Free Essay

Somery of the Fall

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By jhonreesfinch
Words 4474
Pages 18
CompTIA A+ Certification
Exam Objectives
EXAM NUMBER: 220-901

About the Exam
Candidates are encouraged to use this document to help prepare for CompTIA A+ 220-901. In order to receive the CompTIA A+ certification, you must pass two exams: 220-901 and 220-902. CompTIA A+ 220-901 measures the necessary skills for an entry-level IT professional. Successful candidates will have the knowledge required to:
• Assemble components based on customer requirements
• Install, configure and maintain devices, PCs and software for end users
• Understand the basics of networking and security/forensics
• Properly and safely diagnose, resolve and document common hardware and software issues
• Apply troubleshooting skills
• Provide appropriate customer support
• Understand the basics of virtualization, desktop imaging and deployment
These content examples are meant to clarify the test objectives and should not be construed as a comprehensive listing of all the content of this examination.
EXAM ACCREDITATION
CompTIA A+ is accredited by ANSI to show compliance with the ISO 17024 Standard and, as such, undergoes regular reviews and updates to the exam objectives.
EXAM DEVELOPMENT
CompTIA exams result from subject matter expert workshops and industry-wide survey results regarding the skills and knowledge required of an entry-level IT professional.
CompTIA AUTHORIZED MATERIALS USE POLICY
CompTIA Certifications, LLC is not affiliated with and does not authorize, endorse or condone utilizing any content provided by unauthorized third-party training sites (aka “brain dumps”). Individuals who utilize such materials in preparation for any CompTIA examination will have their certifications revoked and be suspended from future testing in accordance with the CompTIA Candidate Agreement. In an effort to more clearly communicate CompTIA’s exam policies on use of unauthorized study materials, CompTIA directs all certification candidates to the CompTIA Certification Exam Policies. Please review all CompTIA policies before beginning the study process for any CompTIA exam. Candidates will be required to abide by the
CompTIA Candidate Agreement. If a candidate has a question as to whether study materials are considered unauthorized (aka “brain dumps”), he/she should perform a search using CertGuard’s engine, found here.
PLEASE NOTE
The lists of examples provided in bulleted format are not exhaustive lists. Other examples of technologies, processes or tasks pertaining to each objective may also be included on the exam although not listed or covered in this objectives document. CompTIA is constantly reviewing the content of our exams and updating test questions to be sure our exams are current and the security of the questions is protected. When necessary, we will publish updated exams based on existing exam objectives. Please know that all related exam preparation materials will still be valid.

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

TEST DETAILS
Required exam

CompTIA A+ 220-901

Number of questions

Maximum of 90

Types of questions

Multiple choice and performance-based

Length of test

90 minutes

Recommended experience Six to 12 months hands-on experience in the lab or field
Passing score

CompTIA A+ 220-901: 675 (on a scale of 900)

EXAM OBJECTIVES (DOMAINS)
The table below lists the domains measured by this examination and the extent to which they are represented:

DOMAIN

PERCENTAGE OF EXAMINATION

1.0 Hardware
2.0 Networking
3.0 Mobile Devices
4.0 Hardware & Network Troubleshooting
Total

34%
21%
17%
28%
100%

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

1.0 Hardware
1.1

Given a scenario, configure settings and use BIOS/UEFI tools on a PC.
• Firmware upgrades/flash BIOS
• BIOS component information - RAM - Hard drive - Optical drive - CPU
• BIOS configurations - Boot sequence

1.2

• Monitoring - Temperature monitoring - Fan speeds - Intrusion detection/notification - Voltage - Clock - Bus speed

Explain the importance of motherboard components, their purpose and properties.
• Sizes - ATX - Micro-ATX - Mini-ITX - ITX
• Expansion slots - PCI - PCI-X - PCIe - miniPCI

1.3

- Enabling and disabling devices - Date/time - Clock speeds - Virtualization support - BIOS security (passwords, drive encryption: TPM, LoJack, secure boot)
• Built-in diagnostics

• RAM slots
• CPU sockets
• Chipsets - Northbridge - Southbridge
• CMOS battery
• Power connections and types
• Fan connectors

• Front/top panel connectors - USB - Audio - Power button - Power light - Drive activity lights
• Bus speeds
• Reset button

Compare and contrast various RAM types and their features.
• Types - DDR - DDR2 - DDR3 - SODIMM - DIMM - Parity vs. non-parity

- ECC vs. non-ECC - RAM configurations - Single channel vs. dual channel vs. triple channel - Single sided vs. double sided - Buffered vs. unbuffered

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

• RAM compatibility

1.0 Hardware
1.4

Install and configure PC expansion cards.
• Sound cards
• Video cards
• Network cards
• USB cards
• Firewire cards
• Thunderbolt cards

1.5

Install and configure storage devices and use appropriate media.
• Optical drives - CD-ROM/CD-RW - DVD-ROM/DVD-RW/DVD-RW DL - Blu-ray - BD-R - BD-RE
• Magnetic hard disk drives - 5400 rpm - 7200 rpm - 10,000 rpm
• Hot swappable drives
• Solid state/flash drives - Compact flash

1.6

• Storage cards
• Modem cards
• Wireless/cellular cards
• TV tuner cards
• Video capture cards
• Riser cards

- SD - MicroSD - MiniSD - xD - SSD - Hybrid - eMMC
• RAID types -0 -1 -5 - 10

• Tape drive
• Media capacity - CD - CD-RW - DVD-RW - DVD - Blu-ray - Tape - DVD DL

Install various types of CPUs and apply the appropriate cooling methods.
• Socket types - Intel: 775, 1155, 1156, 1366, 1150, 2011 - AMD: AM3, AM3+, FM1, FM2, FM2+
• Characteristics - Speeds - Cores - Cache size/type - Hyperthreading - Virtualization support

- Architecture (32-bit vs. 64-bit) - Integrated GPU - Disable execute bit
• Cooling - Heat sink - Fans - Thermal paste - Liquid-based - Fanless/passive

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

1.0 Hardware
1.7

Compare and contrast various PC connection interfaces, their characteristics and purpose.
• Physical connections - USB 1.1 vs. 2.0 vs. 3.0 - Connector types: A, B, mini, micro - Firewire 400 vs. Firewire 800 - SATA1 vs. SATA2 vs. SATA3, eSATA - Other connector types - VGA - HDMI - DVI

