Free Essay


In: Business and Management

Submitted By MUSAB
Words 277
Pages 2
Bound and free morphemes

Free morphemes: o constitute words by themselves – boy, car, desire, gentle, man o can stand alone

Bound morphemes: o can’t stand alone – always parts of words - occur attached to free morphemes

cats: cat ( free morpheme -s ( bound morpheme undesirable: desire ( free morpheme -un, -able ( bound morphemes o affixes o prefixes – occur before other morphemes ▪ unhappy, discontinue, rewrite, bicycle, bipolar

o suffixes – following other morphemes ▪ sleeping, excited, desirable

o infixes – inserted into other morphemes

▪ Bontoc, a language in the Philipines – fikas ‘strong’ fumicas ‘to be strong’ kilad ‘red’ kumilad ‘to be red’

▪ English full word obscenities into another word – in+fuggin+credible also+bloomin+lately

o circumfixes – attached to another morpheme both initially and finally ▪ German Past participle of irregular verbs – ge+lieb+t

Roots and Stems

o morphologically complex words consist of a root + one or more morpheme(s)

o root ▪ a lexical content morpheme that ▪ cannot be analyzed into smaller • painter , reread, conceive ▪ may or may not stand alone as a word • read, -ceive o stem ▪ a root morpheme + affix ▪ may or may not be a word

• painter ( both a words and a stem • -ceive+er ( only a stem

▪ as we add an affix to a stem, a new stem and a new word are formed

root: believe stem: believe + able word: un + believe + able

root: system stem: system + atic stem: un+ system + atic stem: un+ system + atic + al word: un+ system + atic + al + ly

Morphemes and syllables

The terms morpheme and syllable should not be confused: ( many morphemes are syllabic (i.e., contain at least one vowel) - cat ( many others are non-syllabic (contain no vowels): -s ( 'more than one'…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


..."scapegoating." 5 This is the concept that guilt and punishment can be transferred from those responsible for an evil act, to others who are innocent of that act. This theme is rarely -- if ever -- discussed in religious homilies or sermons. Yet it seems fundamentally unjust and evil according to every moral code that I have seen. By not holding perpretrators directly responsibility for their actions, innocent people become marginalized and denigrated. For example: When some Muslims think of Christianity in America, they think of Pastor Terry Jones of Dove World Outreach Center in Florida as a typical Christian. He burned a copy of the Qur'an. When some Christians think of Islam in the Middle East, they think of Bin Laden or Musab al-Zarqawi, leaders of Al-Qaeda, as typical Muslims. They confuse the beliefs or practices of an individual or a small minority of believers for the entire religion. As one example, in the minds of many Americans, responsibility for 9/11 terrorist attack has spread from 19 radical, violent, fundamentalist Muslims and their Al-Qaida handlers to all 1.6 billion followers of Islam. We ask our visitors to consider two items when reading this section of our website -- and for that matter all of the other 6,000 essays: The irrationality of blaming innocent persons for the sins of a tiny minority within their group. One of this web site's mottos is: "When some people deviate from reality, others are often hurt." When......

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Al Qaeda Financing isolated sects of the group. Al Qaeda’s current situation (According to several experts from the 911 comission) Qaeda is now having a difficult time raising funds and that it has had to cut back significantly on its expenditures.[7 This presumption is based, in large part on the success the United States and certain other governments have had in identifying and closing down al Qaeda’s traditional resource base. However, there is some reason to question these assumptions. The pace of terrorist recruitment and activities has accelerated, not decreased, and the growth of self sustaining local al Qaeda cells is also increasing. There are reports also of large sums of money flowing into the hands of Iraqi insurgents, including Abu Musab alZarqawi, from Saudi Arabia an other Muslim states.8 New training camps are being established in several remote areas in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Africa and several countries of the former Soviet Union.9 There are also indications that the pace of funds being providing to radical fundamentalist teaching centers around the world has remained constant, or even increased.10 Other source Since September 11 and the fall of the Taliban, al Qaeda funding has drastically decreased. Countless financial facilitators have either been arrested or killed resulting in decreased fundraising with increased fund transfering difficulty. Many corrupt charities have gone completely out of business. Due to the monetary shortcommings,......

