Free Essay

Medieval Age

In: English and Literature

Submitted By karishma105
Words 2688
Pages 11
Table of Contents

1. Abstract 1

2. Introduction 2

3. Literature Review 3

3. Hypotheses and assumptions on the movie: 5

4. Christianity in the medieval age 6

5.1. Aslan, the Lion parallel to Jesus Christ 6

5.2. The Table of Stone. 7

6. The seven deadly sins 8

6.1. Gluttony – sin by Edmund 9

7. Knighthood 10

7.1. The battle and the coronation 11

8. Conclusion 12

9. List of References 13

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the medieval influences and aspects in the movie The Chronicles of Narnia; The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe. The movie emphasizes important elements of the Middle age. It is about the four Pevensie children, Peter, Suzy, Edmund and Lucy who entered the magic land of Narnia and with the help of Aslan, the Lion, fought the Wicked White Witch Judas. Thus they gave freedom to the other animals and restored peace and harmony in Cair Paravel and Narnia. The film captures brilliantly these moments and transmits them to the public. One of the main focuses of the film was the religious belief ‘Christianity’. The movie responds to the quasi- spiritual Christian beliefs and truths of good versus bad, highlighting the defeat of the Witch and her death. Secondly, it shows how the younger brother Edmund fell in the trap of the White Witch due to his “gluttony” of the Turkish delights and betrayed his brother and sisters. Last but not the least; the movie stresses another important aspect of medieval age “knighthood”. Peter fought with the Witch and the latter’s army, overcoming his fears and was crowned as the King of Narnia, The Magnificent.

Introduction

The term “Medieval” comes from the Latin meaning “middle age.” The dominant religious, political and cultural force at that time was the Christian church. It laid emphasis on human values and morality based on the Testament and Biblical scriptures.

The movie “The Chronicles of Narnia, The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe is an adaptation of C. S. Lewis’s The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe popular book. It is a 2005 epic fantasy film by Disney and Walden Media, directed by Andrew Adamson and produced by Mark Johnson.

Nobody would have thought could ever be so beautifully pictured on the big screen and would gain so much fame and appreciation. Though this family based movie bears a slight change in the scenario, it has received many international accolades for its marvelous work and simple way of transmitting the teaching of good versus bad. It runs for approximately 150 minutes.

The movie portrays some of the medieval influences such as Christian beliefs and rules, knighthood, elements of the seven deadly sins (gluttony, greed, anger), elements of the heavenly virtues (forgiveness, kindness, humility), and so on.

3. Literature Review

The movie is made on the primary basis of entertaining the family people and to create awareness of middle age cultures and beliefs among adults and children mainly. However, Polly Toynbee strongly rejects the movie and adds in her article in the Guardian Unlimited posted on December 5th 2005 “Narnia represents everything that is most hateful about religion.”

Further, Toynbee says “In Britain children are likely to miss the Christian point and remain “utterly clueless” about any message that can go beyond the good-and-evil battle, and very few of them may actually see Jesus in the lion’s character.” She even brought up the Tolkien rejection of Lewis fantasy writing. Philip Pullman called Narnia “one of the most ugly, poisonous things” (par. 15).

Another film critic from the Guardian Unlimited, Peter Bradshaw, in his review of the movie reveals his commendable appraisal to the adaptation. He said: “Although Adamson drew on some of the experiences of Peter Jackson’s trilogy, his own story is handled perfectly with a set of wonderful actors who make the movie more playful, real and lighthearted.”

Stephen Hunter from Washington Post wrote in his review “A Winter Wonderland” that he finds the movie as a well-told, inspiring and entertaining version of the book for both children and adults.

Beatrice Gormley, a C. S. Lewis scholar and author of C. S. Lewis: The Man behind Narnia conveyed her ideas on the movie adaptation in an article “A Little Child Shall Lead Them” she also conceded the harbor of the main personalities in the film and she was satisfied with what she saw.

