Premium Essay

Social Psychology: the Mind

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kpasia94
Words 729
Pages 3
Kerwin Pasia
Professor Ayers
Social Psychology
13 September 2014

Benchmark Assignment: Cultures and Fundamental Attribution Error When we speak of the fundamental attribution error, we are speaking of individuals' tendencies to interpret others' behaviors based on what we assume to be internal factors, such as a person's possible personality traits, capabilities, or even possible motives. In reality, there could just as easily be external factors governing behavior. But when it comes to fundamental attribute error, individuals will neglect thinking of external factors to interpret behavior and only interpret behavior through internal factors (Sabini, Siepmann, & Stein, 2001). A good example can be one driver witnessing a second driver running a red light. If the first driver were to judge the second driver's behavior by making a fundamental attribution error, the first driver might assume that the second driver ran the red light simply because that driver is a reckless, inconsiderate, and possibly even unskilled driver. On the other hand, another explanation could be that the second driver ran the red light simply because the driver was experiencing an emergency situation that called for drastic action, a situation such as needing to get someone to the hospital. Individualistic cultures are those who put more emphasis on the needs of an individual as opposed to the needs of a group as a whole like a community as a whole or even a whole nation. When a culture is individualistic, behavior within that culture is governed by the internal attributes of individuals, such as their own personal preferences, their own personality types, and even their own motives (Sosik & Jung, 2002). Another result of an individualistic culture is that since individuals are so focused on the self and the internal attributes that govern their own behaviors, they also have a…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...Social Psychology Definition Roberta Menlove Psy/400 October 2, 2012 Richard Johnston Social Psychology Definition Social psychology is a discipline of science attempting to guide social situations giving particular consideration to how humans interact with one another. Social psychology focuses on how individuals, in general, think about, view, influence, relate to, and affect each other. Social psychology cannot explain every social problem, however, by studying how individuals react to specific situations it does give insight into understanding many aspects such as how stereotypes are created. It also can explain behaviors such sexism, racism, why a person may behave one way in a certain situation and like a completely different person in a different situation, and even how individuals fall in and out of love (Myers, 2010). Clinical Psychology Social psychology is very similar to other psychologies, such as clinical psychology and sociology, but has distinctions of its own. For instance, one contrast between social psychology and clinical psychology is social psychology tends to focus on situational influences of “normal” behavior, whereas clinical psychology focuses on particular behaviors mainly intra-psychic influences of “abnormal” behavior. Clinical psychology is an expansive field of research within the sphere of psychology that applies psychological principles to rehabilitation, prevention, assessment, amelioration, or psychological dysfunctional......

Words: 891 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Psychology in a Beautiful Mind

...The Psychology In A Beautiful Mind ________________________________________ The psychology in A Beautiful Mind (the movie) provides a valuable lesson for the practice of self awareness by ordinary people. Artistically differing from the actual events, it is a film, which convincingly uses the visual medium to portray stress and mental illness within one person's mind. The storyline supplants auditory symptoms with visual delusions to narrate the story of the paranoid schizophrenia developed by John Forbes Nash, a Nobel Laureate in Economics. It was an illness, which had been intensified by the anxiety felt by Nash, about the pain suffered by his wife and friends due to his mental condition. Even as he took medication to suppress the symptoms, Nash is shown returning to normal life by becoming self aware. The visually presented psychological symptoms in the movie effectively convey the barriers to distinguishing subconscious patterns within the mind. Click Here To Listen/Download This Page As An MP3 Podcast Psychology In A Beautiful Mind – Competition & Conflict The primary problem for Nash was his inability to distinguish between reality and his delusions. Even normal people fail to distinguish the concrete emotional changes in their viewpoints during the course of an average day. You may be fuming with resentment one moment and joyful, the next. These hidden shifts in moods and attitudes have a clear cause. They happen, because the control of your mind shifts...

Words: 1880 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...Social Psychology James McCormick PSY/400 Robert Hunsaker May 2, 2013 Social Psychology Social psychology like many other fields of psychology has a relatively long history but is still a very young field in the science community. In psychology the social psychology field uses research to determine how individuals view and affect each other. Social psychology is often mistaken for personality psychology can overlap in sociology, and clinical psychology because of the view on personal development and mental well-being of the individual. experimental research, survey research, and correlation research are the three main fields of research in the field of social psychology. Each field addresses the person and the person’s aspect of life situations. Main Ideas of Social Psychology Social psychologists study a set of strategies for answering questions related to attitudes and beliefs, how we construe our world, and conformity and independence; rather than simply an objective compilation of findings. Some of the main ideas that social psychology seeks to address are: 1) the construction of our social reality; 2) social intuition; 3) how social influences, personal attitudes, personality, and biology shape our behavior; and 4) how social psychology’s principles can be applied in everyday life (Myers, 2010). The construction of our social reality rests on the materialistic assumption that an objective world exists quite separate from our subjective interpretation of that...

