Free Essay

Proposal for Preparation of a Tourism Plan or Policy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By satsuki54
Words 3937
Pages 16

Tourism Planning Environments

Assignment 2 – Proposal for preparation of a tourism plan or policy

Due Date: Week 8

Position Statement

“Climate change is one of the most significant challenges facing tourism today. Australia’s tourism industry, like all sectors, contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. The industry is also susceptible to climate change impacts, with some of Australia’s most iconic natural attractions and World Heritage Areas particularly sensitive to changes in climate conditions” (Australian Government website, 2010). “Tourism is fundamental to Australia’s economy. The direct GDP contribution of the tourism industry was $38.9 billion in 2006-07. However, many of these tourism-related goods and services contribute to significant GHG emissions. (Tourism Australia, 2008).

As stated by Tourism Queensland, 2009, “internationally and domestically our competitors are gearing up so they can promote themselves as climate friendly destinations. Queensland must act if we are to be competitive”. They have also stated ways to make this a reality. Some actions include: Promote environmentally responsible and safe use of your product/service to visitors; monitor the sustainability performances of main competitors; pursue a carbon neutral option for your product or service.

Tourism Queensland was established in 1979 (Tourism Queensland, 2009), Tourism Queensland is a statutory body under the jurisdiction of the Minister for Tourism. This is an extremely successful body which continues to grow year by year. The role of Tourism Queensland is to promote Queensland tourism and to act in what is in the best interest of not only Queensland Tourism, but also Australian tourism. This is the body which is moving towards a better environmental future for tourism, Australia and the world.

A policy is required to address the impacts that tourism is having on the environment and its contribution the global warming. The starting point it to address the need for the accommodation and hospitality sector to have strict guidelines and procedures in place for all properties to adhere to strict rules and regulations in regards to water, waste and energy management.

The creation of a policy for a ‘rated environmental scheme for the accommodation and hospitality sector’ aims to achieve:

➢ Reducing the ‘carbon foot-print’ of all accommodation types and hospitality industries by having a set star rated environmental scheme in place. This will ensure that all properties need to at least adhere to the most basic guidelines in order to operate

➢ Educate and motivate the industry to be aware of their environment and their role in creating a better one. Not only from the view point of the industry and the staff, but also the consumers of the products.

➢ A competitive market place where consumers have a choice as to where they choose to go based on how environmentally friendly the property is, to push the industry to see past the short-term goals and look into the future.

It may only be a small step in the scheme of things, however the tourism industry and one of the largest industries worldwide.

Background Information

Effects of Tourism on Climate Change

Global climate change is probably the most severe environmental threat that we face in the 21st century (Perry, 2003). The UNWTO recently observed “that tourism is both a significant contributor to climate change and global warming and a potential victim” (Mc Kercher., et al 2010), 4.9% of global emissions were attributed to the tourism sector (Pham., et al, 2010).Our lifestyles, economies, health and social wellbeing are all affected by climate change, and although the consequences of climate change will vary on a regional basis, all nations and economic sectors will have to contend with the challenges of climate change through adaptation and mitigation. Tourism is no exception and in the decades ahead, climate change will become an increasingly pivotal issue affecting tourism development and management (Scott, 2007).

According to Wei & Ruys (cited Kattara 2002) “the hospitality industry is a major user of land, generates a considerable amount of waste and consumes significant quantities of water, energy, food, cleaning materials and other resources in its routine operations”. In recent years the impact that tourism has on the environment has been heavily bought into the light putting pressure on the industry to make changes. “The industry should seriously start to consider its role in environmental issues, as future prosperity depends more and more on the natural environment” (Wei & Ruys cited Kattara 2002).

According to the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), 1998, “tourism operations have a direct impact on the environment”. This starts with the construction of new developments and continues during daily management and operations. Tourism facilities are resource intensive: they are large consumers of water and energy, and generate significant volumes of waste, emissions and waste matter.

Srinivas, 2001, provides some ways in which tourism impacts on climate change. The tourism industry overuses water resources, and this is one of the most critical natural resources. This can be for hotels, swimming pools, golf courses and personal use of water by tourists. “Excessive water use can degrade or destroy local water resources, threatening the availability of water for local needs” (Sweeting, 2010). Energy management is another important issue. According to Sweeting, 2010, hotels use significant amounts of energy for daily operations and recreational activities. “The vast majority of hotels and resorts meet their energy needs by purchasing energy produced through burning fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas), which contribute to local air pollution and global climate change”.

