Free Essay

Science Investigatory Project

In: Science

Submitted By leslayyy
Words 2491
Pages 10
Aratilis (Muntingiacalabura) Leaves Extract as Anti-BacterialLiquidHand Soap

Ellen May G. Adenic

Iloilo City National High School

March 2016

Problem
The study intends to find out the Effectiveness of Aratilis Leaves as Liquid Anti-Bacterial Hand Soap. Specifically, the study would like to answer the following questions: 1. Can I make hand soap from Aratilis leaves extract? 2. Is there a significant difference between Aratilis leaves and commercial product soap?

Hypothesis
Null Hypotheses 1. There is no significant study that aratilis leaves extract can be effective as anti-bacterial liquid hand soap. 2. There is no significant difference between Aratilis leaves and commercial product soap anti-bacterial property.
Alternative Hypotheses 1. There is a significant study that aratilis leaves extract is effective as anti-bacterial liquid hand soap. 2. There is a significant difference between Aratilis leaves and commercial product soap anti-bacterial property.

Introduction
There are many Aratilis Tree planted all around us but not known as anti-bacterial agent, so the researcher has decided to make the aratilis leaves as anti-bacterial liquid hand soap.Aratilis tree is well known in our country, for many people have been planted it in some places whether the soil is healthy or not, it still grow as an ordinary tree. People thought that the only use of tree is to bear fruits to be eaten... but this tree is also extra-ordinary for it has many uses that some people yet don’t know, like its leaves that can be also use as anti-bacterial agent.It is a small tree 7-12 meters tall with tiered and slightly drooping branches. It has serrated leaves 2.5-15 cm long and 1-6.5 cm wide. The flowers are small, white and slightly malodorous. It gives rise to 1-1.5 cm light red fruit. The fruit is edible, sweet and juicy, and contains a large number of tiny (0.5 mm) yellow seeds.

Plant-based antimicrobials represent a vast untapped source of medicines and further exploration of plant antimicrobials needs to occur. Antimicrobials of plant origin have enormous therapeutic potential. They are effective untreatment of infectious disease while simultaneously mitigating many of the side effects that are often associated with synthetic antimicrobials. Aratilis leaves extracts has heart protective properties, anti-inflammatory properties, cytotoxic flavanoids for anti-cancer properties that can help us fight some bacteria in our body. Also its leaves possess anti-nociceptive that reduces sensitivity to the pain in our wounds.

Aratilis leaves is an anti-bacterial agent that can help us prevent from bacteria creating diseases, so the researcher take an action in investigating the effectiveness of aratilis leaves as anti-bacterial hand soap.Also, the other parts of Aratilis tree is very useful like its flowers are antispasmodic, decoction of flowers use for abdominal cramps, used as antiseptic and to treat spasms- the availability of aratilis leaves in our surroundings is not a problem, for it is planted anywhere like your backyards or in some places.

This study is done to provide peoplewith an inexpensive, naturaland safe anti-inflammatory agent. Muntingiacalabura (Elaecoparceae) is amedicinalplant traditionally used particularly, by the Peruvian people to alleviate headache and cold, pain associated with gastric ulcers or to reduce the prostate gland swelling. Following the recent establishment of antinociception involved.Muntingiacalabura, the sole species in the genus Muntingia, has been widely used as a traditionally medication in the Southeast Asia and tropical America to treat headaches and gastric ulcer, and as an emmenogogue, antidyspeptic,antispasmodic,diaphoretic, tranquillizer and tonic. Scientifically, various medicinal properties have been reported, including anti-tumor, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and anti-nociceptive, anti-proliferative and antioxidant, antihypertensive and antiulcer activities.

Significance of the Study The study will be significant to community, for we are washing our hands every time we are going to eat or every time we cleanse our hand from dirt. When proven effective, we will be able to make our own anti-bacterial liquid hand soap from the aratilis leaves. For economy and education system, if proven they can make use of this study as one of their products in selling soaps or as experimental variable. To the society, the study will be beneficial as they will gain knowledge as well in making their own anti-bacterial liquid hand soap. Also, it is very convenient to all of us for in using the Anti-bacterial liquid hand soap we can practice proper hygiene... for example when eating, washing our hands with anti-bacterial liquid hand soap is a must because, many bacteria are already there when you’ve done some activities.

