Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior in the Context Incepta Pharmacuticles

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Sayadsid
Words 4689
Pages 19
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

* Background of the study
This term paper is prepared as a requirement of the course curriculum of “organizational behaviour in the context of a local company” by studying organizational behaviour practice in INCEPTA PHARMACEUTICALS CO. LTD. After studying on this company, we came to know about various factors of employee’s organizational behaviour.

* Objective
The objective of our study is to find out the expected organizational behaviour on the basis of OB model. The company that we studied is INCEPTA PHARMACEUTICALS. The study is focused on the following aims: * To identify the specific goals of the company. * To achieve knowledge about the company profile. * To know about the present business scenario of the company. * To know the level of the employee’s organizational behaviour.
By evaluating these topics we will identify the organizational behaviour on the context of this company.

* Methodology
There are two types of sources of methodology. One is primary and another is secondary sources while conducting the study both primary and secondary information were explored. But hardly any primary information could be found. In the absence of primary information the majority of the study has been based on secondary information. We went for the answers in the analytic point of view, which provides the mitigation of our requirements. For the procurement of data, we had to take support of some specific methods as follows:
Sometimes we went for personal interviews of some of the personnel who are treated as essential supporters in respective assignments. They assisted us with primary and secondary information and otherwise showed us clues for where about of our requirements.
We Use both of the two sources for collect data.
The “Primary sources” are as follows: * Face to face conversation with the officer and employees.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Organizational Behavior W. Jack Duncan Book review Meera Iyer Chapters 1. Organizational behavior: defining the field 2. Historical perspective 3. Methodological foundations of organizational behavior 4. Personality development and attitudes 5. The cognitive basis of individual behavior 6. Motivation: Theory and selected research 7. Introduction to small group behavior 8. Leadership behavior and effectiveness 9. Intergroup analysis: Co-ordination and conflict 10. The organization and the individual 11. Environments, organizations and behavior 12. Power relations in organizations 13. Performance evaluation and organizational effectiveness 14. Planned change and organizational development This book is about organizational behavior. It is also a text on management. The objective of the book is to present a research based approach to management from an applied behavioral science perspective. I have summarized each chapter of the book, explaining the main points that the authors wish to communicate. © www.hrfolks.com All Rights Reserved Organizational behavior – Defining the field Organizations are collections of interacting and inter related human and non-human resources working toward a common goal or set of goals within the framework of structured relationships. Organizational behavior is concerned with all aspects of how organizations influence the behavior of individuals and how......

Words: 4349 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Organizational Behavior

... HANDBOOK OF PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR SECOND EDITION HANDBOOK OF PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR INDISPENSABLE KNOWLEDGE FOR EVIDENCE-BASED MANAGEMENT SECOND EDITION Edited by EDWIN A. LOCKE A John Wiley and Sons, Ltd, Publication This edition first published 2009 © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Registered office John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ , United Kingdom For details of our global editorial offices, for customer services and for information about how to apply for permission to reuse the copyright material in this book please see our website at www.wiley.com. The right of the author to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, without the prior permission of the publisher. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered......

Words: 315905 - Pages: 1264

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Organizational Behavior W. Jack Duncan Book review Meera Iyer Chapters 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Organizational behavior: defining the field Historical perspective Methodological foundations of organizational behavior Personality development and attitudes The cognitive basis of individual behavior Motivation: Theory and selected research Introduction to small group behavior Leadership behavior and effectiveness Intergroup analysis: Co-ordination and conflict The organization and the individual Environments, organizations and behavior Power relations in organizations Performance evaluation and organizational effectiveness Planned change and organizational development This book is about organizational behavior. It is also a text on management. The objective of the book is to present a research based approach to management from an applied behavioral science perspective. I have summarized each chapter of the book, explaining the main points that the authors wish to communicate. © www.hrfolks.com All Rights Reserved Organizational behavior – Defining the field Organizations are collections of interacting and inter related human and non-human resources working toward a common goal or set of goals within the framework of structured relationships. Organizational behavior is concerned with all aspects of how organizations influence the behavior of individuals and how individuals in turn influence organizations. Organizational behavior is an......