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Mcchrystal and Petraeucus

...McChrystal. Both of these generals were pivotal in what is commonly know as ‘the war on terrorism’. As a result of their leadership, many soldiers were influenced and subsequently inspired in battle. Thus, this paper will take a Brief look at the traits of leadership they displayed in shaping these two campaigns against terrorist networks. McChrystal commanded the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) for five years along with command of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). He spent most of his time in Afghanistan and Iraq. His most noteworthy accomplishments occurred in Iraq, where he personally led special operations. In June, 2006, his forces were responsible for the leader of Al0queda forces in Iraq, Abu-musab al-Zarqawi being tracked down and killed. In fact, after his team called in the air strike that killed al-Zarqawi, McChrystal personally accompanied his team to the bombed-out hut near Baqubah to identify the remains. This was but one of many examples of McChrystal getting out from the desk and applying ‘hands on’. This was to be his signature during his time in both Iraq and Afghanistan. To hear of him going out with his soldiers on raids was not out of the ordinary. Similarly, the following story helps to illustrate the kind of leader he was. Showing not only his penchant for leading from the front, but the respect and loyalty he gave his troops, along with moral courage. During his tenure in Afghanistan, a sergeant wrote......

Words: 1139 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Terrorism by Non-State Actors

...Babylon and compared to other sources. [4] The 9/11 Commission Report, Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Report), July 22, 2004, 47-49. Available at [5] Ibid, 48. [6] Hartmut Bobzin, “Pre-1800 Preoccupations of Qur’anic Studies,” in the Encyclopedia of the Qur’an, ed. Jane Dammen McAuliffe, 6 vols. (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2002-7), 4:235-53 [7] George F. Nafziger and Mark W. Walton, “Islam at War, A history”, Praeger Publishing, 2003, 207. [8] Ibid. [9] Ibid. [10] Zarqawi Letter, February 2004 Coalition Provisional Authority English translation of Musab al Zarqawi letter obtained by United States Government in Iraq, U.S. Department of State Website, Available at [11] Osama bin Laden's Declaration of Jihad, Aug. 23, 1996, Global Security . Org website available at

Words: 3526 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Current Events

...Philippines Spain. These collation forces were opposed during phase two of the war by the following military entities: Baath Party Loyalists; Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation; Sunni Insurgents; and Shia Insurgents: Source: List of leaders, including military generals Commanders and leaders | Collation ForcesAyad AllawiIbrahim al-Jaafari Nouri al-Maliki Ricardo Sanchez George W. Casey, Jr. David Petraeus Raymond T. Odierno George W. Bush Barack Obama Tony Blair Gordon Brown David Cameron John Howard Kevin Rudd Aleksander Kwaśniewski Lech Kaczyński | Ba'ath PartySaddam Hussein  (POW) Qusay Hussein Uday Hussein Izzat Ibrahim ad-DouriSunni insurgency Abu Omar al-Baghdadi Abu Musab al-Zarqawi Abu Ayyub al-Masri Al-Nasser Lideen Allah Abu Suleiman Abu Dua Ishmael Jubouri Abu Abdullah al-Shafi'i  (POW)Shia insurgency Muqtada al-Sadr Abu Deraa | Source: List of issues and causes: Prior to the war, the governments of the United States and the United Kingdom claimed that Iraq's alleged possession of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) posed a threat to their security and that of their coalition/regional allies. In 2002, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1441 which called for Iraq to completely cooperate with UN weapon inspectors to verify that Iraq was not in possession of WMD and cruise missiles. Prior to the attack, the United Nations......

