Premium Essay

Teaching Smart People How to Learn

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Ruruj
Words 310
Pages 2
Summary of "Teaching Smart People How To Learn"

In " Teaching Smart People How To Learn '' by Chris Argyris. The author has tried to describe a learning dilemma that companies will face. He has mentioned that professionals are really good at a term called "single loop" learning. They have collected experience from past and will use these experience to solve future problem. Most professionals are highly educated and success in college life or in previous jobs. Therefore it is really difficult for them to accept failure that might caused by them. As the author said, "many professionals have extremely brittle personalities''(Argyris, 6). When conflicts appear these professionals are trying to defense, protect or even drawing themselves out of responsibilities. Once they are criticized by others about failure, it will leads despair in order to push them to escape. On the other hand, companies' CEOs have the responsibility to teach their subordinates how to learn to face failure instead of avoiding. However, even most of CEOs have tried but only few success. They believe that they are doing hardly to reduce pressure and trying to find some more efficiency ways to improve but they forget to change themselves. They always face a dilemma such as "kept urging them to "think of the organization as a whole." On the other, he kept calling for actions department budget cuts, for example-that placed them directly in competition with each other."(Argyris, 8). Thus, conflicts still exist. An successful conversation only exist when both sides are start to talk their inner thoughts and they try to agree each other. They need to understand "learning about their own group dynamics and addressing some generic problems in client-consultant relationships"(Argyris, 11). It is more important to understand their role in the organization than just solving problems or complaining.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Understanding How We Learn

...Understanding How We Learn Cinthia Bachtel Family-Centered Health Promotion July 29, 2012 Understanding How We Learn Learning, according to Wikipedia, “is acquiring new or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences and may involve synthesizing different types of information”(Wikipedia, June 2012). Learning begins when we are born and ends when we die. How we learn is a complicated process. Depending on whose research you read, there are varied opinions as to how many styles of learning there are. In 1992 Neil Fleming designed a tool to identify individual’s preferences for learning which he named VARK. VARK is an acronym for Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing, and Kinesthetic. Answers from a questionnaire are tallied. Based on the responses, it is then determined where a person’s preferences fall. VARK can be used to develop strategies for learning and improving communication. The results point out how one takes in information, processes that information and is able to communicate the information to other people. In the most recent questionnaire the learner’s results showed a four-part or multimodal learning profile. The four scores were high enough and similar enough that the learner can approach learning in many different ways. They have each mode available depending on what is being presented. The fact that this learner chose forty four answers out of sixteen questions signals that more than one mode is......

Words: 808 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

How Children Learn to Read

...How Children Learn To Read Krisy Green Ashford University Author Note This research assignment is being submitted on March 4, 2013 for Professor Lisa Edmunds EDU411 Reading & Cognition course How Children Learn To Read The success of a child’s educational future is dependent upon their ability to read, and without their ability to read, a person cannot enjoy all this world has to offer, such as reading about world history, reading a letter from a friend, or learning a new language. Reading unlocks doors that would otherwise be locked forever. In recent years, there has been a great deal of debates on the methods used to teach our children how to read; parents and teachers need to determine whether the whole language, phonics, or the combination of both methods is the most adequate approach for teaching children how to read. Thomas Hopkins Galluadet first developed the whole language method in the early 1800s. The method was originally developed for deaf mutes because they were completely unaware of phonetic sounds for letters. The whole language method teaches children how to read with complete words, rather than breaking them into parts or syllables. Children are repeatedly drill with simple words until they can recognize the by sight, and then they are introduce to more complicated words. The whole language approach is considered more creative and interesting for a child who is eager to learn. In a whole language learning......

Words: 1778 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

How to Study Smart?

...Joshua A. Reyes English 17: Public Speaking and Debate How to study smart? Ninety-nine percent! Can anyone tell me what this number stands for? This figure corresponds to the average grade an ordinary student craves for. I myself also wanted to reach a grade that is as high as ninety-nine. And, honestly you too dreamt of having a mark that is close to perfect one, right? Yes, of course. Today, people continue to search new discoveries that will improve the human life. This is the scenario that everyone expects—to improve, and so with our grades. Every student is expected to get a high rating, but in reality this ninety-nine percent that we like becomes seventy-nine percent or even seventy-five percent. It is really hard to acquire such high grades, but each one of us can make the impossible possible. Everybody has the capability to turn seventy-five into ninety-five or beyond. But how can we do that? To our teacher, Ma’am Clara Gonzales, and to my beloved classmates, a pleasant afternoon to each and everyone of you. Getting a high grade is difficult to do. However, “difficult” is not a word of a student who studies in a smart way. So, how to study smart? These are two principles I know that could make us study smart. First, “be responsible.” There is a quotation that goes this way, “There is no hard task in a responsible person. Being responsible for me is not being an “all-day and all-night studying” student. Rather, being responsible is being able......

