Premium Essay

Status of Ethnic Minorities and Women in 1960's America

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jackneave95
Words 1064
Pages 5
Did the status of ethnic minorities and women change in the 1960’s?

There is little doubt that the 1960’s was a decade that changed American culture in a huge way. Not only did the black community gain large amounts of equality but other minority groups such as Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, the Asian community and although not a minority group Women.

There two main types of feminists in the 1960’s; liberal feminists that aimed to address economic issues and radical feminist who focused on female identity. Arguably the main issue for women was the limited opportunities in the workplace for women. In 1960 there were just 23 million employed women meaning that over sixty percent of women were unemployed. Income was also a big issue as the average income for a man in 1961 was $27000 compared to $15000 for women. In addition women accounted for 79% of unpaid work in America. In terms of female identity, radical feminists such as Ti-Grace Atkinson believed that heterosexual relationships were patriarchal and led to women being submissive. Therefore Atkinson advocated celibacy or lesbianism which received success in that it promoted gay rights campaigns in the late sixties.

In 1966 the National Organisation for Women (NOW) was formed and aimed to achieve “truly equal partnership with men.” NOW was the biggest feminist group and primary aim was to focus on employment by lobbying Johnson’s government in the mid-sixties. This resulted in a number of victories such as the signing of executive order outlawing sexual discrimination in a state run company. In addition Title VII of the 1964 civil rights act was passed which protected women. In this sense the status of women did change in the 1960’s. On the other hand neither the executive order nor Title VII achieved equal pay for women and the gap between men and women’s pay worsened in the 1960’s. Feminist also…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Minorities and Women in Wwii

...Minorities and Women in WWII Considering the accomplishments the first world war has bought to the U.S., America saw the second world war as another window to gain a momentous boost in the economy. While there was noticeable growing tension between Asia and Europe (tension among Japan in Asia and Hitler to Europe), America underwent a fairly occurring normal life seeing the economy relax from its depressed state. To prevent themselves from getting dragged into another war, they realized that they had to adapt from their actions of WWI; they discovered through investigations that it was weapon manufacturing that drove them into the war. The U.S. responded accordingly with a more proper response of passing acts cut weapon trade with war countries, which were a series of laws specifically called the Neutrality Acts. They did not sell arms, loans, and had no business with war countries whatsoever. The key idea to not get involved with other foreign countries was isolationism. During the time, however, problems still existed in terms with racial inequalities and where women belong. They were ignored to some extent; women were still out of the picture as they were seen inferior which still also applies to African Americans who are still segregated. As the U.S. struggled through the Great Depression, minority rights were not addressed even in Roosevelt's New Deal. Positive changes were bought to American nationality during WWII, but even in the end certain groups still struggled...

Words: 1506 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Status of Women in Nepalese Socity

...AND STATUS OF WOMEN IN NEPALESE SOCIETY Submitted to: Dr. Ek Raj Ojha Kathmandu College of Management Submitted by: Pragya Uprety Rabi Rayamajhi Manish Agrawal BBA Third Semester December 5, 2005 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS “The role and status of women in Nepalese society “ is a group report presented for the partial fulfillment of the course of economic development. This report contains facts and figures that provide insight on the condition of majority of women in Nepal in the past as well as in the present. Moreover, it also highlights and emphasizes their role and importance in the context of economic development of the nation. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all who have directly and indirectly co-operated with us in the preparation of this report. Specially, we would like to thank our college, Kathmandu College of Management (KCM) and Dr. Ek Raj Ojha , our course instructor for providing us with this opportunity. Lastly, we’d like thank Mr. Sujan karki for providing us with some of the references that proved to be of immense use while preparing this report. Sincerely, Pragya Uprety Rabi Rayamajhi Manish Agrawal and Anurag Joshi TABLE OF CONTENTS I. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS…………………………………………………………2 II. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………..5 A. The Urgency………………………………………………………………..6 B. Key facts……………………………………………………………………8 III. STATUS OF......

Words: 6154 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Unearthing the 1960's

...Unearthing the 1960’s It is the year 2325 and I have been assigned to a dig site where some colleagues of mine have found a time capsule that they claim is from the 1960’s. I have done extensive research on the 1960’s era and am looking forward to giving my expert advice into the items found in the time capsule. As I reach the dig site and look into the time capsule I notice that there are five items inside the capsule. The first item seems to be a circular disc that from my research shows that it used to be for playing music. The second item is a newspaper that seems to be about an assassination of someone of great importance. The third item is an old military uniform that appears to be from the Vietnam War. The fourth item was a picture of what appeared to be a piece from something called the Apollo 11 spacecraft. The last and final artifact found in the time capsule is a gold medal that is awarded to a one Muhammad Ali. All of the items found seem to have importance in this era and even though I know a great deal about this time in history I am going to have to do some extensive research to get more knowledge about each item. After a few weeks of searching I have found what used to be called a record or vinyl. Once I cleaned the record I found in the time capsule I placed it into a turntable that is used for playing these discs and found that it was a band known at that time as The Beatles. The album was known as Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band. This album was...