Words: 4360 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Organizational behavior is the field of study that investigates how organizational structures affect behavior within organizations.  It studies the impact individuals, groups, and structures have on human behavior within organizations. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication, and management. Those who apply organizational behavior to their business usually start by simply studying employees. They may look at their overall attitudes and habits to determine what may need to change. Some concrete details they may gather include facts about productivity, turnover rates and absenteeism, all of which can tell a lot about employee attitudes. Once they collect some observations, they can satisfy one of the goals of organizational behavior, which is to explain the attitude of employees. The field of organizational behavior has a number of commonly agreed upon goals. Chief among these are effectively predicting, explaining and managing behavior that occurs in organizations. Some of these include describing systematically how people behave under a variety of conditions, understanding why people behave as they do, controlling and developing human activity at work and predicting future employees’ behaviors. The study of Organizational Behavior has proved beneficial in many ways. Some of these benefits include enhancing organizational and individual effectiveness, skill development, personal growth......

Words: 468 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Running Head: ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR Decision making process Name: Institution: Tutor: Course: Date: Organizational behavior is the science of studying how workers and their behavior interact within an organization in a workplace set up. It involves many disciplines which include communication, sociology, management and psychology. Its major aim is to give reports and reviews in the growing research in organizational or industrial psychology and organizational behavior areas internationally. This discussion focuses on theory and research in all the fields related to professional or organizational behavior which include motivations on duties performed, equal distribution of opportunities at work places, stress due to occupations, work design and career processes, work quality, life and job satisfaction, selecting personnel and training, analysis of work, aspects of behavior in industrial relations and managerial behavior in well established organizational structure. Several instances both in professional and personal way of life are considered when inputs and opinions from more than one person are to be considered in decision-making. This could be one reason why group decisions come into the question. This is a complex process, achievable through many strategies. Like many other processes, this process of taking group decisions has its own ups and downs as highlighted below. Decisions reached at in a group, combine personal......

Words: 606 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...today’s organizations, the importance of the code of ethics is more prevalent than ever. Code of ethics consists of various factors such as being honest, building trust, and upholding the ethical standards. Organizations that exercise ethical codes not only feel that it is a way to portray a positive image to the stakeholders, but also because it highlights its own organizational virtues and values. It is believed that such culture could cultivate and encourage more ethical behavior for the employees in the organization (Stevens, 2008).Code of ethics are also used to articulate the restrictions for the organization, and to set a benchmark of what is acceptable and unacceptable, boosting responsibility, and conveying the standard expectations demanded from the employees as well as the leaders in the organization (Stevens, 2008).The ethical codes can be described as an effective tool to promote ethical behavior in the organization(Stevens, 2008).However, researchers have came up with reports that hints that the practice of ethical codes are unproductive and they have failed to create an impact in an employee’s behavior(Stevens, 2008). One of the studies suggested that ethical codes are not suitable and were ineffective especially in IT firms due to the misuse of codes, as it largely functioned as a control system (Steven, 2008). Despite the presence of negative reviews on ethical codes, an increasing number of organizations are still working towards good ethical practice. To......

Words: 2459 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Chapter One: Introduction to Organizational Behavior Chapter Synopsis This chapter launches the students' study of organizational behavior by providing an overview of management history and the OB field, and by identifying forces that promise to reshape the nature of management. It exposes the how, what, why, and when of organizational behavior, as viewed and practiced by managers. It also identifies the skills and competencies that leaders will need to create the ideal 21st century work atmosphere, such as intelligence, passion, a strong work ethic, a team orientation, and a genuine concern for people. Learning Objectives After completing this chapter, students should be able to: 1. Define in applied terms organizational behavior. 2. Describe the disciplines that have contributed to the field of organizational behavior. 3. Discuss the importance of understanding behavior in organizations. 4. Explain the time dimension model of measuring effectiveness. 5. Explain the relationship between quality and organizational effectiveness. Key Terms power of human resources—The ability to get things done in the way one wants them to be done. globalism—The interdependency of transportation, distribution, communication, and economic networks across international borders. cultural diversity—The vast array of differences created by cultural phenomena such as history, economic conditions, personality characteristics,...

