthyism spoke on. The press manipulated the perspectives of the nation by either promoting McCarthyism......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism

...Anticommunism and McCarthyism Thomas Wolfe HIS 145 February 7, 2011 Justin Horton Anticommunism and McCarthyism The Cold War was around for about 44 years and the focal point of it all was Communism. The US and Soviet were on each end of the spectrum. The Soviet was a communist nation with a hunger to grow while the US would do whatever necessary to prevent the fall to communism. These two large power houses had to build power in one direction or the other because it is almost impossible for two large powers to share the wealth. We will discuss the differences between Anticommunism and McCarthyism while looking at how the media covered this during that time. American foreign policy would be changed forever due to the push of anticommunism. Lastly, we will look at how the Red Scare changed the lives of Americans. Anti-communism and McCarthyism have some very minor similarities that should be focused on but never to be associated as being the same thing. Communism is a method to create an environment where everyone is of equal class and will work while the communist government collects all of the money and gives you only what you need. They own the land, the house, the food, the water, and anything else in between. Anti-communism is the resistance against this way of living. The United States and of course, President Truman, was totally sold on ensuring that the United States does not come under the communistic ways. Anticommunism was a methodology to do all that......

Words: 1118 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Anti-Communism and Mccarthyism Paper

...Joseph McCarthy lead out to protect America’s freedom from communism, although his sweeping lash stripped freedoms from many of his fellow citizens. Strange as it may seem, in this period of American history both communism and McCarthyism threatened America; fear fueled the fire to a Red Scare glow before its flame would dwindle and smolder. In order to better understand these events, a more detailed look into history is needed to explain how this controversy and cultural phenomenon came to be. Understanding the Differences Is there a difference between anti-communism and McCarthyism? Despite the common belief that these two terms have the same meaning, there are indeed fundamental differences. Anti-communism can be understood as a set of beliefs, social values, or political opinions that a communist form of government is unacceptable and wrong. McCarthyism, on the other hand, was suspicious and it unfairly accused American citizens of being a communist. Lead by and named affectionately after Senator Joseph McCarthy, McCarthyism and its accusations violated American civil rights, destroyed reputations, caused employers to "blacklist" and created an era of distrust in the United States well into the late 1950's. Media Perspectives The term McCarthyism was coined by Herbert Block who first displayed it in a Washington Post cartoon, March 29, 1950. On June 18, 1950, the New York Times reported, “McCarthy, even allowing for the old fact that charges run a faster race......

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Mccarthyism and the Red Scares Impact on the Media in the 50s/60s

...McCarthyism and The Second Red Scares impact on Media in the 1950-60s decades (Research and Analysis Paper) In 1950, fewer than 50,000 Americans out of a total US population of 150 million were members of the Communist Party(Gilder Lehrman). However following WWII the the time period of the 1950-1970 was marked as a period of mass fear of Communism. American fears of internal communist infiltration reached Its highest point since the First Red Scare of the 1920-30s. Government organizations investigated millions of americans, “asking what books and magazines they read, what unions and civic organizations they belonged to, and whether they went to church” (Gilder Lehrman). This time period was also marked by the major shift and blacklisting of celebrities primarily in show business. One of the people who took full advantage of the mass hysteria was Senator Joseph McCarthy from Wisconsin. McCarthy began his crusade by giving a speech at the Women’s Republican Club of Wheeling, in West Virginia, where he stated that he had a list of over 220 confirmed communists living in the US. The numbers of this statement dropped over the years as people began to watch him more closely. However this didn’t stop him from rising to more power, after the Republicans regained a majority in the senate, McCarthy took control of a subcommittee, and performed investigations on government agencies. Other Cold War “activists” consisted of Minnesota Senator Hubert Humphrey, union leader Walter......

