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Pharmacology

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1. Imagine that a family friend or colleague has just been diagnosed with cancer. Explain how the American Cancer Society might provide education and support. What ACS services would you recommend and why?
Unfortunately, I do not have to imagine having a family friend recently diagnosed with cancer. Sad-fully, this is a true reality for one of my closest friend’s two year old son. Little David was diagnosed with ALS (b-cell) in the past months. Although the mortality rate is lower for “b-cell” rather than “t-cell” ALS, it is heartbreaking to see the devastation that cancer brings to a family unit. The most challenging part of treating cancer for my friend’s son is seeing the psychological, physical and mental deterioration that occurs to a young body going through cancer treatment. Although he is taking the chemotherapy well, he has lost the ability to walk and his extensive vocabulary is down to three simple words. He has states of acute psychosis that are hard for his parents to deal with. David’s father is a CRNA and his mother a CVICU nurse, even at their level of expertise this it is unbearable at times to know everything about a disease yet have no control on its effects to your child. I know I have strayed away from the question, but wanted to stress the importance of why ACS exists. The American Cancer Society is the nationwide, community-based, voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem by preventing cancer, saving lives, and diminishing suffering from cancer, through research, education, advocacy, and service (American Cancer Society, 2013). ACS provides education and support in every way possible. The challenges of fully understanding a disease processes like cancer are extensive. Like David’s case, many cancers are not an overnight acute event that is treated quickly. Treatments for different types of cancers can take years and have many different stages. There are a wide array of treatments available and many different routes of administration for those treatments. The ACS provides education on specific cancers and treatments. The ACS networks extensively with many medical organizations to research the best related information for a given individual. Not only does the ACS provide education but also resources to case specific studies that may be offered for specific cancers. The ACS service that I recommend is the relay for life fund raiser. This is an event that raises money for cancer prevention. This is not just a fundraiser that I picked for this discussion question, but one that I represent and help with. I am a firefighter for the City of Chandler in Arizona and the Relay for Life is an event that we participate in. If there are any students that live in the valley an event on May 3rd, the American Cancer Society will be sponsoring the CP3, cancer research study. This study is looking at ways to prevent cancer and some of the procuring lifestyle, environmental, and genetic causes of cancer. There will be a large tent set up on the football field at Basha High on Friday, May 3rd from 5-9pm where volunteers will be getting a small amount of blood drawn to assist with future research into what causes cancer and how to combat it. The entire process will take 20 minutes of your time if you are willing and will be a great benefit to the study. They are collectively attempting a total of 300,000 blood draws for the study, so if you are between 30 and 60 years old, have never had cancer and live in Arizona they could use your help. The following is our fire departments specific fundraising, again if anyone in the valley would love to take part please email me for more info :
Hi everyone, Relay for Life is rapidly approaching! It will take place May 3rd at Basha High and we are trying to reach our goal of $3500 for our teams donation to the American Cancer Society for patient assistance and research funding. We have various fundraisers in place so let your friends and family members know if they would like to help us reach our goal for our donation. Our fundraisers are:

* We are selling a solar charging flashlight. This light: * charges in any light, * holds a charge for years if not in use, * gives 8 hours of straight usage time, * is waterproof and floats * costs $20 with $10 going straight to the American Cancer Society * * We also have 3 members of our department that have agreed to run at the relay all night long! Jason Underwood, Greg Brown, and Allen Blaine are going to go the distance for 12 hours! We have a pledge sheet at each station, if you or someone you know would be willing to pledge a few cents a lap to one of these ironmen.

* We also have luminaries for sale that you can decorate or dedicate for someone you know who has been lost to cancer, has gone through it in the past or is going through it now. The following link shows a little about the luminaria ceremony during the relay: Luminaria Ceremony

* Team Chandler t-shirts in a little different style will also be available shortly for $12 for anyone who would like one.

Or if you or someone you know would like to donate or join our team click here.
I know this may be more than what is needed for this discussion question but I saw this opportunity as a platform to not only learn about Cancer but be actively involved. 2. According to statistics published by the American Cancer Society, there will be an estimated 1.5 million new cancer cases diagnosed each year over the next decade. What factors contribute to the yearly incidence and mortality rates of various cancers in Americans? What changes in policy and practice are most likely to affect these figures over time
There is a wide range of contributing factors that play a role in the incidence and mortality rate of various cancers, many of which are preventable. Some of these preventable or modifiable factors are tobacco use, alcohol consumption, obesity, poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, exposure to workplace carcinogens, exposure to ultraviolet light and more. There are also factors that are not modifiable, such as family predisposition (heredity), age, race, gender, and more. Although there are factors that cannot be modified, the ones that can be modified will fail to modified if the populous is not properly educated. The changes in policy and practice start with awareness. Some individuals are aware that in some aspect tobacco use is not good for the body, yet they do not realize that tobacco use is directly linked to specific deadly cancers such as oat-cell. If people were more aware of specific disease processes involved in their recreation usage it may cause cessation or prevention. Another dominating factor to policies and practice that will have a positive impact overtime is the practice of screening. As a nation we have investing billions of dollars in research into various cancers and the results have been tremendous. We have discovered many different screening measures that can detect cancers in their earliest and small stage. With proper implementation such as a stronger occupational health endorsement, and school system endorsements we can implement these screening measures to a large number of the population.

3. Select a research program from among those funded by the American Cancer Society. Describe the program and discuss what impact the research will have on the prevention or treatment of cancer.

The research program that I selected is one that I briefly discussed earlier. CP-3 or CPS-3 stands for cancer prevention study 3. CPS-3 is a grassroots effort where local communities from across the country can support cancer research not just through fundraising efforts, but also by participating actively in this historic research study (ACS, 2013). This study takes other prevention studies and combines them to create specific new studies using current cancer patients, surviving cancer patients, and those who have never been predisposed to cancer in effects to gain insight into the various screenings, treatments, and predisposing factors of cancer. African americans are implored to participate in this study since african americans obtain and die from cancer more than any other race (ACS,2013). Reassurance and care needs to be met for african americans to participate in such a study where blood is drawn, since historical incidents have left a scaring memory on some african american community (i.e Tuskegee syphilis study). This study left poor mostly illiterate african americans with syphilis, untreated to discover how the disease process manifest itself. The ACS goes to great lengths to inform every individual on the history of cancer studies and how studies are presently conducted. The CPS-3 study does comply with the Belmont report. Please see the link below to read more into this http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@epidemiologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-027977.pdf My personal email for anyone looking for further detail into Relay for Life: alwhitley@hotmail.com

Refereces:
American Cancer Society-3. 2013. Join our prevention study-3. Retrieved from: http://www.cancer.org/research/researchprogramsfunding/epidemiology-cancerpreventionstudies/cancerpreventionstudy-3/cancerpreventionstudy-3…...

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