Scope and Limitations The scope and limitations of the study was set as stated below:
To test the effectiveness of aratilis leaves as anti-bacterial hand soap on the following aspect: * How many leaves does it need to be extracted? * How many respondents does it need to show the results?
Majority of the study might take place within laboratory of:
M.H Del Pilar St. Molo, Iloilo City National High School campus – laboratory
The researcher has no laboratory room to be experimented with, so it was decided that the experiment will be conducted in safe and clean place.
Review of Related Studies & Literature
Another study claimed that aratilis leaves possess antinociceptive (reducing sensitivity to pain), anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and antipruritic properties, justifying the folkloric medicinal use.In traditional medicine, its leaves can be used as an antiseptic, antipruritic and to treat abdominal cramps.

The timber from what is also known as the Jamaican cherry, is reddish-brown. It is compact, durable and lightweight and can be used for carpentry. It could also be used as firewood. The bark can be used to produce ropes and fiber for bark skirts. Due to its ability to grow in poor soil and its effective propagation by means of bats and birds, it could be used for reforestation projects.

It is a small tree 7–12 metres tall with tiered and slightly drooping branches. It has serrated leaves 2.5–15 cm long and 1–6.5 cm wide. The flowers are small, white and slightly malodorous. It gives rise to 1–1.5 cm light red fruit. The fruit is edible, sweet and juicy, and contains a large number of tiny (0.5 mm) yellow seeds.

It is a pioneer species that thrives in poor soil, able to tolerate acidic and alkaline conditions and drought. Its seeds are dispersed by birds and fruit bats. It is cultivated for its edible fruit, and has become naturalised in some other parts of the tropics, including southeastern Asia. As a pioneer plant, it could help condition the soil and make it habitable to other plants. However, it might also be considered as an invasive species since it might out-compete indigenous plants.
Do you know what health benefits Aratilis carried?
1. Fights bacteria. It has anti-bacterial properties that can be compared to standard antibiotics, according to one study. It also seems to have a stronger polar antibacterial compound.
2. It has flavone contents.
3. It has anti-inflammatory properties.
4. It has cytotoxic flavonoids for anti-cancer properties, including the leaves and stems.
5. The leaf extract has heart protective properties.
6. The fruit has antioxidants, like flavonoids.

In addition, the Aratilis tree bark can be made into a rope and the trunk provides durable lumber. It's definitely among herbs and plants in the Philippine and Asia that give lots of benefits.
In Mexico, the fruits are eaten and sold in markets. The fruits can be processed into jams and the leaves can be used for making tea.

In Brazil, the trees are planted along river banks. The fruits falling from the tree attract fish that are then caught. In the Philippines and Indonesia, the fruits are usually eaten mostly by children, although they are not sold in the markets. The skin is slightly tough and often discarded by children. In traditional medicine, its leaves can be used as an antiseptic or antipruritic and to treat abdominal cramps. The timber from what is also known as the Jamaican cherry, is reddish-brown. It is compact, durable, and lightweight and can be used for carpentry. It could also be used as firewood. The bark can be used to produce ropes and fiber for bark skirts. Due to its ability to grow in poor soil and its effective propagation by means of bats and birds, it could be used for reforestation projects. Another study claimed that aratilis leaves possess antinociceptive (reducing sensitivity to pain), anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and antipruritic properties, justifying the folkloric medicinal use.
Antioxidants: Red, blue or black fruits are rich in antioxidants, particularly resveratrol or anthocyanin. Both antioxidants powerfully boost the immune system and body cell health, protect the body from infection, and can reverse the effects of harmful free radicals in the body. This with its cytotoxic flavonoids inhibits cancer cell growth. Antioxidants also have an anti-aging effect on the body.
Vitamins and Minerals: Aratilis fruit is rich in vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin A and C, and the minerals zinc and selenium, which are essential immune-boosters. It also contains trace amounts of calcium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin. Beneficial Properties: Like all berries aratilis has fat-burning and cleansing effects on the body which help in weight loss. It also has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties. It has flavanone content, a biochemical substance from plants which is good for the heart and known to inhibit tumor cells from growing. It also contains cytotoxic flavonoids which also prevents cancer, so look out for this free and healthy treat that is so common in all part of the country.

