Premium Essay

Some People Believe That Government Funding of the Arts Is Necessary to Ensure That the Arts Can Flourish and Be Available to All People. Others Believe That Government Funding of the Arts Threatens the Integrity of the Arts.

In: Social Issues

Submitted By phynyn
Words 922
Pages 4
Art is an important part of every society. It tells of the history of the people, their culture and it depicts at each phase, what the society is going through. In today's fast paced era, people are almost always preoccupied with the chores of today and the concerns of tomorrow and they hardly find time to devote in appreciating various artforms which may have been one of their several childhood interests. Also, people's interests are increasingly changing and aligning with the art attractions of the latest century like metal music over classical or carnatic, plastic decorative furniture over ancient terracota for their homes and so on. Thus, largely lack of government funding can endanger the flourishing of arts and their availability to all people.
Government ignoring the arts can lead to a loss of history. An example is Nigeria. All around the country are works of art were exhumed from the ground years ago: the figurines in Esie, the works of Nok, the golden tusks in Benin. The government doesn’t fund the arts and today works of Nigerian arts are found in museums all over the world . They are in the Louvre in Paris, museums in Italy and London but can hardly be found in Nigeria. The few ones left are in such a terrible state; information provided on the work seem bogus and inaccurate. Whereas in other nations like Italy, France, the original works of arts hang in such places as the Louvre and Vatican city and tells the story of the people because Government funds the arts there. Paris is a well known destination for artists.
Opponents may argue that the federal art funding is yet another superfluous bureaucratic function that justifies yet another wasteful spending of taxpayer money. However, their rationale that the truest, greatest art will eventually surface as evidenced in history is fallacious. What they fail to acknowledge is that even history attests to…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Subsidizing the Arts

...Subsidizing the Arts There is always much debate when it comes to government intervention in every aspect of a nation. The “less is more” versus the “more is necessary” views oppose one another leading to no end. When it comes to opinions of government subsidizing the art, each side has its weaknesses intertwined with their valid points causing many to be on the fences neither agreeing nor disagreeing that there is an issue with government subsidizing the arts. In Arts Funding: A New Approach, David Rawcliffe explains that government subsidizing would be necessary because the art market is subject to market failure. He explains that an accomplished arts industry creates national pride, leaves a legacy for future generations, contributes to education, encourages tourism, and that artistic innovation benefits other artists which isn’t protected by intellectual property laws (Rawcliffe). This means that an effective art industry has positive long term effects on a nation’s economy and society as a whole. Government subsidy also makes it possible for all to gain the benefits of art especially the lower income individuals that would normally be able to afford to attend art events (Rawcliffe). Another reason that the government should subsidize art is because generally the public wants them to as shown by a survey commissioned by the Scottish Arts Council. The survey found that 82% of the Scottish public believe that central government is responsible for the support of art and......

Words: 708 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Arts and Funding

...Arts funding: Should governments fund the arts Overview: Everyone understands the value that art brings to society. But, the question that is being addressed today is, should the government should fund the arts when there are more pressing issues that the tax dollars could be used to rectify. Some examples are “keeping the streets safe and the lights on”. Pro Argument by Alan Davey: * Davey points out that it takes only .05% of overall government spending to “fuel the creative industries”. This is just a little under £380 million ($590 million). * Contribution of music and visual and performing arts to the British economy exceeds £4 billion in gross value added, and the creative industries overall contribute £36 billion. * No evidence to support the suggestion that public subsidy crowds out private donors. In fact, it is just the opposite. * Private investment in the arts fell following the cuts in public funding. Con Argument by Pete Spence: * Impossible for state organizations to fairly choose which projects to fund. * Donors worry that private backing will cost their chosen cause its government subsidies. * Of all the capital distributed to the Arts Council England in 2011/12 to regularly funded organizations, 43% went to just ten institutions. This makes it hard for new entrants, who do not receive the same level of funding. * Different avenues for artists to find audiences to support...