Words: 1795 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

1960's Essay

...1960’s Essay by Hailey Kotz The Nineteen Sixties was a decade that changed America forever. The topics that arose during the sixties were not small. When they were accomplished or challenged, the outcome changed American society forever. Most legislative bills passed in the sixties still remain today. The Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) was created in August of 1964 by the Economic Opportunity Act. The OEO was a part of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s social and economic plans known as the “Great Society” and the “War on Poverty”. When it was created, the OEO coordinated the Job Corps, Neighborhood Youth Corps, work training and study programs, community action agencies including Head Start, adult education, loans for the rural poor and small businesses, work experience programs and Volunteers in Service to America. In the 1960 presidential election campaign John F. Kennedy argued for a new Civil Rights Act. The Civil Rights bill was brought before Congress in 1963 and in a speech on television on 11th June, Kennedy pointed out that: "The Negro baby born in America today, regardless of the section of the nation in which he is born, has about one-half as much chance of completing high school as a white baby born in the same place on the same day; one third as much chance of completing college; one third as much chance of becoming a professional man; twice as much chance of becoming unemployed; about one-seventh as much chance of earning $10,000 a year; a life expectancy...

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

1960's Significant Events

...1960’s Significant Events That Shaped an Era DJC958 Kaplan University – SS310 – 01 October 22, 2013 1960’s Significant Events That Shaped an Era Good day! I’m very excited you have opened this time capsule. Inside you will find a treasure of items that shaped the era of the 1960’s. Allow me to introduce myself. My name is Debbie Crabtree and the current year is 2013. The 1960’s was an era of awakening and change but it was also an era of reckoning. Many events happened in the 1960’s that stimulated personal awareness and growth as well as growth as a nation from the music to art to politics to civil rights. I could go on and on but I am including in this time capsule the major events that I feel best portray the era of the 1960’s. The first event is the lunch counter sit-in at Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina. I have included an original newspaper from the Greensboro Record. This event happened early in the decade, February 1, 1960. On this day four young African American men, freshman at the Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, entered the Greensboro Woolworth’s. Woolworth’s sold items to both African American and white customers but they also had a segregated lunch counter for whites only. Each of the four men purchased a few small items, kept their receipts and proceeded to sit down at the lunch counter designated for whites only. They requested service and were denied. The men pulled out their receipts and asked why their...

Words: 2029 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Women and Minority Superintendents

...Running head: Barriers Women and Minority Superintendents face in Mississippi What are the barriers women and minority Superintendents face Mississippi? Tommy B. Molden University of Southern Mississippi The position of school superintendent was created during the late 1830; by 1850, 13 large city school systems already employed an administrator in the capacity. By most accounts, the very first district superintendents were appointed in Buffalo, New York, and Louisville, Kentucky (Grieder, Pierce, & Jordan, 1969). By 1900, most city school districts had established this position. The need for school systems to have a top executive stemmed from a myriad of conditions including the development of larger city school districts, the consolidation of rural school districts, an expanded state curriculum, the passage of compulsory attendance laws, demands for increased accountability, and efficiency expectations (Kowalski, 2003) During the past several decades, widespread concern for the condition of the education and the economy launched and sustained what arguably is the most intense effort to reform public education in recent history. For more than two decades (1983-2005), national commission and task force reports examined the condition of American public education, heightened expectations for schooling, and called for improving instruction as well as fundamentally altering the manner in......

Words: 3863 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

“the Status of Matriarchial Laws in Pre 1960’s and Post 1960’s Period in India”

...CHAPTER-I INTRODUCTION The subject of matriarchal studies is the investigation and presentation of non-patriarchal societies of past and present. Even today there are enclaves of societies with matriarchal patterns in Asia, Africa, America and Oceania. None of these is a mere reversal of patriarchy where women rule -as it is often commonly believed -instead, they are all egalitarian societies, without exception. This means they do not know hierarchies, classes and the domination of one gender by the other. They are societies free of domination, but they still have their regulations. And this is the fact that makes them so attractive in any search for a new philosophy, to create a just society. Equality does not merely mean a levelling of differences. The natural differences between the genders and the generations are respected and honoured, but they never serve to create hierarchies, as is common in patriarchy. The different genders and generations have their own honour and through complimentary areas of activity, they are geared towards each other. This can be observed on all levels of society: the economic level, the social level, the political level and the areas of their worldviews and faiths. More precisely matriarchies are societies with complementary equality, where great care is taken to provide a balance. This applies to the balance between genders, among generations, and between humans and nature. The differentiated rules of matriarchal societies have......