Aratilis, with scientific name Muntingiacalabura, has white flowers and sweet red berries about 1 cm in diameter. It is called “aratilis” in Tagalog, “datiles” in the Bicol Region and “manzanitas” or “cereza” in the Ilocos Region. Internationally, the aratilis is known as Jamaican Cherry or Panama Berry. In Spanish, it is called “yamanza” or “memizo”, Indonesian call it “kersen”, while in Vietnam it is “trungca”.
When red and ripe, this berry emits a sweet scent that insects love and has a soft smooth skin that easily bursts and oozes with sweet light greenish sap. The tree commonly grows in rural and urban areas in the Philippines, being low-maintenance and adaptable to any terrain, can grow of up to 25 feet to 40 feet high.
In the Philippines, the trees are commonly visited by different species of birds. It also attracts bats and nocturnal animals that feast on the sweet juice of the fruit. These aides for the fast widespread propagation of the muntingia in the Philippine forests which sometimes overpopulate an area in just a couple of years. With just enough sun and water, it grows with little or no care. This is apparent in the island of Maldives, where Muntingia, locally known as jeymu grows without any care in very salty sand. The Malaysian common name cerikampung means "village cherry". In Malaysia the muntingia tree is found in many urban areas lining the sides of streets in front of rows of houses. There, the Muntingia produces great quantities of fruit.

Research Design andMethodology
Materials needed in conducting the study are the following: MATERIALS | UNIT (ml) | USES | Sodium Lauryl Sulfate(SLES) | 55 | Main Ingredient (Gel) | Sodium Chloride | 65 | Filler (Salt) | Distilled Water | 800 | Hot n’ Cooled water | CocomideDiethanolamineAcid (CDEA) | 22 | (Bubbles) | Sodium Tripolyphospate (STPP) | 5 | (Preservative Neutralizer) | Sodium Benzoate | 15 | (Water Neutralizer) | Dye | 20 | (Coloring) | Aratilis Leaves Extract | 50g | (Anti bacterial) | LinearAlkylbenzene (LABS) | 8 | (Oil Detergent) | Scent | 3 | (Fragrance) |

Procedure A. Preperation B. Extraction
In extracting the Aratilis leaves get a cheese cloth, put the 70grams of aratilis leaves on the cheese cloth. In extracting the materials should be clean and safe to use wherein the extract will be put. C. The Making
Then follow steps below. (Stirall ingredients continuously in 45 minutes)
1. Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLES) 55 ml and Sodium Chloride 65 ml as the first mixture
2. Distilled Water 800ml (Put the hot water first then put the cool water)2nd Mixture
3.CocomideDiethanolamine Acid 22ml (CDEA)as the 3rdMixture
4. Sodium Benzoate and Sodium Tripolyphospate (STPP) 15mlas the 4th Mixture
5. Dye(yellow) 20ml *Mix it with the others* as the 5th mixture
6. Aratilis leaves 50ml extract as the 6th mixture
7. LinearAlkylbenzene (LABS) 8ml as the 7th mixture
8. Scent (lemon) 3ml as the last mixture. D. Application
In applying the antibacterial liquid hand soap, wash your hands 2 times a day using the aratilis extract product liquid hand soap. E. Observations
The observations in the researcher’sproduct that in the first trial it is not really successful becausethewater that the researcher had included is too much that causes the product not to thicken/concentrated like other liquid soap.