Words: 1042 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...Introduction Social orientation is the recognition of human psychology and behavior. The emphasis on human thought, emotion, and behavior was to represent the thought, emotion, and behavior of members of a social group. Thomas Hobbes declared that the social groups are nothing more than a collection of individuals and that of social thought, emotion, and behavior, governed by the pursuit of pleasure and avoidance of pain (Greenwood, 2009). Cognitive psychology represents the distinction amongst the human mind and a computer that suggest that humans have the ability to process information from around the world just as computer. Cognitive psychology is not old but the newest part of psychology where the information we receive through our senses is then administered through the brain. Cognitive psychologists try to develop explanations of cognitive development, memory, attention, artificial intelligence, perception, and social cognition. The laboratory methods used to determine the outcome of a controlled circumstance are memory test and research studies. During the early 21st century, it appears that experimental psychology is healthy and growing; likewise the crisis in theories and progress is of discern. At this time there is not a crisis in psychology, nevertheless psychology can be described as an interregnum period, with much activity and no major leading directions or theoretical commitments (Mandler, 2011). The first crisis shown in psychology was seen in 1899.......

Words: 1716 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...Social Psychology The way that humans interact with themselves and others can have a strong impact on how they behave. This can be a negative interaction or a positive interaction. How can one person by shy and quiet at home but be outgoing and loud with their group of friends? Social psychology takes a more in-depth look out how these situations shape them into who they are and how they act. Social psychology is a science that studies how situations can influences the views of a person and how they affect one another (Myers, 2010). There are three big parts to social psychology: social thinking, social influences, and social relations (Myers 2010). Each person is different in his or her own way. If two people are put in the same type of situation, both will act and behave differently because each of them “think differently” (Myers, 2010, p. 5). Social thinking involves how humans interact with other people and how they think about them. A person’s emotions are affected by how they think about someone and how that someone responds to them (Garcia, 2012). Humans are very intuitive, more often than they realize. Intuition helps shapes persons fears, impressions, and relationships, (Myers, 2010) but it sometimes can be dangerous depending how quickly a person judges something or someone. The next part of social psychology is social influences, which come from a person’s culture, pressures to conform, persuasion, and groups of people (Myers, 2010). “Sometimes the power of a...

Words: 1060 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Social Psychology

...Social Psychology As people we often wonder about our mage when we are out in society among other. People often want to be sure that when they are around certain group of people that they are accepted for who they are. Even though people may not notice at times, but others influence the way they feel, thing, and behave. As people we would put actual, implied and imaginary people in a situation and behave differently depending on each different situation. Situationism is the reaction people will give when put in a situation. This paper will outline the different characteristics of social psychology, four key characteristics of social psychology, situationism, and five core social motives of social psychology. Defining Social Psychology Social psychology is trying to find was to see how people thoughts, feelings, and behavior can be influenced by other human beings (Fiske, 2010). When studying about the social influence on a person, we are doing social psychology. It is the way a person behaves differently depending on who they are surrounded by. For example, people tend to behave differently when they are around their family than their friends. Certain things that a person will do while hanging out with their friend, such as speaking a certain way they will not do that while they are around their family. Many times a person is doing what the other people around them are doing. Social psychology can be looked at as the study of the influence society has on a person...

Words: 1266 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Social Psychology

...each role has a set of associated meanings and expectations for the self (Burke & Reitzes, 1981). No doubt, identity is fundamental to every individual, because based on identity we are able to describe the relative ranking of a particular social identity in an individual’s hierarchically organized self-concept. According to Hazel Rose Markus in 1977, he stated that self-schemas are cognitive generalisations about oneself, derived from past experience. The meaning is similar to the meaning of the term self-concept. Our self-schemas organise and guide the processing of self-related information. Self-schemas, like other schemas influence whether information is attended to and how easily it is recalled. Thus it is easier to encode things and remember things that fit into it. In additional, through self-concept we further construe the schemas to contain knowledge used to guide having and doing as it pertains to a particular societal role or personal identity. For example, when we meet people and we tend to treat them as members of a category rather than as a totally unique creature that we’ve never come across before. The category may be race, gender, religion, nationality, fashion style, and so on. This concludes that, with social schema, we are more likely to understand a person attribution and able to respond accordingly. Now, take a look at the society we’re living in. Majority of us are playing more than one role in our daily life, from husband to father, from......