Words: 2712 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism Paper

...Assignments Individual Assignment: Anticommunism and McCarthyism Paper Themes of anticommunism preoccupied the American media from 1947 to 1954. Major topics included the coup in Czechoslovakia, the Korean War, the House Un-American Activities Committee, Alger Hiss, the Rosenbergs, and Joseph McCarthy. • Resources: ProQuest Historical Newspapers • Identify at least three different articles from the ProQuest Historical Newspapers (New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and Christian Science Monitor) written between 1947 and 1954 to see how these events were covered by the media. • Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper about anticommunism and McCarthyism during this period, including examples or quotes from each of the three articles you located (see rubric below). • Format your paper according to APA standards. Anti-communism and McCarthyism paper Grading Criteria Content 5 Points All key elements of the assignment are covered in a substantive way within the guidelines of 700-1050 words. The paper incorporates at least three different appropriate articles from ProQuest Historical Newspapers written between 1947 and 1954, covering topics in anti-communism or McCarthyism. The paper provides insight and supports that insight on the following topics: • The differences between anti-communism and McCarthyism • The perspective from which the media covered anti-communism and McCarthyism • American foreign policy decisions impacted by......

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism Paper

...My Teddy Bear By Carisa A. Paterson I got my first teddy bear today. My mom and dad got it for me. She is a chocolate brown bear. She feels like a fresh pick peach she is as soft as a soft sheet. She is my best friend in the world, and her name is Mrs. Peach. Hey I am only five what do you take me for I am not that popular at kindergarten. We do everything together and it is so much fun. Such as play outside. We eat together and we love to take mud baths those are the most fun kind of baths. One day my mom told me if you keep that kind of playing with her that is she is going to get all ratty and dirty. I told her so what mom she is my best friend and we must do everything together. She said that we need to put her up so she doesn’t get to much more dirty. I hugged her tighter than ever and said no she is my best friend please do not take her away from me mommy. I’ll miss her very much. I went to bed with her one day and woke up the next morning she was gone. I ran down the stairs crying telling my mom why you took her away after I told you how much she means to me. To my surprise there was Mrs. Peach sitting at the table. She looked like the way she did the first day I got her. My mom had stayed up all night putting new stuffing in her sowing her up and given her a well-deserved bath. That was 89 years ago and she is still my best friend she is also my daughters best friend and my granddaughters best friend and in about five years she will be my great......

Words: 385 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism

...government have received less attention. I offer new evidence that right-wingers viewed communism as a challenge not only to capitalist class relations but also to prevailing gender and race hierarchies. For them, the need to stabilize white male supremacy was one important reason to oppose communism. Antifeminism, an objective in and of itself, also was a means to other objectives. Leading antiCommunists deployed antifeminism to generate popular enthusiasm for their attacks on the New Deal and the Truman administration. As a result, the second red scare harmed the careers of women in government, undercut the policy goals that many of them shared, and reinforced antifeminism in the wider culture.7 Hofstadter argued that one engine of McCarthyism was popular resistance to the rise of the government expert. This resistance was intensified, I would add, by the fact that quite a few of those experts were women. The crises of the Great Depression, World War II, and the nuclear threat expanded the federal bureaucracy dramatically and also shifted power from legislators to bureaucratic experts. These career civil servants typically were better educated and more cosmopolitan than legislators. Also, at least since the "snivel service reform" battles of the 1880s, the masculinity of male civil servants had been suspect. Johnson points out that stereotypes about male bureaucrats and male homosexuals overlapped: both groups could be seen as non(re)productive, nonentrepreneurial men......

Words: 6635 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism

...Identify at least three different articles from the ProQuest Historical Newspapers (New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and Christian Science Monitor) written between 1947 and 1954 to see how these events were covered by the media. Write a 750- to 1,050-word paper about anticommunism and McCarthyism during this period, including examples or quotes from each of the three articles you located. You should also take any course readings into account. You _must_ use APA citations to cite any _ideas_ or quotes that aren't yours. Address the following: *The differences between anticommunism and McCarthyism *The perspective from which the media covered anticommunism and McCarthyism *American foreign policy decisions impacted by anticommunists *How Americans’ lives changed because of the Red Scare *Format your paper according to APA standards. **You must find one overall theme that ties anticommunism to all of these things--this theme should be defined in terms of a _single word_; that word, obviously, cannot be "anticommunism." Point out your theme in the first sentence with a statement similar to (or exactly to) "The overall theme that describes anticommunism during this period is [theme]." If you don't point out this one theme and argue how this theme ties all of these things together, you cannot receive an A on this paper. You will summarize your theme and explain how your theme ties all of these together in your intro paragraph. Your......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mccarthyism

