Premium Essay

Naturalism in Jack London's the Call of the Wild

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Baark
Words 2444
Pages 10
Naturalism in The Call of the Wild

Jack London was born on January 12, 1876 to a working class family. He had to deal with a hard life from a very young age, but his constant struggling got him through most of the difficulties and by the age of 30, he was internationally famous for his books Call of the Wild (1903), The Sea Wolf (1904) and other successful literay works. Though he wrote passionately about the great questions of life and death and the struggle to survive with dignity and integrity, he also sought peace and quiet inspiration. He wished society to be reformed that he expressed through his writings. His stories of high adventure were based on his own experiences at sea, in the Yukon Territory, and in the fields and factories of California.

Similar to a number of writers at that time, he died young, at the age of 40, impoverished (again), sick and suffering from alcoholism. To this day it is still unclear if he the cause of death was accidental morphine overdose or he commited suicide.

He as well was a fairly controversial person, so that different authors look at him in various ways: ”The basic law of his thinking was logic. His literary style was the clear, obvious and unmistakable sentences of the beautiful English language. ’The Call of the Wild’ serves as the reference book of English stylistics on Sorbonne. He was the man of facts: not to be afraid of looking inside of the eyes of reality, a great view of life. But Jack London's inner debates did not let him to become an even greater writer and thinker.” (Harsányi, 1925)

The novel The Call of the Wild was published in 1903 and is set in Yukon during the 1890s Klondike Gold Rush. To complete his work, London spent almost a year in Yukon to be familiar with it and to collect material. The story came out in a series in the Saturday Evening Post, and a months later it was released as a…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Call of the Wild

...Willson 4 Hadley Willson Mrs. Lockett American Literature/ Composition October 1, 2012 Be Tamed or Be Wild? Imagined being taken from a luxurious life on a ranch and being thrown into the harsh enviroment of Alaska. Jack London, a famous American author, wrote about a dog, who experienced this cruelty, in his historic fiction book, The Call of the Wild. In the summer of 1903, London's novel, was published by the New York Macmillan Company. The story is set in the late 1880's in California, and later moves on to Alaska and the Klondike region of Cananda. Buck, the protagontist, is a dignified St. Bernard and Scottish shephard dog. Throughout the book, he is passed from one owner to the next. After being kidnapped from his luxurious life in Santa Clara, California, Buck is sold to a man in the red sweater. The man in the red sweater was the first person to teach Buck a "primitive law" - that Buck cannot win a fight against a man weilding a weapon. Buck's next owners were Perrault and François. These two Frenchmen worked for the Canadian government, carrying mail to different outposts. Buck's second masters in the north are Charles, Hal, and Mercedes. While they are all related, they don't make a very good team. Charles is an incompetent sled driver and continually puts himself and the dogs at risk. Hal carries weapons and mistreats the dogs, while Mercedes thinks their journey is some kind of camping trip. John Thornton, Buck's final owner, saved Buck from the......

Words: 797 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Call of the Wild

...the death of Curly, Buck has begin to realize that he need to survive, he has to be strong and little by little he learn and understand how to survive. Later in the story Buck has develop into more wild. In fact, his this weird dream of , him going into the wild and develop more and more wild type ones. In chapter 5 , a new owner , Hal, Charles and Mercedes were more cruel then Perrault and Francois were. They force Buck to pull a heavy sled, which a man say that the dogs could not pull. Later, they continue their journey. Because the sled was heavy, Mercedes decide to remove the food and drink instead she brings her nail and finger polish. So the dogs starts to starve and become weak. Billie, one of the dog give up and falls over. Hal then kill Billie. More dog begin die. As their journey near , spring arrives. By spring, it means that thin ice. Buck refuse to team into frozen water. Hal beats him and has been rescues by John Thornton. Starting this moment, Buck feel more to John Thornton then has for a human before, and refuses to let John Thornton out of his sight. Buck is to loyal to John Thornton. This can be seen when John Thornton told him to jump off a cliff which Buck do so and quickly John Thornton stop him. Moreover, after the death of John Thornton, he go into the wild. He started to live with the wolf which he makes friend with somewhere in the novel. Later, he become the leader of the wolves. ...

