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Phrases for Summary

In: Other Topics

Submitted By annanet2004
Words 1502
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Начало формы
NEWSPAPER TOPICAL VOCABULARY

The article is headlined…
The headline of the article is…
The title of the article is...
The author of the article is…
It was published in…
The newspaper carries an article on...
The central idea of the article is... (The main idea of the article is... the article is devoted to... the article deals with... the article touches upon... the purpose of the article is to give the reader some information on... the aim of the article is to provide a reader with some material on...)
The article is concerned with …
The article deals with…
The subject of the article is…
At the beginning of the article the author describes…
The article touches upon the problems of...

To depict to dwell on to explain to introduce to mention/ By mentioning… to recall to characterize to analyze to comment on to enumerate to point out to emphasize to stress to underline to generalize about to criticize to make a few critical remarks on to reveal to expose to accuse to blame to condemn to mock smth to ridicule to praise to address smb… to give figures… to give a summary of to give one’s account of to take a decision… to make a statement… to go into details… to appeal to a wide readership to to single out the key points on which the article is based on quote smb…

to have one's fingers on the pulse of current events, public opinion
The article (the author) begins with a (the) description of… some (a few) critical remarks about (of, concerning…)
The article opens with the statement about…
Then (after that, further on, next) the author passes on to, goes on to say that, gives a detailed (thorough) analysis (description)…
In conclusion the author…
The article ends with…
In conclusion… / to come to conclusion that...
At the end of the article the author draws the conclusion that… At the end of the article the author sums it all up (by saying…)…
The author starts by telling the reader about...
According to the article...
The author stresses...
Further the author reports that...
The most widespread opinion is...
As far as can be judged from the press...
Different sources say that...
The essence of news is...
The article expresses the opinion of the author…
The author of the article raises such important problem as...
The prime objective (target) of the author is...
The author continues with the facts that...
The author concludes with the statement that…
On the one hand, the author deals with the problem of…
On the other hand, the author touches upon the problem of...
The idea (point of view, viewpoint, standpoint) of the author is...
The main idea of the article is...
As it is reported from London…
As it is clear from...