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Understanding How One Learns

... I believe that having an understanding of how one learns is absolutely essential in the success of any career field of choice. For any individual to know how they learn will be of a great benefit in how they take in and retain information. Not everyone processes information and learns at the same pace this is why it is so important to know how one learns so that the he or she may get the best out of their learning ability. In order for an individual to be successful in their career goal of choice he or she must know how to carry out the work appropriately in their career field of study in order to have a promising career. For instance, some people are visual learners, while others are more hands on learners. Some people need object lesson illustrations to process the information given, while others can take the information in just as is and understand it clearly. For any individual to know how they learn will ultimately determine how far their lifelong journey of learning goes. Some people are not where they should be from a learning standpoint because they have not taken the time to know how they best learn; therefore they are struggling to obtain information as it is given in their lifelong process of learning. The career that best peaks my interest is the career study of Pastoral/Evangelistic Ministry. Do to this career choice of mine I know that the lifelong learning that I must go through will have a lot to do with how to interact with individuals from all......

Words: 366 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

How Adults Learn

... Kathryn Nivins Module 1 Assignment How Adults Learn The study of adult learning has been a major focus of educators since the 1920s. Prior to the post war era, there was very little debate regarding the learning differences between adults and children. Pedagogy is the study of teaching/education with a primary focus on theory instruction. This structure base for educators was a widely accepted practice for all levels and student types. Malcolm Knowles developed a theory in his MA thesis that challenged the ideas of pedagogy with respect to adult students. His thesis focused on the learner rather than the teaching method. The main idea was that the learning process differs greatly between children and adults for a variety of reasons. This idea was further refined in future books written by Knowles in the 1970s and he coined the idea with the word “andragogy” or the “adult focused teaching approach”. [1] The characteristics that define this new approach are: a need to know, experience, readiness, applicability, and motivation. Throughout this essay, I will discuss the characteristics of adult learning as defined by Knowles and identify the differences for each of these qualities with respect to the learning process for children. The first quality that Knowles identified is that adults are “self-directed” or need to be engaged in what they are learning. Most adults that have returned to the classroom are there most likely by choice. They are engaged in the......

Words: 1734 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

How to Improve Teaching Quality

...Quality Management Journal, 6(2), 9-21 (1999). HOW TO IMPROVE TEACHING QUALITY Richard M. Felder Department of Chemical Engineering North Carolina State University Rebecca Brent College of Engineering North Carolina State University An announcement goes out to the faculty that from now on the university will operate as a total quality management campus. All academic, business, and service functions will be assessed regularly, and quality teams will plan ways to improve them. A campus quality director and a steering team are named, with the director reporting to the Provost. All university departments appoint quality coordinators, who attend a one-day workshop on quality management principles and return to their departments to facilitate faculty and/or staff meetings at which quality improvement is discussed. Many faculty members are irate. They argue that TQM was developed by and for industry to improve profits, industry and the university are totally different, and talking of students as "customers" is offensive and makes no sense. They make it clear that they will have nothing to do with this scheme and will view any attempt to compel them to participate as a violation of their academic freedom. What happens then is…practically nothing. Some changes are made in business and service departments, some curricula are revised, and a few instructors make changes in what they do in their classrooms but most go on teaching the way they have always taught. After two or......

Words: 7432 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

How to Be a People Helper

...How to Be a People Helper is a book by Dr. Gary R. Collins, it is based on the belief that people helping must be built on the Bible, God’s Words, and must be consistent with the Great Commission in which Jesus commanded his followers to make disciples of all nations. This edition has been revised, and changes were added in counseling techniques, approaches to training, research findings, and types of problems. There are many books on counseling; however, How to Be a People Helper has continued to be the basis for people helping training programs in a number of churches, colleges, and Christian organizations. This book is translated into several foreign languages and it is written to help people become skilled Christian people helper who serves Christ by helping others. Dr. Gary R. Collins is a Clinical Psychologist and is the President of the American Association of Christian Counselors and the editor of Christian Counseling Today. He refers to Christians who wants to learn counseling skills as people helper or lay-counselor. He admits that lay-counseling may be even more useful than professional counseling. He states that while professional psychological help is vital in dangerous life-threatening situations, lay-counseling is the matter of everyday life and therefore, is compulsory as the means of keeping people in a healthy psychological state in their daily routine. He believes that psychological help should not be a mere treatment with the help of test and......