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Into the Wild

...wanted the good life, completely letting go by changing and burning all of his money. Making a new beginning, took a chance on what he wanted to do. So he became something for himself, “McCandless walks south through the desert, arriving in the Topock, Arizona, where he buys a second hand canoe. 2. Krakauer titles his book Into The Wild which echoes Jack London’s work, The Call of the Wild. McCandless’s experience demonstrates the “grip wilderness has on the American imagination, the allure high-risk activities hold for young men of a certain mind…” How do you define “the call of the wild?” Does the call still exists in the same form it existed in previous periods in American history? How is the “wild” or the wilderness important to us as a people? What about to you as an individual? The appeal of the nature the wilderness gives people the ability to be free from society. To be able to escape from reality for a little while, to do something you wouldn’t normally do. Naturally need for the wilderness it’s a challenge you want to concur. See like the character was forced into his structured life style which pushed him to the call into the wild. He “snapped”, his whole life was a lie because of his father. Still an attachment. Brought materials, believed it changed doesn’t always mean literally, unique to each person. It still exists people still search for a deeper meaning. Wanting to branch out and to get out of their comfort zone. 3. McCandless was also greatly......

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Call of the Wild

...The Call of the Wild Buck is a privileged dog that is stolen from his companion. He overcomes many obstacles, and through it all, he hears the call of the wild. He sings back softly at first. But as his triumphs grow, so does Buck’s adventures. He tackles many obstacles, such as starvation, endless fights, beatings with clubs from owners. He hears the nocturnal singing, and sings softly at first. He hears them all along his travels. Buck finally finds a man that he truly loves and protects with all his being. John Thornton treats Buck kindly, but as he reflects, he has a different relationship with John than that with the Judge. Buck felt just a companion with the Judge, but with John, he feels the bonding connection between a man and his dog. During his time with John, he finds a wild wolf, and goes off camp often to adventure and be free in the wilderness. But his love for John always kept him coming back. Upon returning from killing a moose, Buck finds that the Indians have killed the dogs and his beloved John, as well as everyone else. This rages a fire in Buck and he kills the Indians. Upon returning to the wilderness, he is reunited with the wolf and his pack. He also finds and kills more of the Indians. At the end of the story Buck becomes the leader of the pack of wolves, so he sings the nocturnal song the loudest, because he is finally free. I believe all along it was his destiny to sing the call of the wild. He overcame many obstacles when other dogs didn’t...

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Naturalism

...2013 Naturalism When must people think of naturalism they think of nature, and people who love the nature. That is not what naturalism is when it comes to literature. Naturalism is where the character in a story are caught in the forces of nature, and they have no control of their situation. Both Stephen Crane and Jack London did a great job with their short stories when portraying the writing style of naturalism. “The Open Boat” by Stephen Crane four men are on a boat when bad weather approaches them. They have to work together in order to survive this. In “To Build a Fire” by Jack London a man is at war with everything that the nature is putting in his path. He has no control at what is being thrown at him. The short story “To Build a Fire” by Jack London is about a man trying to escape death. The man is in Alaska, and decides to go on a walk with his dog. He is new to the area, and does not understand how bad the conditions really are. The man is supposed to meet up with a few friends at six o’clock. It starts getting colder, and the conditions are starting to worsen. The man falls down, and the snow gets him wet all the way up to his knees. So, he starts a fire to dry himself off, but the ice falls from a tree and kills the fire. He is not able to build another fire. By this point he is beginning to become frostbitten. He has a plan to kill his dog, and stuff his hands inside the dog to rebuild his circulation, but he just cannot do it. “To Build a Fire” by Jack......

