Premium Essay

Nationalism in Kenya

In: Historical Events

Submitted By scarese7en
Words 2658
Pages 11
NATIONALISM IN KENYA
Conflict and resentment defined the the colonial experience between the white settlers and native Africans. With Nairobi evolving from a shantytown in the early 1900s into a major urban centre for East Africa, white settlers slowly migrated to the country lured by the prospect of land. They settled in the fertile highlands outside Nairobi, an area later dubbed the "White Highlands." Both the Maasai and the Kikuyu tribes lost large amounts of land to these European settlers. Their resentment grew deeper with each acre lost and the inevitable conflicts would not fully be resolved until independence.
Successful large-scale farming depended to a great degree upon an adequate labour force, namely Africans. They, however, did not see any advantage or gain in working for the European encroachers. In response, the colonial authorities introduced hut taxes and other laws that forced the Africans into low-paying wage employment. This marked the introduction of a cash economy into a land dominated by the barter system.
World War I provided a hiatus in white settlement but after the war Britain gained possession of this region under the Treaty of Versailles and began a policy of inequitable land distribution that further fuelled growing African resentment. The government offered land in the Kenyan highlands to war veterans at inexpensive prices but only white veterans, not African veterans, could take advantage of this offer. White settlers streamed in and increasing numbers of Kenyans, led by the bitter Kikuyu, formed political groups whose primary focus was the return of their land.
KENYAN NATIONALIST MOVEMENTS AND THE EMERGENCE OF JOMO KENYATTA
The first pan-Kenyan nationalist movement was led by Harry Thuku to protest against the white-settler dominance in the government. His party, the East African Association, traced its roots to the early…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Nationalism in Russia

...Choose three concepts associated with the academic study of nationalism to explain the origins and contemporary political issues shaping nationalism in one of the following contexts. Is nationalism more of a positive or negative influence in this geo-political space? Russian Nationalism The idea of nationalism in Russia is one that has changed over time, and yet today is taking an even more interesting turn today with the re-election of President Vladimir Putin for a third term in office, despite widespread protests throughout Russia. Looking before Putin though there is some 80 odd years of communism where the very crux of this type of political landscape is individuals working for the country towards a greater good, which falls in line with the concept of homeland. Also looking at the type of leadership that Russian has had from the 1917 revolution that displaced the Tsars, through to their differing forms of autonomy under different leaders during both the cold war and post cold war eras. As well as finally looking at the industrial might that Russia became during the cold war and the effects that this then had on the country, and its effect on the international political landscape, which included the polarisation of the world power structure between the USSR and the United states. One of the key themes that is at the core of Russian nationalism is the concept of homeland. Russians have always referred to their own country as Mother Russia. Prior to 1917, when Russia......

Words: 403 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nationalism

...DIVERSITY AND NATIONALISM “Diversity is the life-blood of the nation. To trample on the rights of any minority group is to trample on the rights of the nation.” In the source the perspective of the individual states that diversity is the strength of a nation that it is fundamental for a nation to exist. They also quote that when you ignore the minority group which is the group of people such as people of different cultures or countries get disregarded you are disregarding the rights of the whole nation. The point the author of the source is trying to make is that without diversity or a minority group, you basically don’t have a nation. There are many perspectives on whether diversity is good or bad. Robert Putnam states "Diversity, at least in the short run, seems to bring out the turtle in all of us," he writes. He explains further that people in more diverse communities tend to "distrust their neighbors, regardless of the color of their skin, to withdraw even from close friends, to expect the worst from their community and its leaders, to volunteer less, give less to charity and work on community projects less often, to register to vote less, to agitate for social reform more but have less faith that they can actually make a difference, and to huddle unhappily in front of the television." Deidre Blair says otherwise “Where would we be without diversity something that includes not only them, but both you and me. We wouldn’t have variety, or change or ethnic......

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Nationalism and Democracy

...FINAL PROJECT “ NATIONALISM AND DEMOCRACY” PREPARED AND SUBMITTED BY HARSHWARDHAN SINGH 10BAL117 SEMESTER - VI SUBMITTED TO MR. Nitesh Chaudhary (ASST.PROF)(POL SCI) NIRMA UNIVERSITY ACADEMIC YEAR 2012-2013 DECLARATION The text report in the project is the outcome of my own efforts and no part of this report has been copied in unauthorized name and further no part has been incorporated without due acknowledgement. HARSHWARDHAN SINGH 10BAL117 SEMESTER VI Acknowledgement As a student of B.A.LL.B. (Hons.) of Institute Of Law Nirma University I had to undergo for a Project Work assigned by Asst. Prof. Nitesh Chaudhary. The project work was done under the guidance of Asst. Prof. Nitesh Chaudhary. I am grateful to him for his guidance and help due to which I was able to understand and complete this project. CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Mr.Harshwardhan Singh Roll No. 10BAL117 has done project on the topic “NATIONALISM AND DEMOCRACY” for the subject political science as a part of their course. This is his/her original work. Nitesh Chaudhary ...