Wastewater management is another environmental issue. Hotels can produce significant quantities of wastewater, both gray-water, which mainly comes from washing machines, sinks, showers, baths and roof runoff, and backwater, which comes from kitchen dishwashing and toilets (Sweeting, 2010). “Poor sewage treatment can lead to pollution of ground and surface water and degradation of marine resources, such as coral reefs”. Similar to this waste management from hotels is often in large quantities and according to Sweeting, in addition to visually degrading a destination, improper waste disposal can lead to water and soil pollution.

These are only examples of the impacts that the hotel industry can have on climate change. There are many other areas that also impact on this. These are the main areas where change can be implemented on all levels to ensure that all companies in the industry are complying with set standards.

Effects of Climate Change on Tourism

Climate affects a wide range of the environmental resources that are critical attractions for tourism, such as snow conditions, wildlife productivity and biodiversity, water levels and quality, while also influencing deterrents to tourists including extreme events such as tropical cyclones (Pham, 2010). “There are three facets of climate change that affect tourism – the aesthetic e.g. sunshine, day-length, the physical e.g. rain, wind and the thermal, a comfortable metabolic effect” (Perry, 2003). Perry also continues to state that the primary resources of sun, sea and beaches are likely to be re-evaluated in the light of expected climate change. Tourism is a continuously adapting industry, responding to changing demographic and economic conditions as well as to new demands and technologies, this is an area which can no longer be ignored, and major changes need to be implemented.

According to Tourism Queensland (2009) global warming may have the following impact on the tourism industry:

• a rise in sea level causing coastal damage; • an increase in the likelihood of extreme weather conditions such as droughts, floods and cyclones; • health impacts because of the spread of tropical-borne diseases, the increase of flooding and other such climate changes; • damage to ecosystems and species diversity; • damage to agricultural output and food supply; and • an increase in the earth’s surface temperature causing heat stress and damage.
“Climate determines the suitability of locations for a wide range of tourist activities and plays a major role in destination choice, length and quality of tourist seasons and tourist spending” (Pham, 2010). Pham goes onto to discusses the importance of not only the climate conditions of a particular destination, but also the weather ‘event’s where physiological and psychological meaning influence actual behaviour. According to McKercher, (2010), recent research in Australian has identified the potential for climate change to have serious impacts on the long-term sustainability of a number of sensitive regions such as winter sports regions and coral reefs.

According to UNEP, 1998, “the tourism industry has a greater vested interest than most in protecting the global environment”. UNEP continues to discuss that tourism destinations rely on a clean and healthy environment for the long-term quality and viability of the ‘product’: without such environmental quality, much tourism would disappear. Unless all tourism operators, large and small, take action to maintain and enhance environmental quality, the future of the industry is in jeopardy. The regional manifestations of climate change will be highly relevant for tourism destinations and tourists alike, requiring adaptation by all major tourism stakeholders. “Indeed, climate change is not a remote future event for tourism, as the varied impacts of a changing climate are becoming evident at destinations around the world and climate change is already influencing decision making in the tourism sector (Scott, 2007)”.

Statement of need

“Consumer reaction to climate change issues can be described as contradictory at best. On one hand, a growing number of consumers are aware of the dangers posed by climate change and of the need to act. But on the other hand, most people seem unwilling to translate these concerns into meaningful personal actions by voluntarily changing their own patterns” (McKercher, 2010). It is essential for a policy which enforces environmental changes on an industry level. It is the responsibility of the tourism industry to take the lead and make the changes.

“The findings suggest that changing consumer behaviour may represent the greatest challenge in reducing tourism’s carbon footprint in the short-to-medium term. While legislation may force industry to comply, the consumer may be a harder sector to influence” (McKercher, 2010).

With this in mind, it is essential that the tourism industry make the changes, even if the consumer is not aware or does not have an interest; the tourism industry is making the decision for them. Some tourists, who may not be concerned with the environment, can be completely unaware of a property being ‘green’ and hotels can put in these measures without affecting the guests stay. You can be successful in being green and still providing luxury. “Guests don’t even realise that these green measures are going on around them” (Eisen, 2009). For example larger hotel chains such as the Marriott and Hilton are implementing amazing ‘green’ initiatives. Some examples are; greener key cards made out of 50% recyclable materials, painting with low-volatile organic compound paint, using 100% microfiber sheets which cuts down drying time etc (Eisen,2009). It is great to see larger hotel chains taking on these initiatives to encourage others to do the same.

