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“the Application of Both Goal Setting and Expectancy Theory Principles Help to Enhance Employee Performance”. to What Extent Do You Agree with This Statement?

In: Business and Management

Submitted By reeveyew
Words 1203
Pages 5
Process theories are theories of motivation that emphasizes on how we make choices with respect to goals. Content theories concern with ‘what’ motivates people while process theories concern with ‘how’ motivation occurs. Major process theories include expectancy theory, goal setting theory and equity theory. I agree to the notion that application of goal setting and expectancy theory will improve employee performance to a certain extent. In this essay, the application of goal setting and expectancy theories in real life and the possible limitations of the theories will be discussed. “Goal setting theory is a process theory of motivation which argues that work motivation is influenced by goal difficulty, goal specificity, and knowledge of results.” (Locke, 1968) According to goal setting theory, challenging goals can result in higher performance as compared to monotonous goals as most of the jobs can be dull, hence by accomplishing challenging goals will lead to sense of fulfilment from the employee. Besides, specific goals will stimulate higher level of performance than vague goals such as ‘do your best’. Feedback on past performance is also crucial as employees will appreciate the manger’s interest in their success and always know what is expected of them. Thus, it is common for an organization to apply goal setting theory as in most cases it will bring about positive results. An experiment was conducted with a company involved in loading of logging trucks (Latham and Locke, 1979). It was observed that although the drivers’ wages were paid by piece-rate system, they were still opted for underloading the trucks, on average at 58 to 63 percent of capacity. This was due to if the trucks were underloaded, the company will gain less revenue, however if the trucks were overloaded, the driver could be fined by the Highway Department and could eventually lose his…...

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