Words: 4553 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Kenya

...got into good schools. To date, Singaporeans think that two is the right number of children. Perhaps the most enduring move was the requirement that all workers save a minimum of 25 per cent of their salaries. They would claim the money only after the age of 55. This formed one of the secrets behind Singapore’s incredible economic growth. The money would go into a Central Provident Fund, with which the government built roads, schools, hospitals and housing. Yew’s administration saw 74 per cent of families owning their homes. His goal, however, was 100 per cent. It is hard to define Singapore. This is a dictatorship nation blended with free flow of information. Read more at: http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/lifestyle/article/2000087837/why-kenya-should-follow-in-singapore-s-footsteps-to-tackle-rising-unemployment These tremendous developments have successfully kicked poverty out of Singapore. Currently, the percentage of unemployed people above the age 15 is two per cent, the highest employment rate internationally. The Ministry of Manpower says the impressive employment level is due to unrelenting emphasis and investment in education. Social cohesion and paths to self-betterment. Cohesion: tolerance across vertical and horizontal divides Access to political representation and dispute resolution Policing and security of property, tenure and person. Access to and equality before the law Access to education and information Access to work, security in work,......

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Kenya

...KENYA GENERAL INFORMATION Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a sovereign state in Africa.  Its capital and largest city is Nairobi.  Kenya lies on the equator with the Indian Ocean to the south-east, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi) and has a population of about 44 million in July 2012. The country named after Mount Kenya, the second highest mountain in Africa. The country has a warm and humid climate along its Indian Ocean coastline, with wildlife-rich savannah grasslands inland towards the capital. Nairobi has a cool climate that gets colder approaching Mount Kenya, which has three permanently snow-capped peaks. Further inland there is a warm and humid climate around Lake Victoria, and temperate forested and hilly areas in the western region. The northeastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. Lake Victoria, the world's second largest fresh-water lake and the world's largest tropical lake, is situated to the southwest and is shared with Uganda and Tanzania. Kenya is famous for its safaris and diverse wildlife reserves and national parks such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, the Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park. There are several world heritage sites such as Lamu, and world renowned beaches such as Kilifi where......

Words: 12708 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Nationalism

...without nationalism? This paper will respond to the argument that a state cannot survive without nationalism. For the purpose of this essay, two elements of nationalism are used. The first element states that nationalism maintains the similarity of culture as the basic social bond in the members of the nation1. The second element states that the state has legitimate rights to sovereign rule of a nation. The factors that result from the three elements of nationalism that contributes to the survival of the state are equality within people in the state in terms of the state being meritocratic and the administrative rights of the state. Nationalism results in two main factors that are essential for the state to survive, mainly, the administrative rights of the state and meritocracy. Hence, the state needs nationalism to survive. A nation, defined by Anthony Smith, is “[a] named population sharing a historic territory, common myths and historical memories [and] a mass public culture, a common economy and common legal rights,”2 For the purpose of this essay, all states will be referred to as modern states with a centralized power held by the state and a legal entity with sovereign rule over its people. This essay argues that nationalism is needed in unifying the nation with a common national identity in terms of linguistic and culture homogeneity, which is needed for the state to exercise its administrative right and practice meritocracy. 1 2 Ernest Gellner.......

Words: 1628 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Nationalism

...Nationalism: Good or Bad What is nationalism? Nationalism can be interpreted in so many different ways. There are also several varieties of it, which include both economic and cultural aspects. “Nationalism can best be described as an intense feeling of national pride and unity, an awakening of a nation’s people to pride in their country.” (Caterora, Gilly, Graham, 2013, p.171) Simply put, it’s a feeling of brotherhood towards one’s country. As in most countries, nationalism exists in some degree and plays an important role in the political and economic environment. It can come and go as conditions and overall attitudes change or differ. Throughout countries, foreign companies can be welcomed to the community one day and harassed or forced out the next. Nationalism is difficult to measure, but the effects on the economy can be profound. Nationalism can be perceived as either positive or negative depending upon the context in which it is used. One could make an argument that nationalism is bad because it makes people think that they are better than everyone else, even without fully understanding other countries’ cultures or policies. Of course as a modern society, we know this way of thinking is incorrect. There are several reasons why nationalism is good for a society. First, nationalism is closely associated with patriotism or the love of one’s country. This in turn creates an atmosphere that inspires people to willingly make sacrifices for their country. ......