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hk Basic Law Art. 23

...whether the Article 23 should be reintroduced, we should comprehensively look into its historical background and the consequence of its implementation.  The Basic Law established certain “connecting doors” between the HK and Mainland legal systems that permit the Central People’s Government (CPG) to regain control should HK ever stray too far from established policies such as the Art.17, Art.18 and Art.158. Of all the opportunities for the CPG to influence HK, Art.23 is the one caused the greatest public concerns.  The discussion of Art.23 started since the drafting of the Basic Law in 1985 to implement China’s basic policies towards HK. One of the five subgroups under the Basic Law Drafting Committee was responsible for drafting to govern the relationship between the CPG and HK which included Art.23. The Consultative Committee composed of the HK members recommended in 1987 that the Basic Law should require the HK Government to enact laws to protect China’s unity and territorial integrity. The relevant article drafted in PRC legal language: “The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall prohibit by law any act designed to undermine national unity or subvert the Central People’s Government”  To allay concerns that the article might be too broad and ambiguous and could be abused to publish legitimate political dissent, the CPG agreed to amend the proposed article provided that its fundamental spirit should not be changed. The redrafted version used language that......

Words: 3654 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Is There a Need for Arts Managers?

...‘I've read and heard too much nonsense about how arts management is somehow special, but a good manager should be able to transpose their management skills to meet the needs of their business, arts or otherwise.’ Dave Moutry (2012). - Is there a need for arts managers? Introduction: On the basis of the quote mentioned in the title by Dave Moutrey (2012), I think he is trying to convey that there is not much difference between an arts manager and a general business manager. He mentions that he has heard from a lot of people saying that being an arts manager is different or maybe superior to a general manager. However he concludes that if a person is a skilled professional then that is enough, as long as it helps him to achieve the organizations goals and gets the work done on time, whether it is in the arts or any other sector. Bendixen (2000) cited in Caust (2010) shares the same thoughts as Moutrey, where he says that managing an arts organization is not much different than managing any other business activity. Based on Dave Moutrey’s quote I would like to add an extract from Kirchberg and Zembylas’s (2010; p. 2) article on Arts Management: A Sociological Inquiry: “Arts management has been traditionally closely associated with business economics and management studies. An extreme position would therefore argue that arts management represents a professional field that has no significant difference to any other business field. Hence, persons with practical......

Words: 3566 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Art Funding

...Aamnah Ahmad | CD-711/2012 Art Politics | Ayesha Omar Karachi is a melting pot of people with different backgrounds, beliefs, lifestyles and cultures. The incredible variety that one can find in this city is what makes it the most dynamic and interesting, which is exactly the kind of basis that is required for introducing and producing art of all kinds. By making arts and cultural activities an integral part of the fabric of the city, we will not only be able to help this diversity to grow and thrive creatively, but it will also play an instrumental role in strengthening community bonds by involving people and facilitating interactions and collaborations that will allow new and innovative ideas and experiments to develop. Involving the people in various cultural activities and art projects is a noninvasive and efficient way to start to bridge the vast gap that is felt between the different communities that inhabit Karachi and allows everyone’s opinions and thoughts to be heard and projected in a more creative and far interesting manner. For arts and other cultural activities to become that seamlessly integrated into our daily lives, the funding will also need to come from the people, for the people. As in Brazil’s art funding model, some percentage of the tax payer’s money is allocated by a nonprofit organization to provide the people with access not just to basic necessities but also to art, music and other cultural activities that they can indulge and participate in.......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