...CheckPoint: McCarthyism I believe McCarthyism had affected lives of people in the U.S. that his negative property were unfavorable. He was too aggressive, dishonest, and inappropriate. With all the fear and panic going on, this led to finger pointing, accusations, and a sense of prevalent paranoia. It created an overall fear of socialists, anarchists, and other dissidents. In McCarthyism’s mind it was all or nothing; meaning that if the citizen was not patriotic, they would be considered a suspect. With all the conflict McCarthyism creating conflict between the fellow American citizens, he also stirred up some problems in the political, economic, and social-political areas. This kind of conflict did not help the people in any way but just made it worse. With all these problems in the political field it also increased the fear and discrimination toward English speakers. I believe that this harmed the democratic goals and ideas of the United States.  I feel that it made America lose face and appear to be too aggressive in terms of foreign and domestic policy. Although it was supposed to keep a tight check on communistic activity, its aim seemed to be contradictory of America's ideologies of openness, multiculturalism, and peace position. Instead, it seemed to embody a policy that was too forceful. I also believe that it was dangerous because it was a bit hasty in generalizing and labeling that all Communists posed a definite threat to America and world peace. It caused......

Words: 282 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

What Effect Did Mccarthyism Have on the Us/

...How far do you agree with the view that McCarthyism had little impact on US society in the years 1950-54? It is argued that McCarthyism had a vital impact on US society in the years 1950-54. This can be seen through the knock on effects it had on the people in America, as the fear of communism was rising as McCarthyism triggered a panic all across America during this period. The USA was already feeling very vulnerable after War as they feared communism would spread just the way It did in China, thus McCarthyism was significant as many Americans were scared that their society would come under the influence of communism. However, many historians argue that the impact John McCarthy was only short term as soon; the Red Scare was falling apart as everyone was being accused of being a communist. McCarthy influenced many Americans through radio and press and caused many Americans to panic from Communism. He raised the awareness of the impact that communism could have on American society and how it could change the American way of life, and during this period many Americans did not want any significant change as the economy was booming and prosperity was flourishing all over America, which was a major change. Therefore, people had a reason to fear Communism as Americans were living a better and more affluent life and they did not want their privileges to be taken away from them. McCarthy took advantage of this and manipulated the press, and released as many accusations as......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Anticomunism and Mccarthyism

...Week 1 notes Anticommunism and McCarthyism Paper Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper written between 1947 and 1954 to see how these events were covered by the media. (New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and Christian Science Monitor) About anticommunism- Anti-communism is a set of beliefs, social values, or political opinions that communism or a one party system form of government that holds all power, including the economy is not acceptable. -great anti-communist frenzy in the late 1940s and early 1950s that had corrosive effects on American life. Known to many as “McCarthyism,” after the Wisconsin senator who became the most famous and notorious voice of anti-communism for a time, the post–World War II Red Scare was a widespread phenomenon that affected almost every area of American life. The early years of the Cold War coincided with a time of economic anxiety as the nation attempted to adjust to conversion from war to peace; but by the early 1950s, the American economy entered a period of high economic growth and stability. McCarthyism during this period- Whereas, McCarthyism unfairly targeted and investigated men and women for being suspected of being a communist often destroying reputations and causing employers to place suspects names on the so called "blacklist" for fear of risking his or her own reputation (especially Hollywood) destroyed by the powerful Senator Joseph McCarthy. Throughout the late 1950's and even until the......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism Paper

...The Cold War and Consumer Culture: 1945-1961 William (Mike) Nufer HIS/145 The American Experience Since 1945 January 12, 2012 Jason Rodarte University of Phoenix The Cold War and Consumer Culture: 1945-1961 In week one of this class it is asked of all students to write a paper on the Cold War and consumer culture. In this paper it will analyze the causes of the cold war, show Cold War policies and show international relations of the late 1940’s though the mid-1950’s. It will also show how anti-communism and McCarthyism impacted the United States. It will also explain how following World War II Affluent Society was developed.. and finally evaluate culture while Eisenhower was president. The Breakdown of Wartime Alliances: One vision of the post war world was the beginning of the Atlantic Charter, the Atlantic Charter is one where nations would dismiss there traditional views in how they run their military, and how they will govern their relations with one another, using democratic processes. This is only one of the visions that appealed to Present Roosevelt. The Yalta Conference did not settle any of the main topics of the post war events, and seemed to sidestep the most important issues. Upon leaving the Yalta conference Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin all thought they had signed an important agreement. The Americans understanding of the agreement strongly differed from the Soviet. The agents of 50 countries had a meeting in San Francisco in......