Words: 2111 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...today kills around 4 million people every year; it is the main cause of lung cancer and disease in humans. To understand smoking behaviour we can look at the main psychological perspectives to better understand the reasons behind smoking, and maybe come up with effective solutions to reduce this behaviour and promote healthier lifestyles. Biological Perspective Charles Darwin (1859) first demonstrated the idea that genetics and evolution played a major role in affecting human behaviour through natural selection. Biological Psychologists also agree with this theory that all human behaviour has been evolved over millions of years to adapt behaviour to the environment that we live in. Biological Psychologists also believe that because the mind resides in the brain, that factors such as chromosomes and hormones have a significant influence on our behaviour for example, gender personality development.  Using the biological approach there is scientific evidence to say that smoking behaviour is linked to effect that nicotine has on the brain. There are over 300 chemicals in cigarettes but nicotine is the one that is linked with addiction. Nicotine causes a physical addiction and can increase levels of dopamine (the hormone found in the reward part of the brain). For example a study done by (Jain & Mukhergee, 2003 the biological basis of nicotine addiction) says that when a tobacco is smoked nicotine enters the bloodstream through the lungs and reaches the brain faster......

Words: 1223 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Psychology of the Mind

...According to the Psychology of Mind, the mind is the source of an offender’s thinking and how he interprets life. The Psychology of Mind has been departed into three major principles: Mind, Consciousness, and Thought. The mind is also his ability to experience the world and his perceptions. All forms of delinquent and criminal behavior could possibly be explained using the logic of the principles of the mind. The mind is the source of how things look to us and it generates how we think about things. The mind is not an easy subject and it is hard to give a valuable description on how it works, so therefore it is impossible to have a complete picture on how the mind really works. Everyone is born with a consciousness, and according to the POM, the consciousness brings forth a persons thoughts to life. This would be considered our senses. Our consciousness combines with our thoughts to produce reality. Or in other words, consciousness brings to light what a person is thinking. The POM has proposed two different types of thinking used by all offenders. The two processes are called unconditioned thought and conditioned thought. Unconditioned thought is an innate, rational, and insightful thought process, it is also described as the positive change. Where as conditioned thought people are working to find understanding and solutions, but are not assessing creative ideas because they are focused on what they already know. Feelings of security lead an offender towards one type of...

Words: 689 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...Social Psychology Like many fields of psychology, social psychology is no different. From its foundation it has inspired many conflicts and different views and all the while still finds a way to add to the study of the field of psychology. The following will discuss the meaning of social psychology, how social psychology differs from other related disciplines and explains the main types of research approaches and/or methods along with their roles within social psychology. In short, the definition of social psychology is the study of the relations between people and groups. Those who specialize in this field of study normally already have specialized in fields of their own and are usually psychologists or sociologists even though both sides use both the individual and group as their units of analysis. Myers defines social psychology as, "the scientific study of how people think about, influence and relate to one another." (Myers, 2010, p. 3). This type of psychology includes how people’s thoughts, behaviors or feelings are affect by others. Social psychology does differ from other disciplines such as clinical psychology, general psychology, and sociology. Even though some of them overlap between disciplines, they each hold an alternate focus and are different in other aspects as well. To give an example of this, sociological and psychological researchers often have different goals, motives, methods, and terminology. Social psychology and sociology also have separate......

Words: 880 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...Psy/400 Social Psychology Social Psychology Definition Lauren Davis Marinela Dushmani November 2, 2015 Introduction The things the author will discuss and cover in this paper are; the definition of social psychology, a brief history background of social psychology. The way social psychology differs from clinical psychology, general psychology, and sociology. Also the role of research in social psychology will be discussed. Define Social Psychology Social Psychology is a discipline that uses scientific method “to understand and explain ones thoughts, feelings, and behavior that are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of other human being” (Gordon Allport, 1985). The year social facilitation was introduced was 1800’s. After WW2 was when the research of social psychology began. The holocaust was what led the researchers to study the effects of social influence, conformity, and obedience. The US Government was interested to apply social psychology concepts to influence citizens. The Differences The way social psychology differs from Clinical Psychology, General Psychology, and Sociology are; Clinical Psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on diagnosing and treating mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. Some of these disorders are learning disabilities, substance abuse, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. General Psychology is a term that refers to the entire science of psychology. Psychology is the study of mind and......

