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Musab

In: Business and Management

Submitted By MUSAB
Words 277
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Bound and free morphemes

Free morphemes: o constitute words by themselves – boy, car, desire, gentle, man o can stand alone

Bound morphemes: o can’t stand alone – always parts of words - occur attached to free morphemes

cats: cat ( free morpheme -s ( bound morpheme undesirable: desire ( free morpheme -un, -able ( bound morphemes o affixes o prefixes – occur before other morphemes ▪ unhappy, discontinue, rewrite, bicycle, bipolar

o suffixes – following other morphemes ▪ sleeping, excited, desirable

o infixes – inserted into other morphemes

▪ Bontoc, a language in the Philipines – fikas ‘strong’ fumicas ‘to be strong’ kilad ‘red’ kumilad ‘to be red’

▪ English full word obscenities into another word – in+fuggin+credible also+bloomin+lately

o circumfixes – attached to another morpheme both initially and finally ▪ German Past participle of irregular verbs – ge+lieb+t

Roots and Stems

o morphologically complex words consist of a root + one or more morpheme(s)

o root ▪ a lexical content morpheme that ▪ cannot be analyzed into smaller • painter , reread, conceive ▪ may or may not stand alone as a word • read, -ceive o stem ▪ a root morpheme + affix ▪ may or may not be a word

• painter ( both a words and a stem • -ceive+er ( only a stem

▪ as we add an affix to a stem, a new stem and a new word are formed

root: believe stem: believe + able word: un + believe + able

root: system stem: system + atic stem: un+ system + atic stem: un+ system + atic + al word: un+ system + atic + al + ly

Morphemes and syllables

The terms morpheme and syllable should not be confused: ( many morphemes are syllabic (i.e., contain at least one vowel) - cat ( many others are non-syllabic (contain no vowels): -s ( 'more than one'…...

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