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The Acropolis

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Submitted By frisbee216
Words 463
Pages 2
Abstract

One of the greatest symbols of Ancient Greek history is the Acropolis, which is one of the most important archeological places in Greece, with four of the greatest masterpieces of Classical Greek art. “The site of the Acropolis includes the Parthenon, the Propylaea, the Erechtheum and the Temple of Athena Nike” ("The Acropolis Of Athens", 2006). The Acropolis, which means “high city” in Greek, sits high above the city of Athens and is representative of a sacred place, it was a citadel of protecting places of worship and important palaces.
The Parthenon
This was one of the most important monuments as well as the largest; and was built between 447 and 432 BC by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates. It was devoted to the protector of the city who was believed to be Goddess Athena, and its primary function was to cover the statue of Athena that was made by Pheidias out of gold and ivory. The Parthenon is a Doric temple surrounded by columns and had two interior rooms; one housed the statue and the other was believed to be a treasury.

The Erechtheion
This temple was located on the opposite side of the Parthenon and was built to hold the religious rituals. It was an intricate temple with an elegant and delicate form, which faced east, and its entrance was lined with six long Ionic columns. Something unusual about this temple is that it had “two porches; one at the northwest corner that was supported by the Ionic columns and the other at the southwest corner which was supported by six massive statues, the famous Caryatids “ ("Erechtheion", 2015), which were pillars that were female figures.

The Propylaea
This was the monumental gateway and served as the entrance to the Acropolis and was designed and supervised by Mnesikles. Its construction began in 437 BC, and its construction stopped abruptly five years later when the Peloponnesian war began. It had five entrances; four of them were to foot passengers and one central enormous entrance for wheeled traffic. The Propylaea’s design was of the Doric order with a few Ionic columns.

The Athena Nike
This temple is smaller than the other temples of the Acropolis and was strategically placed as it protects the south flank of the most vulnerable access point and gate to the citadel. This construction of the temple was completed in 420 BCE, has Ionic features and was designed by Kallikrates.

Conclusion
Every city has an acropolis; however, there is not one more famous than the one in Greece. The temples on the holy rock of the Acropolis are some of the most important world’s buildings. They had an enormous influence on the architecture of the Western World; some examples can be seen from Ancient Rome to the White House.…...

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