On the other hand, it may be a little harder to influence the industry to change their ways as they may only see the short-term costs, rather than the future benefits and savings. “Global warming and climate change are still fairly amorphous terms that are perceived to have consequences that will only occur in the future or affect others first” (Patchen, 2006). The only measure to ensure this is for government to put into place a policy which provides not only strict guidelines but also helps in subsidising for the changes which the hotels need to make in order to reach these guidelines. Monetary contributions will be required to help the industry to reduce their carbon foot-print. “Three major sets of stakeholders are involved in tourism: governmental and global policy bodies, industry, and tourists. The ability of the tourism system to reduce its carbon footprint must involve the active participation of all three” (McKercher, 2010)

According to the Tourism and Climate Change Framework, 2008, the “Australian Government's climate change policy is aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, adapting to climate change that cannot be avoided, and helping to shape a global solution. The Australian Government has committed to a target of reducing emissions by 60 per cent of 2000 levels by 2050. The centre piece of efforts to reduce emissions will be an Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)”. The tourism industry must be prepared for a carbon constrained future to ensure its continued contribution to the Australian economy, and provide certainty for future investment in the industry.

The Tourism and Climate Change Framework, 2008, states five outcomes of which it wants to achieve:
1. Improved understanding of the vulnerabilities of tourism to both the physical and economic impacts of climate change in order to build the resilience and adaptive capacity of the industry and provide certainty for the purpose of future investment;
2. A tourism industry that is prepared for a carbon constrained future and continues to make a substantial contribution to the Australian economy;
3. A repositioning of tourism marketing strategies to meet head on the challenges and opportunities presented by climate change;
4. A fully informed tourism industry through consistent and effective industry outreach and communications; and
5. A nationally consistent, inclusive and cooperative approach to implementation.

A policy for set of guidelines and regulations for the accommodation and hospitality sector in regards to environmental management is essential and is a great step in achieving the above outcomes. The Australian Government has designed a framework, and this was in 2008, we are now in 2010 and little movement has been made. Tourism in affecting climate change at a rapid pace, and the government needs to realise that being proactive, rather than reactive is essential for not only Australian tourism but future generations. “Global warming and climate change are still fairly amorphous terms that are perceived to have consequences that will only occur in the future or affect others first”

According to Campanelli & Rizzo, 2009, “together, financial incentives, and consumer demand are likely to encourage the hospitality industry to developing more environmentally friendly hotels, resorts, spas and convention centres”. With the increase in the knowledge of the impacts of tourism and hospitality on the environment, there has been a large increase in refurbishing current organisations and making them environmentally sound with things such as insulation, glazing windows, better piping with low-flow filters, pipes closer to hot water systems to save energy. This can be expansive and timely as you must work around what already is in place. One main concern today is on new developments and buildings, to build them environmentally sound to begin with, not only is this easier, it is also a cheaper exercise if done correctly from the start.

Investors are seeing the importance of making new construction environmentally sound, not only for the future of the environment, but also financially. “Building green is becoming more cost effective and a viable option for many businesses” (Hapstak, 2009,). Hapstak states that the means to design, build, and operate a green business are straightforward. However the means and methods to do so are less clear”. The government needs to ensure that the policy has clear ideas and alternatives to ensure all properties can reach their maximum savings.

According to the Tourism and Climate Change Framework, 2008, “While some tourism enterprises across Australia have taken voluntary action to manage emissions, industry representatives have reported confusion over which emissions management tools and resources are useful and relevant for tourism enterprises. Intervention is needed to assist tourism enterprises to understand the tools that are available and to articulate the benefits of emissions management (business advantages, operational efficiencies, cost-savings), and in providing guidance on and access to practical and simple to use tools and resources”.

Scope of proposed plan

According to Alexander, 2002, the term "green hotels" describes hotels that strive to be more environmentally friendly through the efficient use of energy, water, and materials while providing quality services. Green hotels conserve and preserve by saving water, reducing energy use, and reducing solid waste. They have seen benefits such as reduced costs and liabilities, high return and low-risk investments, increased profits, and positive cash flows. Identifying these benefits and incentives has allowed the popularity of green hotels to grow.

According to Bergin-Seers & Mair, 2009, it is accepted that some tourists have stronger views than others about environmental issues. It is the role of the individual organisations to inform not only the guests involved in the process, but more importantly the staff who will be implementing these procedures. When guests are informed of the environmental decisions the organisation has put into place, not only can they help in actioning these, they can also make their own decisions to help in minimising their environmental foot print. An example of this is when a hotel will place a sign stating that if the guest would like to save water, they should hang up their towels, rather than getting fresh ones. By giving educational information on the impacts that hotel laundries have on the environment they may think twice and feel they are doing their part to help, even if only in a small way.

