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Psychology 1 Study Guide

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By angiezie13
Words 1139
Pages 5
Angelite Ziesemer
Psychology 1
Study Guide 1
1. The 4 goals of psychology aimed at uncovering the mysteries of human and animal behavior are descriptions, explanations, prediction and control. Descriptions involve observing and taking notes on a behavior and explanation helps create theories. Prediction helps find out what might happen later on or in the future and finally, control seeks to find out how we can take a behavior we do not like and change it into one that we do.
2. Psychologists use the Scientific Method in research design so that they can reduce the amount of any kind of bias that could affect the research. They also use it to reduce the amount of errors in the experiment that might lead to inaccurate results.
3. Replication is taking a study and doing it over and over in the exact same way and managing to get the same results each time. This is important because it lends credibility to their research and allows other people who replicate the experiment an opportunity to predict behaviors and possibly control them.
4. Naturalistic Observation involves watching people in their normal everyday activities without getting involved. You would conduct this observation by going to their home and observing them live their lives without speaking or interacting with them.
5. In a case study you would gather all the information you could about the individual in extensive detail from birth to present. To conduct this you would have access to their medical records, interviews with their friends and family, school records, etc…
6. You would use a case study when someone has had an accident and suffered a major personality change. You couldn’t use naturalistic observation because everything up until then was part of his previous personality and learned behaviors and would not matter now since his personality has changed. Watching him now would not give…...

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