Producer Mark Johnson says, C.S. Lewis was obviously a Christian, as well as a Christian writer, and states, “If you want to find all kinds of Christian symbolism in it, it’s certainly there.”

Finally, Ted Baehr, the founder and publisher of Movie guide, Chairman of the Christian Film & Television Commission, as well as anoted critic, educator, lecturer, and media pundit in a review, ChristianCinema.com Inc Baehr shares some of his views on the movie adaptation of the Lewis’s book. In many aspects he agrees with the scholars and critics. “The production quality is much greater than the sum of its part,” (par. 14) he says, suggesting that both CGI and live action characters deserves high praise. Although some of the elements have been either deleted or added in the movie adaptation, for Baehr it still has a deep theological base.

Hypotheses and assumptions on the movie:

A. Parallelism with Christian beliefs and truths are entailed in the film.

The only religion recognized in Middle Ages was Christianity which was based on the scriptures that related the life of the Christ and his disciples.

B. Gluttony, one aspect of the seven deadly sins is highlighted in the movie.

Medieval period emphasizes a lot on spirituality. However, the seven deadly sins caused hindrance in the path towards salvation. Gluttony, in other words, addiction, being one of such sins is considered as unforgivable as it isolates oneself from God.

C. Elements of knighthood are also included in the film.

Knighthood during the medieval times was not inherited purely but rather was acquired by following various steps including years of training. A knight need be brave and fearless in any battle but should also display cultured knightly qualities showing them to be devout, loyal, courteous and generous.

Christianity in the medieval age

Religion, Christianity was one of the essential influences of that particular period of time. It had a major role throughout that age in society and politics. It significantly had a great influence on the lives of common people. They believed that everything existed for the glory of Christ. Lewis was clearly influenced by his Christian beliefs when he wrote this story, though it can also be read as a simple tale of human growth. The stories of the Passion of Christ and the Resurrection of Christ are reflected in the character of the lion Aslan, who is the son of the deified Emperor-Beyond-the-Sea. The movie follows the lead and show the medieval influence in it.

5.1. Aslan, the Lion parallel to Jesus Christ

Aslan is the great lion and true king of the country. He is a literary Jesus figure. The movie brings to life the characteristics associated with lions in medieval bestiaries, thus adapting these characteristics to become key aspects of Aslan’s character and to explore in new ways how a lion can represent Christ-like and regal characteristics. He pardons Edmund for his betrayal and deceit and saves him from the punishment of the Witch Judas. He even asks the brother and sisters of the latter to forgive him due to his severity, fairness, and love. He treats everybody as they deserve, not withstanding his harsh word if they deserve it. Aslan’s love, forgiveness, compassion and sacrifice are brilliantly comparable to Jesus’ love for us. Aslan willingly accepts to sacrifice himself in the place of Edmund. He is killed and later resurrected just like Jesus after he was crucified.

This is parallel to the same way that death could not hold Jesus down, because he had done nothing to deserve death. The Resurrection was a sign that the Father looked upon Christ's sacrifice as acceptable, for if he had remained in the grave, this would mean that death had a hold on him for something he had done. But he indeed rose, and lives today, providing salvation for those who would call upon his name. For "everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved" (Romans 10:13).

5.2. The Table of Stone.

To satisfy the requirements of the ‘Deep Magic’ for Edmund’s sin. Aslan, who sacrificed himself, was killed on the stone table. A strong symbolism to Jesus, who was pierced, crushed, spit upon and killed for the transgressions by mankind on the cross of cavalry. “… Christ died for the ungodly.” Romans 5.6

The Stone Table is a symbol of atonement for sin, analogous to the Cross. Its cracking is parallel to the stone being rolled away from Jesus Christ's grave. Jesus, the sinless one, died for us who had sinned against him. “…when a willing victim who had committed no treachery was killed in a traitor’s stead, the Table would break and Death itself would start working backwards” from The Lion The Witch and The Wardrobe.