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Call of the Wild

...The main character of the novel, The Call of the Wild, is a St. Bernard and Scotch Shepherd mix, named Buck. As I read the book, I found out that Buck can be very loyal and trustworthy to his master, if his master is loyal to him. Also, at times I found that Buck could turn into an enraged beast very easily. At home, which was a large house called Judge Miller’s Place, in the sun kissed Santa Clara Valley in California, ruled over all of the dogs that were there. Buck was Judge Miller’s inseparable partner, until a man named Manuel, who was one the gardener’s helpers, committed a horrible act. In order to cover his Chinese lottery gambling debts, he stole Buck from his sound sleep and brought him to a flag station called College Park. There, the exchanging of money took place. Buck was loaded onto an express car to Seattle. On his way to Seattle, he found that a man in a red sweater repeatedly beat him. From then on, I knew that Buck would never forget that experience. In that part of the book, I found out that Buck was now an enraged animal and could only be tamed by repeatedly being hit with a club or a whip. At this point of the book, I was thinking about Judge Miller. He would’ve sent out a message or an investigation in order to find Buck. Because Judge Miller had a big house to live in, the book implied that he was wealthy. The trip to Seattle must of taken days and by then, Judge Miller would’ve been worried sick about his dog/best friend. As the story goes on,...

Words: 1170 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Jack London

...Catherine Murray Research Paper Jack London Jack London was a great American writer, author, and journalist in the nineteenth century. He was born John Griffith Chaney, in San Francisco, California. London worked in the Klondike for a few years and then began to write and publish books and stories. His books became very successful which made him one of the most popular authors of the nineteenth century. Jack grew up in a hard working-class. He pretty much paved out the way for his own life and success. He rode trains, worked on oyster ships, shoveled coal, and found employment in a cannery. These experiments inspired him in writing some of his stories, as he really enjoyed to read and write at libraries in his free time. His writing career basically began in 1893, the year that he went out on a sealing voyage in which him and his crew almost got taken out by a typhoon. Jack London’s writing career started off by his mother encouraging him to submit one of his stories to one of the local newspapers for a writing contest. Jack was 17 at the time and even though he only had an eighth grade education, he had won the first prize of twenty-five dollars, and had beat college students from Stanford and Berkley. After this experience, he decided that he would begin to dedicate his life to writing short stories, but he had a difficult time finding publishers. He then enrolled at the University of California Berkeley, but only for a brief time before he traveled north to......

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Call of the Wild

...Evolution, it’s a very interesting topic. Buck (the main character in “The Call of the Wild”) went through evolution in the book. Evolution is the change from one thing to another. Buck has been on a journey of evolution. He has seen his primordial brothers. From the time Buck was dog napped, he has turned fierce and savage. He has learned how to keep warm while sleeping by digging under the snow and sleeping in that hole. He has learned not to fall in a fight or the dogs will pounce on you and shred you to pieces. Buck has killed another dog in rage and competition for leader. Buck has gotten calls (which are wolf howls) from his primordial brothers and runs to the wild and plays with a lone timber wolf. He also has dreams of a primordial man telling Buck to join the wild and hunt for food. He returns home and finds the camp killed by Yeehat Indians, so he kills some Indians, and with no were to go, joins a wolf pack and becomes leader. So you can see Buck has changed from a civilized home dog to a wild vicious wolf pack leader through out the book. He has mastered the ways of the wild and knows how to survive. For example he can now hunt his own food for survival. He can also stay warm while sleeping. Both these examples show that Buck can survive in the wild. He has gone through the process of evolution....

Words: 255 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Concept of Naturalism and to Build a Fire

...Concept of Naturalism in “To Build a Fire” In literature, naturalism has some fundamental characteristics. The plot involves man against nature and the burden of survival requires either adaptation or destruction of the characters involved. In this style of writing, nature or the natural world is continuously pushing man to his limits. When man heeds the warning signs, he may conquer it. But, when he ignores these warnings, it will defeat him. Naturalism is a general understanding of reality and humanity’s place with reality. It mirrors the events of daily life and shows how humans have to be careful when dealing with the natural world. In naturalism, nature is always waiting for man to make a mistake. Jack London in “To Build a Fire” focuses on the idea that nature is indifferent to man. He shows how violent and uncaring nature is. This short story features an unnamed man and his dog venturing into the Alaskan wilderness in the middle of winter. “To Build a Fire” is a short story that illustrates the concept of naturalism and how the natural world, which is dangerous, will gain the upper hand and man will perish. In Jack London’s “To Build a Fire”, the narrator makes it clear that the “unnamed” man is in a dangerous situation with the elements. The man is facing weather seventy-five degrees below zero and he is not prepared to survive. Jack London writes that the cold, “did not lead him to meditate upon his frailty as a creature of temperature, and upon man’s......

