Premium Essay

Real Cost

In: Social Issues

Submitted By nikkibax
Words 763
Pages 4
Culture is made up of the qualities, conventions and convictions of a gathering of individuals. The culture of America in general is broken into sub cultures, like Christian-based religious convictions, the thought of the American Dream, and confidence in majority rule government. Visual culture might be the images and signs we experience consistently and the vitality and translations that our subcultures put on them. Through acknowledgment qualities and conventions in images, gives implications without verbal prompts; we are raised to quickly distinguish their importance. Everyone knows cigarettes are unreasonable. People seldom realize the cost of smoking on their livelihood and health and take for granted, money as the only issue. The “Real Cost” ad is incredibly effective at getting the message across and compared to other anti-smoking ads, it takes a creative approach in a in a non-shocking way. This advertisement reveals to people the expense of smoking doesn't always involve money and will eventually become costly to your health.

In the “Real Cost commerical the young man doesn't have enough cash to purchase the box of cigarettes, but yet with little hesitation he yanks his tooth out with pliers in exchange for payment. In watching the commerical, your first reaction is; why is the cigarettes that important? Cigarettes smoking is a addiction due to the chemical “nicotine”. According to Adweek the commerical wants to depict smoking as a “bully” and show the level of control it has on an individual. Anti-smoking campaigns for years have been working to educate youth on the effects of smoking on health and environment as a whole. Furthermore the FDA approach in these ads are to show fear in smoking and diminish the thought of smoking being “cool”, by showing obvious health risks on you teeth. Tobacco, paying little mind to the structure, dissolves a few…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Cost

...Material Cost Classifications Consult Ch. 6 & 7 of Health Care Finance and other sources to complete the form. This worksheet requires you to match the definitions and examples of types of cost, and the types of centers where costs occur. Part 1: For each term in Column A, select the correct definition from Column B on the right. Write the corresponding letter of the definition next to the term. Column A F 1. Indirect costs A 2. Direct costs D 3. Fixed costs I E H B C G 4. Variable costs 5. Step-fixed costs 6. Responsibility centers 7. Revenue centers 8. Cost centers 9. Shadow cost centers Column B – Definitions A. Costs incurred directly as a result of providing a specific service or good B. Centers charged with controlling costs and generate revenue C. Have no revenue budget and no obligation to earn revenue D. Costs that do not vary as service volume varies E. Fixed over some range of service volume, but rise to a new level for a higher range of service volume F. Costs that cannot be tied directly to the patient’s stay in the bed G. Exist as budgets on paper only H. The places where costs occur and have budgets I. Costs that change as volume changes Part II: For each real-world example, select the correct term from the list on the left. Write the corresponding letter of the real-world example next to the term. Column A K 1. Indirect costs M 2. Direct......

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cost Cost

...Part of the process of pricing your product is including the costs of producing that product. Those costs include the direct and indirect costs associated with producing your product. Direct Costs Direct costs are costs that can be easily traced to a particular object (also called a cost object), such as a product, the raw materials used to manufacture a product, or the labor associated with the work to produce the product. If your company produces a widget and a production manager is hired to oversee production of that widget, then the production manager's salary is a direct cost. If you own a carpet cleaning business, which is a service organization, and you hire workers just to clean carpets, their wages are direct costs. Direct costs are often, but not always, variable costs. Variable costs increase as more units of the product are manufactured. As a result, raw materials are variable and direct costs. But, if there is a supervisor overseeing the manufacturing of this particular product, their salary is probably the same regardless of how much of the product is manufactured, so it is a fixed cost. Direct Materials and Direct Labor The most common direct costs are direct materials and direct labor. Direct materials are the materials that can be specifically identified with the product. If you are a furniture maker, your direct materials would be the wood that goes into making your furniture along with the nails, varnish, and other products that you apply......

Words: 644 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Real

...Corporate strategies for a business In order to success, we must have positive visions and goal. To do that, the first thing we must do is find a way where is leads to your goal. Our organization is restaurant, the main goal is to reach the international level and become a chain food restaurant in worldwide. Nothing comes in an empty hand, we have to work very hard and overcome some obstacle to the goal. Problems: These are the major problem we will face in order to achieve our goal, it cannot be solve in few days or month. I) The first is will be the money, it makes the world turn. It has cost a few millions in fully constructing our restaurant in Penang, no doubt it will cost more in outer of Malaysia. To over come this problem, there is some ways. We either get the profit from this restaurant and slowly plan our next move, partnership with other or loan from bank. These strategy will be use in separately depend on the location. I) The second will be the reputation of our restaurant, the fame level of our restaurant. The fame of your restaurant must be very good in order to expand our restaurant to a world wide level. In order to success, everything in our restaurant must be best of the best. First, our food must be very good, satisfy the demand or desire of the customer. Customer service is the second, the satisfaction of the customer is very important to us. The feedback the the customer is far more powerful then the advertising of ours. A positive......