A system similar to that currently in place for tourism and hospitality organisations with the star rated program in regards to facilities etc, there needs to be a similar checklist that can be applied to ‘green’ organisations, to give consumers a choice and the industry something to thrive and work towards. This has been done with another article, “Green Report Card” (Eccles, 2009). As stated by Eccles, it is essential for the code to be “continuously evaluated on an annual basis to ensure it represents best practices”. This is essential as the environment is ever changing and there are always new things and improvements to be made. By having strict guidelines in place not only will it encourage organisations to get on board, as consumers can choose ‘green’ organisations, but it will encourage the industry as a whole to help the environment.

According to Urell, 2007, “the important thing is the hotel is selling an experience and green shows a dedication to the heath of a guest. A building that offers access to natural light, healthy air and an overall healthy environment is good for the guest, as well as employees, who will be more productive, take fewer sick days and stay with their job, so retention is better”. Urell raises the importance of using healthy and safe products within the hotel industry not only from the paint on the walls, but to the cleaning products being used. Green products tend to have a lot less chemicals and products which can cause irritation to guests. Green products tend to be natural products that not only are friendly to humans but also the environment.

Proposed Process

The Tourism and Climate Change Framework, 2008, states that tourism enterprises can actively manage their emissions as part of standard business practices, as a way to adapt to a carbon constrained future and to manage increasing input costs. Emissions management (measurement, monitoring and reduction strategies) allows an enterprise to build awareness of energy consumption, identify inefficiencies and to implement strategies to achieve efficiency gains. It also informs investment decisions, such as the value of investing in more efficient technology or renewable energy.

According to this framework, tourism contributes significantly to the Australian economy, to job creation, to wealth generation and to regional economic development. To sustain the economic, environmental and social benefits the tourism industry currently generates for Australia, the impacts of climate change on tourism and how they are managed will require ongoing research and analysis and long term policy responses

Opportunity for upstream influence and downstream leverage within the tourism industry is significant. “Hotels can exert upstream influence on their suppliers to provide environmentally sound products such as recyclable toiletries” (Davies.,et al 2000). Davies also states that tourists may be more receptive to educational initiatives that focus on environmental benefits of altering their behaviour; while the industry sectors are more likely to be responsive to educational efforts that emphasize cost savings and improved public image.

Changes need to be made, and they need to be made very soon. The government needs to take action in implementing a strategy for all tourism operations to adhere to. These need to be regulated and continuously updated to be consistent with the most up to date research. Subsidised programs need to be put in place and the tourism industry need to be forced into this change, rather than a random selection doing so at their will.


• Alexander, S. (2002). “Green Hotels: Opportunities and Resources for Success”, Zero Waste Alliance, online:, viewed 1st March, 2010

• Australian Government, (2008), “Tourism and Climate Change, A Framework for action”, Department of Resources, Energy & Tourism

• Australian Government Website. (2010). “Tourism and Climate Change”, Department of Resources, Energy & Tourism, online: , viewed 23rd June, 2010.

• Bergin-Seers, S & Mair, J. (2009). “Emerging green tourists in Australia” Their behaviours and attitudes”, Tourism Hospitality and Research, April 2009, Vol. 9, Iss. 2, pg 109-119

• Campanelli, A & Rizzo, C. (2009), “Risks & Rewards for Building Sustainable Hotels”, Deloitte, online:, viewed 1st March 2010.

• Davies, T & Sarah, C. (2000). “Environmental Implications of the Tourism Industry”, Discussion Paper 00-14, March 2010, Washington DC.

• Eccles, R. (2009). “Green Report Card”, Association Meetings, August 2009, Vol. 21, Iss. 4, pg 12

• Eisen, D. (2009). “Greening Hotels”, Travel Agent, 13th April, 2009, Vol. 334, Iss. 8, pg 20-22

• Hapstak, P. (2009). “Pursuing true sustainability isn’t easy, but beneficial”, Hotel Business, 15th December 2009, Vol. 18, Iss. 23, pg 6

• Kattara, H & Zeid, A. (2002). “ Current environmental issues: A study of Sinai & Red Sea hotels”, Food Service Technology, Blackwell publishing, pg 155-161

• McKercher, B, Prideaux, B, Cheung, C & Law, R. (2010). “Achieving voluntary reductions in the carbon footprint and climate change”, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 18, no. 3, April 2010, pg 297-317.

• Patchen, M. (2006). “Public attitudes and behaviour about climate change: What shapes them and how to influence them?” , Publication 0601, 53,.West Lafayette, IN: Purdue Climate Change Research Centre Outreach.

• Perry, A. (2003). “Climate change, the environment and tourism: the interactions”. Position Paper, Climate Research Unit, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom.

