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In: Business and Management

Submitted By anabel
Words 2752
Pages 12
Introduction
Organisations do not evolve by chance, nor are they structured randomly. Over the years, organisations evolve and increase in complexity. The knowledge accumulated and shared has been collectively termed as organisation theory (Crowther and Green 2004). Organisation theory is an area of study whereby organisations serve as the phenomenon of interest for theorisation and explanation. In actual fact, it involves many theories that do not always fit together thus multiple perspectives have to be used to analyse the complexities in organisation. The four perspectives are modernism, symbolic-interpretivism, postmodernism and critical theory. Each perspective provides different manner of interpreting the world which results in different knowledge acquired (Hatch & Cunliffe 2006).
Globalisation has enable organisations to enter new markets and reduce business cost. These organisations are known as transnationals because their routine activities have crossed borders. They are able to exert control through ownership and/or through operations (eds. Alvesson, Bridgman & Willmott 2009).
In this essay, I will be using modernist and critical theory perspective and related theories to analyse how Apple as a capitalist, exercise power and over its organisation network and external environment.
The first section of the essay includes the meta-theoretical frame work of the two perspectives. It also includes how the two different perspectives view power in the organisation and the environment.
The second section will be my analysis of Apple using control theories and the resource dependency theory to analyse how Apple has the power over Apple’s own employees, Foxconn and the workers.

Section 1: Theoretical Framework
To make comparison between modernism and critical theory, it is essential to know the assumptions of these perspective using…...

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