Words: 1183 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Real

... BMP files are made of millions and millions of dots called ‘pixels’, with different colors and arrangements to come up with an image or pattern. It might an 8-bit, 16-bit or 24-bit image. Thus when you make a BMP image larger or smaller, you are making the individual pixels larger, and thus making the shapes look fuzzy and jagged. BMP files are not great and not very popular. Being oversized, bitmap files are not what you call ‘web friendly’, nor are they compatible in all platforms and they do not scale well. Pros of BMP: * Works well with most Windows programs and OS, you can use it as a Windows wallpaper Cons of BMP: * Does not scale or compress well * Again, very huge image files making it not web friendly * No real advantage over other image formats TIFF TIFF was created by Aldus for ‘desktop publishing’, and by 2009 it was transferred to the control of Adobe Systems. TIFF is popular among common users, but has gained recognition in the graphic design, publishing and photography industry. It is also popular among Apple users. Above is a screenshot of how a TIFF image looks like–TIFF is not compatible for all systems; so to be sure, I uploaded a screenshot in JPEG of a TIFF image preview instead of uploading the original TIFF image here. Notice the crisp quality and rich colors of the photo. The TIFF image format is easy to use with software that deasl with page layout, publishing and photo manipulation via fax, scanning, word processing, etc....

Words: 3338 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Real

...based strategies on market quality. The majority of papers, focusing on HFT, do not find evidence for negative effects of HFT on market quality. On the contrary, the majority argues that HFT generally contributes to market quality and price formation and finds positive effects on liquidity and short term volatility. Only one paper critically points out that under certain circumstances HFT might increase an adverse selection problem and in case of the flash crash one study documents that HFT exacerbated volatility. As empirical research is restricted by a lack of accessible and reliable data, further research is highly desirable. In contrast to internalization or dark pool trading, HFT market making strategies face relevant adverse selection costs as they are providing liquidity on lit markets without knowing their counterparties. In internalization systems or dark venues in the OTC space, banks and brokers know the identity of their counterparty and are able to ―cream skim‖ uninformed order flow. In contrast, HFTs on lit markets are not informed on the toxicity of their counterparts and face the traditional adverse selection problems of market makers. Any assessment of HFT based strategies has to take a functional rather than an institutional approach. HFT is applied by different groups of market players from investment banks to specialized boutiques. Any regulatory approach focusing on specialized players alone risks (i) to undermine a level playing field and (ii) exclude a......

Words: 30328 - Pages: 122

Premium Essay

Real

...2. Assume that GDP (Y) is 5,000. Consumption (C) is given by the equation C = 1,200 + 0.3(Y-T) – 50r where r is the real interest rate. Investment (I) is given by the equation I = 1,200 – 50r. Taxes (T) are 1,000 and government spending (G) is 1,500 a. What are the equilibrium values of C, I, and r? b. What are the values of private saving, public saving, and national saving? c. Now assume there is a technological innovation that makes business want to invest more. It raises the investment equation to I = 2,100 – 50r. What are the new equilibrium values of C, I, and r? d. What are the values of private saving, public saving, and national saving? A Capital receives 3/10 of income and Labour receives 7/10 of income. That is the function would be Y = AK^0.3L^0.7 Assuming constant total factor productivity B Assuming A = 1 Y = L^0.3K^0.7 To find Y' Substitute L = 1.1 * L Y' = K^0.3(1.1* L)^0.7 Y' =1.1^0.7 *K^0.3 * L^0.7 Y' =1.10.7 Y = 1.069Y Thus total output increased by about 7% The rental price of capital will decrease. It will decrease because the amount of capital used is increased by 10% but the output increases by only 7% The real wage will increase as the output increases while the amount of labour employed remains the same. (W/P)1 = MPL = 0.7AK0.3L-0.3, (W/P)2 = 0.7A(1.1K-0.7)L-0.7 (W/P)2 / (W/P)1 = 1.029 Thus output rises by 2.9%, rental rates fall by 6.5%, and wages rise by 2.9% d. Suppose that a......

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Welfare Drug Testing: What Is the Real Cost?

... Welfare Drug Testing: What is the Real Cost? DeeDee Reece English Composition II Professor Renee Reynolds February 28, 2012 DeeDee Reece Professor Renee Reynolds English Composition II February 28, 2012 Abstract In July 2011, Florida passed a law which required applicants seeking aid under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program to take a drug test. If they pass the test they get benefits; if they fail – nothing! The law was developed to save the state taxpayers money. It was enacted on a biased foundation - without funds the poor can’t support their drug habits! It was mandated without any regard for the consequences of doing so. The problem isn’t taking the test; it’s what it stands for! It crosses the constitutional, social, moral, and ethical boundaries that society deems acceptable. The negative aspects outweighed the good! The testing has been placed on hold while the “real costs” are addressed. Welfare Drug Testing: What is the Real Cost? Being poor once meant you lacked funds or the means to support yourself. Today the meaning has been changed to define a person’s character. Florida law suggests the definition of poor is synonymous with drug user. Eligibility for the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program now requires applicants to submit to drug testing to receive benefits. The problem isn’t with taking the test but the premise behind it. The law was......