His death on the Cross, where he took all our sins on himself, was what allowed us to go free and to not suffer eternal death. Similar did Aslan, who gave his life not only to save Edmund but everyone.

6. The seven deadly sins

Medieval times were conceived mainly on religious terms and lives were ruled by the divine authority. Hence, the seven deadly sins were considered as an inflexible category of medieval dogma and transgression leads to severe punishment.

The seven deadly sins are those offenses which are lethal to spiritual uplifting.

They are as follows:

a. Pride – extreme trust in one’s abilities that hinders with one’s recognition of the grace of God.

b. Envy – the desire for someone else traits, status, abilities or situation.

c. Gluttony – an excessive desire to consume more than the required amount.

d. Lust – an inordinate hankering for bodily pleasures.

e. Anger – also known as ‘wrath’, the manifestation of fury when one reject love.

f. Greed – longing for materialistic things, neglecting the realm of spiritual realization.

g. Sloth – shunning from physical or spiritual activities.

6.1. Gluttony – sin by Edmund

Edmund’s first and foremost sin was to surrender himself to the lure of gluttony; ‘the Turkish delights’ which in fact were enchanted by the witch. The young boy forgot everything and tried to shovel as much Turkish delights as possible. This led him to ignore the real intention of the witch and revealed everything on his siblings.

In fact, it is the symbolism of the sin made by Adam and Eve of eating the apple from the Tree of Knowledge. “Gluttony turned Adam out of paradise gluttony it was that drew down the deluge of the time of Noah” (10)

The Turkish delights are symbolism for the sins of the flesh (gluttony). It is actually not a vice in itself but rather turn devastating when the sinner gets entangled in them and is unable to distinguish between good and bad. This causes him to fall deep in the pitfall, thus distancing him from the path of truth, righteousness and morality.

This leads to Edmund’s betrayal to his brother and sisters in a temptation of earthly desires of having more delights and the position of princehood. Thus one sin leads to all the remaining ones among the deadly seven sins.

7. Knighthood

Knighthood was one of the honorable titles given to a deserved person in the middle ages. However, to become a knight required years of training and practice. Since a knight comes from a noble background, he was supposed to show nobility in character towards women and maidens. The duty was to fight and serve their liege Lord according to the code of chivalry.

The movie highlights the path how the four Pevensie led to the magic world of Narnia, following the captures of Tumnus and later the younger brother Edmund by the white witch and later confronts her in a battle guided by Aslan, the Lion.

It paves the way to show how Peter listened to his youngest sister Lucy and decided to prove the prophecy right and break the curse over the other animals and the land of Narnia. He overcame his fears and led the battle against the witch.

The film shows traits of chivalry, bravery and valour in Peter. It also highlights the courage and prowess of the latter, featuring the medieval influences of knighthood on Peter Pevensie.

7.1. The battle and the coronation

Peter Pevensie, the elder among the four children was crowned the Magnificent King of Narnia. Though Peter was initially unwilling and reluctant to believe the prophecy and stay in Narnia, he finally decided to stay.

Having, received a sword as gift from Father Christmas, and after the first battle against the wolf, whereby Peter attacks the wolf and sinks the sword in its heart, aslan makes him knight. From that particular moment Peter started training and overcame his fears while gaining more confidence in himself. Later Peter bravely fought with the white witch and her army and won the battle with the help of Aslan who killed the Witch.

Lastly, Aslan crowned Peter Pevensie as the King of Narnia, giving him the title of the Magnificent. Thus he gave the responsibility of all the animals and the land of Narnia to the four Pevensie children, as Peter the head.

Peter Pevensie battle’s and coronation are aspects of knighthood that featured in the medieval age. Hence, even the children in the movie are the elements of the medieval influences.

8. Conclusion

On a conclusive note, I would like to say that Andrew Adamson has succeed to a great extent in doing justice in passing the message of C.S. Lewis original version of The Chronicles Of Narnia; The Lion The Witch and The Wardrobe book. The movie updates the medieval influences in the book and has beautifully shown the essential. The film brilliantly highlights the major themes of the medieval period such as; Christianity, knighthood and the seven deadly sins.

