Free Essay

Munchausens Syndrome by Proxy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By angelisabeth
Words 1154
Pages 5
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy is one of the worlds most hidden forms, and therefore also least recognised forms of child abuse. The syndrome is a psychological disorder where the parent fabricates illnesses and symptoms in their child, resulting in unnecessary medication that is often over prescribed or overdosed, and sometimes even exploratory surgeries on the child. How many people know about this? Such a minority that it is easily forgotten and almost never detected by doctors, nurses and surgeons, but the friends and family of the sufferer and their victim who is their very own flesh and blood. Therefore, while most child abuse cases go straight to the police, being assault and such other common forms, awareness needs to be raised about this because not only are these children dying from fabricated sickness, but these crimes are committed on a regular basis and are in such clear view that nobody notices them.

Munchausen's syndrome by Proxy is an important issue because it is a form of child abuse and there needs to be awareness raised. But although it can be easy enough to spot for some, who wants to accuse someone of this? When it comes to symptoms, they can either be hard or easy to spot, depending on the position you're in. The children usually don't respond, or respond oddly to treatment; have medical problems that don't add up with their history; become well when the parent is away have a deteriorating health either away from medical facilities or when the parent is around them. The parent will usually be knowledgeable or highly interested in the child's medical findings. Also other patients medical conditions, and usually quite calm when it comes to serious difficulties in their child's health. They even usually recommend more medication or surgeries. But who wants to accuse a parent of not loving their child? Especially saying they’re fabricating illnesses and putting them in hospital for sympathy and attention? And then again, nobody's doing anything to stop it. This puts them in a difficult position, making it seem like they're allowing for it to happen. Those who do know of this, despite their position, aren't active enough and don't spread awareness fast enough to make a difference. Something needs to be done.

Now, despite the fact most people with disorders claim to be or seem to be out of control of their actions, Munchausen's sufferers do know what they are doing and who they're doing it to, and this is what most people fail to see. The most common victim is one who is vulnerable and unable to warn others of what is being done to them. This is usually babies, young children, elderly people or physically or mentally handicapped people. Also, the sufferer, generally being a nurse, caregiver or parent, tends to have a need for attention, hence being surrounded by people worrying about their child. At times, they are also able to attain the “hero” role and receive yet more attention. However that was not the case for Marybeth Tinning, but for beverly Allitt. While Tinning was only convicted for the murder of one of her children, she got away with killing eight biological and one adopted children of hers. This was confessed as gathering sympathy and attention for her losses and being a mother who’d lost nine children, you’d expect she got a lot. Beverly Allitt, however was a nurse. She used her profession to overdose four children which all resulted in death, attempt to kill a further three children and inflict grievous bodily harm on six of her patients in the childrens ward at the hospital she worked in. This, for her gave her the appearance of a “hero” simply because of her job. Personally, if you want to attention or sympathy, doing this to your own children (or others in Allitts case) is sick and needs to be stopped. There are so many other ways to get around this.

So by now, you’d be thinking “Why don't people just report it?”. Well actually, it isn’t that easy. Legally, health care providers and those who work around the sufferer and victim are required to report their concerns to higher health care professionals or the appropriate law enforcements. Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy is quite possibly one of the most difficult disorders to diagnose and one not many people want to report, hence the reason for there not being that many well known cases. It is so difficult that it may even take years to make conclusions or accusations, let alone diagnose it. It is a very sensitive issue to address, considering you are actually accusing a parent of deliberately causing medical harm to their child that could be life threatening. It would, of course be rather awkward accusing a parent of this and being wrong. So after getting around the hard bit of detecting symptoms and then building up the guts to accuse someone of this, getting it wrong is very hard. Because so many people also in the past have been accused wrongly, it scares others off when it comes to reporting incidents when appropriate and therefore, a lot gets brushed under the carpet. Now, while the people witnessing this are legally obliged to report this, although can be illegal to not report child abuse, because it is hard to pick up on completely. I think if people are going to keep this quiet after suspecting someone of it, they need to think, would they do that to their own child? Think of it as indirectly being part of this childs abuse, simply by seeing this and standing aside to let it happen. We need to increase our awareness, people! I’m sure if your parent was doing this to you, you’d want someone to say something. Step into their shoes and see what its like. Take some responsibility.

Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy is one of the worlds most hidden forms. It’s also least recognised forms of child abuse. The syndrome is a psychological disorder where the parent fabricates illnesses and symptoms in their child, resulting in unnecessary medication that is often over prescribed or overdosed, and sometimes even exploratory surgeries on the child. You know about this. You can do something, you are a minority but you can be the individual who spreads more awareness and gets people to act. Spread this so it is more easily detected by doctors, nurses and surgeons, the friends and family of the sufferer and their victim who is their very own flesh and blood. While most child abuse cases go straight to the police, being assault and such other common forms, by making this more public awareness can be raised about this because not only are these children dying from fabricated sickness, but these crimes are committed on a regular basis and are in clear view. Now you are more aware you can recognise it and report it.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Tourette's Syndrome

...Many people wonder what Tourette’s syndrome is exactly. Although I sure people have seen from movies, would think someone with Tourette’s would curse a lot loudly, or say inappropriate expressions, but that is lease likely to occur. Tourette’s syndrome is one of many disorders in a human. It is a neurological disorder that makes people lose control of their body, twitch uncontrollably, and shout out unusual words, also may cause blinking repeatedly, these are known as tics. This disorder is known to be hereditary, but also may just so happen due to stress and what not. It is known when having Tourette’s syndrome; you may also have another sort of disorder. Sadly, there is no cure for this mysterious disorder, but with professional help and medication, the tics can be less severe. But hopefully soon enough, maybe later on in the future there will be a cure for this disorder. If having tics for over a year a doctor would say you have a chronic tic disorder, in most cases its part of Tourette’s, which was first determined, in 1825 by a doctor named Georges Gilles de la Tourette, a French neurologist. In 1885, he proclaimed a cause of the syndrome on a few patients. Most of his patients were young men. It was known that having this disorder was very rare. He found that the disorder was running in families. While finding ways to describe the disorder, it has been named after him. With having this disorder it is mostly found during childhood, usually within the ages of 7 and 10......

Words: 2436 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Aase Syndrome

...Aase Syndrome is a rare genetic disease that causes anemia and poor development of bone marrow. There’s less than two dozen cases reported. One main trait that stands out from others to diagnose this disease is the triphalangeal thumb. Carriers of Aase syndrome are diagnosed during their baby years. Doctors perform a blood transfusion the first year of life, and continue treatment by using steroids. There’s another anemia disease called Blackfan-Diamond syndrome that has similar symptoms such as the abnormalities of the thumb, which arises questions if these diseases are contiguous gene syndrome or even identical conditions. Even through major procedures that may be needed, the end results seem good. Aase syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that can be diagnosed by a triphalangeal thumb or a certain anemia that causes poor development of the bone marrow, which is where blood cells are formed. Both parents must have it to pass the gene down, but it's not for sure it will be inherited. There's been less than two-dozen cases reported in the medical literature. A lot of symptoms are related to the joints or are skeletal deformities such as pale skin, delayed closure of soft spots, triple jointed thumbs, narrow sloped shoulders, droopy eyelids, deformed ears, cleft palate. Carriers with Aase disease may have difficulty picking objects up and being able to grasp on to them,...