Words: 2983 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Cost

...4 University of Oregon Investment Group 4/26/2013 Competition The industry is highly competitive, and competes in terms of pricing and volume. There are about 1200 discount warehouses in operation in the U.S. Supply chain efficiency is a huge part that determines how competitive a player is in the industry. The supply chain structure is what allows Costco and Walmart to execute its business strategy of passing down lower costs to consumers. Supply chain decisions include carrying a low number of branded products and reducing product handling to reduce overhead costs. As a company that deals largely with consumer staples, future innovations are not expected to affect Costco from an operation perspective. However, leverage of information technology and new developments in the area has and will continue to prove to be a significant area of competitive advantage. Especially regarding flow of inventory and supply chain activities, leverage of increasingly sophisticated ERP systems and inventory management systems may provide significant cost saving and economies of scale, which will continue to strengthen Costco’s position as one of the market leaders in the retail sector. Management and Employee Relations Year Salary Bonus Other Annual Compensation/Fees Stock Awards Option Awards 2012 356,731 198,820 N/A 3,870,300 N/A 2011 350,000 198,400 N/A 3,120,030 N/A 5,076 83,083 3,756,589 2011 649,999 99,200 N/A 2,496,024 N/A 811 89,831 3,335,865 2011 644,995 79,360 N/A......

Words: 11035 - Pages: 45

Premium Essay

Cost

...to a rather stodgy PC. In earlier chapters we’ve seen some nice, neat models, but as we discussed in a previous chapter, often these models don’t fit reality directly. Real-world markets aren’t perfectly monopolistic; they aren’t perfectly competitive either. They’re somewhere between the two. The monopolistic competition and oligopoly models in previous chapters come closer to reality and provide some important insights into the “in-between” markets, but, like any abstraction, they, too, fail to capture aspects of the actual nature of competition. In this chapter, I give you a sense of what actual firms, markets, and competition are like. This chapter also discusses an issue that is very much in the news—technology—and relates it to the models we developed earlier and shows how economists’ modern models differ from the traditional textbook models. When reading this chapter, think about the two understandings of competition discussed in the chapter on perfect competition: competition as a process, the end state of which is zero profits, and competition as market structure. In this chapter the focus is on competition as a process—it is a rivalry between firms and between individuals. This competitive process is active in all market forms and is key to understanding real-world competition. The Goals of Real-World Firms and the Monitoring Problem Maybe the best place to start is with the assumption that firms are profit maximizers. There’s a certain reasonableness to this......

Words: 9559 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

The Real Cost: More Than Money

...The Real Cost: More than Money Years ago, there was never a concern for smoking. Adults began at a young age and smoked everywhere, from bars and restaurants to movie theaters and airplanes. It was accepted socially and there were no rules against the habit, because no one fully understood the repercussions from it. According to recent research, of the more than 2.4 million deaths in the USA annually, over 440,000 are caused by smoking (Nordqvist). It is the largest cause of preventable death in the world and most of the deaths that could be prevented are adults. Tobacco companies understand that their product kills off their older customers, which is why they begin to aim their marketing strategies towards teenagers, in hopes that they will try cigarettes and become addicted to the nicotine, making them lifetime customers. The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) sees this happening and has decided to take action against the behavior, via social media and public service announcements. The FDA has launched a new tobacco prevention campaign called “The Real Cost,” which is aimed toward youth. It targets adolescents ages 12-17 who are at risk of picking up smoking as a permanent habit. The goal of the campaign is to educate these youth about the harmful effects of tobacco use and in the long run reduce the amount of smokers in the future. There are several commercials based on “The Real Cost” aimed at teenagers that can be viewed during breaks on television channels most......

Words: 1023 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Cost

...drop their roles and engage one another authentically with discovery and dialogue about mutual expectations. Peter also helps us restore a sense of sanity in following what we know makes sense. I highly recommend this new edition for my colleagues in the education profession.” David W. Cox, professor of education, Arkansas State University “Peter Block did it again! With this edition of Flawless Consulting he demonstrates why he continues to inspire millions of change leaders around the world. We practice with more impact because of Peter’s teachings.” Louise van Rhyn, change activist and nation builder, South Africa “. . . very special as it has equipped me to be an enabler of transformation by making our clients and us work like real partners that build the capacity of both to work for the well-being of all stakeholders.” Anil Sachdev, founder and CEO of Grow Talent Company and the School of Inspired Leadership, Gurgaon, India “Peter Block’s masterpiece Flawless Consulting in 1980 informed my point of view on developing organizations. This book is the capstone—you can’t afford not to read it.” Phil Harkins, CEO, Linkage Inc. “. . . invaluable insights to the evolution and usefulness of Flawless Consulting. In this practical guide, one thing that stands out for me is Peter’s emphasis on the importance of consulting from the view of possibilities over problems.” Marcia Mendes-d’Abreu, vice president, Human Resources, Ontario Teachers’ Pension......