First Trial
On the first trial,the ratio for hot and cold water is not also balanced; due to that case the liquid hand soap did not condense properly. The Na Chloride or the iodized salt did not melt quickly that cause the liquid soap to make some bubbles.
Therefore the researcher’s conclusion is to secure first the amount or the ratio of hot and cold water poured in the mixing bowl. Then the mixing of mixture should be constant and continuous. Also, place where to be conducted this study should be clean and safe including the materials.
Rubric Ratings: 5 | The product is effective and removes bacteria in your hands, fragrant, and produces more bubbles. | 4 | The product is effective and removes bacteria in your hands and fragrant | 3 | The product is effective and it removes bacteria in your hands | 2 | The product slightly removes bacteria in your hands | 1 | No characteristics of being liquid soap at all |

Results: Name | 1st trial | 2nd trial | 3rd | Yasmin | 2 | | | Elena | 1 | | | John | 1 | | | Zeenat | 2 | | | Nene | 2 | | | Rainier | 2 | | | Marian | 2 | | |

Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muntingia http://philasianherbs.blogspot.com/2014/04/aratilis.html http://www.stuartxchange.org/Aratiles.html http://www.bubblews.com/posts/aratiles-herbal-medecine http://tastylandscape.com/2013/04/26/aratiles-tree-cultivating-the-cotton-candy-flavored- http://herba-linch.hubpages.com/hub/Aratilis-Muntingia-the-Strawberry-Tree http://philasianherbs.blogspot.com/2014/04/aratilis.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muntingia http://www.stuartxchange.org/Aratiles.html http://www.bar.gov.ph/digest-home/digest-archives/368-2012-4th-quarter/4937-octdec2012-aratilis

Recommendations The researcher recommends that this study about Aratilis leaves extract as antibacterial liquid hand soap, can serve as the base or guide of other researchers in conducting their study in relation to the researcher’s study.
Moreover the researcher also recommends to use aratilis leaves not only as antibacterial agent but in addition other properties of aratilis leaves is need to be investigate and studied as well, to find out what are the other helpful benefits of its properties in our society.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...COLEGIO DE SAN FRANCISCO JAVIER (Supervised School of Colegio de la Immaculada Concepcion, Cebu City) Member: Daughters of Charity - St. Louise De Marillac Educational System Central and Eastern Visayas Cluster ------------------------------------------------- Title: The Utilization of Cemetery Soil as an Alternative Fertilizer In partial fulfillment Of Science 8: BIOLOGY S.Y 2012-2013 Researchers: Sharmaine Morgia Raven Tolero Noreen Franco Jhayvee Cagalitan Francis Jhon Gorumba Francis Kevin Ramirez Marc Victor Villotes Grade 8-Seton Submitted to: MS.RONALYN B. PACALDO Biology Teacher Chapter I Introduction Rationale Abstract: This investigatory project was conducted to test the affectivity of organic and synthetic fertilizers when apply on okra plant. It also aims to test whether, which is better to use between the two fertilizers. In order to conduct the study we have used okra seeds, polyethylene bag and cemetery soil as organic fertilizer, synthetic fertilizer, and black soil, labeled it as setup A (Organic Fertilizer) setup B (Synthetic Fertilizer). Then we observed the changes in the plant for 1 week. After several days, we observed some changes in the plant like the increasing number of its height and leaves. We therefore conclude that the organic fertilizer we used is better than the synthetic fertilizer because it provides faster growth of the plant. Background of the study: ...

Words: 1639 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

...Introduction The investigatory project designs to help indirectly the common people on the use of indigenous floral resources such as Alstonia Scholaris that serves as a material to regulate and inhibit biotic potential of the individual. 1.1 Background of the Study The country’s current population is estimated at 93 million people (NSO Annual Report: 2010) where about 65 percent are living in urban area and experience poverty due to the usual family practice of giving birth. Pro-RH Bill lawmakers have presented the effective measures to control the growing population and provided alternative ways to maintain reproductive health and plausible actions to that program. Amidst all the programs, poor families are seen and cannot sustain the basic necessities of their children and depriving them from enjoying the fullness what is due to for the kids. Young women whose ages range from 14-25 often experience fast hormonal secretions that usually associated with active and rapid biotic potential. Early sexual maturity becomes a primordial factor for fertility and early teenage pregnancy. This then is the scenario that strive the researchers to conduct experiment that provide information on the use of Alstonia Scholaris as a viable material for controlling population. 1.2 Statement of the Problem The project undertaken by the researchers on the Alstonia Scholaris extract as applied to “rabbit” sought to answer the following questions: 1. What is the effect of Alstonia......