Words: 458 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Down Syndrome

...Literature 25 May 2010 Life with Down syndrome “ Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes mental retardation and physical it is caused by the presence of an extra copy of chromosome number 21” (“Down syndrome” par.1). Down syndrome is the most frequent genetic cause of mild to moderate intellectual and developmental, it occurs in out 1 of 800 births (“Down syndrome” par.1). The discovery of Down syndrome was in 1866 by Dr. John Langdon Haydon Down, who worked in an English hospital for mental disabilities. Dr. Down had notice that many of the people cared for in the hospital shared certain physical features that is related to Down syndrome. About 100 years later, a French scientist figured out it was genetics that caused the problem (“Thumbs up for Dr. Down” par. 1). Life with Down syndrome, physical and mental disability caused by extra chromosome, creates life challenges from birth to adulthood. Being born with Down syndrome is such challenge for new born babies. “During the early years of life children with Down syndrome are ten times more likely than other children to develop a potentially fatal disease…or defective development of the spinal cord” (“Infants and preschool children” par.21). About half of babies with Down syndrome are born with heart defects, which mean their hearts, grow differently and don’t work as they should usually, these problems can be fixed by surgery (“Down syndrome” par.3). “Kids with Down syndrome are more likely to get infections......

Words: 866 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Rett Syndrome

...Rett Syndrome Joseph Lee 4th Period Rett Syndrome is a disorder which affects the nervous system and is found almost exclusively in girls. One in 10,000-20,000 newborn babies are born with Rett Syndrome, making this disorder very rare. Rett Syndrome is often described as autism, cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s, epilepsy, and various anxiety disorders wrapped into one. In this paper, I will discuss what exactly Rett Syndrome is, who discovered it, how he discovered it, what its causes are, what the symptoms are, the disorder’s course, and possible treatments for the disorder. Said Dr. Rett at a conference regarding the disorder which bears his name: These three words summarize best our task: To live, to love, and to learn. We are aware of the fact that many mysteries of this syndrome still remain undisclosed, and therefore, for the time being, we have no option but to live with it. However, the children with their very special ways give us enough impulse to share their lives. It is a further mystery of this syndrome that the affected children render it easy for us to love them. A dominating factor in the care of such children is that they understand us and we understand them. Their appearance and the sparkle in their eyes make it easy to love them. Daily care for them and working with them gives us grownups strength, enabling us to learn the special treatment required, thus furthering our own development. To...

Words: 1818 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Tourette’s Syndrome

...What is the truth about Tourette’s Syndrome? Jake Walter Herzing University Abstract Though out this paper, we will discuss the truth and myths behind Tourette’s syndrome and insure we have a good understanding of what the disorder really is. We will try to break the Hollywood stereotype of this disorder and who are really the worst hit from Tourette’s syndrome. We will also discuss what the patient’s symptoms will be and what they may go through and classified the types of symptoms known as tics into motor and vocal. Finally, we will discuss what treatment options they may have and what hope someone may have who is suffering from this disorder; furthermore, what organizations are out there to help with the disease. I hope this gives you some more details on Tourette’s syndrome and what a person or their family may go through when suffering from this disorder. I know that researching it and find out all the information I could really open my eyes to what people go through and how challenging life can be. What is Tourette’s syndrome? Tourette's syndrome has the misnomer of being a disease where you use profanity and yell inappropriate words in a public environment. However, it can be much more serious and challenging to deal with that is only a symptom of the disease. The disorder was first documented in 1885 by a French Doctor named Georges Gilles de la Tourette; he would be considering a Neurologist in today standards. The Doctor Georges Gilles de la Tourette......

Words: 1945 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Ge Proxy Statement