Words: 771 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Terrorism of 21st Century

...hundreds, stoking sectarian resentment. In Fallujah, meanwhile, four U.S. contractors are killed, burned, and hung from a bridge, with video of the slaughter beamed around the world. The kidnappers of U.S. businessman Nicholas Berg, citing Abu Ghraib, videotape his beheading and post it on a jihadist website. The U.S. government later claims Berg was killed at the hands of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the founder of al-Qaeda in Iraq. (Council on Forign Relations , 2011) With Iraq's national elections approaching, fifteen thousand U.S. and Iraqi forces assault the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah in central Iraq. The urban fighting is successful but costly. Thirty-eight U.S. troops die, along with six Iraqi soldiers. The Pentagon estimates 1,200 insurgents are killed, and the Red Cross says eight hundred Iraqi civilians die with them. Sunni extremists destroy the gilded Shiite shrine in Samarra. The attack unleashes waves of sectarian violence in Baghdad's Shiite district of Sadr City that spread across the country. Analysts later point to the Samarra strike as the start of sectarian bloodletting. On June 2006, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq, is killed in a U.S.-led air strike near Baquba. His bloody campaign of suicide bombings, kidnappings, and beheadings was deplored by American and Iraqis alike. Washington expresses measured optimism his death will dampen the insurgency. November 2006, The trial of Iraq's former dictator ends with a sentence of death by......

Words: 3124 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


...Name :Muhammad Musab Hussain ID:7601 Subject :MGM411 Human resource a,Analyze the job selected position and wirte their job description and job specification? Ans, description * Sales of companies goods and services * Building relationship with customers * Responsible for repeat sales of existing customers * Approaching customer with the aim of making new business deals * Presenting the product or service in a professional or structured way * Researching the market * Checking the inventory for products * Responding to incoming emails and phone calls * Attending team meeting and providing valuable feedback Specification * Strong sales skills * Communication skills * Bachelor’s degree * Master’s degree * Ability to multitask * Delivering revenue or exceeding target * 3 years minimum experience in sales * Organizational and time management skills * Negotiating and closing sales B,what method will you adopt for appointing a person on the selected position? Ans, 1. Top management approval 2. Advertisement development 3. Post advertisement on the news paper 4. Call the people for interviews 5. Conducts interviews 6. Select the people which best match the requirement 7. Further skim them 8. Conduct another interview 9. Upon approval select the final people for hiring 10. Conduct the physical examination 11. Hire people that pass the final......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...covered but without a doubt is going on. The back and forth attacks going on during this month of September are undeniable. With every attack Al-Shabaab commits the AU & U.S. strike back more intensively and strategically. “ Al-Shabaab militants on Saturday shot dead the deputy chief of Somalia’s anti-terrorism unity, Mohamed Qanuni, in a drive by shooting in Mogadishu, Police said.” (Nor) Al-Shabaab like most other terrorist groups is quick to claim responsibility instantly of their attacks usually via web. They took responsibility of Qanuni’s death instantly. “ Today we gunned down the new deputy head of Somalia’s Anti-Terrorism Unity Mohamed Qanuni, along other top official in broad daylight drive by shooting in Mogadishu our fighters, Abu Musab said in a statement posted on a pro Al-Shabaab website and on Radio Al Andalus.” (Nor) The beautiful country on the coast of East Africa has seen nothing but war and political conflict for the past two decades and counting. These events presented in this paper have all happened with in the last few weeks. Each side exchanging conflicts are not solving the situation nor is it making Somalia a stable or safe nation. Though the AU and the U.S. believe they are winning this war it is very visible Al-Shabaab is not going out without a strong fight. It is unknown how long the AU will remain in this area and it is unknown what will happen after they decide to leave. What is known is numerous innocent lives are being......

