Premium Essay

The Exploration of the Connectedness Between Texts Enhances an Understanding of Text’s Textual Integrity.

In: English and Literature

Submitted By alexgwozdecky
Words 1500
Pages 6
The exploration of the connectedness between texts enhances an understanding of text’s textual integrity. This is evident within William Shakespeare’s ‘King Richard Third’ and Al Pacino’s docudrama ‘Looking For Richard’, where composers portray, through literary and film techniques, texts which reveal to their respective audiences valuable insights into their differing contexts. ‘Looking For Richard’ is based on ‘King Richard Third’ and adapts Shakespeare’s values to a modern context. Exploration of connections between the texts enhances the understanding of the values and contexts of each text. Connections enhances context, character and perspective as these values intensify connections. Through exploring context and character connections between texts, new perspectives of each text are possible, creating textual integrity. Richard Third - Context
Richard Third was written to a superstitious Elizabethan audience. It was written as pro-Tudor propaganda, whereby the representation of Richard as a sly and deformed character perpetuates the Tudor Myth, within the context of the War of the Roses. Richard exudes traits of a Machiavellian villain, with imagery exaggerating Richard as a “Deformed, unfinished” man who was “Sent before his time” in order to maintain his discontent. Furthermore, Richards evil characterization and relentless pursuit of power is highlighted to his audience through his opening soliloquy “since I can not prove to be a lover….. I am determined to prove a villain.” Shakespeare cleverly depicts the association between evil ones and lust for power in such a context that is appropriate to his audience, as the pun “sun of york” had influential meaning within his context. However, to a modern viewer, the context is foreign, making the pun undecipherable. The medium of a play to portray Richard III appealed to the Elizabethan audience due to it’s…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Building a Text Corpus

...Patel et al. (Eds) Amsterdam: IOS Press © 2001 IMIA. All rights reserved Building a Text Corpus for Representing the Variety of Medical Language Pierre Zweigenbauma, Pierre Jacquemarta, Natalia Grabara, Benoît Habertb a DIAM — Service d’Informatique Médicale/DSI, Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris & Département de Biomathématiques, Université Paris 6 b LIMSI-CNRS & Université Paris 10 Abstract Medical language processing has focused until recently on a few types of textual documents. However, a much larger variety of document types are used in different settings. It has been showed that Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools can exhibit very different behavior on different types of texts. Without better informed knowledge about the differential performance of NLP tools on a variety of medical text types, it will be difficult to control the extension of their application to different medical documents. We endeavored to provide a basis for such informed assessment: the construction of a large corpus of medical text samples. We propose a framework for designing such a corpus: a set of descriptive dimensions and a standardized encoding of both meta-information (implementing these dimensions) and content. We present a proof of concept demonstration by encoding an initial corpus of text samples according to these principles. Keywords: Natural language processing, documents, French. text corpus, medical apply to another type [2]1. This has consequences for the......

Words: 3989 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Narrative Texts

...H. Mohamed and Majzoub R. Omer Texts Texture and Culture: Cohesion as a Marker of Rhetorical Organisation in Arabic and English Narrative Published by: Additional services and information for RELC Journal can be found at: Email Alerts: Subscriptions: Reprints: Permissions: Citations: Downloaded from at SIMON FRASER LIBRARY on March 28, 2011 45 TEXTURE AND CULTURE: COHESION AS A MARKER OF RHETORICAL ORGANISATION IN ARABIC AND ENGLISH NARRATIVE TEXTS AYISHA H. MOHAMED Police Training College in Abu Dhabi and MAJZOUB R. OMER College of Girls’ Education in Tabuk Abstract This paper claims that the differences at the cultural level between the Arabic-speaking and the English-speaking communities have a direct effect on the rhetorical organisation of Arabic and English texts as evident in the different ways in which cohesive devices are used. It is suggested that the two speech communities differ along the following cultural dimensions: oralised v. literate, collectivism v. individualism, high-contact v. low-contact, and reader-responsible v. writer-responsible. In order to test the influence of these cultural differences on the use of cohesive devices on written texts produced in the two......

Words: 10090 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Personal Exploration

...Personal Exploration Renee Hobgood University of Phoenix Personal Exploration To begin this exploration I felt compelled to find a scholarly definition of the word personal. I found Neidhardt (2002) from the Physics Department New Jersey Institute of Technology as enlightening. Neidhardt explains personal as: The concept of the personal is based upon commitment, defined as the responsible submission of the mind to the requirements of a reality independent of it. Commitment expresses a belief that enables a person to entrust himself to the claims of reality upon him. Commitment always refers the self away to what is independent of it; hence commitment is objectively, not subjectively, oriented Thus begins my personal exploration of knowledge. Invitation to a Concert Rhythm and Blues (R&B) is a gutsy music genre, so when Marie extended an invitation to attend an Anthony Hamilton concert, I accepted. At first, I was hesitant because I was not familiar with the artist. The empirical knowledge thought process pervaded my mind before I accepted the invitation. Unfamiliar with his music, it was difficult to justify attending. Moser and vander Nat (Moser & Vander Nat, 2002) defines empiricism as “Empirical (a posteriori) knowledge which depends on its evidence or justification on sensory experience.” Since I did not have any experience with Hamilton’s the music, the motivating factor was a nice cultural outing with a friend. Marie, whom I consider a master of......