1.8

- IR - NFC
• Characteristics - Analog - Digital - Distance limitations - Data transfer speeds - Quality - Frequencies

Install a power supply based on given specifications.
• Connector types and their voltages - SATA - Molex - 4/8-pin 12v - PCIe 6/8-pin - 20-pin - 24-pin

1.9

- Audio - Analog - Digital (Optical connector) - RJ-45 - RJ-11 - Thunderbolt
• Wireless connections - Bluetooth - RF

• Specifications - Wattage - Dual rail - Size - Number of connectors - ATX - MicroATX - Dual voltage options

Given a scenario, select the appropriate components for a custom
PC configuration to meet customer specifications or needs.
• Graphic/CAD/CAM design workstation - Multicore processor - High-end video - Maximum RAM
• Audio/video editing workstation - Specialized audio and video card - Large fast hard drive - Dual monitors
• Virtualization workstation - Maximum RAM and CPU cores
• Gaming PC - Multicore processor

- High-end video/specialized GPU - High-definition sound card - High-end cooling
• Home theater PC - Surround sound audio - HDMI output - HTPC compact form factor - TV tuner
• Standard thick client - Desktop applications - Meets recommended requirements for selected OS

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

• Thin client - Basic applications - Meets minimum requirements for selected OS - Network connectivity
• Home server PC - Media streaming - File sharing - Print sharing - Gigabit NIC - RAID array

1.0 Hardware
1.10

Compare and contrast types of display devices and their features.
• Types - LCD - TN vs. IPS - Fluorescent vs. LED backlighting - Plasma - Projector - OLED

1.11

• Aspect ratios - 16:9 - 16:10 - 4:3

Identify common PC connector types and associated cables.
• Display connector types - DVI-D - DVI-I - DVI-A - DisplayPort - RCA - HD15 (i.e., DE15 or DB15) - BNC - miniHDMI - miniDin-6
• Display cable types - HDMI - DVI - VGA - Component - Composite - Coaxial

1.12

• Refresh/frame rates
• Resolution
• Native resolution
• Brightness/lumens
• Analog vs. digital
• Privacy/antiglare filters
• Multiple displays

• Device cables and connectors - SATA - eSATA - USB - Firewire (IEEE1394) - PS/2 - Audio
• Adapters and convertors - DVI to HDMI - USB A to USB B - USB to Ethernet - DVI to VGA - Thunderbolt to DVI - PS/2 to USB - HDMI to VGA

Install and configure common peripheral devices.
• Input devices - Mouse - Keyboard - Scanner - Barcode reader - Biometric devices - Game pads - Joysticks - Digitizer - Motion sensor

- Touch pads - Smart card readers - Digital cameras - Microphone - Webcam - Camcorder
• Output devices - Printers - Speakers - Display devices

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

• Input & output devices - Touch screen - KVM - Smart TV - Set-top Box - MIDI-enabled devices

1.0 Hardware
1.13

Install SOHO multifunction device/printers and configure appropriate settings.
• Use appropriate drivers for a given operating system - Configuration settings - Duplex - Collate - Orientation - Quality
• Device sharing - Wired

1.14

• Public/shared devices - Sharing local/networked device via operating system settings - TCP/Bonjour/AirPrint - Data privacy - User authentication on the device - Hard drive caching

Compare and contrast differences between the various print technologies and the associated imaging process.
• Laser - Imaging drum, fuser assembly, transfer belt, transfer roller, pickup rollers, separate pads, duplexing assembly - Imaging process: processing, charging, exposing, developing, transferring, fusing and cleaning
• Inkjet - Ink cartridge, print head, roller, feeder, duplexing assembly, carriage and belt - Calibration

1.15

- USB - Serial - Ethernet - Wireless - Bluetooth - 802.11 (a/b/g/n/ac) - Infrastructure vs. ad hoc - Integrated print server (hardware) - Cloud printing/remote printing

• Thermal - Feed assembly, heating element - Special thermal paper
• Impact - Print head, ribbon, tractor feed - Impact paper
• Virtual - Print to file - Print to PDF - Print to XPS - Print to image

Given a scenario, perform appropriate printer maintenance.
• Laser - Replacing toner, applying maintenance kit, calibration, cleaning
• Thermal - Replace paper, clean heating element, remove debris

• Impact - Replace ribbon, replace print head, replace paper
• Inkjet - Clean heads, replace cartridges, calibration, clear jams

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

2.0 Networking
2.1

Identify the various types of network cables and connectors.
• Fiber - Connectors: SC, ST and LC
• Twisted Pair - Connectors: RJ-11, RJ-45 - Wiring standards: T568A, T568B

2.2

Compare and contrast the characteristics of connectors and cabling.
• Fiber - Types (single-mode vs. multi-mode) - Speed and transmission limitations

2.3

• Twisted pair - Types: STP, UTP, CAT3, CAT5, CAT5e, CAT6, CAT6e, CAT7, plenum, PVC - Speed and transmission limitations - Splitters and effects on signal quality

• Coaxial - Types: RG-6, RG-59 - Speed and transmission limitations - Splitters and effects on signal quality

Explain the properties and characteristics of TCP/IP.
• IPv4 vs. IPv6
• Public vs. private vs. APIPA/link local
• Static vs. dynamic
• Client-side DNS settings

2.4

• Coaxial - Connectors: BNC, F-connector

• Client-side DHCP
• Subnet mask vs. CIDR
• Gateway

Explain common TCP and UDP ports, protocols and their purpose.
• Ports - 21 – FTP - 22 – SSH - 23 – TELNET - 25 – SMTP - 53 – DNS - 80 – HTTP - 110 – POP3 - 143 – IMAP

- 443 – HTTPS - 3389 – RDP - 137-139 – NetBIOS/NetBT - 445 – SMB/CIFS - 427 – SLP - 548 – AFP
• Protocols - DHCP - DNS