Конец формы
PHRASES FOR SUMMARY/RENDERING

1. The story tells of ... (the tragic fate of a man).
В рассказе повествуется ... (трагическая судьба мужчины).
2. The story shows ... (the fighting between the rich and the poor).
История показывает ... (борьбу между богатыми и бедными).
3. At the beginning of the story the author describes (depicts, dwells on, touches upon, explains, introduces, mentions, recalls, characterizes, points out, generalizes, makes a few critical remarks on, reveals, exposes, accuses, blames, condemns, mocks at, ridicules, praises, sympathizes with, gives a summary of, gives his account of, makes an excursus into, digresses from the subject to describe the scenery, to enumerate smth., etc.).
В начале истории автор описывает (изображает, подробно останавливается на, затрагивает, объясняет, представляет, упоминает, вспоминает, характеризует, указывает на, обобщает, делает несколько критических замечаний о, показывает, предоставляет, винит, обвиняет, осуждает, издевается над, высмеивает, хвалит, сочувствует, коротко описывает, даёт отчет, делает экскурс в, отклоняется от темы, чтобы описать пейзаж, перечислить и т.п.)
4. The story begins (opens) with a (the) description of (introduction of, the mention of, the analysis of a summary of, the characterization of, (author's) opinion of, author's recollections of, the enumeration of, the criticism of, some (few) critical remarks about (concerning, etc.), the accusation of, the exposure of, the praise of, the ridicule of, the generalization of an excursus into).
Рассказ начинается с описания (введения, упоминания, анализа описания, характеристики, (авторского) мнения о, авторского воспоминания о, перечисления, критики, некоторых критических замечаний о, обвинения, разоблачения, восхваления, насмешки, введения в экскурс).
5. The scene is laid in ...
Действие происходит в ...
6. The opening scene shows (reveals) ...
Первая сцена показывает (раскрывает) ...
7. We first see (meet) him (her, [the name of a character]) as ...
Мы впервые видим (встречам/знакомимся) с ним (с ней, [имя перснонажа]), когда…
8. Then (after that, further, further on, next) the author passes on to (goes on from ... to, goes on to say that, gives a detailed analysis (description, etc.) of, digresses from the subject, depicts, dwells on, touches upon, explains, introduces, mentions, recalls, characterizes, points out, generalizes, makes a few critical remarks on, reveals, exposes, accuses, blames, condemns, mocks at, ridicules, praises, sympathizes with, gives a summary of, gives his account of, makes an excursus into, etc).
Затем (после того, дальше, далее, потом) автор переходит к (переходит от ... к ..., говорится), делает подробный анализ/разбор (описание и т.п.) отклоняется от темы, изображает, подробно останавливается на, затрагивает, объясняет, представляет, упоминает, вспоминает, характеризует, указывает на, обобщает, делает несколько критических замечаний о, показывает, предоставляет, винит, обвиняет, осуждает, издевается над, высмеивает, хвалит, сочувствует, коротко описывает, даёт отчет, делает экскурс в и т.п.)
9. In conclusion the author depicts (dwells on, touches upon, explains, introduces, mentions, recalls, characterizes, points out, generalizes, makes a few critical remarks on, reveals, exposes, accuses, blames, condemns, mocks at, ridicules, praises, sympathizes with, gives a summary of, gives his account of, makes an excursus into).
В заключении автор изображает (подробно останавливается на, затрагивает, объясняет, представляет, упоминает, вспоминает, характеризует, указывает на, обобщает, делает несколько критических замечаний о, показывает, предоставляет, винит, обвиняет, осуждает, издевается над, высмеивает, хвалит, сочувствует, коротко описывает, даёт отчет, делает экскурс в)
10. The author concludes with a (the) description of (introduction of, the mention of, the analysis of a summary of, the characterization of, (his) opinion of, his recollections of, the enumeration of, the criticism of, some (few) critical remarks about (concerning, etc.), the accusation of, the exposure of, the praises of, the ridicule of. the generalization of, an excursus into).
Автор приходит к выводу путём описания (введения, упоминания, анализа описания, характеристики, высказыванием своего мнения о, воспоминания о, перечисления, критики, критических замечаний о, обвинения, разоблачения, похвалы, насмешки, обобщения, экскурса в)
11. To finish with, the author describes (depicts, dwells on, touches upon, explains, introduces, mentions, recalls, characterizes, points out, generalizes, makes a few critical remarks on, reveals, exposes, accuses, blames, condemns, mocks at, ridicules, praises, sympathizes with, gives a summary of, gives his account of makes an excursus into, digresses from the subject to describe the scenery, to enumerate smth, etc.).
Заканчивая, автор описывает (изображает, подробно останавливается на, затрагивает, объясняет, представляет, упоминает, вспоминает, характеризует, указывает на, обобщает, делает несколько критических замечаний о, показывает, предоставляет, винит, обвиняет, осуждает, издевается над, высмеивает, хвалит, сочувствует, коротко описывает, даёт отчет, делает экскурс в, отклоняется от темы, чтобы описать пейзаж, перечислить и т.п.)
12. At the end of the story the author draws the conclusion that (comes to the conclusion that)...
В конце рассказа автор делает вывод, что (приходит к выводу, что) ...
13. At the end of the story the author sums it all up by saying ...
В конце рассказа автор подводит итог, говоря ...
14. The concluding words are ...
Заключительные слова ...

Study the patterns:
1. As it is reported from London...(the negotiations have been broken off; the Prime minister is due to visit China later this month; Mr. Adams has been appointed ambassador to Libya; some more public services will be privatized).
2. As it is clear from the article... (the problem will be considered later; the situation in the region is getting back to normal; the situation continuous to be tense; the talks will be resumed later this week; the demands of the demonstrators will be met).
3. In conclusion the delegate said that... (there was an acute shortage of food supplies; the ruling party was responsible for the situation; the diplomatic relations with... should be restored; it was necessary to take urgent measures).
4. The government took a decision to... (hold a general election; resign; work out a new economic program; provide economic aid to some African countries; grant credits to...).
5. The speaker commented on... (the results of the talks; the problems connected with the privatization of the Defense Minister; the introduction of market economy).
6. He touched upon... (the problems of disarmament; the ceasefire agreement; the results of the general election).
7. The commission came to the conclusion that... (the talks should be resumed; the worsening ecologic situation was caused by the nuclear tests; an envoy should be sent for talks with representatives of both sides; the plan should be reconsidered).
8. The newspaper carries an article devoted to... (the development of cultural relations between the two countries; space exploration; the introduction of market economy; the problems connected with privatization).…...