Words: 2000 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Science Investigatory Project

...Performance in Research Through the Use of Science Investigatory Project Problem : What is the effect of using the science investigatory project on the performance of the students in Research? I. Problem Situation The advent of new and up-to-date curriculum has brought into focus the need to match the new science programs with the appropriate teaching method. As applied to classroom teaching, method has something to do with the way a teacher communicates the subject to the students. The strategy should include regular steps to guide the mental processes of the learners in mastering the subject being presented to them. The Science Investigatory Project (SIP) is an undertaking for science students which need an application of certain scientific principles and ideas. One of its aims is to develop one’s capacity in order to actively and effectively participate in the solution of problems being faced by the community through the application of rational and creative thinking process in search for the solution of the problem. For four years of teaching Research I in Pedro Guevara Memorial National High School, the researcher observed that the students are not aware of the important contribution of the research to man’s life. They tend to ignore it as a subject, which is manifested by their negative attitude towards it and low performance in the Research subject. Students belonging to the Special Science Classes are expected to......

Words: 2820 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...“ Kelp (Ascophyllum Nodosom) Organic Fertilizer a Solution for Enhancing the NPK content on soil” Proponents: Welle John Palero Mariane Arciga Pia Veronica Tidalgo III- Tourmaline Mrs. Teresita B. Balaba Project Adviser Table of Contents Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i Acknowledgement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii Chapter I Background of the Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 Statement of the Problem Statement of the Objective Statement of the Hypothesis Significance of the Study Scope and limitations Definitions and Terms Chapter II Review of Related Literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6 Chapter III Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Flow Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Chapter IV Results and Discussions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11 Chapter V Conclusion and Recommendation . . . . . ....

Words: 2522 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Science Investigatory Project 2014

...BATTERY AN INVESTIGATORY PROJECT PRESENTED TO THE FACULTY OF FIRST ASIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND HUMANITIES MARK RYAN M. AQUINO JOSHUA MIGUEL M. BAUTISTA NOMAN RANWELL C. SALVADOR AIZZA JANELLE P. SEBASTIAN ALLYSSA MAE M.PEDRAJA JERICHO B. PAMPLONA JANUARY 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page i. Dedication ii. Acknowledgement iii. Abstract Chapter I – Introduction 1.1 Background of the Study 1.2 Objectives 1.3 Significance of Study 1.4 Scope and Limitations of the Study 1.5 Definitions of Terms Chapter II – Review of Related Literature and Related Studies 2.1 Related Literature 2.2 Related Studies Chapter III – Methodology 3.1 Materials 3.2 Procedure Chapter IV – Results and Discussions Table 4.1 Table 4.2 Chapter V – Conclusion and Recommendations 5.1 Conclusion 5.2 Recommendation Bibliography Appendices Documentation Curriculum Vitae Dedication The researchers would like t offer and dedicate this project to the following persons: • Our teachers, in exchange for teaching us lessons we ought to know which made a great part for us to make/finish this project. • To our parents, to prove that we are capable of doing this project by applying what we have learned in school. • Friends and classmates, for the ideas they gave. • To God, by guiding/helping us in making this......