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

- LDAP - SNMP - SMB - CIFS - SSH - AFP
• TCP vs. UDP

2.0 Networking
2.5

Compare and contrast various WiFi networking standards and encryption types.
• Standards - 802.11 (a/b/g/n/ac) - Speeds, distances and frequencies

2.6

Given a scenario, install and configure SOHO wireless/ wired router and apply appropriate settings.
• Channels
• Port forwarding, port triggering
• DHCP (on/off)
• DMZ

2.7

- ISDN - Cellular - Tethering - Mobile hotspot - Line-of-sight wireless Internet service

• Network Types - LAN - WAN - PAN - MAN

Compare and contrast network architecture devices, their functions and features.
• Hub
• Switch
• Router
• Access point

2.9

• NAT/DNAT
• Basic QoS
• Firmware
• UPnP

Compare and contrast Internet connection types, network types and their features.
• Internet connection types - Cable - DSL - Dial-up - Fiber - Satellite

2.8

• Encryption types - WEP, WPA, WPA2, TKIP, AES

• Bridge
• Modem
• Firewall
• Patch panel

Given a scenario, use appropriate networking tools.
• Crimper
• Cable stripper
• Multimeter
• Tone generator and probe

• Cable tester
• Loopback plug
• Punchdown tool
• WiFi analyzer

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

• Repeaters/extenders
• Ethernet over Power
• Power over Ethernet injector

3.0 Mobile Devices
3.1

Install and configure laptop hardware and components.
• Expansion options - Expresscard /34 - Expresscard /54 - SODIMM - Flash - Ports/Adapters - Thunderbolt - DisplayPort - USB to RJ-45 dongle - USB to WiFi dongle

3.2

- Wireless card
- Mini-PCIe
- Screen
- DC jack
- Battery
- Touchpad
- Plastics/frames
- Speaker
- System board
- CPU

Explain the function of components within the display of a laptop.
• Types - LCD - TN vs. IPS - Fluorescent vs. LED backlighting - OLED

3.3

- USB to Bluetooth - USB Optical Drive
• Hardware/device replacement - Keyboard - Hard drive - SSD vs. hybrid vs. magnetic disk - 1.8in vs. 2.5in - Memory - Smart card reader - Optical drive

• WiFi antenna connector/placement
• Webcam
• Microphone
• Inverter
• Digitizer

Given a scenario, use appropriate laptop features.
• Special function keys - Dual displays - Wireless (on/off) - Cellular (on/off) - Volume settings - Screen brightness - Bluetooth (on/off)

- Keyboard backlight
- Touch pad (on/off)
- Screen orientation
- Media options (fast forward/rewind)
- GPS (on/off)
- Airplane mode

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

• Docking station
• Physical laptop lock and cable lock
• Rotating/removable screens

2.0 Mobile Devices
3.4

Explain the characteristics of various types of other mobile devices.
• Tablets
• Smartphones
• Wearable technology devices - Smart watches

3.5

- Fitness monitors - Glasses and headsets
• Phablets
• e-Readers

• Smart camera
• GPS

Compare and contrast accessories and ports of other mobile devices.
• Connection types - NFC - Proprietary vendor-specific ports (communication/power) - MicroUSB/miniUSB - Lightning - Bluetooth

- IR - Hotspot/tethering
• Accessories - Headsets - Speakers - Game pads - Docking stations

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

- Extra battery packs/battery chargers
- Protective covers/water proofing
- Credit card readers
- Memory/MicroSD

4.0 Hardware and Network Troubleshooting
4.1

Given a scenario, troubleshoot common problems related to motherboards, RAM, CPU and power with appropriate tools.
• Common symptoms - Unexpected shutdowns - System lockups - POST code beeps - Blank screen on bootup - BIOS time and settings resets - Attempts to boot to incorrect device - Continuous reboots

4.2

- No power
- Overheating
- Loud noise
- Intermittent device failure
- Fans spin – no power to other devices
- Indicator lights
- Smoke
- Burning smell

- Proprietary crash screens (BSOD/pin wheel) - Distended capacitors
• Tools - Multimeter - Power supply tester - Loopback plugs - POST card/USB

Given a scenario, troubleshoot hard drives and
RAID arrays with appropriate tools.
• Common symptoms - Read/write failure - Slow performance - Loud clicking noise - Failure to boot - Drive not recognized - OS not found - RAID not found

4.3

- RAID stops working
- Proprietary crash screens
(BSOD/pin wheel) - S.M.A.R.T. errors
• Tools - Screwdriver - External enclosures - CHKDSK

- FORMAT
- File recovery software
- Bootrec
- Diskpart
- Defragmentation tool

- Distorted geometry
- Burn-in
- Oversized images and icons

Given a scenario, troubleshoot common video, projector and display issues.
• Common symptoms - VGA mode - No image on screen - Overheat shutdown - Dead pixels

- Artifacts
- Color patterns incorrect
- Dim image
- Flickering image
- Distorted image

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

4.0 Hardware and Network Troubleshooting
4.4

Given a scenario, troubleshoot wired and wireless networks with appropriate tools.
• Common symptoms - No connectivity - APIPA/link local address - Limited connectivity - Local connectivity - Intermittent connectivity - IP conflict - Slow transfer speeds - Low RF signal - SSID not found

4.5

• Command line tools - PING - IPCONFIG/IFCONFIG - TRACERT - NETSTAT - NBTSTAT - NET - NETDOM - NSLOOKUP

Given a scenario, troubleshoot and repair common mobile device issues while adhering to the appropriate procedures.
• Common symptoms - No display - Dim display - Flickering display - Sticking keys - Intermittent wireless - Battery not charging - Ghost cursor/pointer drift - No power - Num lock indicator lights

4.6

• Hardware tools - Cable tester - Loopback plug - Punchdown tools - Tone generator and probe - Wire strippers - Crimper - Wireless locator

- No wireless connectivity
- No Bluetooth connectivity
- Cannot display to external monitor
- Touchscreen non-responsive
- Apps not loading
- Slow performance
- Unable to decrypt email
- Extremely short battery life
- Overheating
- Frozen system

- No sound from speakers - GPS not functioning - Swollen battery
• Disassembling processes for proper re-assembly - Document and label cable and screw locations - Organize parts - Refer to manufacturer resources - Use appropriate hand tools