Words: 627 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nationalism

...concept of nationalism can be organized into various categories such as liberal, civic, ethnic or cultural, as the definition of nationalism varies. Although civilization has always had a tendency to organize itself around a shared identity, nationalism is generally identified as a modern movement. Emergence and Origins Nationalism came into political focus in the 1990s as a consequence of the emergence of striking nationalist movements such as those in Yugoslavia and Rwanda. The conflict that emerges from differing ethic and cultural communities residing under the same political entity has become one of the most pressing issues of modern politics. The notion that nationalism is a recent phenomenon is part of the modernist perspective, while the primordialist perspective recognizes that nationalism has always been a part of human civilization’s need to organize based on shared origin. State vs. Nation Central to the discussion of the various definitions of nationalism is the difference between the concept of state and the concept of a nation. Because the boundaries of a nation are not drawn by state lines, but rather by various factors that form human identity -- culture, language, religion, common origin and ethnicity -- a nation can be defined as a cultural community. This differs from a state that is simply a political entity. In many circumstances, nations are spread over various states as in the example of the Jews, Kurds and Sioux Indians. Meanings of......

Words: 465 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Nationalism

...Nationalism Introduction Nationalism is the notion that the population of a state share the same interests which are different from those of other states and dissimilar from the interests of the mankind as a whole. Furthermore, nationalists think that these national interests are more vital than the competing interests which might take place among different members or groups who belong to the nation. Nations themselves are historical creations of capitalism. It was the climbing bourgeoisie whose premiums requested the toppling of primitive or other precapitalist parochialism and the production of a solitary business sector, single government and single dialect over a substantial domain. Making the conditions for industrialists to succeed made countries. It ought to consequently not be shocking that patriot philosophy is a type of entrepreneur (middle class) belief system (Myers, 2009). National interest In an industrialist nation, it is entrepreneurs who own the greater part of the riches, who hold the influence and who are acknowledged as representatives of the national premium. So when the specifics of any asserted national investment are taken a gander at, it just so happens those specifics are the premiums both of specific industrialists or of the entrepreneur class as an issueOn the off chance that our whole country has regular hobbies unique in relation to those of different countries, then it must bode well for purchase items being sold by our country's......

Words: 2261 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Nationalism

...DBQ: Nationalism & Sectionalism By John A. Braithwaite DIRECTIONS: The following DBQ is based upon the accompanying documents and your knowledge of the time period involved. This question tests your ability to work with historical documents. Your answer should be derived mainly from the documents, however, you may refer to historical facts, materials, and developments NOT mentioned in the documents. You should assess the reliability of the documents as historical sources where relevant to your answer. Check your school and community libraries for materials and also, surf the internet to help you find relevant outside information. QUESTION FOR ANALYSIS: In the period from 1815 to 1858, two giant forces—nationalism and sectionalism--ostensibly in opposition to each other—prevailed simultaneously in the first half of 19th century America. Describe these two forces and discuss the geographic, political, constitutional, economic, and diplomatic contrasts of both forces. PROMPT: Formulate a thesis statement Use documents as well as your own outside knowledge of the period. Deal evenly with all aspects of the questions Be sure to cover the time period given • Assess the validity of the documents • Draw effective and specific conclusions whenever possible TEXTBOOK RECOMMENDATIONS Gillon & Matson The American Experiment Boydston & McGerr Making A Nation Murrin, et.al Liberty, Equality, Power ......

Words: 3103 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Nationalism

...April Carter’s essay describes the differences between the key concepts of nationalism, global citizenship and cosmopolitism very well. A negative picture is painted of nationalism which I agree with as it indeed “has a tendency, often linked to a revival of bitter hostility towards neighboring nations” which has led to violent conflicts such as can be seen with former Yugoslavia. “Nationalism” I find is an interesting example of humans’ link to our animal instinct to belong to a group. You can see in the wild packs of lions (who to us look, behave and act the same) and yet fight over land and food, just like humans do. The difference is that humans are supposed to be able to think beyond that primal instinct which I think is the goal of Global citizenship. I agree that Global citizenship is an aspiration not a reality (due in part to nationalism) that we should aim to harmoniously inhabit this world despite our differences in history, culture, country and ethnicity because at the end of the day we are all the same, we need food, love, and shelter; “we should regard all men as our fellow countrymen”. However I believe nationalism needs a better distinction as the hostility between countries is also seen within ones own country from supporting different football teams to where you went to school or where you live. Whilst individual states have the right to defend their culture, land etc I question however the extent of this right when it interferes with human rights and......