On Art Theory as Art

...On Art Theory As Art Whether it be writers, painters, sculptors, musicians, or photographers, artists all over the world have striven to show people their views of the world, of people, and even of the universe itself. Throughout history the creative urge of man to present to fellow men a different perspective or representation of life-or even the afterlife-has surfaced time and time again in the form of artwork. Sometimes it comes through genius and complexity, full of meaning and symbolism. Others, it is simple and void of any clear meaning at all other than that it is art. Soon, however, there became a point when the work of art was no longer something one could just look at and understand; the principle of the matter had changed. Art leapt from viewable understanding straight into the Modern movement where theory became art, and to understand it, one must know the theory it is based upon. Never was this more apparent than in the artwork of the abstract expressionist. Essentially, artwork is not art because of theory, and art based on theory cannot be creative or truly said to be art. To understand all of this, from the beginning, one must begin with the Word. That is to say, one must start with the understanding of the theory, what became known as the painted Word, behind Modern art between 1945 and 1975. Probably the clearest and easiest to understand explanation of these theories and how they progressed through Modern Art history has been written by Tom......

Words: 3434 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Government Funding of the Arts

...How Would You Change Government Arts Funding? The arts are a vital to our society, it helps us understand the past and future, and constantly provides us with a reminder of what we can offer to this world. In an address about the arts for students and the spouses of international leaders, our first lady Michelle Obama stated, “It is through our music, our literature, our art, drama and dance that we tell the story of our past and we express our hopes for the future. Our artists challenge our assumptions in ways that many cannot and do not. They expand our understandings, and push us to view our world in new and very unexpected ways. It's through this constant exchange -- this process of taking and giving, this process of borrowing and creating -- that we learn from each other and we inspire each other.” (Boehm, "Michelle Obama Tells International Audience Why the Arts Matter") It’s easy to see why keeping the arts alive should be a priority of our generation. We must find ways to support creativity, innovation, and artistic talent in any way that we can. The arts in America depends on a mixture of both public and private funding to stay alive. Since 1965, the US federal government has provided funding to the arts through an independent agency called the National Endowment for the Arts, or NEA. The goals of the agency include “the creation of art meeting the highest standards of excellence, engaging the public with diverse and excellent art, and promoting public......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Art and History

...xv-xxi We Practice What We Preach: A Local History of a Community-Based, Student/Faculty Art Exhibition (2002-09) Elizabeth Auger Ashworth Nipissing University Daniel H. Jarvis Nipissing University Purpose of the Exhibitions Student-organized exhibitions hold the potential to greatly enhance the visual arts school curriculum. Burton (2004, 2001), for example, contends that there are a number of multi-faceted benefits for art students, art teachers, and for the art education program in general through the implementation of student-organized exhibitions. In Exhibiting Student Art (2004), he concludes: The key to successful student art exhibitions rests in the knowledge and skills students learn from doing it firsthand. . . . They need to immerse themselves in various aspects of art exhibition, from preparing and presenting art to other people to exploring alternatives of scale, venue, theme, and purpose. . . . When exhibitions of student art are presented well, parents, teachers, and administrators recognize and appreciate the value and meaning of art in the school curriculum. Exhibitions of student art convey a continuous message that the quality of ideas, the depth of issues, and the magnitude of expression are © 2009 CRAE - RCÉA & AUTHORS/AUTEURS 84 Elizabeth Auger Ashworth & Daniel H. Jarvis displayed along with and through art. (p. 46) Student art exhibition events can address socio-economic issues (Russell-Bowie, 2005), function as part of integrated or......

Words: 4629 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Social Issues on Cutting Art Funding

...Social Issues of Cutting Art Funding UMUC HUMN 100: Intro to Humanities 4010-24149 February 20, 2014 Social Issues of Cutting Art Funding When school budgets become strained, one of the first cuts is to the art programs, these include; art classes, theater, and music. Cuts to the above programs are used as sacrifices for extra-curricular activities, perhaps the most popular football. One social problem in cutting arts is that it deprives future generations of current art displays, which are often statements about the time period. It is also more sociable acceptable to participate in sports over a play. Another issue is that artists will not be able to be successful in their career choice. Even with the criticism, the arts play a critical role in a student’s career; therefore, it is malpractice to cut funding to arts in order to pay for extra-curricular activities. There are many benefits the arts can provide the common mass, whether it is entertainment, or stimulating thought and conversation. But the people or students involved in the performance or creating the art piece benefit the most. According to Mrs. Henry at the USA Today, the specific benefit one receives depends on the art discipline, “Drama helps with understanding social relationships. Music improves math achievement and proficiency, reading and cognitive development. Dance improves creative thinking, originality, and flexibility. Visual arts improve......