Given a scenario, troubleshoot printers with appropriate tools.
• Common symptoms - Streaks - Faded prints - Ghost images - Toner not fused to the paper - Creased paper - Paper not feeding - Paper jam - No connectivity

- Garbled characters on paper
- Vertical lines on page
- Backed up print queue
- Low memory errors
- Access denied
- Printer will not print
- Color prints in wrong print color
- Unable to install printer
- Error codes

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

- Printing blank pages - No image on printer display
• Tools - Maintenance kit - Toner vacuum - Compressed air - Printer spooler

CompTIA A+ Acronyms
The following is a list of acronyms that appear on the CompTIA A+ exams. Candidates are encouraged to review the complete list and attain a working knowledge of all listed acronyms as a part of a comprehensive exam preparation program.
ACRONYM

SPELLED OUT

AC
Alternating Current
ACL
Access Control List
ACPI
Advanced Configuration Power Interface
ACT Activity
ADSL
Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line
AGP
Accelerated Graphics Port
AHCI
Advanced Host Controller Interface
AP
Access Point
APIPA
Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing
APM
Advanced Power Management
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
ASR
Automated System Recovery
ATA
Advanced Technology Attachment
ATAPI
Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATX
Advanced Technology Extended
AUP
Acceptable Use Policy
A/V
Audio Video
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System
BNC
Bayonet-Neill-Concelman or British Naval Connector
BTX
Balanced Technology Extended
CAPTCHA
Completely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Humans Apart
CCFL
Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp
CD
Compact Disc
CD-ROM
Compact Disc-Read-Only Memory
CD-RW
Compact Disc-Rewritable
CDFS
Compact Disc File System
CFS
Central File System or Common File System or Command File System
CIFS
Common Internet File System
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
CNR
Communications and Networking Riser
COMx
Communication Port (x=Port Number)

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

ACRONYM

SPELLED OUT

CPU
CRT
DAC
DB-25
DB-9
DC
DDoS
DDR
DDR RAM
DDR SDRAM DFS
DHCP
DIMM
DIN
DLT
DLP
DMA
DMZ
DNS
DoS
DRAM
DRM
DSL
DVD
DVD-RAM
DVD-ROM
DVD-R
DVD-RW
DVI
ECC

ECP
EEPROM

Central Processing Unit
Cathode Ray Tube
Discretionary Access Control
Serial Communications D-Shell Connector, 25 Pins
9 Pin D Shell Connector
Direct Current
Distributed Denial of Service
Double Data Rate
Double Data Rate Random-Access Memory
Double Data Rate Synchronous Dynamic
Random-Access Memory
Distributed File System
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
Dual Inline Memory Module
Deutsche Industrie Norm
Digital Linear Tape
Digital Light Processing
Direct Memory Access
Demilitarized Zone
Domain Name Service or Domain Name Server
Denial of Service
Dynamic Random Access Memory
Digital Rights Management
Digital Subscriber Line
Digital Video Disc or Digital Versatile Disc
Digital Video Disc-Random-Access Memory
Digital Video Disc-Read-Only Memory
Digital Video Disc-Recordable
Digital Video Disc-Rewritable
Digital Visual Interface
Error Correcting Code or
Error Checking and Correction
Extended Capabilities Port
Electrically Erasable Programmable
Read-Only Memory

ACRONYM

SPELLED OUT

EFS
Encrypting File System
EIDE
Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
EMI
Electromagnetic Interference
EMP
Electromagnetic Pulse
EPROM
Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EPP
Enhanced Parallel Port
ERD
Emergency Repair Disk
ESD
Electrostatic Discharge
EULA
End-User License Agreement
EVGA
Extended Video Graphics Adapter/Array
EVDO
Evolution Data Optimized or Evolution Data Only
FAT
File Allocation Table
FAT12
12-Bit File Allocation Table
FAT16
16-Bit File Allocation Table
FAT32
32-Bit File Allocation Table
FDD
Floppy Disk Drive
Fn
Function (referring to the function key on a laptop)
FPM
Fast Page Mode
FRU
Field Replaceable Unit
FSB
Front Side Bus
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
FQDN
Fully Qualified Domain Name
Gb Gigabit
GB Gigabyte
GDI
Graphics Device Interface
GHz Gigahertz
GUI
Graphical User Interface
GPS
Global Positioning System
GSM
Global System for Mobile Communications
HAL
Hardware Abstraction Layer
HAV
Hardware-Assisted Virtualization
HCL
Hardware Compatibility List
HDD
Hard Disk Drive
HDMI
High-Definition Media Interface
HPFS
High-Performance File System
HTML
Hypertext Markup Language
HTPC
Home Theater PC
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
HTTPS
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Over Secure Sockets Layer
I/O Input/Output
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
ICR
Intelligent Character Recognition
IDE
Integrated Drive Electronics
IDS
Intrusion Detection System
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IIS
Internet Information Services
IMAP
Internet Mail Access Protocol

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

ACRONYM

SPELLED OUT

IMEI
International Mobile Equipment Identity
IMSI
International Mobile Subscriber Identity
IP
Internet Protocol
IPCONFIG
Internet Protocol Configuration
IPP
Internet Printing Protocol
IPS
In-Plane Switching
IPSec
Internet Protocol Security
IR Infrared
IrDA
Infrared Data Association
IRP
Incident Response Plan
IRQ
Interrupt Request
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO
International Organization for Standardization/ Industry Standards Organization
ISP
Internet Service Provider
JBOD
Just a Bunch Of Disks
Kb Kilobit
KB
Kilobyte or Knowledge Base
LAN
Local Area Network
LBA
Logical Block Addressing
LC
Lucent Connector
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LDAP
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LED
Light Emitting Diode
LI-ON Lithium-Ion
LPD/LPR
Line Printer Daemon/Line Printer Remote
LPT
Line Printer Terminal
LVD
Low Voltage Differential
MAC
Media Access Control or Mandatory Access Control
MAPI
Messaging Application Programming Interface
MAU
Media Access Unit or Media Attachment Unit
Mb Megabit
MB Megabyte
MBR
Master Boot Record
MBSA
Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer
MFD
Multi-Function Device
MFP
Multi-Function Product
MHz Megahertz
MicroDIMM Micro Dual Inline Memory Module
MIDI
Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIME
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
MIMO
Multiple Input Multiple Output
MMC
Microsoft Management Console
MP3
Moving Picture Experts Group Layer 3 Audio
MP4
Moving Picture Experts Group Layer 4
MPEG
Moving Picture Experts Group
MSCONFIG Microsoft Configuration
MSDS
Material Safety Data Sheet
MUI
Multilingual User Interface
NAC
Network Access Control
NAS
Network Attached Storage
NAT
Network Address Translation
NetBIOS
Networked Basic Input/Output System