Words: 4459 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

... Kathmandu UNiversity school of management | Term Paper on Application of Reinforcement TheoryIn Educational Setting | Submitted to: Ms. Jyoti Regmi Adhikary | Course Instructor (Organizational Behavior) | Kathmandu University School of Management | | | Submitted by: Neha Jatiya, BBA 5th Semester, Roll no: 11739 | 10/12/2014 | | Abstract Reinforcement theory has been a basis for understanding the behavioral implication of human beings for a long period of time. However, whether or not the application of these concepts in educational sector in Nepalese context is relevant is a matter of concern; particularly in absence of adequate research findings. The purpose of this article is to discuss the application and implications of reinforcement theory and its related aspects in educational context. Since reinforcement theory is much relevant in terms of explaining, predicting and controlling behavior of individuals, its application and implication should be studied extensively in each and every sector. Acknowledgements I wish to acknowledge the contributions of several individuals to the completion of term paper. I would like to thank our course instructor Ms. Jyoti Regmi Adhikary her effort and support. I also thank all those who helped me in the completion of......

Words: 2717 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Final Exam Organizational Culture Creativity and Change Dr. Michelle Zimmerman Yidong Yuan A. Basic Human Processes: Perception and Learning As stated on our book, social perception is the process through which people select, organize, and interpret the information around them as it pertains to other people. According to social identity theory, the way we perceive others and ourselves is based on both our own unique characteristics (known as personal identity) and our membership in various groups (known as social identity) (Greenberg, 2011). The process of attribution involves judging the underlying reasons for people’s behavior. Some of our judgments are based on inferences made on the basis of observing others’ behavior. These judgments, known as correspondent inferences, are often inaccurate. Our search for explanations about the causes of others’ behavior leads us to make either judgments of internal causality (the individual is responsible for his own actions) or external causality (someone or something else is responsible). Kelley’s theory of causal attribution explains that such judgments will be based on three types of information: consensus (whether others act in a similar manner), consistency (whether the individual previously acted this way in the same situation), and distinctiveness (whether this person acted similarly in different situations) (Greenberg, 2011). Several types of systematic errors, known as perceptual biases, limit the accuracy of......

Words: 5241 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Table of Contents 1. Understand the relationship between organizational structure and culture: 2 1.1 Compare and contrast different organizational structure and cultures: 2 1.2 Explain how the relationship between an organization’s structure and culture can impact on the performance of the business: 4 1.3 Discuss the factors which influence individual behavior at work: 4 2. Understand different approaches to management and leadership: 5 2.1 Compare the effectiveness of different leadership styles in different organizations: 5 2.2 Explain how organizational theory underpins the practice of management: 5 2.3 Evaluate the different approaches to management used by different organizations: 6 3. Understand ways of using motivational theories in organizations 7 3.1 Discuss the impact that different leadership styles may have on motivation in organizations in period of change: 7 3.2 Compare the application of different motivational theories within the workplace: 8 3.3 Evaluate the usefulness of a motivation theory for managers: 9 4. Understand mechanism for developing effective teamwork in organizations 10 4.1 Explain the nature of groups and group behavior within organizations: 10 4.2 Discuss factors that may promote or inhibit the development of effective teamwork in organizations: 10 4.3 evaluate the impact of technology on team functioning within a given organization: 11 References: 12 Introduction: Organization is the combination of people......

Words: 3641 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...important to our professional and personal lives because an individual’s perception is their reality. Thereby what is perceived to be real is real. Robbins & Judge (2011) explain there are several factors, which influence our perception. These factors are based on the perceiver, the target, and context or time. Factors based on the perceiver are affected by an individual’s attitudes, motives, interest, and experiences. Factors based on target are influenced by sound, background, motion, and similarity and lastly, factors influenced by context include time, work setting, and social setting. These factors affect how people see one another in an organization. People in an organization tend to judge one another based on the perceptions that have been formed about each other. The Attribution Theory explains how people judge one another depending upon the meaning associated with the behavior. If the behavior is internally caused then one might say the behavior is under the personal control of the individual and if the behavior is external, then the situation forced the individual to behave in such manner (Robbins et al., 2011). Although it is almost human nature to pass judgment on one’s behavior people in organizations can fall a victim to the Halo Effect or the Contrast Effect. The Halo Effect is the perception that an individual does something really well then they also perceived to do everything just as well. The Contrast Effect is merely evaluating a person by......