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Science Investigatory Project

...addition, geothermal energy does not use fuel to generate electricity. If you are looking for financial viable energy projects, the possibilities for ventures on renewable energy are expansive in the Philippines. They could come from sources that are naturally recurring and may be replenished such as geothermal, water, wind, sunlight, and tide. These sources are tapped through the use of enhanced technologies to generate solar, wind, hrydo, biomas, and tidal power The government promotes ecologically sound renewable energy to get the much-needed boost to reduce local dependence on fossil fuels. (Source/Retrieved from: http://www.investphilippines.gov.ph/industry?_energy.html, http://www.ifc.org, http://www.philippines.hvu.nl/leyte2.html) Local In local Cities, Electricity and Magnetism had helped the society to have light. Especially those barangay’s who doesn’t have electricity. In other local places, for them to conduct a study on how to produce energy, is by using students, scientists all over the country to invent a thing that has connections to electricity and will make electromagnetism more useful. They are going to make competitions in every school and for the students to invent things and widened their knowledge and intellectual perseverance. Another example of this is the Science Investigatory Projects which is one of the most famous projects in education history. Were the students asked to conduct a study and to make incredibly useful products that came......

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...OUTLINE OF THE SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY PROJECT COVER PAGE /TITLE PAGE ( first sheet ) ALL ACKNOWLEGEMENT ( second sheet ) Yr. 9 & 10 DEDICATION ( third sheet ) Yr. 10 TABLE OF CONTENTS ( fourth sheet or more) ALL LIST OF TABLES ( fifth sheet ) optional ABSTRACT ( Year 9 & 10 ) Yr. 9 & 10 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study *Talk about your topic. *Why did you choose that topic? *Cite the sources *Present tense, 5-6 pages B. Statement of the Problem *What is your problem? *Why do you want to study that problem? *What do you want to find out? *Future tense for proposal C. Hypothesis *What hypotheses were formulated? D. Significance of the Study *Why is the study significant? *Who will benefit from the study? E. Scope and Limitations Yr. 9 & 10 *Where will you conduct the study? *What is your sample population? *Half a page *It should consists of the following: respondents, time, locale, problem or focus of the study, population *Indicate also......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...released as well. This project ties and associates with the climate by showing how you may be able to determine how the climate in one place is greatly affected by knowing the materials around. The result of this can show how different materials in the surrounding relate heat to affect the climate. Statement of the Problem General Objective: The main problem of this study was to compare the rate of heat absorption of common materials or substances. Specifically this arrived to answer the following questions: 1. Which will absorb heat the fastest? (Water, oil, soil, salt) 2. Which material would cool down and release the fastest? (Water, oil, soil or salt) Scope and Limitations Materials around us have their own limitations. Example, when they are being place in a fridge, specifically the freezer, it freezes and when they are being heated, they melt. So does this investigatory project, this has also limitations. The materials being used in the experiment cannot be heated for a very long time because it may cause some breakages or damages. Only specific amount and quantity of substances can be used. Moreover, this investigatory project stops when heat is not available. Sometimes, heat may not be present but if it does, the process circulates continuously. As heat rises, it would be easier to determine the rate of absorption for each material or substance. Simple substances can be used in order to conduct this experiment. It is in this project, that the......

Words: 2250 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Investigatory Project

...OUTLINE OF THE SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY PROJECT COVER PAGE /TITLE PAGE ( first sheet ) ALL ACKNOWLEGEMENT ( second sheet ) Yr. 9 & 10 DEDICATION ( third sheet ) Yr. 10 TABLE OF CONTENTS ( fourth sheet or more) ALL LIST OF TABLES ( fifth sheet ) optional ABSTRACT ( Year 9 & 10 ) Yr. 9 & 10 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study *Talk about your topic. *Why did you choose that topic? *Cite the sources *Present tense, 5-6 pages B. Statement of the Problem *What is your problem? *Why do you want to study that problem? *What do you want to find out? *Future tense for proposal C. Hypothesis *What hypotheses were formulated? D. Significance of the Study *Why is the study significant? *Who will benefit from the study? E. Scope and Limitations Yr. 9 & 10 *Where will you conduct the study? *What is your sample population? *Half a page *It should consists of the following: respondents, time, locale, problem or focus of the study, population *Indicate also......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