ACRONYM

SPELLED OUT

input/output system
NetBEUI
Networked Basic

NFS
NIC
NiCd
NiMH
NLX
NNTP
NTFS
NTLDR
NTP
OCR
OEM
OLED
OS
PAN
PATA
PC
PCI
PCIe
PCIX
PCL
PCMCIA PE
PGA
PGA2
PII
PIN
PKI
PnP
POP3
PoS
POST
POTS
PPP
PPTP
PRI
PRL
PROM
PS/2
PSTN
PSU
PVC
PXE
QoS
RAID RAM
RAS
RDP
RF
RFI

Extended User Interface
Network File System
Network Interface Card
Nickel Cadmium
Nickel Metal Hydride
New Low profile Extended
Network News Transfer Protocol
New Technology File System
New Technology Loader
Network Time Protocol
Optical Character Recognition
Original Equipment Manufacturer
Organic Light Emitting Diode
Operating System
Personal Area Network
Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment
Personal Computer
Peripheral Component Interconnect
Peripheral Component Interconnect express
Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended
Printer Control Language
Personal Computer Memory Card
International Association
Preinstallation Environment
Pin Grid Array
Pin Grid Array 2
Personally Identifiable Information
Personal Identification Number
Public Key Infrastructure
Plug and Play
Post Office Protocol 3
Point of Sale
Power On Self Test
Plain Old Telephone Service
Point-to-Point Protocol
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
Primary Rate Interface
Preferred Roaming List
Programmable Read-Only Memory
Personal System/2 Connector
Public Switched Telephone Network
Power Supply Unit
Permanent Virtual Circuit
Preboot Execution Environment
Quality of Service
Redundant Array of Independent
(or Inexpensive) Discs
Random Access Memory
Remote Access Service
Remote Desktop Protocol
Radio Frequency
Radio Frequency Interference

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

ACRONYM

SPELLED OUT

RGB
Red Green Blue
RIP
Routing Information Protocol
RIS
Remote Installation Service
RISC
Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RJ-11
Registered Jack Function 11
RJ-45
Registered Jack Function 45
RMA
Returned Materials Authorization
ROM
Read-Only Memory
RTC
Real-Time Clock
SAN
Storage Area Network
SAS
Serial Attached SCSI
SATA
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
SC
Subscription Channel
SCP
Secure Copy Protection
SCSI
Small Computer System Interface
SCSI ID
Small Computer System Interface Identifier
SD Card
Secure Digital Card
SDRAM
Synchronous Dynamic Random-Access Memory
SEC
Single Edge Connector
SFC
System File Checker
SFF
Small Form Factor
SLI
Scalable Link Interface or System Level Integration or Scanline Interleave Mode
S.M.A.R.T.
Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology
SMB
Server Message Block or Small To Midsize Business
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SoDIMM
Small outline Dual Inline Memory Module
SOHO
Small Office, Home Office
SP
Service Pack
SPDIF
Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format
SPGA
Staggered Pin Grid Array
SRAM
Static Random-Access Memory
SSH
Secure Shell
SSID
Service Set Identifier
SSL
Secure Sockets Layer
ST
Straight Tip
STP
Shielded Twisted Pair
SXGA
Super Extended Graphics Array
TB Terabyte
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TDR
Time Domain Reflectometer
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
TKIP
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol
TPM
Trusted Platform Module
UAC
User Account Control
UDF
User Defined Functions or Universal Disk Format or Universal Data Format
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
UEFI
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface
UNC
Universal Naming Convention
UPS
Uninterruptible Power Supply

ACRONYM

SPELLED OUT

URL
USB
USMT
UTP
UXGA
VESA
VFAT
VGA
VM
VoIP
VPN
VRAM
WAN
WAP
WEP
WiFi
WINS
WLAN
WPA
WPS
WUXGA
XGA
ZIF
ZIP

Uniform Resource Locator
Universal Serial Bus
User State Migration Tool
Unshielded Twisted Pair
Ultra Extended Graphics Array
Video Electronics Standards Association
Virtual File Allocation Table
Video Graphics Array
Virtual Machine
Voice over Internet Protocol
Virtual Private Network
Video Random-Access Memory
Wide Area Network
Wireless Access Protocol or Wireless Access Point
Wired Equivalent Privacy
Wireless Fidelity
Windows Internet Name Service
Wireless Local Area Network
Wireless Protected Access
WiFi Protected Setup
Wide Ultra Extended Graphics Array
Extended Graphics Array
Zero Insertion Force
Zig-zag Inline Package

CompTIA A+ Certification Exam Objectives Version 1.0 (Exam Number: 220-901)

A+ Proposed Hardware and Software List
CompTIA has included this sample list of hardware and software to assist candidates as they prepare for the A+ exam. This list may also be helpful for training companies who wish to create a lab component to their training offering.
The bulleted lists below each topic are a sample list and not exhaustive.
EQUIPMENT

• Apple tablet/smartphone
• Android tablet/smartphone
• Windows tablet/smartphone
• Windows laptop/Mac laptop/Linux laptop
• Windows desktop/Mac desktop/
Linux desktop
• Monitors
• Projectors
• SOHO router/switch
• Access point
• VoIP phone
• Printer - Laser/inkjet - Wireless
• Surge suppressor
• UPS
SPARE PARTS/HARDWARE

• Motherboards
• RAM
• Hard drives
• Power supplies 
• Video cards
• Sounds cards
• Network cards
• Wireless NICs
• Fans/cooling devices/heat sink
• CPUs
• Assorted connectors/cables - USB - HDMI - etc