• Pham, D, Simmons, D & Spur, R. (2010). “Climate change-induced economic impacts on tourism destinations: the case of Australia”, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 18, no. 3, April 2010, pg 449-473

• Scott, D., McBoyle. G., & Minogue, A. (2007). “Climate change and Québec’s ski industry. Global Environmental Change”, Advanced Summary, October 2007, online:, viewed 1st July, 2010.

• Srinivas, H. (2001). “Environmental Impacts of Tourism”, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), online:

• Sweeting, J & Sweeting, A. (2010), “A practical guide to good practice: managing environmental and social issues in the accommodations sector”, Tour Operators Initiative for Sustainable Tourism Development Handbook, pg 2,4,6,8.

• Tourism Australia. (2008). “Climate change guide”, specifically Tourism WA, online:, viewed 26th June 2010.

• Tourism Queensland. (2009). “Tourism Environmental Indicators”, Tourism Queensland, online:, viewed 23rd June 2010.

• United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). (1998). “How the Hotel & Tourism Industry Can Protect the Ozone Layer”, UNEP, online:, viewed 26th June 2010.

• Urell, C. (2007). “Construction companies note it’s not easy being green”, Hotel Business, 21st July 2007, Vol. 16, Iss. 14, pg 6A-7A…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Proposal Plan

...use carefully structured questionnaires to measure customer attitudes, levels of awareness, intentions to purchase, actual purchases and much more. Another great tool would be retail audits, which measures market sales, competitor’s sales, market share, prices, and special offers, stock levels week by week and day by day MMC Learning", n.d.). Each tool provides significant information for a market analysis. An appropriate tool for forecasting depends on exactly what information the researcher trying to obtain. Coca-Cola would use forecasting to help determine what the business market looks like demographically. It can also involve attempting to predict the movements of the existing market going forward so market strategies and business plans can be developed to anticipate and meet the changing demands. Many forecasting strategies are used, and each market will have specific models that have worked (Writing, 1999-2012). The recommended market analysis for Coca-Cola would be qualitative forecasting methods, quantitative methods and explanatory method. Pricing is a powerful element of business. The pricing structure of a product or service and how it relates to competitors, pricing strategies, and the expectations of consumers, plays an important role establishing a specific customer base ("Procurement", 2011). An analysis of pricing strategy reveals that companies have a range of options in their pricing toolkit they can use to augment their marketing initiatives. The......

Words: 618 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Proposal Plan

...Proposal Plan III HRM 595 Melissa Jackson Sept 3, 2013 Proposal Plan III The compensation and incentives that an organization offers is going to be very important to how they are able to attract and retain their employees and talent. These two important areas will have to fall in line with the organization objectives that the organization is trying maintain and also be enough to ensure that the employees are being compensated well for their work, because if not the competition will have no problem stealing away talent. Rewards and recognition are also important when an organization is considering how to acknowledge their employees and give them reasons for staying with the organization. Compensation and Incentives There are a few things to consider before actually setting the compensation for a position. A compensation survey should be obtained to help determine what other firms are paying for specific jobs or jobs within the same labor market (Mondy, R, 2008). Other determinants would be cost of living, expediency, economy, labor unions, and legislation in that particular state. At Coca cola, compensation and benefits packages are among the best in the world, benchmarked against other global, high-performing employers. We also offer a variety of developmental opportunities for our associates, including Coca-Cola University, a learning program for high performers (Employee Engagement, 2013). Compensation......

Words: 941 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Power & Tourism Policy

...Topic: Power & Tourism Policy TREN 3P11 Unit 2 Review Power and Tourism Policy: * Politics and public policy are closely linked * Politics is about power, who gets what, where, how and why * Tourism developed in capitalist societies (generally after WWII) * Based on ‘consumption’ ideology * Control over space, time, resources Political Use of Tourism: * Spain (1939 – 75) under Franco’s regime * Most hated * Political acceptance * Israel (political sympathy for war in Gaza, boost national morale) * Philippines (1966 – 86) under Marcos * Marcos family was the richest in the world * To meet the needs of Marcos New Society – new image of the country. Created hotels with cheap material that caused building chippings * Korea and Taiwan * Korea was divided into North/South Korea in WWII * Political legitimacy, economic boost * Socialist Governments * Consistent with the pursuit of national ideologies * Social tourism Example of Political Use of Tourism: Chavez Video Clip: Why did Chaves want to create a new dependency? * For tourist attraction * Natural gas * Claiming the land before US could claim their land for natural resource * Chavez wanted to create a territorial protection of natural resources Vietnam cancels trips over oil rig row * Territorial dispute (have to see if there’s any natural resources under the ocean), countries stopped......