Words: 1368 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...mellem den radikale imam og den krigskyndige oberst er ikke tilfældig: De har, sammen med deres undersåtter og andre grupper, dannet en alliance i vrede over den afgrænsning fra den politiske magt, regeringen i Bagdad under al-Malikis ledelse har udsat dem for. Dannelsen af IS går tilbage til 2004, hvor den jordanske jihadist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (Ahmad Fadeel al-Nazal al-Khalayleh) etablerede sin gruppe al-Tawhid wal Jihad (Enhed og Jihad) og lagde grunden til de militante islamistiske oprør mod invasions-styrkerne i Irak-krigen, der var blevet indledt i marts 2003. Gruppen havde sin grobund i Irakisk Kurdistan, hvor der gennem 1990’erne var blevet dannet nogle mindre, men radikale grupper inspireret af al-Qaeda, og som i 2001 gik sammen i dannelsen af Ansar al-Islam under ledelse af Mullah Krekar (Faraj Ahmad Necmeddin) Krekar fik allerede i 1991 norsk asyl som flygtning fra Nordirak, men var i 2001 i Irakisk Kurdistan sammen med andre kendte jihadister med forbindelse til al-Qaeda, og sammen etablerede de Ansar al-Islam, som Zarqawi også var en del af. Det var den gruppe og sammenrend af forskellige ledere, der også talte veteranen Abu Musab al-Suri, som den amerikanske udenrigsminister, Colin Powell, henviste til i sin tale i FN’s Sikkerhedsråd i februar 2003, da han fremlagde begrundelserne for Irak-krigen. Da krigen mod Afghanistan blev indledt i oktober 2001 som reaktion på 11. September-terrorismen, flygtede en del al-Qaeda-folk gennem Iran til Irakisk......

Words: 3644 - Pages: 15

Free Essay


...The Islamic terrorist group ISIS seems like it rised overnight in June 2014, however, the group has existed since the early 1990's under different names and various shapes. The group has transformed from a political and religious ideal into a death cult. The group began over two decades ago with a Jordanian named Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. He arrived in Afghanistan wanting to be a mujahideen in 1989, but was too late to fight. He left back home and remained a figure in international terror for the next decade. Abu Musab al-Zarqawi returned to Afghanistan and set up terrorist training camps. In 2001, he fled to Iraq after the fall of Talaban. In 2004, his campaign of suicide bombings across Iraq had made him a superstar of the jihadi movement and even won the endorsement of bin Laden, whom he joined forces with forming al-Qaeda in Iraq, or AQI. Zarqawi's ambitions were cut short in June 2006 when US Air Force dropped a pair of 500 pound bombs on his hideout, killing him. In 2011, when US troop withdrawals was complete, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was running the group, he took Zarqawi's tactics and supercharged them. He sent suicide bombers to police officers, military offices, checkpoints, and recruiting stations. Soon after, Baghdadi renamed the group Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), to reflect his greater ambitions. In early 2014, ISIS planned a bolder strike by taking of Mosul which marked a new phase in ISIS' evolution. It was now willing and able to seize and control......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...paper identifies the organizational structure of the group and finds out the persons that occupy the positions given out in the structure. In order to remain strong a terror group must have a reliable source of funds. This paper describes the major sources of funds for the group and finds out there sustainability. The paper then describes the Islamic States’ recruitment process. This includes the tactics it uses to lure its fighters. The paper concludes by identifying the major impacts of ISIS n Middle East. It as well finds the effects of ISIS operations in the Southeast Asia in which it narrows down to China. Discussion The Evolution of Islamic State The present Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sharam (ISIS) was founded by Abu Musab alZarqawi. The founder first link with al-Qaeda was in 2000 during his meeting with Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan. The meeting was to discuss ways that the duo would establish al-Tawhid al-Jihad that would focus its activities on overthrowing the Jordanian government. In 2002, Al-Zarqawi successfully avoided the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-led inversion on Afghanistan by relocating to Iran and later to Iraq (Glint, 2014). At the request of al-Qaeda, he started facilitating the movements of his military forces into Iraq to fight the NATO-led coalition. Despite his forces fighting alongside al-Qaeda, al-Zarqawi did not swear allegiance to al-Qaeda until 2004. Since then, the relationship between al-Qaeda and al-Zarqawi......

Words: 5930 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Osama Bin Laden: the Fall of a Tyrant

...outreach activities and efforts to influence public opinion in the United States and Europe. Many observers believe that the group’s primary goal remains to inspire, plan, and carry out attacks against the United States and its allies around the world, with particular emphasis on targeting economic and energy infrastructure and fomenting unrest in Iraq, Afghanistan, the Persian Gulf states, and countries neighboring Israel. This report reviews Al Qaeda’s use of public statements from the mid-1990s to the present and analyzes the evolving ideological and political content of those statements. The report focuses primarily on statements made by Osama Bin Laden, but also considers: statements made by Ayman al Zawahiri, the late Abu Musab al Zarqawi, Iraq-based Al Qaeda affiliates, and Al Qaeda military leader Sayf al Adl. The report will be updated periodically. For background on Al Qaeda, see CRS Report RL33038, Al Qaeda: Profile and Threat Assessment, by Kenneth Katzman. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Al Qaeda: Statements 1994-2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Founding Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 “Declaration of Jihad” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 “Clash of Civilizations” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