The entire crew and cast of the movie are worthy of applause and appraisal for this marvelous job done. In fact, I would pat the back of Disney and Walden Media and the director Andrew Adamson for putting so much effort to intelligently grasp the zeal of the medieval period and adopting it from the book to project it on the big screen.

Finally, I would like to say that any child would like this film and would understand the symbolism of good versus bad in it, which will definitely mark his life and surely projects good impression and shape a better life with truth and morality.

9. List of References

1. Atonement: the significance of the stone table by Leia Kalnaja

http://www.angelfire.com/scifi/leia1/Narnia/atonement.html

2. Christianity and Religious Freedom in the Medieval Period (476 – 1453 CE) by David Little

http://berkleycenter.georgetown.edu/rfp/essays/christianity-and-religious-freedom-in-the-medieval-period-476-1453-ce

3. Christianity in the Middle Ages by Simon Newman -

http://www.thefinertimes.com/Middle-Ages/christianity-in-the-middle-ages.html#sthash.yworrHiG.dpuf

4. Gluttony by Jacqueline Moore

http://medievalchristianityd.wikispaces.com/Gluttony

5. Medieval knights by Linda Alchin

http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-knights/

6. Medieval Knights and Warfare by David Ross

http://www.britainexpress.com/History/Knights_and_Fights.htm

7. Mythology and Moral in C.S. Lewis’s The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by Catarina Persson

lup.lub.lu.se/record/1326721/file/1326722.pdf‎

8. The bible and animals by Dr. Peter Hammond

http://www.thebibleandanimals.org/index.php/articles-catlist/6-through-the-wardrobe

9. The lion, the witch and the wardrobe: reflections of its meaning by Michael Gleghom

http://www.probe.org/site/c.fdKEIMNsEoG/b.4217927/k.C070/The_Lion_the_Witch_and_the_Wardrobe_Reflections_on_Its_Meaning.htm

10. The seven deadly sins by Ed Friedlander, M.D.

http://www.pathguy.com/seven_sins.htm…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Medieval Theatre

...1. INTRODUCTION Medieval theatre refers to the theatre of Europe between the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century A.D. and the beginning of the Renaissance in approximately the 15th century A.D. Medieval theatre covers all drama produced in Europe over that thousand year period and refers to a variety of genres, including liturgical drama, mystery plays, morality plays, farces and masques. A theatrical performance in the Middle Ages was much more than just an example of a literary genre; it was often a social, religious, and commercial event affecting a whole community and involving not only the spoken word, but also spectacle, music, and even dance. 2. HIGH AND LATE MEDIEVAL THEATRE As the Viking invasions ceased in the middle of the 11th century A.D., liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia to Italy. Only in Muslim-occupied Spain were liturgical dramas not presented at all. Despite the large number of liturgical dramas that have survived from the period, many churches would have only performed one or two per year and a larger number never performed any at all. The Feast of Fools was especially important in the development of comedy. The festival inverted the status of the lesser clergy and allowed them to ridicule their superiors and the routine of church life. Sometimes plays were staged as part of the occasion and a certain amount of burlesque and comedy crept into these performances. Although comic episodes had to truly wait......