...“Vinegar Battery” INTRODUCTION We all know that the world is now facing an energy crisis and everyone is trying to do something about that. I noticed in our electricity bill that we are paying much for it. So, I came up with this investigatory project as an alternative source of electricity. This is simple and can be homemade. . Now you can show everyone that electrical energy or electricity can be made from air and vinegar. After all, vinegar are freely available everywhere. Also, this will be useful if there is brownout and science model for elementary students like me. First, we need to get the material for the project. Here is the list: 1. A miniature board to mount the miniature base – it can be a piece of thick plywood. 2. Plastic container small 3. Miniature light bulb (low voltage, low current) 4. Pair of insulated solid copper wire 5. 2 Pair of alligator clips 6. Galvanized nails – (zinc electrodes) it can be found in hardware stores. 7. Copper wires – (copper electrodes) 8. Screws for the miniature base 9. Vinegar – 4% acidic solution Procedures: 1. Remove the plastic insulation of about one inch from both ends of the wires. 2. Connect the end of red wire to red alligator clips for both ends. Do the same for the black wire with the black alligator clips. 3. Loosen the screws on both contacts of the bulb holder. Place one end of the red alligator clip on right screw and connect the black alligator clip on the left......

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

...Science & Technology Information Center Master List of Investigatory Project 01 Investigatory projects I. Pyrolisis of plastic wastes materials for the production of plywood substitute II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. Marang (Artocarpus ordorotissimus) peelings as hardiflex – like Ethyl alcohol from ripe banana peelings Rat killer extract from tuble roots Fuel briquettes from dried banana leaves and waste papers Coconut sheath substitute of abaca fiber Commercial glue from Talisay resin Butter derive from marang (Artocarpus odoratissima) seed Marang seeds as alternative source for commercial flour 02 Investigatory projects I. II. III. IV. V. Compendium of investigatory studies Basic geological concepts Maps and compass Rocks and fire Fungus Puccinia graminis as mycoherbicide 03 Investigatory projects I. II. III. IV. Sea cucumber (Cucumaria miniamata) as a potential source of leather Fiberglass from Apitong sap (Dipterocarpus grandiflorus) Rat killer extract from tuble roots Tetrodotoxin from bile of puffer (Sphoeroides maculates) as a potential source of stem borer pesticide V. VI. VII. VIII. Glue out of cigarette filer and acetone Roof sealant out of Styrofoam and gasoline Radical pesticide from garongin Chaetomorpha aerea a potential source of biogas 04 Investigatory projects I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. Sawdust as an alternative source for corkboard Woodcraft from banana peduncle Lumber from carabao manure Herbal leaves produced herbal ointment The......

Words: 5133 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Science Investigatory Project

...Papaya Hair Gel Science Investigatory Project Presented to the Faculty of Mother of Divine Providence School Science and English Department Marikina Heights, Marikina City S.Y. 2014-2015 In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements For the Subjects in Science and English 7 Presented by: Bea Carmela Aduna Paolo Barrera Ron Leonard De Guzman Jose Lorenzo Vergara CHAPTER I B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: * Can we make papaya hair gel that can be a good benefit for our hair? C. OBJECTIVE: * To make a product that is affordable D. Hypothesis Our Papaya Hair Gel is more affordable and useful than other branches of hair gel. Papaya Hair Gel has more benefits than other hair gel. Our product is just only an ordinary hair gel, our hair gel is affordable, healthy, and has more nourish than other products. E. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY Papaya is a nutrient powerhouse, not only that it is beneficial to hair and skin in both its ripe and green state. Papaya is rich in proteins, Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, Iron, Magnesium, Beta Carotene, enzymes like papain, which breaks down tough meat fibers and so many more ingredients for healthy hair growth. Papaya also helps to maintain the hair’s natural sheen, softens the hair, helps to restrict dandruff and stimulates hair growth. According to hair care experts, using papaya for hair may help with removing build up and residue from cleansing products and chemicals and also restore hair's natural shine and......