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Tourism Plan for the Municipality of Lemery Batangas

...INTRODUCTION Nowadays, tourism is the world’s largest industry. Tourism is a major area of academics, government, industry and public concerns. The rapid pace of tourism growth and development, the nature of tourism and the corresponding absence of single agency responsibility for tourism – related development have often meant the public sector responses to the impacts of tourism on destination have been ad hoc, rather than predetermined strategy oriented towards to developing objectives. Tourism Planning and development at all levels is essential for achieving successful tourism development and management. The experiences of many tourism areas in the world has demonstrated that, on a long-term basis, the planned approach to developing tourism can bring benefits without significant problem, and maintain satisfied tourist markets.. Places that have allowed tourism to develop without the benefit of planning are often suffering from environment and social problems. These uncontrolled tourism areas cannot effectively complete with planned tourist destination wherelse. We are the fourth year students of Lyceum of the Philippines University Batangas taking up Bachelor of Science in International Travel and Tourism Management from 4B have a planned to develop an Eco-Park in the Municipality of Lemery, where we will construct recreational activities which are suitable for touth camps, families and also for the admitting tourist who are ventured in those......

Words: 3844 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Tourism Policy and Planning

...Essay Tourism sector has a strong impact on people’s lives as well as places where they are living at. That is because of the numbers of people travelling, numbers of people tourism sector employs and amount of money it generates. There are many factors that affect tourist flows: economic growth, transportation access, cultural aspects (Hall, 2000). Nevertheless, various activities, behaviours, policies, planning and development strategies have a significant impact (Hall, 2000). Cooper et al (2005) argues that any development requires detailed planning in order to achieve all objectives successfully. Tourism is a multi-sector activity which brings social, economic and environmental impacts that require careful planning in order to avoid negatives (such as environmental damage, lack of power) and maximise socio-economic contribution, involvement of local community within the destination. In many countries the tourism policies are based on their overall economic policy. Even though countries are operating in a competitive environment, a number of different agents of national tourism policies are called upon to cooperate by international (governmental and non-governmental) organisations. Their role is to promote the national and international tourism development and to create a balance between macroeconomic policies and each sector that is involved in tourism (Vellas and Becherel, 1995). Different international organisations are focusing on diverse issues: security, sovereignty...

Words: 1479 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Developing New Policies: Policy Proposal

...Benedictine University MPH 610 – D1B4 Health Policy Developing New Policies: Policy Proposal Suicide Prevention Week Eight N. De Shields Instructor Dr. Yasmin Dada-Jones ABSTRACT This policy proposal attempts to abate the increasing number of suicides in the United States, a survey from 2001 to 2009 list fatal self-injuries span world-wide demographics, male and female, age, ethnic disparity and economic disposition. From 1999 to 2007 the number of suicides in the United States increased from 10.46 to 11.26 per 100,000 people, between ages 10 to 24 it is the 3rd leading cause of death, 2nd leading cause in 24 to 35 year olds and the 10th from all age groups. Globally one in every 40 seconds, 800,000 a year, suicide is absolutely preventable, these are not accidents and 90% sought treatment for mental health prior. Thoughts and ideation are higher among young adults’ ages 18 to 25 years where the greatest attempts are made; among 18 and older 8.3 million report having suicidal thoughts, 2.2 million made plans, 1 in every 25 succeed in committing suicide. Between the ages 15 to 24 years old 100 to 200 attempts are made, 500,000 in the United States seek help in emergency rooms; an estimated 6.5 billion in non-fata, self-inflicted medical cost. The initiative seeks to apply ecological approaches normally dedicated to specialized populations; the approach will intrinsically identify suicide victims through venues and or genres. Public suicide prevention efforts......

Words: 4225 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Bus 505 Assignment 4 Proposal Preparation Plan

...BUS 505 Assignment 4 Proposal Preparation Plan To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower Or Visit Our Website Visit : Email Us : BUS 505 Assignment 4 Proposal Preparation Plan Provide a Proposal Preparation Plan using the same firm and scenario from the previous assignments. Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you: 1. Discuss and prepare a work breakdown structure (WBS) showing a condensed version of cost estimates, using the price to win (PTW) cost approach. Use the example shown in Chapter 14 of the textbook as a guide. 2. Describe the strategies that could be implemented to prevent unethical practices and promote compliance with federal guidelines in the selected contract type’s performance risk and profit incentive. 3. Develop three (3) ground rules and three (3) assumptions that are conditional to the cost estimate. 4. Use at least five (5) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. • Include a cover page containing the title of the......

