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Nutrition Notes

In: Business and Management

Submitted By marshallruffing
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Popular Eating Trends Review 1. Dash Diet 2. Mediterranean Diet 3. Vegetarian Diet 4. Celiac Disease a. Autoimmune disorder that can occur in genetically predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine. Affects 1/100 people around world. 5. Energy Balance and Weight Management 6. Body Mass Measurements b. Lean body mass-mass of nonfat body parts c. Body weight-sum of weight of fat and lean body mass d. BMI-current standard or assessing healthfulness of body weight e. Underweight <18.5 f. Healthy 18.5-24.9 g. Overweight 25-29.9 h. Obese >30 7. Body Fat i. Visceral fat (abdominal) j. Subcutaneous fat (under skin) 8. Energy Balance k. Thermic Effective Food l. Basal Metabolism m. Activity 9. Leptin-protein made by fat cells that decreases appetite and increases energy expenditure 10. Grehlin-protein made by stomach cells that enhances appetite and decreases energy expenditure. 11. Appetite-desire to consume specific foods triggered by external cues, independent of hunger 12. Hunger- physical desire to eat 13. Treatment strategies n. Dietary therapy i. Controlling/reducing energy intake o. Physical activity ii. Increasing energy expenditure p. Behavior modification q. Weight loss drugs/surgery 14. 3500kcals=1 lb of body fat r. To lose 1 lb a week, lose 500kcals per day 15. Treatment for underweight s. Intake of energy dense foods t. Regular meals/snacks 16. Fitness-set of attributes related to the ability to perform routine physical activities w/o undue fatigue. 17. Recommended amt of exercise in week: >150 min of moderate exercise or 75 of vigorous. 18. Heart Rate should be 65-80% of maximum…...

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