Words: 3428 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Medieval Ages

...During the Medieval Ages, numerous religions had emerged as well as subsided. It is known to be that majority groups such as Christianity and Islam overpowered the minority groups such as Judaism. Irrespective of the diverse cultures, and religions, Jews had not been supported by numerous individuals and were looked down upon. It was up to the scarce amount of Jews left during this period of time to amplify their religion, their culture, and share it with the world. Savoring as much tradition as possible to be passed down to their children, taught day and night, the Jews struggled severely to value their religion and to remain who they are today, who they were in the past, and who they will transform into the future. According to the article the Success of the Jewish Medieval Ideal, the author goes into depth displaying to its readers the amount of profundity, which existed within their home, synagogue, customs, and traditions in the European Age. Often referred to as Master Benedict as the Rabbi, and his wife as Mistress Rachel, the couple would first wake upon reminding themselves to thank God for all he has provided for them. Furthermore, remembering to appreciate their one God “Hashem”, reciting prayers and celebrating all the goodness that God had to offer for all his children. Attending the bet haknesset, was where the Jews would reunite and travel as a unity. Disregarding “special training”, and not individualizing anyone out, this was a harmonious place......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Female Artists During the Medieval Ages

...Female Artists during the Medieval Ages Humanities I Spring 2009 In the extremely hierarchical medieval society the social classes differed greatly from each other in their legal rights, economic circumstances and modes of living. Feudal society consisted of three classes, the Worshipers, Warriors, and the Workers. With few exceptions, women were ranked according to their husband’s or father’s status. They rarely achieved any status outside of their relationship with men as wives, mothers, and daughters. For this reason, it is interesting to explore how and why certain women were able to live separately from men in convents and create works of artistic value that survive today. During the Pre-Romanesque (500-1000 AD) and Romanesque (1000-1200) period of the middle ages, most of the art was created in monasteries for religious purposes. This art was primarily in the form of illuminated or illustrated manuscripts. Illuminated manuscripts were hand-written books of religious texts, like a bible, or works by saints or religious leaders. Some illustrated manuscripts were also copies of Roman or Greek works of philosophy. These manuscripts were ornate and beautiful volumes that were expensive and time consuming to produce. It could take months or years to produce an illuminated manuscript. The manuscript included ornamental borders, capital letters and illustrations some in gold and silver leaf. The illustrations themselves used a very rich and vivid palette of colors like......

Words: 1973 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Medieval Characteristics

...Medieval Characteristics ENG/106 Survey of Literary Masterpieces March 25, 2013 Comparison and Contrast Paper: Medieval Characteristics Heroes The early epic poem may have served to reinforce shared cultural values within a nation and provide a mythic history for a people. Ancient classical epics contain references to gods and magic and often feature a hero beset by mystical forces. Many later epics imitate these earlier works and may use similar literary conventions, depending on the culture. Early poems based on oral traditions are often called primary epics, while the later works are called secondary or literary epics. (The longman anthology of world literature: Compact edition, 2008). The ancient peoples of Mesopotamia, Greece and India produced several important epics that have continued to influence the development and study of literature for thousands of years. The ancient epic poem first emerged as an oral tradition to be re-told by storytellers throughout a culture. The development of writing in these areas allowed these stories to be written down and preserved for later generations. The Iliad and The Odyssey are early examples of the epic poem. Later Roman and other civilizations continued this literary tradition through the rest of the classical era. (http://ancienthistory.about.com) Pre-classical or ancient period hero; “The Aeneid is epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who...

Words: 1375 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Medieval Knights

...How to Become a Medieval Knight In the middle ages there were men in armor called knights, they were brave, courageous and had very good swordsmanship. To become a knight you had many steps to complete and it started as a young boy. Becoming a knight was a tradition throughout your family and boy hood, if you were raised by a knight then you were trained to be one. So how did a boy become a knight? The first requirement for a boy to become a knight was the requirement of his heritage. If you were born to the right person such as another knight, Lord, a wealthy merchant, or someone who held title and position in the court of the king you were given the opportunity to become a knight. Once you were chosen to become a knight the training started at a very young age, and you were trained by your father or other lords, barons and knights. As you started training, everyday you would go to the lord’s castle and learn a host of basic skills to become a well-rounded and educated knight. Some of the skills you learned were fundamentals of court life such as table manners, care and maintenance of armor and weapons, and how to care for horses. Other training he had to complete courses in reading and music, complete martial arts training and learn how to hunt and how to hawk. Around the boys thirteenth year of life, he would be promoted to a squire. At this time he is assigned to a knight and becomes that knight’s personal assistant. During this time he focuses on......