...Notice of 2013 ANNuAl MeetiNg ANd Proxy stAteMeNt April 24, 2013 New orleans, louisiana Notice of 2013 ANNuAl MeetiNg of sHAreoWNers Time and Date: 10:00 a.m. central time, April 24, 2013 Location: ernest N. Morial convention center, 900 convention center Blvd., New orleans, lA 70130 March 13, 2013 Dear Shareowners: You are invited to attend General Electric Company’s 2013 Annual Meeting of Shareowners to be held at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center, 900 Convention Center Blvd., New Orleans, LA 70130, on April 24, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. Central Time. Following a report on GE’s business operations, shareowners will vote: • to elect the directors named in the proxy statement for the coming year; • to approve our named executives’ compensation in an advisory vote; • to ratify the selection of our independent registered public accounting firm for 2013; and • on the shareowner proposals set forth on pages 44 through 49, if properly presented at the meeting. Shareowners also will transact any other business that may properly come before the meeting. You are eligible to vote if you were a shareowner of record at the close of business on February 25, 2013. Please ensure that your shares are represented at the meeting by promptly voting and submitting your proxy by telephone or the Internet, or by completing, signing, dating and returning your proxy form in the enclosed envelope. If you plan to attend the meeting, please follow the advance registration instructions under...

Words: 42064 - Pages: 169

Premium Essay

Proxy War

...In his article Proxy War, Author Michael Brus claims that affirmative action and racial discrimination are one in the same. He says that the main difference between the two is that affirmative action singles out minorities for desirable things while racial discrimination singles them out for something undesirable. to a certain degree, I can agree with him, but this debate is a lot more complex and is not as simple as white or black. Racial profiling is a very real problem, and many people have claimed to have experienced it, especially in the black and hispanic communities. Nobody should ever be judged or face discrimination by the color of their skin. But, opponents to the practice of affirmative action claim reverse racism towards white people. Affirmative action is a practice that is intended to promote fairness to minorities in this country by stating that individuals are created equally and they should not be judged by their race or gender. Using for an example jobs and university applications, minorities applicants should be considered as an acceptable choice as a white applicant. This is of course taking into consideration their background and experience. In other words,affirmative action is intended to give minorities that have experienced disadvantages an opportunity to succeed. Although this practice has good intentions, this is not what happens. While this practice is meant to support individuals, it is resulting in it being solely based on race. Imagine this......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Mauchausen Proxy Seyndrome

...Munchausen by proxy syndrome (MBPS) is a relatively rare form of child abuse that involves the exaggeration or fabrication of illnesses or symptoms by a primary caretaker. Also known as "medical child abuse," MBPS was named after Baron von Munchausen, an 18th-century German dignitary known for making up stories about his travels and experiences in order to get attention. "By proxy" indicates that a parent or other adult is fabricating or exaggerating symptoms in a child, not in himself or herself. Munchausen by proxy syndrome is a mental illness and requires treatment. About MBPS In MBPS, an individual — usually a parent or caregiver— causes or fabricates symptoms in a child. The adult deliberately misleads others (particularly medical professionals), and may go as far as to actually cause symptoms in the child through poisoning, medication, or even suffocation. In most cases (85%), the mother is responsible for causing the illness or symptoms. Typically, the cause is a need for attention and sympathy from doctors, nurses, and other professionals. Some experts believe that it isn't just the attention that's gained from the "illness" of the child that drives this behavior, but also the satisfaction in deceiving individuals who they consider to be more important and powerful than themselves. Because the parent or caregiver appears to be so caring and attentive, often no one suspects any wrongdoing. Diagnosis is made extremely difficult due to the the ability of the parent...

Words: 689 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Effects of Child Abuse: Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy

... The Effects of Child Abuse: Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy MiChelle Cochran Concordia University St. Paul College of Education and Science Forensic Mental Health 510 Family Violence PTSD and Trauma Cohort 401 Assignment Six Families of children with disabilities have an added burden of providing protection to their children from various types of abuse or neglect. Although all children have the same risk of abuse at the early infancy ages, the risk increases for the disabled as they age. National data indicates that children labeled as disabled are two times more likely to experience abuse and neglect.  Wallace and Roberson (2014) state that individuals with developmental disabilities are affected by violence differently than the general population and may experience violence levels up to five times higher than the general population.  Other studies have indicated that 60% of children with developmental disabilities and impairments experience some form of abuse and neglect.  Mandell et al. (2005) point out that these estimates may be grossly underestimated, as sometimes children with disabilities suffer from cognitive and/or verbal deficits, which prevent them from reporting the abuse. Sexual victimization tends to be the most prevalent form of abuse committed against the developmental disabled.  Sorensen (2002) estimates anywhere from 4 times to 10 times higher because the victims may be repeatedly abused by the same abuser.  One reason that the rate is only an estimate...