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...Social Psychology April Owens Social Psychology/ PSY 400 Lauren Davis February 13th 2012 Social Psychology People are social beings. From the moment we are born, we are raised to socialize with an incredible amount of people. These people influence our day-to-day lives just as much as we affect the lives of others. Social psychology searches to understand these interactions. What complicates these interactions is that they do not even need to be real, as long as they are perceived interactions. The idea is that people are a combination of their own personality plus the people they interact with on a regular basis. Social psychology treats the social aspects of mental life. It tries to understand the link between the mind, group situations, and the responses a person has as a result (WordIQ, 2010). By looking at how an individual reacts to a certain group (large or small) and how the group reacts to the individual, it is possible to find out how each portion can influence the other. There appear to be three general topics that are studied in social psychology. These topics are socialization (gender, life development, intelligence), communication (persuasion, self presentation, language, and rules), and social perception (identity, attitude, and attribution; WorkIQ.com, 2010). By focusing on these topics, we are able to get the full idea of how individuals and groups influence each other. One thing to look at is if social groups influence......

Words: 1008 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...Social Psychology Definition PSY 400 - Social Psychology Social Psychology Definition When people go to parties with friends to socialize and have a good time do you think they ever take the time to think about the interactions that are happening with each other? When a husband and wife are has had an argument over where to travel for vacation, are they thinking about how they are influencing one another? Social psychology is about the interactions and influences that people have on each other and how they impact who one another. When a judgment is made against another, where does that thought come from? Why do people feel the way they do about one another and where does that learned behavior and attitude come from? In this paper we will show the difference between the different disciplines of psychology, show the types of research used and how social psychology affects us as individuals and where our perceptions stem from. To define social psychology is to define humans as individuals. How we behave and interact with one another makes up the bulk of who we are. There are several big ideas in social psychology one being our need to “construct our social reality” (Myers, 2010). People have this need to justify their behavior because it makes it seem more palatable for some reason. If a person receives an item that they are suspicious is stolen and choose to keep it anyway, they will feel the need to justify their behavior to anyone they come into contact......

Words: 901 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...Social Psychology Institute Name Date Introduction Psychology covers many topics and conducts different types of research to understand the function and development of humans. Social psychology, however, places a focus on individuals and how they think about, relate to, and perceive others. Social thinking, influences, and relations are the main concepts of social psychology that also construct main ideas to make remembering the concepts easier. Some forms of psychology may interact with other forms of psychology to gather a better understanding of a certain subject. Social psychology is useful in many types of psychology. Definition Social psychology pertains to an in-depth study of socialization. Perception, interaction, and influence are the main focus. Social psychology studies individuals to examine how they view others. Along with the views, relationship studies allow researchers to see the effects individuals have on one another. According to Myers (2010), concepts to remember in social psychology center on ideas in social thinking, influences, and relations. The first idea in social thinking is people construct their own social reality. People have a need to explain the behaviors of other people despite accuracy. A person who observes another person’s consistent behavior may see the behavior as part of the person’s personality (Myers, 2010). The second idea is the riskiness or usefulness of social intuition. An intuition is a personal feeling......

Words: 946 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Social Psychology

...understanding of the other? Why and how do individuals behave in social settings and the importance of social interaction for individuals? These are some of the questions that come in mind when talking about social psychology. To get a better understand the field of social psychology this paper will focus on defining social psychology, the four key characteristics of social psychology, the concept of situationism and the role it plays in social psychology, and the five core social motives and their affect on the field of social psychology. Social Psychology Social psychology is defined as the “scientific field that seeks to understand the nature and causes of individual in social situations” (Baron, Byrne & Suls, 1989 p. 6). The classic definition that dates back to Gordon Allport describes social psychology as an attempt to understand how individuals are influenced by the presence of other human beings. According to Fiske (2010) Social psychology is the scientific attempt to explain how the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of other human beings, (p.2). Individuals have different reactions when exposed to social events and having to interact with other people. These changes in behavior, thoughts and feelings contribute to certain areas of the individuals’ personality as well as upbringing. Social psychologists study the influence of social interaction on human beings to try to understand......

Words: 1411 - Pages: 6

Yuragi-sou no Yuuna-san | ver todos | Read more...