Words: 649 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Nationalism

...Nationalism is a concept that involves a feeling of extremely strong attachment towards one’s own country. Due to one or more than one object factors like race, religion, language, literature, culture etc., there grows in a people a strong feeling of like-mindedness which endows them with the quality of nationality. This feeling of oneness makes every member of the group to feel themselves as equal partners in the desire, regret, justice, pride and dishonor of the entire people. In such a situation, in their feeling of nationality associated with their patriotism grows into a political ideology, it is called nationalism. Thus, nationalism finds expression through political ambitions. When the sense of self-identity increases, every nation raises the demand for establishing its own state. Realization of this demand results in the establishment of the nation-state. Nationalism is a concept that involves a feeling of extremely strong attachment towards one’s own country. Due to one or more than one object factors like race, religion, language, literature, culture etc., there grows in a people a strong feeling of like-mindedness which provides them with the quality of nationality. Nationalism is a great democratic ideal which continues to live as the strongest force and continues to inspire struggle for national liberation in different parts of the globe. It stands for the nation-state and love for the nation-state, and advocates that every nationality has a right to have its......

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Nationalism

...Nationalism is defined as “The strong belief that the interests of a particular nation-state are of primary importance. Also, the belief that a people who share a common language, history, and culture should constitute an independent nation,free of foreign domination” according to dictionary.com. It sounds wonderful, and can be. Unfortunately governments create many acts in the name of Nationalism that end up affecting their population negatively. No wonder their is such trust issues when it comes to trusting the political parties that control the fates of any given country. Idealy nationalism should be acts the government makes in order to protect the economy, history, and people of a nation. For example the French and American revolution that created a strong binding of Americans. We are a far cry from that in this new day and age. There are many acts that U.S. government creates in the name of nationalism, but have ended up being something that negatively affected the American people. The patriot act for instance. This act was put into place forty five days after the 9/11 attacks. While the American government stated that this act was created to protect Americans it made it legal for our civil rights to be violated. This act made under the guise of national security makes every day Americans susceptible to being scrutinized as assumed criminals and or terrorists. All emails, phone conversations and internet activity can be tracked without warrant or warning. Any person...

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Kenya

...Rafaella Rusmigo Erasmus Student MUP 12/7/2015 Kenya Abstract Throughout time, we have seen countries evolve from many different circumstances, most of which circumstances were from colonial exploitation. European colonialism dates back to the age of exploration and the discoveries that were found overseas from the mainland of Europe. The colonists were brutal to the natives called savages, ruthless to the innocent, and exploiters of the native people and their native lands. In Africa, the Europeans had penetrated it in the 1600-1700’s. In the 1800’s the entire continent did not have a single free independent nation state, all of Africa belonged to the Europeans. Kenya was significantly impact by the imperialists. The historical evidence of Kenya’s economy, culture, and social standards comes from the British rule from 1888-1963. The main purpose of this document is to understand the fundamentals of British colonialism and the British conquest in Kenya. Through examining important points in the history of Kenya, we will found out what are the legacies of the colonial period for Kenya and if they are still relevant to the country today. Republic of Kenya Kenya is a country in East Africa with its territory lying on the equator and overlies the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the......

Words: 4755 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Nationalism

...Relations Impact of German Nationalism 12/1/2011 Sidra Bashir (10596) | Nationalism: The term “nationalism” is generally used to describe two phenomena: (1) the attitude that the members of a nation have when they care about their national identity, and (2) the actions that the members of a nation take when seeking to achieve (or sustain) self-determination. (1) Raises questions about the concept of a nation (or national identity), which is often defined in terms of common origin, ethnicity, or cultural ties, and while an individual's membership in a nation is often regarded as involuntary, it is sometimes regarded as voluntary. (2) Raises questions about whether self-determination must be understood as involving having full statehood with complete authority over domestic and international affairs, or whether something less is required. Nationalism is a strong identification of a group of people with a political entity defined in national terms. It is a deep emotional attachment manifested in love for one’s homeland, a common language and sometimes fears of a common enemy. It also includes the belief that the state is of primary importance and a belief that one state is naturally superior to all other states. Nationalism is an extreme attachment to one’s state, the attachment runs so deep and blind that sometimes people forgets to differentiate between right and wrong, and they remain true to their nation even if it is wrong. The problem of nationalism is that......

Words: 3254 - Pages: 14

Alvarez Kelly - Tenente Kelly Torrent Clássico / Faroeste
1966
720p Bluray HD
Em 1864, quando a Guerra Civil se...
| xxxHOLiC Shunmuki | Assistir Bleach 2018 Dublado Online HD