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Bus 505 Assignment 4 Proposal Preparation Plan

...BUS 505 Assignment 4 Proposal Preparation Plan To Get this Tutorial Copy & Paste above URL Into Your Browser Hit Us Email for Any Inquiry at: Visit our Site for More Tutorials: ( ) Provide a Proposal Preparation Plan using the same firm and scenario from the previous assignments. Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you: 1. Discuss and prepare a work breakdown structure (WBS) showing a condensed version of cost estimates, using the price to win (PTW) cost approach. Use the example shown in Chapter 14 of the textbook as a guide. 2. Describe the strategies that could be implemented to prevent unethical practices and promote compliance with federal guidelines in the selected contract type’s performance risk and profit incentive. 3. Develop three (3) ground rules and three (3) assumptions that are conditional to the cost estimate. 4. Use at least five (5) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Guidelines for Preparation of a Research Proposal

... Republic of Sudan Federal Ministry of Health Health Research Council The National Technical Advisory Committee |GUIDELINES FOR PREPARATION OF A RESEARCH PROPOSAL | 2007 I. PROPOSAL FRAMEWORK The proposal should include the following sections: title, introduction (background, statement of problem and rationale), objectives, methodology (study design, population, sample size, sampling technique, and instruments of data collection, ethical considerations, and methods of data analysis), budget, organization (work plan and time frame), references and annexes. II. INSTRUCTIONS TO APPLICANTS Research is systematic, scientific and methodological approach to search for basic facts related to a specific problem aiming to find solutions based on these facts. II.1. Selection of a topic The first step for one intending to do a research work is the selection of the research topic. It is of most importance that the topic should be a priority problem that goes with the national priority research agenda, which may affect a greater number of people or a serious problem being identified by managers or decision-makers. The originality of the work is required unless there is a gap in the previous works. The repetition of works results only in wastage of resources. It is preferred that the selected topic to be relevant to the researcher’s interest and in line with his/her personal and......

Words: 1564 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Tourism Policy Review - Singapore

...GLOBAL DESTINATION COMPETITIVENESS TOURISM POLICY REVIEW SINGAPORE CARAN MORE 13036630 ABSTRACT The tourism management of Singapore has changed a lot over the period of time. The implementation of different policies and methods of promoting tourism in Singapore at domestic and international levels has brought the social and economical changes to the country. The issues of tourism development in Singapore need to be reviewed as they relate to the socio economic conditions of the country.  This policy review paper will look at the different tourism policies of Singapore after the independence of the country.  It will also look at the different responses the country received with applications of these policies over the period of time. Lastly it will look at the future of Singapore with regards to the future prospects, opportunities and challenges related to the tourism development of the nation. INTRODUCTION The management of Singapore has to be able to blend in with the social and economic environment of the world. Thus the policies and strategies of the country has been largely been co related to the global trends and also to the changing domestic factors. After Singapore attained its independence in 1965 there was a great growth in its tourism caused by the introduction of new technologies in the country, which improved transportation and communication (Teo, 1994). It became......

Words: 2402 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Plan for Human Geog Tourism

...Wednesday, 27 January 2016 Explain how the global pattern of tourism is the result of a variety of factors (25 Marks) (PLAN) Intro - Global data- in 1950 50 million international arrivals, in comparison in 2010 there was 1,015 million international arrivals - However, this growth in tourism is not uniformly distributed, rather some areas such as Europe have prospered with Europe growing from 25 million in 1950 to 550 million in 2010, but some areas such as South Asia who have grown from 0 million in 1990 to 20 million in 2010. Showing signs of there being spatial patterns and variations. - There are political, social, environmental and economic reasons for this pattern. - Throughout the globe we have two main types of tourism: • organised mass tourism - top-down, high density, ‘package holidays’, all-inclusive, can lead to economic leakages, enclaved tourism (main example- cruise ships), generally ran by TNCs • alternative tourism - bottom-up, less planned, involving communities, eco-tourism, integrating with culture, minimal impact on local environment, niche - Focus on the fact that it is not growth of tourism but the pattern of tourism The global pattern of tourism can result from political factors 1. When a country is stable, tourists are more likely to go there, as it is safer than a less stable country. This could mean that there has been differences in the pattern of tourism between politically stable countries and non......