Words: 100763 - Pages: 404

Premium Essay

Cost

...COST AND VALUE MANAGEMENT IN PROJECTS Ray R. Venkataraman and Jeffrey K. Pinto John Wiley & Sons, Inc. This book is printed on acid-free paper. Copyright  2008 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. Published simultaneously in Canada. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-750-8400, fax 978-646-8600, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created...

Words: 94122 - Pages: 377

Premium Essay

Costs

...even more crucial. Despite these continuous changing trend from varying dimensions, OCK has been progressing well. However, to sustain the growth, OCK is well aware that only continuous adaption to market demands, alignment to macro and competitive environment, improvement and innovation is unavoidable to stay afloat and sustain in the snack savoury industry. Old Chang Kee’s Vision and Mission OCK’s mission is ‘to deliver superior quality finger food and ready meals at value for money, in a hygienic and customer friendly retail environment’.3 Mr. Han Keen Juan Executive Chairman of OCK, indicated that OCK would consistently persist to strengthen its market leadership position in the Savory Snack industry by managing its operating costs to boost productivity. OCK’s vision is to ‘be prepared for adjustments and challenges’.4 Rising from a Small Stall to One of the World’s Best Food Chains The origins of OCK in Singapore is dated back to 1956 beginning as a small shop near the then Rex Cinema along Mackenzie Road and well established itself in 1986 when Han Keen Juan bought over the control of the OCK business5. Over the 27 years, OCK has built a corroborated reputation for high product quality standards, valuefor-money, authenticity and its products’ distinctive taste. Rapid Growth: Transformation of Old Chang Kee Mr. Han’s clear vision enables him to smoothly set about re-engineering and modernizing the business. He progressively shifted the production of the......

Words: 11275 - Pages: 46

Premium Essay

Costs

...Direct Costs vs. Indirect Costs Direct costs are any costs that are paid directly towards the material, labor, etc. of a product or service. Any cost associated with administrative needs, or ‘behind-the-scenes’ type costs, are known as indirect costs. Almost every venue of manufacturing, healthcare, or business in general has some form of indirect costs. Many times, these costs are overlooked when paying for a service or product. They are costs wrapped into the total cost of an item or service that you don’t normally think about. Direct costs are involved and associated with every service or product purchased, as are indirect costs, usually, even when you don’t think about it. Indirect costs affect the healthcare field, research, accidents, etc. Indirect costs in healthcare could be anything from administration to disability pay while a patient is off from work. “Indirect costs in published U.S. studies were based on estimates from physician panel and survey data and included loss of earnings associated with unemployment and underemployment, productivity losses, as well as loss of caregiver earnings not considered in this study” (Ivanova, Birnbaum, Kidolezi, Ying, Mallett, & Caleo, 2010). “Researchers have long been unhappy at the bite indirect costs take out of research grants, but have rarely taken direct action to control expenditures that determine those costs – indeed they may have felt powerless to do so” (Johnson, 1991). Building plans for Stanford University......

Words: 1473 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cost

...thing very clear before we go further. We are talking about defending your clients' assets against frivolous or unscrupulous actions against them. We are not suggesting in the slightest that these methods be used in an offensive manner to defraud and deceive legitimate creditors. First, in most cases fraudulent transfers are illegal, and second, courts have been aggressive in placing defendants in jail for contempt of court when creditor deception is suspected. That being said, the cost to defend lawsuits has risen exponentially as the amount of litigation has grown. Old tools such as statutory protection, insurance, and self-insurance may not suffice in twenty-first century America. These are the reasons for asset protection.   With these words of encouragement, we now address the main rules of asset protection.The RulesRule one: Do not own significant assets in your own name. First, having assets in your own name allows anyone to attach a judgment to the assets with very little trouble, especially real estate. Second, with some minor limitations, anything owned in your personal name can be attached and seized by a creditor. This means that if I own a car and someone is injured in the car, even if I did nothing wrong to cause the injury, theoretically the injured person can sue me for everything I own, including the car, the house, brokerage accounts, bank accounts, and my personal assets. By creating trusts, LLCs, S corporations, and so on, the only assets that can be......

Words: 5352 - Pages: 22

Shokugeki no Soma 257 | EUROPA CEPT Jahrgang 1988 komplett postfrisch/** (MNH) | John Daheim