Words: 1164 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Virtually every aspect of life is affected at least indirectly by some type of organization. We look to organizations to feed, clothe, house, educate, and employ us. An organization is a system of consciously coordinated activities or forces of two or more persons. Modern organizations have one thing in common: they are the primary context for organizational behavior. In a manner of speaking, organizations are the chessboard upon which the game of organizational behavior is played. Therefore, present and future managers need a working knowledge of modern organizations to improve their chances of making the right moves when managing people at work (Kinicki & Kreitner, 2009). Organizational behavior (OB) is an interdisciplinary field dedicated to better understanding and managing people at work. OB is a horizontal discipline that cuts across virtually every job category, business function, and professional specialty (Kinicki & Kreitner, 2009). This paper will attempt to answer the question, what goes wrong in organizations. The first thing that goes wrong in organizations is the lack of knowledge of managers on how to manage diversity. Diversity represents the multitude of individual differences and similarities that exist among people. There are many different dimensions or components of diversity, which implies that diversity pertains to everybody. Diversity pertains to the host of individual differences that make all of us unique and different from others (Kinicki...

Words: 1138 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1 2 3 Describe the three key elements of motivation. Identify early theories of motivation and evaluate their applicability today. Apply the predictions of selfdetermination theory to intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. 4 5 6 Compare and contrast goalsetting theory and management by objectives. Contrast reinforcement theory and goal-setting theory. Demonstrate how organizational justice is a refinement of equity theory. 7 8 9 Apply the key tenets of expectancy theory to motivating employees. Compare contemporary theories of motivation. Show how motivation theories are culture bound. ISBN 0-558-97987-4 202 Organizational Behavior, Fourteenth Edition, by Stephen P. Robbins and Timothy A. Judge. Published by Prentice Hall. Copyright © 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. Motivation Concepts Luke: “I don’t believe it.” Yoda: “That is why you fail.” —The Empire Strikes Back 7 THE BIG BROKER EXODUS T ISBN 0-558-97987-4 he global recession has upended the status quo in many areas of business, and nowhere is that more evident than in the financial sector. Former Wall Street icons—Lehman Brothers, Merrill Lynch, Bear Stearns—have been absorbed by other companies or vanished altogether. Other stalwart companies, such as Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase, American International Group (AIG), and Morgan Stanley, were forced to become wards of the state. Said one business writer, “It’s......

Words: 20911 - Pages: 84

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Running head: DIVERSITY MANAGEMENT Management of diversity in human resources and quality of the workforce Abstract Organizational behavior is an academic field, involving in almost every occupation, job function, expertise, and anyone who has a job to earn his living in organizations, regardless of big or small, State-owned or private enterprises. A review of researches on human beings in work will be useful for organizational behavior research. Methods of approaching unexpected events also encourage managers to consider organizational behavior in the current context. In these approaches, the context is changing rather than rigid rules, thus the application of different management techniques is appropriate. Moreover, these approaches to unexpected events also send managers a clear message: Carefully consider the situation and flexibly adapt to it. In the trend of international economic integration, the operation of enterprises is not just confined within a region, a country, a territory. Businesses have greater opportunities to penetrate and exploit many big markets in the world, but they also have to face with challenges of global competition and are subject to the global labor division, especially the diversity in the workfoce. All these things require business managers to work out an effective method of management, creating the harmony between various individuals while promoting their ability to make maximum contribution to the...

Words: 5146 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...“A work organization can be defined as a socially designed unit, or collectivity, which engages in activities to accomplish a goal or set of objectives, has an identifiable boundary, and is linked to the external society. Work organizations are absolutely different from other social entities, which include families, clans, tribes, etc” (John Bratton, Work and organization Behavior, 2007, pg5). Organizational behavior encompasses the systematic study and careful application of knowledge about how people act within organizations. (Wikipedia, October 2010) We need to understand 3 key areas while studying OB (Organization Behavior); they are Personality, Motivation and Leadership. Personality is the total pattern of characteristic ways of thinking, feeling and behaving that constitute the individual’s distinctive method of relating to the environment (Kagan and Havemann, 1976) or the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behaviour and thought (Allport, 1964).Personality is explained by various theorists like Jung, Hans Eyesenck, Costa and McRae. Jung has introduced 4 concepts, which are sensation thinking, which includes Practical, down to earth, impersonal, interested in facts, wants order, precision, no ambiguity, values efficiency and clear lines of authority. The next concept is intuition thinking which includes Conceptual and inventive, sees future possibilities through analysis,......

Words: 3575 - Pages: 15

Read more... | http://i.imgur.com/26zK50i.jpg | (Wk06) Conan The Barbarian, Vol. 3 #3A - Preorder 6Th Feb