Words: 1242 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Muchausen by Proxy

...Munchausen By Proxy Anthony Conejos Taylor College Mrs.Brooks 2/26/2015 Anthony Conejos Munchausen By Proxy Munchausen is a mental illness, in which a person repeatedly acts as if he or she has a physical, emotional or psychological disorder when, in truth, he or she has caused the problems. People with factitious disorders act this way because of an inner need to be seen as ill or injured, not to achieve a concrete benefit, such as financial gain. They are even willing to undergo painful or risky tests and operations in order to get the sympathy and special attention given to people who are truly ill. Some will secretively hurt themselves to cause signs like blood in the urine or cyanosis of a limb. Cyanosis is the condition occurring when the blood supply is cut off to a particular part of the body and the skin takes on a dusky blue color. Factitious disorder imposed on self is associated with severe emotional difficulties. Originally called Munchausen syndrome, named for Baron von Munchausen, an 18th century German officer who was known for embellishing the stories of his life and experience. He was known to invent fantastic stories of his adventures, including his riding cannonballs and traveling to the moon. Munchausen by Proxy however is where a parent is in need to gain attention and does so by inflicting harm or illness on their child. The adult deliberately tricks others, mostly medical professionals, and may go as far as to actually cause symptoms......

Words: 1342 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Munchausen by Proxy

...History of Munchausen In the 18th century, Karl Friedrich Hieronymus also known as Baron von Munchausen (1720-1797) was known for his highly unlikely stories of adventure and escapes and being one of the most notorious liars in the century. In 1737 as a German soldier, he served in the Russian–Turkish war and returned with exaggerated stories of adventure. Every evening after supper in the banqueting-hall he would gather his friends and those in attendance and tell stories of his past. He loved the attention he received from the stories he would tell.His stories were so extreme and extravagant that an author named Rudolph Erich Raspe, who was seeking refuge in England from the German law, decided to write about the adventures of Munchausen.The first edition of Munchausen's tales that was attributed to him appeared anonymously in 1785 and was called Baron Munchausen's Narrative of his Marvelous Travels and Campaigns in Russia. Gottfried August Burger edited the first German version the following year. Rudolph Erich Raspe never claimed his rights over the success from his books. Some still debate whether Raspe or Burger actually published the first book about the tales of Baron von Munchausen. Munchausen’s tales are so outrageous; many of the stories attributed to him have appeared in French, Spanish, Welsh and Greek literature. (Heritage, 2013) Today his name is known for boasting, fabrications and exaggerated stories. Definition In 1951the name Munchausen made its way into...

Words: 1464 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Proxy Voting in Australia

...1. Process of Voting by Proxies Public companies at many times require resolutions to be passed by members. These resolutions are passed by holding general meetings. However, it is inconvenient for many members to attend the meetings, for example members maybe living abroad or in different states. In the absence of members, there is provision of proxy voting. Proxy voting means to appoint an individual or a body corporate (s 249X 1A) to vote in place of a member (Halsbury, pg 1). A proxy appointment form is sent to members along with notice of meeting. Members unable to attend the meeting then fill in the proxy form and send it back. The proxy appointed has the same right as the member would have in a meeting, to speak, vote or not vote and demand for a poll. However, a proxy is expected to act according to the instruction of the member or, if undirected, in the interest of the member (Halsbury, pg 12). Voting occurs either by a show of hands or a poll. A proxy can join a demand for poll and take part in it, however, a company’s constitution may restrict partake of proxies in a show of hands (Halsbury, pg 12). Yet, proxy voting has its own criticism. Appointing a proxy does not necessarily mean that they will vote, a proxy may decide not to vote (CSA, pg 4) thus the shareholders vote is not utilised. Moreover, a proxy who has been appointed by many shareholders may choose to cast vote of those shareholders, with whom his views match (CSA, pg 6). This is a......