• Adapters
• Network cables
• Unterminated network cable/connectors
• AC adapters
• Optical drives
• Screws/stand-offs
• Cases
• Maintenance kit
• Mice/keyboards
TOOLS

• Screw drivers
• Multimeter
• Wire cutters
• Punchdown tool
• Crimper
• Power supply tester
• Cable stripper
• POST cards
• Standard technician toolkit
• ESD strap
• Thermal paste
• Cable tester
• WiFi analyzer
• SATA to USB connectors
SOFTWARE

• Operating system disks
• Antivirus software
• Virtualization software
• Anti-malware
• Driver software

© 2015 CompTIA Properties, LLC, used under license by CompTIA Certifications, LLC. All rights reserved. All certification programs and education related to such programs are operated exclusively by CompTIA Certifications, LLC. CompTIA is a registered trademark of CompTIA Properties, LLC in the U.S. and internationally.
Other brands and company names mentioned herein may be trademarks or service marks of CompTIA Properties, LLC or of their respective owners. Reproduction or dissemination prohibited without written consent of CompTIA Properties, LLC. Printed in the U.S. 02082-Dec2015…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Fall of Enron

...The Fall of Enron is a perfect example of management failure. Enron started off as a merger between Houston Natural Gas and Inter-North. A few years after the merger, Enron started changing the strategy and structure of the organization. Enron went from a raw materials management company to a company selling energy commodities. Enron proceeded to change from an energy company to a risk management firm that traded everything from commodities to derivatives. Enron failed for many reasons, ranging from organizational leadership, conflict of interest, and the off-book financials, which created an ethical disaster for the organization. Various organizational behavior lessons have learned from Enron’s fall from grace. The following paper will discuss some of the reasons for Enron’s internal combustion. Enron’s unethical organizational behavior was the main reason for allowing various illegal actions to take place, which killed the organization in the end. Organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectiveness ("Enron 101," 2002, p. 41). In the demise of Enron the leaders were producing behaviors contingent on demands, constraints, and choices that affected the behavior of the organization. In Enron’s situation the demands were for the company to be successful, which......

Words: 971 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Fall for Dance

...In the history of western society, women constantly struggled to be free from the degradation and forced submission which is accurately portrayed by the performance of (Re)Singing from the Underspace from the play Fall for Dance. Fall for Dance is a collection of works choreographed by David Parsons, Robert Battle, Andy Noble, and Charles O. Anderson. The first of the collection, (Re)Singing from the Underspace, is motivated by feminist critiques of womanhood in the western society and contradicts the western society by demonstrating non-western imagery. The performers were dressed in blue, white, and black dresses as they danced contemporary or lyrical style to modern music. Although all of the dresses were the same general style, they each had a unique difference to emphasize individualism within women. The play used front lighting to illuminate every woman, implying that society shouldn't leave anybody out. A fourth wall existed between the cast and the audience. The cast seemed to dance without caring about the audience's existence. Throughout this first performance, there was one main performer. Sometimes she would express her own movements, while other times, she would join the other performers. The music had lyrics stating the conditions of the women. At one point, the music seemed dark and listed words such as, "Servant, bitch, Jezebel, whore..." When the music arrived at this part, the movements of the performers would be sharp, rather than fluent. The girls......

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Fall of Enron

...Accounting Nightmare The Fall of Enron Karen Shuler 10/16/2013 XACC/280 Enron started as an energy company that sold natural gas to gas companies. Energy markets changed in 1996, instead of the price being fixed, the price was now decided by competition among energy companies. This is when Enron stated trading contracts instead of selling natural gas. The quick growth this company experience brought in many investors and drove the price of their stock high. Also with this growth Enron expanded into other industries. This made it difficult to prepare the financial statements. For Enron to keep growing this fast they started to borrow money to invest in new projects. This borrowing would make their books look less impressive to investors, they decided to create partnerships that would allow them to keep the debt off the books. This was unethical to the investors, by not giving them the accurate information on Enron. The thing I would have done differently would been to put this debt into the books, so it was ethical for everyone involved, and the the company would had known it was owed and figured out a way to legitimately pay the money back. In the end Enron's decision lead them to bankruptcy. Due to their internet investment they lost 638 million dollars, and due to overstated earnings would cost 6 million dollars by the next year Enron's stock price dropped. This then triggered multiple people they had to pay......

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Falls in Construction

...Falls in Construction Every foreman or construction site manager recognizes the importance of providing workers with fall protection equipment and educating them about dangerous situations in their industry, particularly when heights are involved. Yet, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, of the most common fatal injuries on already-hazardous construction sites, falls claim the most lives each year. While the number of fatal falls have declined since the 2007 high of 847, (Gary,2012) the number is still higher than in the first year the agency collected data, making the need for safe practices even more pressing. Falls were the second-most common type of fatality experienced on the job, after traffic accidents. In 2010, the most recent year for which statistics are available, 55 percent of fatal falls on construction sites were cause by just four scenarios: from a ladder (20 percent), from a roof, (18 percent), on the same floor (15 percent) and from a parked vehicle (12 percent). (Gary, 2012) The construction industry recorded the highest number of fatalities in that year, with 774. The next highest recorded was in the transportation sector, at 664, followed by agriculture and hunting, which listed 621 incidents. (Crane 2012) The long and short of it is that falls are the most common cause of death in, by number of fatal injuries, the most dangerous field of work. While the U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)......

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Fall of the Wall

...Fall of the Wall Fall of the Wall The Berlin Wall was a physical division between West Berlin and East Germany from 1961 to 1989 and the symbolic boundary between democracy and Communism during the Cold War. After World War II, the Allied powers divided Germany into four zones, each occupied by the United States, Great Britain, France, or the Soviet Union. Berlin, Germany’s capital, was also divided. As the liaison between the Soviet Union and the other three Allied powers abruptly broke up, the new relationship turned Germany into West versus East, in other words, democracy versus Communism (Rosenberg, n.d.). The demolition of the Berlin Wall and the global market revolution that followed liberated millions of people, and two decades later the world has gained significantly from the democratic and economic incorporation. The destruction of the Berlin Wall is one of the most extraordinary political events of history. It set millions of people free and brought to an end a global conflict that threatened nuclear obliteration. For business, far reaching changes in the global economic atmosphere started at that time: The changeover to the market based economies in most Central and Eastern European countries created considerable opportunities for the markets, resources, supplies, and manufacturing. There was a large increase in cross-border trade and foreign direct investments. Almost simultaneously, the materialization of the digital revolution brought a reduction in...