Words: 9653 - Pages: 39

Free Essay


...was a devout Muslim." Most people think that after high school, like most of the young people during the reign of Saddam, he had to serve in the Iraqi army. During this time, he could teach the basics of military tactics and proper use of weapons. At the age of 18 years, al-Baghdadi first went to Baghdad to study. Some, for example, Hamid, believe that it achieved a degree of professor in religious sciences. It is believed that al-Baghdadi has helped in the creation of a terrorist group "Jaish Ahl al-Sunnah wal Jamaa." In 2004 or 2005 - the exact year is unknown, as well as all the information about al-Baghdadi - he was captured by US troops, presumably, in the course of a large-scale raid to capture an accomplice Jordanian terrorist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. Zarqawi, the head of the Iraqi cell of al-Qaeda, on account of which there were numerous explosions and death, was killed by US troops in 2006. After the arrest of al-Baghdadi was detained in Camp Bucca prison in northern Iraq, near the city of Umm Qasr. He had connections with terrorist groups, but has not been convicted of terrorist acts. "There must be rebel career was for him a good opportunity," - he says. One of the people with whom he met al-Baghdadi at Camp Bucca was Sobhi Falah Taha, also known as Abu Muhammad al-Adnani representative igil. After being released from Camp Bucca, al-Baghdadi continued insurgency. In 2006, an umbrella organization composed of terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda, formed the Islamic......

Words: 2081 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Hlss320 Final Paper today. It is not a question of if they will attack but when they will attack on American soil. To really understand how they might do it and why they want to one must first look at their history and beliefs. Al-Quade started during the Cold War when Russia invaded Afghanistan. The United States was against all things Russian and started to support the locals fight back against the Russians. This led to the United States giving Al-Quade weapons and training. After the withdrawal of the Russians in 1988 a named Ahmad Fadhil Nasal Al-Khalaylah joined Al-Quade. Once there he met a man named Sheikh Abu Muhammad who had a lot more violent outlook then Obama bin Laden. Unlike Bin Laden, Al-Khalaylah, who changed his name to Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi, grew up very poor and was a lot more extreme because of this fact. In 1999 he returned to Jordan and formed his own organization known as Jamaat Al-Tawhid Wal-Jihad or the Organization of Monotheism and Jihad. On September 11, 2001 Al-Quade made their motives known when they committed a terrorist attack on the World Trade Center towers, the Pentagon, and another flight that crashed before reaching a target. This would led to the United States invading Afghanistan in 2001 and in 2003 Iraq. Zarqawi’s group was among the extremists who entered the country to fight the United States. His group as well as others and the former Sunni army that was led by Saddam Hussein joined together and eventually joined Al-Qaeda gaining......

Words: 1324 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...terrorist attack are often filled with acts of reprisal. In the six months after the Charlie Hebdo attacks in January, anti-Muslim violence and mosque vandalism more than quadrupled compared with the same period in 2014, according to the Collective against Islamophobia in France, a watchdog group. Extremist groups feed off of alienation, some counterterrorism experts say, and Islamist militants deliberately aim to make Muslims in the West feel isolated and turn against their own communities. According to this line of thinking, acts of terrorism widen the cultural divide by provoking hate crimes against Muslims in the West. This strategy gained traction in the early 2000s after al-Qaeda was sent into hiding by Western military action. Abu Musab al-Suri, an influential jihadi thinker whom the Wall Street Journal called “the new mastermind of jihad,” argued for a distributed network of terrorist cells recruited from the Islamic diaspora, carrying out terrorist strikes in their own communities. These attacks, and the backlash they generated, would inspire other to radicalize....

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Lizzy Caplan | Watch movie | Alert Tones