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..."Broke" is an informal way of saying "broken."  Long time ago broken was defined as "having no money" or to "become bankrupt, to fail."  Although the meaning long time ago meant bankrupt, it is used regularly just to express you don't have any money at that moment. "I'm flat broke." "I can't afford to buy that television.  I'm totally broke." "I can't pay my bills.  I'm broke." Beats Me Meaning/Usage: To not know; to not understand Explanation: Not many resources on this phrase, but could come from beating information out of someone.  When someone is holding back information, they would get beat until they tell the answer.  In this case, the person could be saying that even if I was beaten, I wouldn't know.  Therefore, it became popular to say "beats me" to indicate you do not know. "It beats me how they finished before us." "Beats me why he was so mean to you." "Beats me how she found out we did it." I Don't Buy it Meaning/Usage: Disagree; to not be convinced Explanation: This phrase comes from a popular way of getting agreement, which is "buy in."  For example, a company director can say, "we need buy in from all the board members to proceed."  In this statement, "buy in" is getting agreement.  Therefore, if you "don't buy it," then you are not agreeing. "He said he didn't do it but I don't buy it." "Their prices are supposed to be better but I don't buy it." "She said she was sorry but I don't buy it." Keep Your Cool Meaning/Usage: To act......

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Conditional and Phrases

...Types of Phrases: A phrase is a group of related words (within a sentence) without both subject and verb. For example, He is laughing at the joker. A phrase functions as a noun, verb, adverb, adjective or preposition in a sentence. The function of a phrase depends on its construction (words it contains). On the basis of their functions and constructions, phrases are divided into various types i.e. noun phrase, verb phrase, adverb phrase, adjective phrase, appositive phrase, infinite phrase, participle phrase and gerund phrase. A. Noun Phrase: A noun phrase consists of a noun and other related word (usually modifiers and determiners) which modify the noun. It functions like a noun in a sentence. A noun phrase consists of a noun as the head word and other words (usually modifiers and determiners) which come after or before the noun. The whole phrase works as a noun in a sentence. Noun Phrase = noun + modifiers    (the modifiers can be after or before noun). Examples: He is wearing a nice red t-shirt (as noun and object) She brought a glass full of water (as noun and object) The boy with brown hair is laughing (as noun and object) A man on the roof was shouting (as noun and object) B. Prepositional Phrase: A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, object of preposition (noun or pronoun) may also consists of others modifiers. Example: On a table, near a wall, in the room, at the door, under a tree. A prepositional phrase starts......

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Apossitive Phrases

...THE APPOSITIVE PHRASE An appositive is a word placed after another word to explain or identify it. The appositive always appears after the word it explains or identifies. It is always a noun or a pronoun, and the word it explains is also a noun or pronoun. ex. My uncle, a lawyer, is visiting us. My teacher, Miss Marshall, is very strict. An appositive phrase consists of the appositive and its modifiers which may themselves be phrases. ex. My radio, an old portable, is in the repair shop. The boys climbed the mountain, one of the highest in the West. Identifying Appositive Phrases. Underline the appositive phrase in each of the following sentences. Example: Our house, a brick bungalow, is on Oak Street. 1. Queen Victoria, one of England's greatest monarchs, ruled for sixty-three years. 2. Jane made the salad, a tossed one with French dressing. 3. Harvey Jensen, the pro at the country club, is giving me golf lessons. 4. James Hilton's book, Lost Horizon, has been filmed twice. 5. Chemistry, Sue's favorite subject, is easy for her. 6. Jerry is visiting in Peoria, his old home town. 7. Mr. and Mrs. Miller, our neighbors for the past eight years, are moving to Dallas. 8. Have you ever read The Red Pony, a novel by John Steinbeck? 9. Groucho Marx, the star of many film comedies, also had his own television show. 10. The boys repaired our television set, an eighteen-year-old portable. 11. The poem, one of Robert Frost's best, is called "The Death of the Hired Man." 12. I can't find...

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Transitions: Words & Phrases

...Transition words and phrases are vital to the success of any essay. They are the bread and butter of writing. They are the glue that holds all essays together. Think of bricks building a house without mortar. Lack of mortar would cause the house to fall apart without it. Transitions hold the same importance. We need these words and phrases to join sentences and thoughts together in a coherent fashion. The function and importance of transitions In both academic writing and professional writing, your goal is to convey information clearly and concisely, if not to convert the reader to your way of thinking. Transitions help you to achieve these goals by establishing logical connections between sentences, paragraphs, and sections of your papers. In other words, transitions tell readers what to do with the information you present them. Whether single words, quick phrases or full sentences, they function as signs for readers that tell them how to think about, organize, and react to old and new ideas as they read through what you have written. Transitions provide the reader with directions for how to piece together your ideas into a logically coherent argument. Transitions are not just embellishments to make your paper sound or read better. They are words with particular meanings that tell the reader to think and react in a particular way to your ideas. In providing the reader with these important cues, transitions help readers understand the logic of how your ideas fit......

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