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Fall of Iraq

...like he has it all together and dismiss him without a second thought. They see a thin wiry guy who works in the cubicle next door and keeps to himself and think he’s socially awkward. They see… absolutely nothing. They don’t see you. The real you. The man you are. The one you became in those streets and houses and rooftops, the orchards and roads. The man you still are. The man you will always be. They don’t see what courage means, or honor, or love that is stronger than death. So, why does Iraq’s fall bother me? Because I see a generation of men who will have Iraq woven into their souls for the rest of their lives.
I see the pain, the struggle, the cost to hearts and how it plays out in daily lives.
I know what it has cost and what it still does.
I cry with these guys, I carry their secrets, I know the stories so painful and horrific they can hardly find words to whisper it. But they do. Because they are men. Brave.
And unafraid to be afraid. But the fall of Iraq? The fall of Iraq rips open tender wounds, starts the bleeding again, tugs at the part of these men that longs to be powerful and fierce and vicious, that part of them that knows expertly how to take those motherfucking extremists out — that part of them that can kill evil and has. These men know power. They know it unlike anyone else. And that desire… that desire forces them to come face to face with the reality that now… now they are that guy at the Walmart checkout, the overweight one who’s invisible at the......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Falls

...Falls have been defined as unintentional descents to the floor, which can be due to a variety of factors such as clinical and environmental factors. Fall rates are calculated as the number of patient falls divided by the number of patient bed days multiplied by 1000. Similaril, injury rates are calculated as the number of injuries due to falls divided by the number of patient bed days multiplied by 1000. Up to 12% of hospitalized patients fall at least once during their hospital stay; falls can lengthen hospital stays and result in poor quality of life, increased costs, admission to a long-term care facility, serious physical injuries, and death. Falls in hospital settings have multiple causes. Ressarch shows that patients who exhibit more of these risk factors are at greater risk of falling than those exhibiting fewer. Risk factors for falling can be classified as intrinsic (e.g., older age, balance disorders, history of falls, decreased vision, altered cognitive status, or history of arthritis, heart attack, stroke, postural blood pressure changes, syncope, dizziness, or chronic lung disease), extrinsic (e.g., polypharmacy and use of certain medications known to increase fall risk [e.g., benzodiazepines, sedatives, neuroleptics, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, class I antiarrhythmics, and diuretics]), and environmental (e.g., inadequate lighting, slippery floors, lack of handrails, and inadequate nurse/patient staffing ratio. Research studies show that fall rates vary...

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Creon's Fall

...Sophocles’ tragic play Antigone tells of the conflict between Antigone and King Creon. The conflict among Creon and Antigone leads to fall of the house of Creon. Creon is the major cause of this destruction which he brought upon himself. King Creon has been corrupted and fallen to the idea of power. A review of his actions proves that his ruling is based largely on family turmoil which is how the basis of this ruling and his subsequent actions in the play. Creon is the proclaimed king in the beginning of the play. The first order as King is by prohibiting the burial of Polynices, based on the Polynices being seen as a traitor for fighting against his country and not for his country. The target of Creon's law not to bury the dead are Antigone and Ismene because they are the living realtives of the deceased King Oedipus . King Creon states he is not worthy of a burial based on Polynices actions. Creon says “whoever places a friend above the good of his own country, he is nothing.” Creon considers the duty to the state a priority than to another man. This is reinterated when he states “our country is our safety.” His order of not to bury Polynices could possibly be based on Polynices humiliating him by ousting him when he took the position of King as soon as Oedipus is laid to rest. Creon logically convinces his people that his order not to bury Polynices is justified. This justification has his people accepting the no bury order. A sentry discovers the grave of...

Words: 1133 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Fall Prevention

...Grand Canyon University Class: NRS: 434V Part II: Direct Care Experience: Fall Prevention in Children 1. Share the pamphlet you have developed with a parent of an infant child. The parent may be a person from your neighborhood, a parent of an infant from a child-care center in your community, or a parent from another organization, such as a church group with which you have an affiliation. 2. Provide a written summary of the teaching / learning interaction. Include in your summary: Parent was taught about definition of fall, consequences of fall, fall prevention measures, and importance of safety of her child. The parent was a working woman, very busy in her life who is struggling to find time for her child’s needs. The mother was happy and thankful for the information given for the safety of her child. The interaction started by asking knowledge level regarding the topic fall and fall prevention in children. Parent was very cooperative with the whole process of teaching. a. Demographical information of the parent and child (age, gender, ethnicity, educational level). • White female parent 38 years old with Associate Degree in Business. She is mother of two. • A 4 year’s old (white/Hispanic) female. She is currently in Pre-K, and • A 2 year’s old (White/Hispanic) male. b. Description of parent response to teaching. Parent verbalized understanding of the teaching, and was very receptive to learning new ways to provide safety for her child. c. Assessment of parent......

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Free Fall

...A free-falling object is an object which is falling under the sole influence of gravity. Any object which is being acted upon only by the force of gravity is said to be in a state of free fall. There are two important motion characteristics which are true of free-falling objects:  Free-falling objects do not encounter air resistance.  All free-falling objects (on Earth) accelerate downwards at a rate of 9.8 m/s2 19 Examples of objects in free fall include skydivers, an object dropped from the top of a cliff, an apple falling from a tree etc. (www.howstuffworks.com) A projectile is any object which once projected or dropped continues in motion by its own inertia ( the property of matter by which it retains its velocity so long as it is not acted upon by an external force) and is influenced only by the downward force of gravity. By definition, a projectile has only one force acting upon it - the force of gravity. There are a variety of examples of projectiles. An object dropped from rest is a projectile. An object which is thrown vertically upward is also a projectile. And an object which is thrown upward at an angle to the horizontal is also a projectile. Projectile motion is simply the motion of an object in a plane (two dimensions) under the influence of gravity. The trajectory describes an arc. The equations of motion describe the components of such motion and are useful to analyze projectile motion. In textbook problems, the initial velocity of an......