Words: 515 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Annotative Bibliography Marriage in Medieval Ages

...Marriage in Medieval Times Marriage: a union of two loved ones. In medieval ages women did not have a choice about who to marry. The arrangement was done by the children’s parents, in those ages children were married at a young age girls were as young as 12 and boys were as young as 17. Medieval society’s expectation of marriage was quite different from the expectations of marriage now days. Men were sometimes able to choose their wives. Marriage back then was not based on love, but actually a political arrangement. Amt, Emilie. Life in a Medieval Village. 5 November 2013 <educators.medievaltimes.com>. There were a lot of reasons why marriage could be prohibited as opposed to today; one of the reasons was if the two were closely related it was prohibited for them to get married. If the boy and the girl had taken any vows before it was also prohibited for them to be married. Other reasons included rape, adultery and incest. Carter, Rachelle. Marriage in medieval times. 5 11 2013 <http://www.dfwx.com/medieval_cult.html>. In those times there were two types of marriages: Secular and the ecclesiastical type. Secular was meant to be a protection for the social order. Ecclesiastical marriage was to protection the divine order. Secular marriage was most common during the middle ages, because marriage was seen as a civil contract between to families. It was seen as an exchange of property and money. Women were seen as part of the property being exchanged. ...

Words: 330 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Medieval Medicine

...Today when you get a disease you go to the doctor. You get checked out and they might give you some antibiotics. You get better and carry on with your life as if nothing happened. But if you lived in Medieval Europe a head cold is a death sentence. Disease was a religious matter and knowledge of bacteria was non-existent. They believed that if you didn’t sin and you were dedicated to God you wouldn’t have to suffer from sickness. Often a cold would go away, until a secondary infection would kick in. Pneumonia was an infection that was often fatal. They had one major problem in their life style that intensified all infections and one fix. Herbs helped people become healthy while poor hygiene continued to spread sickness everyday. In Medieval times there were herb gardens in the monastery. These were called infirmary gardens. Because the church was the main function and a huge part of life sick families brought their sick to the church. “ Brother Richard has taught me that God provides cures in nature for many human ills.”(Storm,18). The herbs they used are still common in todays society. Many people use herbs to cure their own ailments. They often used lavender as a sleeping aid. Today you can buy lavender sprays for air freshening. Sheets and blankets can be washed in fabric softener scented to smell like lavender. Sage soothes sore throats and is used in herbal teas today. Many of their remedies are still common today. However, because of their awful hygiene many people...

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Medieval Literature

...Medieval literature As the Western Roman Empire started collapsing, many government positions were taken over by Christians who condemned drama for its making fun of religion, its debauchery and paganism. It is then in the 5th century that the medieval era began and miracle plays were established. Medieval miracle plays, also known as Saints plays, are one of the three principal kinds of vernacular drama that emerged from the European Middle ages. A miracle play is based on incidents from the lives and works of the Saints. During this era people believed that the power of saints could solve their problems. Holy relics supposedly taken from the bodies of saints were kept by the church. The people believed that by praying to these relics it could cure illness. This genre originated and developed from religion, specifically Christianity as the church held the power of authority during the medieval era. The church only targeted the privileged few who were educated and understood Latin, which was the language the bible, was written in. In order to expand their followers the church decided to dramatize key Bible stories from the Creation of the Universe and the Last Judgment. The cycles were usually performed in connection with the new early summer feast of Corpus Christi, which was instituted in 1311. The Mary plays consistently involve her in the role of deus ex machina, coming to the aid of all who invoke her, be they worthy or wanton. She saves, for example, a......

