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Pyc4805

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Biggles
Words 1174
Pages 5
STUDENT NUMBER : 51292254

MODULE : PYC4805

ASSIGNMENT : 01

UNIQUE NUMBER : 836372

DUE DATE : 15 APRIL 2016

QUESTION 1
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- Minds ability to control irrelevant stimuli to the task at hand. -

Knowledge of Cognitive Capabilities

Attentional Strategies

Inhibition

From infancy the ability to inhibit thoughts enhances.
"By clearing unnecessary stimuli, inhibition increases available space in working memory." (Berk, 2013, p.
288).

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Has 4 phases:
1.
2.
3.
4.

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production deficiency control deficiency utilization deficiency effective strategy use

-

Children with attention, behaviour and learning problems suffer with Attention-Deficit
Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

-

-

-

“Gains in sustained attention depend on rapid growth of the prefrontal cortex, the capacity to generate increasingly complex play goals, and adult scaffolding of attention"(Berk, 2013, p. 316).
2 Vital Components

-

-

ATTENTION
-

-

-

Rehearsal - information is constantly repeated until it becomes part of the working memory.
Organization - way in which we process information and arrange them accordingly. -

-

-

Knowledge & Sematic Memory
Is declarative and involves storing information about the world and general knowledge in the long term memory. Memory strategies and extensive knowledge goes hand in hand. develops early

Metacognitive knowledge therefore becomes more integrated and complex.

Metacognitive Knowledge
As children grow they become more conscious of their cognitive capacities and how to use particular strategies in given tasks. Culture, Schooling, &
Memory Strategies

-

-

-

4.

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Thinking beyond and involves active control over the cognitive processes.
- “Expands greatly as children construct a naive theory of mind, a coherent understanding of people as mental beings."(Berk, 2013, p. 317).

-

-

Retrieving Information
Recovering information from our long term…...

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