Words: 306 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mccarthyism

...The Connection by Kathleen Orozco P. Sepesi English 3.1 December 5, 2011 Outline I. Introduction II. America in the 1600’s A. Puritanism B. Salem Witch Trials III. America in the 1950’s A. Communism B. Joseph McCarthy IV. McCarthyism A. McCarthy Trials (HUAC) B. Blacklisting C. Elia Kazan D. Arthur Miller V. The Crucible A. The Summary B. The theme VI. The Allegory A. Danforth and the HUAC B. Danforth and Joseph McCarthy C. Elia Kazan and Abigail Williams VII. The conclusion The Connection The Crucible written by Arthur Miller has a symbolic meaning. It is an allegory, “a story in which people, things, and events have a symbolic meaning, often instructive.” (Agnes 17). The setting, the Salem witch trials of the 1600’s is similar to the McCarthy trials of the 1950’s. The people, the events, the details relate to one another. Miller purposely wrote his story to instruct the fact that the mentality of the people in the 1950’s was no different than the mentality of people in the 1600’s. In the 1600’s people followed a strict religion known as puritanism. The Puritans believed they were sent by God to purify the world of sin and evil. Because of this they believed they were superior to others. Consequently, when they did sin, they tended to feel guilty and blame others for their faults. This blame and guilt led to one of the most fearful times in America. The Salem witch trials happened during the 1600’s and at a time where......

Words: 1816 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Anitcommunsin and Mccarthyism

...Anticommunism and McCarthyism Paper HIS/145 December 19, 2011 ANITCOMMUNSIM AND MCCARTHYISM PAPER The differences are that McCarthyism was a radical expression of anti-communism, because anti-communism was a political belief that was against any social, cultural, political, and foreign policy that supported a government controlled state, economy, and cultural life.  McCarthyism sought to fight communism by rooting out disloyal government officials through hearings, investigations, and wire tapping them to find out if they had allegiance to the communist party.  McCarthy came out in the 1950's with a list of 205 spies that changed every day, but he began to target spies that no longer worked for the government (Goldfield D, 2006). They are closely related, but McCarthyism accused too many innocent people such as teachers, the army, and was finally censured by the Senate for interfering with the rights of the citizens which the article on the censorship and the symbol of McCarthyism spoke on. The press manipulated the perspectives of the nation by either promoting McCarthyism when it came out or then devaluating it when it was found out, but it was influenced by politics.  I have enclosed a list of articles from Pro Quest that prove these contentions. McCarthy manipulate the press by using press clips, TV news, and publicized Republican convention to attack General Marshal, the General of the Army and other prominent government officials (Goldfield D, 2006).  These......

Words: 885 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Anticommunism and Mccarthyism

...Anticommunism and McCarthyism Travis Hall His/145 4/27/2011 Richard Pinder At the end of World War II, there was a continuing state of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars and economic competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union, commonly known as The Cold War. These two superpowers conflicted and were competitive about many things, but none greater than the difference in government. The Soviet Union, being a communist country was highly unfavorable to the majority of the world. The United States attempted to use containment as a primary strategy to keep communism away from its shores. This strong resilience prompted the phrase, anti-communism, which simply means against communism. Even though America maintained itself as a democracy, there was a sweeping fear that communism may infiltrate the American government. Senator Joseph Raymond McCarthy became the most visible public face during this period. Senator McCarthy helped to perpetuate this fear, by making claims that there were an extremely large number of Communist and Soviet spies inside the United States federal government. This brought about the coining of the phrase McCarthyism. McCarthyism has become a common phrase for making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence. McCarthy’s method used the fears of Americans to......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Mais Baixados | The Accidental Detective 2: In Action | The Complete Ketogenic Diet for Beginners pdf