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Fall

...September 2015 Fall, A.K.A, the Best Season Imagine waking up and walking outside and hearing the crunch of leaves beneath your feet and smelling the crisp fresh and cool air. Fall makes me so happy and I am anxious for it to come every single year. Everything during fall is absolutely wonderful, I love it! Some of the best times that I have had in my life, oddly occurred during the fall season; and I sometimes wonder if that may be part of the reason(s) that I cherish it so much. Fall is such a beautiful and blissful season; it is the best season of the year. Fall is so wonderful mainly because of the beautiful scenery it displays. Here in Arizona, the summers are very hot and dry, and it almost feels dreadful at times; but the fall here is absolutely beautiful. You can start to notice the transition into fall around mid- September because the mornings are sort of wet from the precipitation and you can feel the cool air gently fan across your whole entire body. Not only that, but later in September, the leaves start to turn into the beautiful array of sunburst orange, medallion yellow and cherry red, and when the leaves start to fall onto the cold hard ground, you can feel and hear the crunch of the leaves beneath your feet. The cool air is so crisp and refreshing; you can feel the slight wind of the cool air tingle your cheeks lightly. The weather is not to cold and not too warm, it is just the perfect measure of both. It is lovely. Not only is the sight of fall......

Words: 1104 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Fall in Geriatrics

...Falls are very common in the geriatric population. They are the leading cause of injury and death by injury in adults over the age of 65 years (Lee, 2013, p.37). Falls can have devastating results in the geriatric population. Fear of falling is a defined geriatric syndrome that may contribute to further functional decline in an already frail patient. When people experience something unpleasant, their natural response is an aversion to that experience. People may begin to limit their activities after a fall or as they become weaker and less agile with increasing age. This leads to a more sedentary lifestyle and physical atrophy, which further predisposes them to falls (Lee, 2013, p.37). According to Al-Aama (2011): A fall is a complex multifactorial phenomenon. In order to understand the mechanism of falls, it is essential to understand the prerequisites of normal gait. Essential substrates for a normal gait include fine neural networks such as the cortical–basal ganglia loop and the basal ganglia–brainstem system, exquisite musculoskeletal structures with appropriately regulated muscle tone, and proper processing of sensory information (p. 772). A fall in the geriatric population could be the result of various long-term or short-term factors. A short-term factor could include an acute illness or an adverse drug reaction. Normal gait and balance requires freely moving joints; muscles contracting at the right time with the appropriate strength; and accurate visual,......

Words: 1309 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Falls

...Falls A medical surgical unit where falls began to jump, and we don’t know why. Was it that we weren’t assessing correctly, were we not putting the right interventions in place, or was it that our patient population changed—or a combination? That’s the question that started us down this road. A record called a hybrid version of several other falls risk assessments. During the next several months, the committee has the following four goals: • Decrease falls at North Adams by 10% 12 months after plan implementation • Review and revise falls policy and procedures based on evidence-based data • Recommend necessary education for staff members • Develop ongoing performance improvement monitoring Once the falls problem was identified and brought to the attention of the hospital’s patient safety committee, a falls subcommittee was formed and staff nurses recruited. The committee has representation from inpatient and outpatient areas of the hospital and meets weekly to discuss current practice and published research on the subject. The committee discussed various journal articles and literature found online and evaluated models used by other healthcare organizations. The committee examined the assessment, Morse and Hendrick models, used by a handful of neighboring organizations. The committee started by analyzing its current falls assessment process, including interventions. A revised model for assessing a patient’s risk and preventing falls based on the research and......

Words: 497 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Wolsey's Fall

...Assess the reasons behind Wolsey's fall From the beginning of Henry VIII reign to 1529, Cardinal Wolsey was a influential figure and Henry's key advisor. However by 1529 Wolsey had been charged with praemunire and was due to be executed in November 1530. The most important reason for this was because of Wolsey's failure to obtain a divorce between Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII. The main reason behind Wolsey's fall was his failure to obtain a divorce between Catherine of Argon and Henry VIII. Henry's desire to end his marriage began in 1527 in which Wolsey promised would be a quick and easy problem to resolve due to his influence with the pope. However after two years of waiting Henry became desperate for a divorce. Wolsey made three attempts to obtain divorce: the first was to try and get the current pope to admit that the previous pope was in the wrong, the second attempt was on technical grounds that there was an error in dispensation, and the third was to get the case heard in England in which Wolsey would play a big role in the verdict. However by the failure of the third attempt Henry accused Wolsey of upholding papal law without the Kings permission and charged him with praemunire on the 9th October 1529. By the 29th November Wolsey was due to be executed, but died on the journey to London. This was the most important reasons for Wolsey's fall as in the space of one year Wolsey had lost all influence and power and also Henry's trust. Resulting in him being......

Words: 697 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Fall

...The Fall is a film featuring two main characters, Roy and Alexandria. The film[‘]s black and white opening scene introduces us to Roy and also prevails [presents?] his injury while acting as a stunt man in silent films. Alexandria on the other hand, had fallen and is suffering a broken her arm. The cripples find each other within the hospital where Roy begins to tell Alexandria an epic story, a story which brings color into their dull, sick lives. Throughout the movie, the fantasy world of the story and the reality of Roy and Alexandria’s life [lives] begin to mesh into one, and through this, it is evident that they’re friendships [their friendship] with each other is what brings the color and life back into one another’s once lonely lives. The film begins with Roy’s fall while working as a stuntman for black and white films. Not only is the colorless, silent film making it evident that the film is taking place in a time before colored film existed, perhaps the 1930’s, the black and white is significant to the scene because that is when Roy becomes crippled, which in a sense takes the color out of his life. After that scene, the film then cuts to a beautiful mansion, which happens to be the hospital Roy and Alexandria are resided at. Outside of the hospital, we are shown both vibrant cool and warm colors, the bright blue sky, the intensity of the orange in the oranges and greens in the landscaping, which makes it appeal as a happy, lively place. When the scene shoots to......

Words: 869 - Pages: 4

Captulo 481 : Ace liberado! La última orden del capitán Shirohige! | The Death of Superman | Watch movie