Words: 1356 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Art Marketing

...WHEN ARTS MET MARKETING Arts marketing theory embedded in Romanticism Hye-Kyung Lee Cultural Lee &and Creative IndustriesSchool Hye-KyungFrancis Ltd November (print)/1477-2833 (online) 000000and 2005 Ltdof Cultural Policy or Humanities, King’s College London, StrandLondonWC2R 3 11 2005 Original Francis 1028-6632 International Journal 10.1080/10286630500411309 GCUL_A_141113.sgm Taylor Article This article argues that arts marketing theory is embedded in the existing context of the nonprofit arts sector – that is, Romantic belief in the universal value of the arts and producer authority over the consumer. As “a set of techniques” and “a decision-making process”, marketing was able to sit comfortably in the nonprofit arts context during the 1970s and 1980s. However, recent recognition of marketing as “a management philosophy” has brought out incompatibilities between the customer orientation of the marketing notion and the Romantic view of artistic production. This article demonstrates that arts marketing writings embrace Romanticism through the following: generic marketing concept; relationship marketing approach; extended definition of the customer; extended definition of the product; and reduction of marketing to function. Such findings suggest that persistence of the existing belief system and the embeddedness of the market be considered when marketisation in the arts sector is analysed. KEYWORDS arts marketing; Romanticism; marketisation; cultural......

Words: 8942 - Pages: 36

Free Essay

Art & Forgery: Why People Get Involved

...Art and Forgery: Why People Get Involved CREA232: Art History from the 15th Century Artists and art dealers have been forging works of art since the time of Rome. The reasons for the choice to forge works of art and the provenance of works of art can vary, but ultimately they lead back to one of two reasons: financial gain and/or to trick the art world. Crimes of forgery affect the entire art market. The entire art trade with the exception of the buyer all earns money when they handle a piece that is not what it is claimed to be. Often times the only person that loses out is the buyer when a piece is discovered to be forged. There are three distinct types of people that contribute to forgery in the art world. The forgers themselves, the art dealers who know that a piece is fake and yet still authorize it as original and someone who finds a piece and passes it off as something else to increase its value. The most common types of forgery and deception are wholesale forgery, alteration forgery, provenance forgery and willful misattribution. Wholesale forgery is when a piece is passed off as something that is either older than it actually is or by someone more valuable than the artist who created it. Alteration forgery is an actual work that has been altered in some way to increase its value. An example of this type of forgery is to add a signature when it was originally not there. Provenance forgery is when the paperwork that accompanies a piece of art is forged......

Words: 2258 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

An Outline of Kendall Watson's Theory "Art as Make-Believe"

...I. Title of Reading Art as Make-Believe: Kendall Watson II. Key Ideas and Issues Presented 1. Art, and the appreciation of it, are likened by Kendall Watson to the activity of “various games that involved pretending” (240). a. As kids make up these “principles of generation” (244) that transforms otherwise ordinary objects into “props” (243), and from these come “fictional truths” (243) that they let themselves “imagine” (245) and find pleasure in experiencing this alternate world, so is the process that undergoes when experiencing art. 2. A “fictional truth” is a proposition that is “true in some fictional world or the other” (243). a. A fictional truth is different from an “imagining” (244) in such a way that these fictional truths are “true” in the fictional world that one subjects himself to, whether or not he imagines them to be “true” (244). b. A proposition is then said to be “fictional” if it holds as real in the make-believe world. 3. A “fictional truth” is conjured from a prop and the principle of generation. a. The principle of generation is the “certain convention, understanding, [and] agreement in the game of make-believe” (244), which turn objects into props, “generators of fictional truths, that which make propositions fictional” (244). 4. Props are established by principles of generation, regardless of the observer’s active imagining of them as something else in make-believe. That which prompts imagination, moreover, may...

