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Sexual Discrimination

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Sexual Discrimination and Sexual Harassment among the sexes
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In a post-modern society characterized by rapid economic progression, technological advancement, progressive diversification and complication of social life, issues of sexual harassment and discrimination have come into play, demanding more and more reflection and attention. Research indicates the shows that a large fraction of the current sexual discrimination and harassment occurs in the workplace, and the form of harassment produced has dire consequences as compared to harassment occurring in the public place. The effects exacted on victims extend further than mere mental anguish to include deterioration of employment conditions, where some victims are forced to resign to avoid more harassment ultimately causing economic losses. Notably, the high probability of occurrence of sexual harassment and the severity of harm go beyond the imagination of people and thus it is necessary to understand and solve this issue. This paper investigates sexual harassment and discrimination at the intersections of gender. Specifically, the paper examines the reasons as to why harassment occurs among sexes and why it is underrepresented among each gender.
Defining Sexual Harassment and Discrimination
When the terms sexual harassment and discrimination are used or rather mentioned in a conversation they raise an alarm. Sexual harassment, according to Fitzgerald, Collinsworth & Harned (2001), is legally described as “uninvited sex-related behavior…that is unwanted by and offensive to its target” (Fitzgerald, Collinsworth & Harned, 2001, p. 991). Spencer and Gavel (2011) conceptualize sexual harassment to include both quid-pro-quo and hostile workplace sexual harassment whereby the former means "explicit demands of a sexual favors in exchange for work academic progression,” (p. 54) and the…...

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