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Retirement Plan Proposal and Communication

...Retirement Plan Proposal and Communication Plan Lealofi Vaeao-Feagiai HRM/ 324 February 15, 2016 Greg Brainard Retirement Plan Proposal and Communication Plan Retirement planning involves financial preparation and communication development to ensure that specific requirements are fulfilled. In a Retirement Plan, money is put aside in a retirement account in the name of the employee, purposed for the future of the employee. With a good Retirement Plan, an employer can provide a wide range of benefits to a retired employee and motivate employees to experience longevity and decrease turnover rate. With certain requirement mandated by law, employers According to Martocchio (2015), “the importance of employer-provided retirement plans is evidenced by a study showing that employees with employer-provided retirement plans are more likely to have sufficient savings for a comfortable retirement than those who do not have these plans” (pg. 465). This paper will discuss a proposal describing two retirement plans, identify specific requirements of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974; and a design of a communication plan and encouraging employee participation. Retirement Plans The Retirement Plan provides an employee financial stability and assistance once they retire. Employers initiate retirement plans for employees as either Defined Benefit Plans or Defined Contribution Plans. Defined Benefit Plans will guarantee retirement benefits to an......

Words: 1486 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Tourism Development Plan - National Library of the Philippines

...UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF TOURISM AND HOTEL MANAGEMENT “Tourism Development Plan: National Library of the Philippines” – Nation’s Literature’s Shelter Beautification A Thesis Proposal Presented to the Institute of Tourism and Hotel Management (ITHM) Far Eastern University (FEU) – Manila In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements for Tourism Planning and Development (TPAD) __________ By Baladad, Arlou Belle P. Celestial, Danisse Ann P. Fabros, Jeric Neil V. Huang, Ya-Hui E. Opinaldo, Cathleen Karla L. Platino, Shane Marienette M. “Tourism Development Plan: National Library of the Philippines” – Nation’s Literature’s Shelter Beautification 1 FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF TOURISM AND HOTEL MANAGEMENT October 2014 Vision and Mission The modernity of National Library of the Philippines tends to adapt to rapid global technological advances and catch up with other modernized libraries elsewhere, and its American style of architecture which upholds the sophistication makes visitors feel like passing through the history since it was established in American colonial period. National Library of the Philippines aims to provide a comfortable learning ambiance for visitors, upgrade most of the facilities to look more authentic, and enhance the creativity of facility design that can seem somehow distinct from other libraries while upholding the historical spirit within its structural design at the same time. “Tourism Development Plan:......

Words: 5854 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Bus 505 Assignment 4 Proposal Preparation Plan

...BUS 505 ASSIGNMENT 4 PROPOSAL PREPARATION PLAN TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 505 ASSIGNMENT 4 PROPOSAL PREPARATION PLAN Provide a Proposal Preparation Plan using the same firm and scenario from the previous assignments. Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you: 1. Discuss and prepare a work breakdown structure (WBS) showing a condensed version of cost estimates, using the price to win (PTW) cost approach. Use the example shown in Chapter 14 of the textbook as a guide. 2. Describe the strategies that could be implemented to prevent unethical practices and promote compliance with federal guidelines in the selected contract type’s performance risk and profit incentive. 3. Develop three (3) ground rules and three (3) assumptions that are conditional to the cost estimate. 4. Use at least five (5) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources BUS 505 ASSIGNMENT 4 PROPOSAL PREPARATION PLAN Provide a Proposal Preparation Plan using the same firm and scenario from the previous assignments. Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you: 1. Discuss and prepare a work breakdown structure (WBS) showing a condensed version of cost estimates, using the price to win (PTW) cost approach. Use the example shown in Chapter 14 of the textbook as a guide. 2.......

Words: 445 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Affirmative Action Policy Proposal

...Affirmative Action Policy Proposal Marla Ghent Human Resources Management RENEE SHIRAISHI It is highly recommended that Genie Wireless should put into action and maintain an affirmative action policy which would guarantee equal opportunities for every one of their employees. A policy of this nature should be implemented to assure precise and detailed principles and values in order to put a stop to and prevent any type of wrongful treatment to any staff member who is founded on ethnic group, skin color, gender, religious practice, country of origin or disability. This document is additionally required to act in agreement with all equal opportunity policies. The main objective for this policy is the constitutional right of every individual to have fair entry to all forms of self-improvement and development without discrimination. Discrimination is morally and ethically wrong, and is also against the law. The unfavorable treatment towards an individual formed based on the position they hold in society or cultural grouping violates the standards in which this country was founded on. Affirmative action policies, when correctly implemented, aim to improve additional biased proceedings. A full examination of the framework of Genie Wireless, will present its board of directors with a foundation upon which to follow to outline a policy which will in time, guarantee diversity in presently employed workers, and those to come. The personnel will be satisfactorily......

Words: 710 - Pages: 3

Mistresses Serie TV Streaming Download | Infection - Raw | [read more]