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

How Children Learn

...What is Your Philosophy of How Children Learn? By Kate Wright April 24, 2013 Parents, I wanted to welcome you to my class and fill you in on my philosophy of how children learn. This information will help you understand the reasoning behind why we do the things we do in class, and will help build a school to home connection for all families. There are many theories about how children learn by many different theorists. After much studying of the way children learn, I have come to identify most with the theorist Urie Bronfenbenner. Bronfenbenner’s theory is called the Bioecological Theory. It states that a child’s environment deeply affects the child’s development. A child’s environment includes not only his home and school, but also his relationships with the people in these settings, the experiences he has here, and the child’s culture and family beliefs (Marotz, 2012). All parts of a child’s environment work together to influence the child’s development. In addition to this, I also identify with the Essential Needs Theory. This theory states that our physical needs, psychological needs, learning needs, and need for respect and self-esteem must be met in order to properly develop (Marotz, 2012). Through several years of teaching my experiences in the classroom and the observations I’ve made support each of these theories. My first year of teaching, I had a sweet boy in my fourth grade class, for the sake of privacy, I will call Tim. Every day Tim came to......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Smart People

...Any company that aspires to succeed in the tougher business environment of the 1990s must first resolve a basic dilemma: success in the marketplace increasingly depends on learning, yet most people don’t know how to learn. What’s more, those members of the organization that many assume to be the best at learning are, in fact, not very good at it. I am talking about the well-educated, high-powered, high-commitment professionals who occupy key leadership positions in the modern corporation. Most companies not only have tremendous difficulty addressing this learning dilemma; they aren’t even aware that it exists. The reason: they misunderstand what learning is and how to bring it about. As a result, they tend to make two mistakes in their efforts to become a learning organization. First, most people define learning too narrowly as mere “problem solving,” so they focus on identifying and correcting errors in the external environment. Solving problems is important. But if learning is to persist, managers and employees must also look inward. They need to reflect critically on their own behavior, identify the ways they often inadvertently contribute to the organization’s problems, and then change how they act. In particular, they must learn how the very way they go about defining and solving problems can be a source of problems in its own right. I have coined the terms “single loop” and “double loop” learning to capture this crucial distinction. To give a simple analogy: a......

Words: 7278 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Islam Teachings: How Islam Teachings Revolutionized the World

...practices and beliefs were added unto it making it popular that aided its rapid spread. During the Arabic century, many things were at stake. Mohammed teaching on Islam revolutionized everything. He brought changes in the social security, family and women were given rights. He improved the society that was under Arabic influence. He established both religious and social life for many races. Mohammed made Islam to responsible for providing basic needs for the captives . The women in the ancient societies considered women as inferior compared to men. The Islam teachings revolutionized the idea. The recent world sees women as people capable of doing anything. They are viewed as strong like men. They engage in activities that were meant for men. Women are able to make decisions, provide for the family and even work as engineers and in factories. The laws of Koran brought revolution in social relations . The Koran taught people on the importance of production. This helped in quickening trade. The Koran taught people on tolerance . This kind of faith and believe helped traders to travel distant lands, mingle with other people from different races, and get used to their customs . Tolerance enabled traders acquire skills on observation, freedom from prejudice and ability to think faster . This helped fasten the trade with other people. It also enabled them to conduct trade in a more calm way without conflict with other traders. Because of discovering trade, the Islam was the......

Words: 1985 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Learn How to Code

...Learn to Code: The Full Beginner's Guide By Adam Dachis of You can contact Adam Dachis, the author of this post, at You can also follow him on Twitter and Facebook Learn How to Code Part I: Variables and Basic Data Types Link to YouTube Video Want to learn how to code but don't know where to start? We've got you covered. We'll be teaching you the basics all week, and here's your first lesson. Previously we've provided you with some resources for learning to code and given you a broad overview of the process, but now it's time to get down to business: We're offering a short 101 course, step by step. You can't learn to code overnight (or in a week), but we've broken up the basics into a few lessons that will be released as the first four parts in our brand new Lifehacker Night School series. Each lesson will be video-based (as you can see above), but we'll also provide you with text notes and files that you can refer to as well. Each lesson is designed to be a manageable chunk of information that you can digest in under 15 minutes (and often much less). Although we're starting off our first programming lesson at 9:00 AM PST, the following three lessons will be released every day at 6:00 PM PST. Be sure to come back and visit us at the end of the day on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday this week to finish learning the basics. Our first lesson is going to be very simple and consist of learning about basic variables and data types. For the...