Words: 1475 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Science Investigatory Project

...Measuring Soil Erosion Purpose: Soil erosion is a serious problem in our world today. The purpose of this project is to determine its effect, the damages that it does to our lives and in what ways can we prevent it to happen. Procedure: 1. Find patches of different types of soil that are on slight slopes or hillsides. a. Alternatively, you could look for patches of the same soil type with different amounts of plant cover, for example, bare soil and a grassy area. b. Alternatively, you could compare different degrees of slope with the same soil type and plant cover. c. Choose a sufficient number of sites so that you can compare the variable of interest as the sole change between sites. For example, if you wanted to investigate degree of slope, you should select at least three sites with similar soil types and plant cover but different slopes. If you want to investigate the effect of plant cover, select at least three sites with similar slope and soil type, but different amounts (or types) of cover. 2. For each test site, make 3 sampling containers. d. Cut the tops off plastic bottles such as soda bottles or milk jugs. Use the utility knife safely: keep your fingers away from the path of the blade. e. Use the same size bottle for all sites. f. Bury each container so the lip is even with or slightly below the soil surface. 3. Weigh the soil that collects in the containers after each rain. Dry the soil in an oven before you weigh...

Words: 551 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Science Investigatory

...interest in Science  Provide educational opportunities  Share what you have learned to discuss a certain topic.  Application of concepts learned  Uses scientific method 8/27/2015 Thursday, August 27, 2015 4 1 - 8/27/2015 7 5 8/27/2015 8 6 8/27/2015 9 an investigation about a scientific problem (question) a problem-solving process using the scientific method 8/27/2015 Parts of a Scientific Research Paper Title Page Abstract Acknowledgment Table of Contents CHAPTER I-INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study B. Statement of the Problem C. Hypothesis D. Significance of the Study E. Scope and Limitation F. Definition of Terms CHAPTER II- REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE CHAPTER III-METHODOLOGY A. Materials B. Procedures CHAPTER IV-RESULTS AND DISCUSSION A. Findings B. Analysis of Data CHAPTER V- CONCLUSION CHAPTER VI-RECOMMENDATION GOALS IP 8/27/2015 3 8/27/2015 Bibliography 1 8/27/2015 Title accurate rules in grammar, correct spelling & correct punctuation. TASKS TARGET DATE 1. Submission of Problem and Title I, MY, ME & MINE -it is patterned from the question, however it must contain only the essential words -title of the project must be brief, simple and catchy. TEACHER’S DEADLINE Aug. 16 2. Submission of Chapter 1 It must contain the following information: Name of the school (including address) Title of the Investigatory Project (UPPER CASE...

Words: 1701 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Investigatory Project

...investigatory Project The Feasibility of Saltwater as an Alternate Source of Energy Chapter I Introduction A. Background of the Study Philippines is a country that is surrounded by water. Saltwater is very abundant in our country; so, this study tries to find more uses of the saltwater. In this study, saltwater is used as a battery of a light bulb to prove that it can be a source of energy. This will possibly help solve the energy crisis that our country is suffering now. A compound can produce electric energy when it has enough oxygen in it. Saltwater is a kind of a compound that can possibly produce energy. Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) is also used in this study, to have more oxygen in the compound. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a very pale blue liquid which appears colorless in a dilute solution, slightly more viscousthan water. It is a weak acid. It has strong oxidizing properties and is therefore a powerful bleaching agent that is mostly used for bleaching paper, but has also found use as a disinfectant, as an oxidizer, as anantiseptic, and in rocketry (particularly in high concentrations as high-test peroxide or HTP) as a monopropellant, and in bipropellantsystems.[1] The oxidizing capacity of hydrogen peroxide is so strong that the chemical is considered a highly reactive oxygen species. Hydrogen peroxide is naturally produced as a byproduct of oxygen metabolism, and virtually all organisms possess enzymes known asperoxidases, which harmlessly and......

Words: 1497 - Pages: 6

Abelssoft FileFusion 2019 2.04 Build 168 Multilingual | Powerless HDTV 720p AC3 5.1 | Brotherhood: Season 3