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Naturalism

...NATURALISM INTRODUCTION Naturalism is considered as the oldest philosophy in the western world. Naturalism is a philosophical position adopted by the naturalists, whose approach to philosophy is purely from scientific point of view. Naturalists believe that nature alone represents the entire reality and is there beyond or behind other than nature. For naturalists, nature is everything and nothing exists superior than nature. So they separate nature from God and allot no space for supernaturalism and spiritualism. They also believe that all our activities are initiated by our instincts. Naturalism stresses the need to return to nature from artificiality. It is also concerned with natural self and believes that reality and nature are identical and beyond nature there is no reality .With the help of physical and chemical laws, naturalism explains the universe, the physical world, life and mind. This nature is governed by its own laws and man is regarded as the child of nature. It considers matter as superior to spirit and gives importance to scientific methods of observation and verification. MEANING OF NATURALISM The term naturalism, by its ordinary meaning, means ism laying emphasis nature in every field of education. Naturalism is a system which follows exclusion of whatever is spiritual, or indeed whatever is transcendental of experience from our philosophy of nature and man. Naturalism is a doctrine that separates nature from god, subordinates sprit to matter and......

Words: 5413 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Into the Wild Discussion Questions

...Into the Wild Discussion Questions Due Date: _____________ Directions: Answer each of the follow questions in a well-developed paragraph response. Don’t forget to restate the question in your answer. Responses are to be typed in MLA format. 1. In the author's note Jon Krakauer claims that Christopher McCandless “invented a new life for himself' searching a raw, transcendent experience.” Do you agree with the author's assessment? How did McCandless re-invent himself? How was his life “transcendent” after he graduated from college? 2. Krakauer titles his book Into the Wild which echoes Jack London’s work, The Call of the Wild. McCandless was obviously influenced by London, and Krakauer suggests that McCandless’ experience demonstrates the “grip wilderness has on the American imagination, the allure highrisk activities hold for young men of a certain mind...” How do you define “the call of the wild?” Does the call still exist in the same form it existed in previous periods in America’s history? How is the “wild” or the wilderness important to us as a people? 3. McCandless was also greatly influenced by Henry David Thoreau. What did he borrow from Thoreau’s interaction with nature? How did he differ from Thoreau? 4. Gordon Young, who reviewed Into the Wild, said that McCandless “did not die in vain, and that his life was enviable in many respects.” Young asserts that McCandless was “a profound American figure, uncompromising 'in his approach and thoroughly optimistic about the......

Words: 391 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Call Into the Wild

...Summary of Call into the wild Chapter 1 Buck, the protagonist of the story, gets introduced to the reader. Even though he’s a dog, it seems that he’s sentimental. Judge Miller is his owner. They live in a big house in Santa Clara Valley, California where the weather is very sunny. Judge Miller is wealthy. One of Judge Miller’s gardener’s, Manuel, steals and then sells Buck because he needs to feed his family. A man with a red sweater buys Buck. He doesn’t treat Buck well, beating him, and soon Buck lives under ‘’the law of club’’ . He’s later sold to two French-Canadian men, Perrault and Francois. Contrary to the man with the red sweater, they treat Buck rather nicely. They travel northward, where Buck sees snow for the first time. Chapter 2 In the second chapter Buck gets to know ‘’the law of fang’’. Buck is also adapting to the snowy landscape, where he will be at for a long time. He’s part of a group of sled pulling dogs which is lead by Perrault and Francois. The owners require discipline from the dogs. In the group Buck isn’t the alpha dog, but another dog called Spitz. Spitz is cruel, and laughs when a group of huskies attack one of the dogs called Curly. The rest of the dogs are Solleks, Joe and Billee. Solleks is described as introverted and is also blind. Joe is kind of evil and Billee seems like a he’s a nice friend. Buck is getting stronger while adapting to the tough landscape and his surroundings. Chapter 3 The group of sled dogs get hurt by a flock of...

