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The European Space Agency

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Submitted By liouli
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The E uropean S pace A gency

Europe has ‚ever since’ been actively involved in spaceflight and it still launches satellites for observation, navigation, telecommunications and astronomy. Furthermore, the European Space Agency sends probes to space and cooperates in the human exploration of space. Space is very important for Europe, it provides essential information to decisionmakers to respond to global challenges. Outer space helps us to understand our planet as well as the universe and provides us with indispensable information. According to scientists our solar system emerged more than 4600 million years ago. Since then we could observe a different evolution of its planets and moons. Space companies from all over the world have set scientific goals to find out how our earth works, and whether life on Mars ever existed or maybe is still active. Nowadays this is one of the most important questions, not only because mankind is preparing human exploration of the Red Planet. After the Big Bang, 15 billion years ago, the universe was extremely hot. As we know today, matter did not exist at that time. The process that led protons and electrons to form into stars, galaxies and eventually living creatures, still remains largely unknown. Space telescopes such as Hubble and ESA’s XMM-Newton and Integral are constantly studying the universe behind the visible light, observing and monitoring objects with extreme density, gravity and temperature. As we know, satellites are unique in their ability to constantly monitor the earth and provide a lot of information about our everchanging planet. From space, we monitor many natural but also man-made events. Whether floods, forest-fires, rising sea levels or oil slicks. In the modern world satellites and their abilities are inevitable.

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