Words: 6823 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Racial Prejudice in the 1960's

...Smarty Aboakesii Racial Prejudice in the 1960’s How would you feel if you went to a store and the cashier made you pay more than normal, only because either you were from a different country, a different skin color, or had a mental illness? Wouldn’t you feel that you didn’t really belong to that society? That’s how African-Americans felt during the 1960’s. That’s how they were treated in the book “To Kill A Mockingbird”, in the trial of Emmett Till, and that of Scottsboro trial. In the book, “To Kill A Mockingbird”, the trials of Emmett Till and Scottsboro, prejudice is displayed by the acts of hate and misunderstanding because of someone’s color. In the book, “To Kill A Mockingbird”, people of color (blacks) were the majority that were treated unfairly. During those time period, black people had to use separate bathrooms, drinking fountains, sections in restaurants and even in the courtroom. One good example of discrimination in the book was how Tom Robinson a young African American was accused of raping a white girl and was found guilty of the charges against him. In the book, it was quoted, “I'd rather you shoot at tin cans, in the backyard, but I know you'll go after birds. Shoot all the blue jays you want, if you can hit them, but remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird." "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat gardens or nest in corncribs they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us that's why it's a sin to kill......

Words: 718 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Women and Minorities

...Women and Minorities in Law Enforcement Jacob Hollen CJS/210 5/23/2014 Jeffrey Scott Abstract Throughout history women and minorities have struggled to be seen as equals in the law enforcement. In this essay we will discover some of these struggles and changes that have been made in lew of these struggles. Roles of women and minorities Throughout history women and minorities have struggled to be seen as equals. From discrimination in ranks, to stereotypes and being overlooked for promotions, women and minorities have seen and experienced the worst imaginable. They have went from not being allowed on the force, to only being able to work office positions, to showing a strong presence on patrols and beats all around. Effects of the change in the roles of women and minorities I believe that these changes have had a huge impact on the view of the force, not to mention a tremendous leap for equal rights. Having more women and minorities being present on the streets has made women and minorities more app to communicate with the law and giving most of the community a sense of equality. This being said there seems to still be a profiling issue among the forces as seen from the public’s eye. Recruitment issues The grounds for recruitment have leveled out between men and women. What was once seen as a man’s profession has made a complete 180 and became equal amongst most departments. The only differences that still remain among some departments are to do......

Words: 297 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Women`S Status in Our Society

...judges and audience, today in this august, and competitive occasion, I would like to deliver speech on the topic “women`s status in our society” Respected audience: Before the advent of Islam, women were no better than animals. They were exploited, and treated like a commercial commodity. They had no rights, no privilege and not status in the society. Above all, the birth of a female child was thought to be a curse. They holy Quran, explained this way: …. … … (- وإذا بشرأحدهم بالأنثى ظل وجهه مسودا وهو كظيم – النحل-58) When news is brought to one of them, of the birth of a female child, his face darkens, and he is filled with inward grief. It is Islam, the complete code of life, which raised their position in the society. Islam bestowed upon women all kinds of rights, whether it be social, educational, matrimonial, political or economic. According to Islam, the world and all things in it are valuable, but the most valuable thing in the world is a virtuous woman. At the very beginning, Islam bestowed great importance to women. The prophet Muhammad (SAWS) peace be upon him, shows the importance of woman as follows: الجنة تحت أقدام الأمهات“Heaven lies under the feet of mother”. If a girl is born to anyone ……and he does not bury her alive, nor ill-treated nor discriminates her, lord shall grand the bliss of paradise. Dear audience: Needless to add, that Islam granted women share of inheritance from parents. The following Quranic Aayah is meaningful in this regard: (للرجال......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Minority Inmates in America

...Minority Inmates in American Prisons Noreen Harman ENG122: English Composition II Instructor January Pearson July 7, 2014 There is a disparate rate of minorities in the American prison system currently.  I will present evidence from scholarly resources proving that the reason why the minority population is so high is due to racial profiling.  The judicial system imposes stricter and longer prison terms on minorities because of their culture.  Blacks are about eight times more likely to go to prison than whites, which dwarfs black-white disparities in, for example, unemployment rates (2-to -1 disparity), infant mortality (2-to -1 disparity), and out of wedlock births (3-to-1 disparity). L.J. Geo (2010). African American and Hispanic offenders were more likely than whites to be sentenced to prison, especially if they were male, young and unemployed, S. Spohn (2000). Even though there may be a high rate of minority crimes being committed, I believe the reason for having so many minorities in prison is due to the current judicial system stereo typing. In the article Rethinking Drug Courts: Restorative Justice as a Response to Racial Injustice, it talks about the rate of drug crimes committed by minority and longer sentences imposed to blacks and Hispanics. Drug court offers offenders the opportunity to not do time in prison and get court supervised treatment instead. This is beneficial to the families of minorities so they can keep working and providing...