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Naturalism

...During the late 1800s, a literacy movement called Naturalism occurred in America. Naturalist believed in the idea that peoples’ interactions with environments and other people are what shape them as humans. According to a naturalist named Becker, naturalistic writers approached literature with a “pessimistic materialistic determinism” creating novels and stories that are driven by the forces that rule human lives. To the naturalist, man always succumbs to nature, because he has no control over it. Naturalistic writers use their characters, plots, and settings to portray their worldview that man is controlled by natural forces that dictate his destiny and no matter how hard man tried to fight against it, nature is indifferent to man’s tribulation and will always win because man is weaker. Jack London wrote, “To Build a Fire” a literary work of naturalism. London’s main character is never named, but is referred to as ‘the man.’ The man is travelling in the Yukon alone with his husky dog on a day where the weather is 50 degrees below zero. The man was warned by an old timer at Sulpher Creek not to travel alone on a day like this because it is far too dangerous. Against the old timer’s advice, the man sets out for the freezing trail ahead without human company. Throughout the story, London reiterates that although the man is blind to his human weaknesses, his canine companion is in tune with his natural wolf instincts and understands that they are not able to travel against......

Words: 1208 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Call of the Wild

...Chapter 1: Into the Primitive Start Page 1 end page 13 unmber of pages 13 Gold just been discovered in in the Arctic. Californian people are rushing to the Northland, looking to gain some gold. Everyone is looking for strong and big dogs to carry them to the severe cold in the Arctic for their journey. Buck is a strong dog and the main character of “call of the wild” tale. Buck lives in the home of Judge Miller in Santa Clara Valley. Other dogs are present in the tale; however, Buck is the king of his domain. He escorts the Judge's daughters on walks; he hunts with Judge’s sons, carries his grandchildren on his back. Buck weighs around 140 pounds. He is not as large as his father was, but he carries himself like a king. Hunting and walking keep him fit. Buck doesn’t know what danger is waiting him. Manuel, a gardener's helper, who fall in debt, his salary can’t support his big family. One night, when the Judge and his sons are gone Manuel takes Buck on a walk. They arrive to a flag station where a man is waiting for them. Manuel sells Buck to a stranger for some dollars and when the stranger tries to grab the rope around his neck he flies violently at the man and bite the man’s hand; however Buck is thrown into the baggage car of the train. The man tells the conductor that Buck is being taken to San Francisco in order to cure him. Buck was hold into a brass collar and thrown into a cage. During the first night, Buck wonders why he is there. He wishes that the Judge come......

Words: 3816 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Jack London

...American Author Jack London Many authors have specific distinctions in the way they write. They add their own tones and voice to give character and personality to their style of writing. Jack London is among these authors but in his own sense different. Jack London is notorious for focusing his stories on the wild outdoors of the north. In two of London’s most famous books, Call of the WIld and White Fang, he writes about the Klondike Gold Rush. The main characters in both novels are dogs. One learning to survive in the wilderness and one learning to adapt to domestication. This theme supports London’s notorious writing style about the wild. His choice to write about such events in these area and time specific settings can be traced to his childhood growing up in the middle of the Yukon Gold Rush himself. Jack like any author uses his prior experiences as a platform for his writing. What I think makes London’s tone and voice in writing these books so fascinating and successful is the detail in which he writes to convey his setting to the reader. He so accurately describes the feel of the air and the silence of the day along with the beauty of the sky to bring and mental image to anyone’s mind. This keeps the reader intrigued and interested along with a clear vision of an American habitat. This vision of Northern American tundra is crucial to the draw of the novels and short stories London writes because it does convey American culture and and the living......

Words: 357 - Pages: 2

BMW M2 COUPE F87 Ladekantenschutz Lackschutz Transparent 240µm | Last Post | the greatest showman