Words: 6923 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

How to Describe Teaching in Learning

...View 1. Defining of Learning 2. Defining of Teaching 3. Understanding of Language Learning 4. Elements of Language Learning CHAPTER II EXPLANATION Defining of Learning We use the term 'learning' all the time in everyday life. But within the field of educational psychology, the term learning is actually a specific term. Different people use different words to define learning within educational psychology, but in general, we're talking about a step-by-step process in which an individual experiences permanent, lasting changes in knowledge, behaviors, or ways of processing the world. Let's go through a few examples of different types of learning you might hear about in the field of educational psychology. Learning, in psychology, the process by which a relatively lasting change in potential behavior occurs as a result of practice or experience. Learning is distinguished from behavioral changes arising from such processes as maturation and illness, but does apply to motor skills, such as driving a car, to intellectual skills, such as reading, and to attitudes and values, such as prejudice. There is evidence that neurotic symptoms and patterns of mental illness are also learned behavior. Learning occurs throughout life in animals, and learned behavior accounts for a large proportion of all behavior in the higher animals, especially in humans. A. Defining of Teaching Teaching as one of those skills has been the main......

Words: 2132 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

How to Write a Teaching Case

...How to write a teaching case I am currently – with colleagues Mikael Lönnborg and Gerhard Schjelderup – editing what we hope to be a book of Scandinavian teaching cases. In a meeting in Stockholm recently, I was asked to explain what it takes to write a teaching case. I gave my opinion, we had a very interesting discussion. Here is my (very rough and off the cuff) opinion about what it takes (in reality, how a teaching case differs from a research case). Why are you writing this case? Cases are written for a teaching purpose – and to write a teaching case, you need to have a teaching objective in mind. It is not enough to have an interesting company. Even the best company story needs to have a pedagogical point, a theory or dilemma to illustrate. So don’t write a teaching case just because you happen to know someone in a really interesting company – it does need to be a good story, but it also need to have a purpose. The standard outline Cases – particularly the standard HBS case – follow an outline that can seem rather trite, but which is very effective. It is something like this: 0.5 page: Intro: The protagonist is introduced, typically pondering a question of some importance. The idea is to tell the students from which perspective the case is written, to set the scene – and that is all there is to it. 1 – 1.5 pages: Description of the company – not the whole history, but the relevant details, explaining what the company is doing, how they make their money.......

Words: 1469 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Smart Cane Impaired Visually People

...'SMART’ CANE FOR THE VISUALLY IMPAIRED PEOPLE Vaibhav Singh, Rohan Paul Table of Contents Executive Summary 3 Introduction 3 Review of the literature 4 Objective of the project 4 Methods and Materials 5 1. Description of System 5 2. The gadget works in two client selectable modes 5 3. Design of System 6 Experiments of the field 6 1. Field research 7 2. Enrolment of User 7 3. Usage of Smart Cane training 7 4. Phase of Trial 8 5. Indicator for Key Performance 8 Outcome 9 Awareness about Obstacle raises 9 Rate of collision reduction 9 Distance of Obstacle Detection 9 Usage of Smart Cane with few observations 10 Feedback of user post-experiment 10 Special cases of user 10 Conclusion 11 References 11 Executive Summary The persons that are visually challenged face awesome trouble in autonomous portability and utilize the white stick as a versatility help to distinguish near to impediments on the ground. Nonetheless, the stick has two noteworthy impediments: * It can just distinguish obstructions up to knee-level. Consequently, the client can't identify raised impediments like lifted bars and much of the time crashes into them. (Iovine, 2004) * The stick can just distinguish obstructions inside 1m from the client. Additionally, obstructions like moving vehicles can't be distinguished until hazardously near the individual. Very nearly 90% of the visually impaired persons live in creating nations, with a larger......

Words: 3414 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Teaching Smart People How to Learn

...This is an Executive Summary of the article, “Teaching Smart People How to Learn” by Chris Argyris. A business’ success in the marketplace depends on highly trained staff. However many people don’t know how to learn. In fact the most difficult training strategies are those that are developed for personnel in senior leadership positions. Senior leaders are effective problem solvers when focusing on, identifying and correcting issues in the organizational environment. But when confronted with how their actions might have contributed to the organization’s problems they avoid learning; and in order for learning to continue personal reflection is required to influence change. A learning organization must understand the distinction between ‘‘single loop learning” and ‘‘double loop learning”. “Single loop learning” involves the identification and solving of a problem. Whereas “double loop learning” asks why is there a problem? Professionals utilize “single-loop learning” for projects such as organizational restructuring, training and development and process improvement. But seldom do they master the skills of “double loop learning”. All too often success has denied these professionals the opportunity to learn from their mistakes. As a result they avoid learning because they lack the reflective skills necessary to ask themselves why there is a problem and what role did I play in that problem. Avoidance Learning Studies of professional consultants exemplify the process of......

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

E-Booki / Książki | Lot 1 à 50 Tests De Grossesse Précoce HCG Les Plus Sensibles J-4 Résultat Rapide | View Profile