Words: 722 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Medieval History

...| Thinking Like An Historian | The Dialectic in Faith/Reason and Ethics/Daily Life | | | History 104: The Medieval World: 500-1500 C.E. | This paper is going to cover two countries. One is a western European nation and one is a Middle Eastern nation. We are going to be covering France and Iraq and how their medieval formation of religion shaped their country into what it is today. The purpose of this paper is to outline how religion used to have such an impact and see how much that impact is today. Church and State have made a separation but is that a good thing or a bad thing? When you think of France you think of the Eiffel Tower, rolling fields of grapes at one of the many vineyards on the countryside, the fantastic food and the endless romance. Most do not often think about the days when soldiers in suits made of iron ran the countryside and collected the King’s taxes from all of the peasants he ruled over. It was a time when work and the Church were the only things in your life. Modern day France is Parliamentary Republic with two Houses of Parliament (the Senate and the National Assembly) and the Council of Ministers, led by the Prime Minister.1 The Republic of France is ultimately led by a President but he/she must confer with all branches of government before any major changes can be made. This political checks and balances system ensures that the people of France have a part in how government rules over nation. National sovereignty is vested in......

Words: 1929 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Christianity and Medieval Literature

...Christianity and Medieval Literature The Middle Ages saw a great influence of Christianity on the literature of that time. Christianity also saw a period of growth and its influences on literature were also very notable. The Medieval Period was a time of significant social revolution and this is often reflected in the literature of that age. This can be seen by observing the principles of the time, and exploring the literature which addresses them. By analyzing the religious, political and societal ideals, the reader can see how these influenced the literature during this time period. The Medieval Period was a time in history that lasted from the 5th Century to the 16th Century. Through the early Middle Ages, literacy was often essential for entry into religious orders and even nuns were compelled to meet this requirement. However, the only people trained to read and write properly were those who were high church officials and monks. Society was centered mainly on the Medieval Church. However, the Church became corrupted but more at the higher levels. Geoffrey Chaucer illustrated this in his writings, “Prologue to the Canterbury Tales.” He exposes this in his prologue by his use of satire in regards to the religious figures. Using a naïve “Chaucer the Pilgrim” to describe them, he points out that certain characters, namely the Prioress and the Monk, are not as they should be. Although he does not criticize them openly, he merely emphasizes qualities that are......

Words: 722 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Women in Medieval Times

...SHORT PAPER 1 Women’s Role in Medieval Society Southern New Hampshire University SHORT PAPER 1 Discussion Sadly in Medieval Ages women had a secondary role to men. A women in medieval time life was torn between marriage, religion and family. A women’s forced concern during these times were procreation. In medieval times a person’s family was so large that the role for a woman was to be a good mother and a good wife. If a women attempted emancipation they were shunned by the church for betraying the man which in turn control public opinion (The Role of Women, 2009). Also for women that attempted to fight back against the conditions that there husband and society placed on them would fall victim to chastising by the church and would be victims of abuse from not only their husbands but also their society. Sadly the only way for a women to be safe was to please the husband. The women during these times always been made to look inferior and weak compared to men for the status quo could remain in effect which was created by the church. The women during these times were taught to provide meals, clothes for husband and children, and tending on the house. Some women during these times would be forced to sell products to provide extra income for the household and on top of providing extra income they would still be forced to do all the work they require of a wife. Women during medieval times had little to no rights if they were......

Words: 670 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Medieval Medicine

...David Dubkov 24. Mar.2016 EAC 150 - Aleksandra Bida In the Middle Ages, medical knowledge was limited and remedies were not as effective as they are in the twenty first century. This is because the people of the Middle Ages did not have the vast and in depth knowledge of the human anatomy the way, we do today. They were not able to pinpoint the causes of most diseases, and as a result, were not able to cure them as effectively. People in the Middle Ages also had certain personal beliefs, which affected medical treatment. For instance, the people of medieval England believed that infectious diseases occurred due to the wrath of God because that individual was practicing unethical behaviour (Truman, Health and Medicine in Medieval England). Doctors of the Middle Ages even cured migraines by digging a hole into the skull. They believed that evil spirits were the cause of one’s pain and this was the way to release them. This method was ineffective, and was due to their beliefs, the lack of knowledge of the human body, and the use of unsanitary and dangerous methods of treatment (Trueman). The lack of knowledge stemmed from the fact that dissection was not commonly done. Nowadays, it is routine practise for a medical student to dissect dead animals and perhaps even a human body. This has allowed modern society to understand the workings of the human body on a deeper level. In this essay, I will explain how current day medical professionals have had more......