Words: 438 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Are the Arts Important in Education?

...ARE THE ARTS IMPORTANT IN EDUCATION? 1. Introduction British fashion, publishing, theatre, film and TV, literature, visual arts and music are internationally respected and renowned for their prestige. People from America to Asia dance to our music, read our books, purchase our art and wear our designer’s latest creations, with London being recognised as the world’s most influential city by Forbes in 2014. The creative sector represents 5 percent of the British economy which is valued at around £76.9 billion and provides more than 1.7 million jobs, as reported by Warwick university. These industries have an impact on us as individuals and adds to our rich heritage by contributing to our British culture. Our arts are constantly being shaped by new trends and our consumer choices are influenced by clever marketing and visual branding. The arts also improve the enjoyment of the environments which we live and work and shape the way in which we are perceived by others around the globe, whilst also contributing to how we view the world. However, the Arts have been left to suffer within the UK educational system in order to accommodate the severe budget cuts and restrictions being hauled at schools and colleges. With more time and focus being placed on academic subjects such as science and mathematics, there is an implication that they are more important. Subjects are placed within a hierarchy with the Arts taking the largest hit, as more measureable subjects are favoured so...

Words: 5441 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Mamanagement as Art

...Art and Science Management is both art and science. It is the art of making people more effective than they would have been without you. The science is in how you do that. There are four basic pillars: plan, organize, direct, and monitor. Make Them More Effective Four workers can make 6 units in an eight-hour shift without a manager. If I hire you to manage them and they still make 6 units a day, what is the benefit to my business of having hired you? On the other hand, if they now make 8 units per day, you, the manager, have value. The same analogy applies to service, or retail, or teaching, or any other kind of work. Can your group handle more customer calls with you than without? Sell higher value merchandise? Impart knowledge more effectively? etc. That is the value of management - making a group of individual more effective. Basic Management Skill #1: Plan Management starts with planning. Good management starts with good planning. And proper prior planning prevents… well, you know the rest of that one. Without a plan you will never succeed. If you happen to make it to the goal, it will have been by luck or chance and is not repeatable. You may make it as a flash-in-the-pan, an overnight sensation, but you will never have the track record of accomplishments of which success is made. Figure out what your goal is (or listen when your boss tells you). Then figure out the best way to get there. What resources do you have? What can you get? Compare strengths and...

Words: 6465 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Implenting Martial Arts in Dps

...Analysis Detroit Public Schools is in a transitional process striving for improvement. As budget challenges force retirement of seasoned teachers and unemployment for others, resources and extracurricular activities share a fate of extinction. Courses that promote creativity to produce young writers, musicians and artist and programs that build inner strength, discipline, teaming and socialization such as physical education are eliminated or severely scaled down. According to an interview with Mrs. Cohen, UAW representative of Hamilton Elementary, $10,000 is required to educate each student, but Detroit Public Schools is receiving $7,000 per student. Although, the program “No Child Left Behind” was enacted to give children equal opportunity despite extraordinary circumstantial, academic and environmental conditions, inner-city students are beginning their educational endeavor discounted and disadvantaged. Educators are frustrated, many parents are uninvolved, and the children are angry and becoming more violent daily. Regular episodes of physical violence plague Detroit Public Schools; thus, a new channel such as Martial Arts needs integration into the school system to redirect instability. The Need School violence has negatively impacted the learning process and has forced the federal and state governments to enact programs for safer schools. According to Kym Worthy, prosecutor of Wayne County, “School violence is an issue that has plagued America for years......

Words: 3406 - Pages: 14

A Discovery of Witches - Season 1 | Tawtel Feature Phone (Dual SIM) - Black KSh 1,999 (137) Buy now | Seth.Meyers.2019.01.16.Jim.Gaffigan.720p.WEB.x264-TBS[TGx]