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The Behaviorist Approach

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By NiamhWoodx
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Describe and evaluate the behaviourist approach in psychology (10 marks)

When psychologists look at behaviourism in the environment they look at the nature vs nurture argument where they argued that nurture for a child is more important that the nature of the child. Psychology approaches the fact that behaviour is more learnt from the environment than it is just born it to you. For example, you learnt that you have to get dressed every morning and not go out the house with nothing on as it is illegal. That is not born into you; you have to be taught it. However depending on the environment you are brought up in, psychologists say, depends on what you learnt and how you behave. The more you learn the less likely you are to commit a crime and the more likely you are to teach your own children that they should behave in life. The case study for The Batista Boys is an example of how nurture for children can be more powerful than nature. All 18 boys in the family had a condition where they were born appearing to be female. All of them were raised as females and it wasn’t until they hit puberty than the whole family knew any different. The boys all were raised as girls and they acted feminine until they found out the truth. This case study could prove that nature can be overruled by nature and that it is a lot more powerful than it seems. Psychologists, such as Pavlov, believe that animals can learn from classical conditioning in the environment. Pavlov classically conditioned his dog to salivate when he heard the sound of a bell. He did this as followed, He used a neutral stimulus, the bell which before the experiment had no response and when he presented his dog with food and the dog would salivate he would ring the bell. After repeating the experiment several times, Pavlov would only have to ring the bell and the dog would start to salivate as he was…...

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