Words: 720 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...OF HTTP CACHING PROXY SERVER Abstract A proxy server is a computer that offers a computer network service to allow clients to make indirect network connections to other network services. A client connects to the proxy server, and then requests a connection, file, or other resource available on a different server. The proxy provides the resource either by connecting to the specified server or by serving it from a cache. In some cases, the proxy may alter the client's request or the server's response for various purposes, usually to view websites that are normally not allowed, such as game sites in school or work place. A proxy acts as an intermediary agent between its clients and the servers which they want to access, performing functions directed towards a variety of purposes, like security, caching, etc, in its capacity as an intermediary. Specifically, caching HTTP Proxy Servers are intermediate servers, which maintain a cache of Internet objects like html files, image files, etc which are obtained via HTTP. Module Description In computer networks, a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application program) that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers. A client connects to the proxy server, requesting some service, such as a file, connection, web page, or other resource, available from a different server. The proxy server evaluates the request according to its filtering rules. A proxy acts as an......

Words: 392 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

How to Appoint a Proxy

...rules relating to appointment of proxies to the meeting. (8 marks) c) Mr. Alan, a director, wants to know when is the latest date for the company to post the notice of the meeting. Give reasons for your answer. (4 marks) Reference | | | | b) Aminah, one of the shareholders of the company, seeks your advice on the rules relating to appointment of proxies to the meeting.(8 marks) At common law, there is no right to appoint a proxy or substitute and vote on the member half. The right to appoint proxy to vote at general meeting arises out of express regulation or by the article of the statute. A proxy is ‘lawfully constituted agent or the proxy form which is document appointing the proxy and the person authorized by the proxy form to act or for the appointor to attend and vote at the meeting on the appointors behalf. The Companies Act 1965 provided right for a member of a company to appoint another person to attend company meetings as a proxy. In section 149 1 (a) to (d), such a person can have the same rights as a member at the meeting. This right is restricted to the proxy voting in a poll which he must be a member, an approved company auditor or a person approved by the Registrar in any particular case, and there must not more than two proxy appointed to attend and vote in same meeting. The appointment should be invalid unless he specifies the proportions of his holdings to be represented by each proxy. . Article of Association of......

Words: 537 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Survivor Syndrome

...Table of Contents Question 1 2 Introduction 2 Reactions to frustration 2 Analysis of organisational behaviour 3 Question 2 4 Question 3 5 Introduction 5 What is survivor syndrome? 5 Question 1 Give an overview of the frustration model and how it can be used to analyse organisational behaviour Introduction Frustration occurs when a motivated drive is blocked before a person reaches a desired goal. The barrier may either be overt (outward, or physical) or covert (inward, or mental-socio-psychological). Overt acts might include strikes, work slowdowns, grievances, or lawsuits. Covert acts would include sabotage, secret withholding of output and stealing of organisational property. A smooth progression of the need-driven incentive motivational cycle and fulfilment of one’s expectations do not always occur in reality. There are some difficulties and barriers that do not let a person achieve his goals and so they lead to frustration. The frustration model can be useful in the analysis of not only behaviour in general but also specific aspects of on-the-job behaviour as illustrated by. 12e in the model below F. Luthans (2011), Oganisational Behavior: Need Drive Goal/ (deficiency) (deficiency with direction incentives reduction of with direction) Barrier the drives and fulfilment (1) Overt deficiencies) (2) Covert Frustration Defence mechanisms (1) Aggression (2) Withdrawal (3) Fixation (4)......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7

THANK GOD IT'S CHRISTMAS | One Piece 698 | NiewyspanaSowa