Words: 1216 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Medieval

...Your text here Your text here Traveling around in the medieval was very different to or stat of the art cars but back in the day they have to use horses and carriages.it would have taken longer than a day to get to let’s say Portsmouth to Birmingham it would have taken weeks or even months because of how fast the horses could back then could go than now. Food was very different to or food because they didn’t have any fast food places like kfc or nandos. What they had to live off to was meat and only meat, but some of their popular meal was meat pie if you were king henry the eighth you could never live without meat pie, but the only thing the poor could a ford was soup because it was very hard to get a proper because you’d have to have gone to university. Medieval sport was very competitive and dangerous. The sport that everybody new about was jousting, the sports basically starts in a big arena with a cord on one side and the posh on the other side with the king and queen of the kingdom along the centre of the arena was a long wooden line which split the two sides where the two knight on their horses. The only things that they had on them to protect them was armour a shield and their lances. The medieval has the worst sickness you can get the black plague. The proses starts like this a flea bites a rat then the rat will bit the human and human gets infected. There are side effects which start to form on your body like bobons, this kind of spot......

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Medieval

...period, the church had more power than the actual teachings of Jesus Christ. The things done during this time in the name of Christianity are completely opposite of the ideals Jesus preached and the way he lived. It seems like during this time period very few people were literate. The church held all the power in the situation. This shows how these ideas were spread easily among the masses. It’s a well-known fact that the less that people know, the easier they are to control. The church took advantage of this and did some pretty evil things during this time period. A lot of evil things have been done in the name of religion throughout history. After looking at the evidence, it seems that “the others” were not treated well during medieval society. This was mostly because the church wanted everyone to be Christian so they could make more money. You can also blame the intolerance of this time period on the lack of education provided to the people. Most of these people had the Christian religion rammed down their throat and had no choice but to listen to the religious leaders. In this period, it was either be and Christian or face death. The unfortunate thing about the whole situation is that this period in history gives a bad name to Christianity. When taught correctly, Christianity can be beneficial to one’s spiritual life. The reason that Christianity has survived so many years is the fact that it does teach a doctrine of love and tolerance. The most famous......

Words: 1499 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Medieval Weapons Medieval Weapons

...Conclusion III. Castle (Defense and Offense) A. Topic sentence B. Trebuchet C. Catapult D. Cross-bow E. Conclusion IV. Coat and Arms Weapons A. Long-bow B. Flail C. Mace D. War hammer E. Conclusion V. Final Conclusion Medieval Weapons C. Wilburn 2 Have you ever wanted to know about the weapons knights used? Well the knights used different things including battle axes, bow-and-arrows, and catapults. Some were used by different people though. Some spent years of training, while others spent just a year. Some knights had armor while others didn’t. But the kind of weapons in use was the types of weaponry of the Medieval Ages. All in all, the knights had some good weapons. Medieval knights used some cool weapons. Usually when knighted, the knights would get spurs which are sharp spikes behind the heels of the knight’s shoe, to guide the horse, a shield to protect themselves in battle, and a sword to fight with. Some swords could be the slashing swords that were flat and wide sharp-edged swords to make a very destructive blow. Later in the Medieval Ages, sword makers would make thrusting swords which were longer and more pointed than slashing swords. The point of the sword can fit between armor of the knight and the chain mail which is the knights used as extra protection. Other swords were the hand-and-a-half......

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

Tweet to @Torrents-Free | Lâu Đài Di Động Của Howl Howl's Moving Castle 119 phút HD | October 2015 (334)