Words: 3140 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Mental Health in Ethnic Minority

... | |WORD COUNT: 1942 | | | | | |ASSIGNMENT DEADLINE: 9/12/13 | | | | | |DATE OF SUBMISSION: 7/12/13 | | Essay or Assignment Title Black and Ethnic Minorities in Mental Health Please ensure when you submit your assignment that you attach the following documents; 1. Submission Front Sheet 2. Plagiarism Document 3. Disability Front Sheet if applicable 4. If your submission is late please complete the Extenuating Circumstances form and provide your evidence Definition of Plagiarism Plagiarism is an attempt (deliberate or inadvertent) to gain advantage by the representation of another person's work, without acknowledgement of the source, as the student's own for the purposes of satisfying formal assessment requirements. Recognised forms of plagiarism include 1. the use in a student's own work of more than a single phrase from another person's work without......

Words: 2489 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

The 1960's

...over the years how important the 1960’s were and how they brought about many changes in our nation leading up to its present day success. Inside the time capsule we have found a newspaper article dated February 2nd, 1960 with the headline “A&T Students Launch ‘Sit-Down’ Demand for Service at Downtown Lunch Counter”. (International Civil Rights Center & Museum, 2014) The next item within the capsule was a small package labeled Enovid and appears to one of the first brands of oral contraceptives. Continuing to look further into the capsule we then found 2 tickets from the Washington Coliseum with a date of February 10th 1964 featuring The Beatles. Also included among these items was a flyer dated August 28th 1963 with the heading “March on Washington”. The last item we removed from the time capsule was a small patch with an eagle on it landing on what appears to be the moon with the words “Apollo 11”. I will now go onto write a little history on these items as well as their importance to us in the present day. In 1865 slavery ended and African-Americans were free to live their own lives. Although this was true African-American were still treated poorly. Segregation was used to separate the African-Americans from the white Americans. Coloreds or blacks were popular terms during this time and every public place including diners, schools transportation and restrooms were divided and marked for eithers whites or blacks. On February 2nd, 1960 four of young men, who attended......

Words: 1393 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Minorities in America

...Minorities in America have been subject to many hardships and discrimination throughout the history of our nation. So much so, the political status and system for minorities used to be referred to as a separate system of law compared to that of white Americans. The most obvious reference of “minority” I refer to is the experience of black Americans, but other examples of separate systems of law are the political hardships experienced by Native American Indians and Asian (specifically Chinese) immigrants in America. In this paper I will talk about three specific factors that have separated the gap between equality in the political and social system for minorities in the United States: the Chinese Exclusion Act (1882), the Black Civil Rights Movement (specifically Brown v. Board of Education, 1954), and the presidency of Andrew Jackson and the resulting fate of American Indians. Instead of the Chinese Exclusion Act, the main factor of why the immigration of Orientals in the West became an issue could be the California Gold Rush in 1849. This led to mass migration to the Western U.S., and we began importing Chinese laborers to fulfill the need for cheap work. The number of Chinese in the U.S. rose from 25,000 in 1850 to over 300,000 by 1880 and 77% of that number went to California. This led to a debate about the status of the Chinese in America. In 1878 the Supreme Court ruled that Orientals, who were seen as “not white”, were also seen as unfit for self-government because......

Words: 1214 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Women in the 1960s

...Betsy Jeanotte HIST 425 12/10/14 Final Research Paper: Woman’s Movement of the 1960’s In the 1960’s and early 1970’s, cultural changes were altering the role of woman in American society. More and more woman were joining the workforce, leaving their traditional roles of stay at home wife and mother. Women coming into the workforce also led to the dissatisfaction amongst them when it came to equality in the workplace, pay differences, and even sexual harassment. One of the biggest changes came woman of age were using birth control after it was approved by the federal government in the late sixties. This freed countless women from unwanted pregnancies and gave them more freedom in their personal lives. Gradually, women were able to get some of their basic goals in the time: equal pay, limits on women in positions of power, end of domestic violence, and equal responsibility when it came to housework and raising children. To best understand this, we need to put ourselves in the shoes of a women during the 1960’s. Her life, was difficult and unsatisfactory. She was denied basic rights, even those to her own body. She was born to be trapped in a home and discriminated against in her own workplace. But, a beacon of hope came during the 1960’s. With that hope, came new ideas, laws, and protests. The idea that a woman was not “the second sex” but equal to her fellow human beings. They wanted to be treated the same, earn the same wages, not feel guilty for not wanting a......

Words: 2613 - Pages: 11

Jay Martin | Antique Bow Fronted Display Cabinet | Theme and Elements of a Story - 834 Words