Words: 1660 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Suggest the Significant Differences Between Behaviourism and Psychodynamic Approach to Understanding Human Behavior.

...differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Comparison Between Singapore and China Primary Chinese Text Book

...1研究对象与方法 6 4.2教材内容的比较分析 6 5中国小学语文教材与新加坡小学华文教材深层价值的比较 8 结语 9 参考文献 9 中国与新加坡小学语文教材比较研究 摘要:对于新加坡而言,英语是其共同语与主要教学语言,同时也是很多华族的主要家庭语言。因此,新加坡是华语为大部分华族第二语言的地区,因此新加坡小学语文课程也应与中国的小学语文课程有所区别。但在经过作者的反复比较之后发现,新加坡的小学语文课程总目标与中国小学语文课程总目标如出一辙,除了比较注重普通的语言训练之外,也强调思维技能、品德情意、语文素养与中华文化。因此,本论文将以新加坡小学语文教材中的部分语言现象以及教材的编排为出发点,将其与中国小学语文教材进行了相应比较,并且对二者之间的异同之处进行了浅要分析。 关键词:中国;新加坡;小学语文教材;比较 Abstract: For Singapore, the main teaching medium and its common language are English. In the meanwhile it is also the family language. So Singapore is the district that most of its Chinese residents that use Chinese language as a second language. And there must be some differences between the two Country’s Chinese Curriculum. But after several comparisons, the author found that there is no much difference between the two Countries of its general objective of Chinese Curriculum. They not only put more attentions on the language basic skills training but also lay stress on critical thinking/moral values/Chinese quality and Chinese culture. Therefore, in this dissertation I will analyze part of the language phenomenon in the Singapore Chinese textbook and its arrangement as the starting point. And put them in comparison to find out the similarities and differences. Keywords: China;Singapore;Primary School Chinese Textbook;Comparison 引言 ......

Words: 773 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Text and Context in Russian Legislation

...Text and Context in Russian Legislation With Specific Reference To The Russian Constitution Nigel J. Jamieson* ABSTRACT Law and politics have a closer inter-textual relationship in Russian jurisprudence than would be understood generally of any European legal system. The closeness of this inter-textual relationship can be partly explained by history, culture, and language, as also by dialectics, ideologies, and literature. Concepts of law, government, and the state, together with concepts of federalism, democracy, and the rule of law, can vary so markedly from their apparently translatable equivalents that, even when recognising the formal concept of a codified Constitution, the inter-textual relationship between the enacted law and politics remains so dynamic as to be impossible to tell which it is, of law or of politics, that is the text, and which the context. This inter-textual relationship remains so strongly and continuously dynamic at the level of public and international law that the customary division by which lawyers, and common lawyers especially, assume law to be the text and politics to be the context carries a critical risk. This paper identifies that risk in terms of law, literature, and logic, as well as in terms of history, politics, and dialectics. To focus solely on law as a specialism without any more syncretic and synergic account of the other contributing disciplines, is to make the textual tail of the law wag the contextual......

Words: 20768 - Pages: 84

Premium Essay


...Exploration Essay 1 When one is trying to give the definition of religion, they find there are many definitions or understandings. As it has been stated by St. Augustine, “Most of us know perfectly well what religion is, until someone asks us to define it.” Religion can be defined as the human quest for, experience of and response to the holy or sacred. It is said the universal human activity expresses itself in three ways: 1) in thought, 2) in action, and 3) in fellowship. In contrast, science uses methods to gain knowledge by testing hypotheses to develop theories through interpretation of the facts or calculations by experiments and can only answer the infinite questions of the universe that can be observed and measured. The relationship between religion and science has been a subject of study for centuries. It has been addressed by philosophers, theologians, and scientists. There have been many diverse perspectives from different regions, cultures and historical periods. Some state there is a conflict between religion and science, others disagree and others offer there is little interaction. Science and religion generally pursue knowledge of the universe using different methodologies. Science acknowledge reason and evidence, while religions include revelation, faith and sacredness. Despite these differences, most scientific and technical innovations prior to the scientific revolution were achieve by societies organized by religious traditions. Much of the scientific...

Words: 723 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Connections Between Texts

...different teaching approaches to connect with and engage her class. This shows that she was trying to establish equality in the classroom and make enemies friends in order to help them see each other as people, not as problems or enemies. This is illustrated when she introduces the Line Game, a tool used to highlight the similarities between all of the students. They look into each others eyes and see the pain that has been caused by the rivalry. From then on they begin the journey of reconciliation further showing Ms Gruwell’s influence on them. When they “walk into the room (they) feel as though all the problems in life are not so important anymore, that (they) are home” further emphasizes that their pain and distress unites them and creates a meaningful relationship between even the greatest of enemies. It is the only place that they could “truly be themselves.” Richard LaGravenese wants the audience to understand and recognise that we, as humans, really aren’t that different from each other. To do this we need to stop isolating ourselves and alienating others. The process of choosing an us-oriented life, helps us to receive a better understanding of people, giving us the hope of a brighter future. LaGravenese makes the audience deeply want to feel the love and have relationships that these students from Room 203 felt. To feel the love that these students had for each other we need to make the effort to understand them, who they are and where they are coming from.......

Words: 2673 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Text Mining

...CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE FEEDBACK USING TEXT MINING: A LINGUISTICS-BASED APPROACH Car park and transfer case study at an airport 21 March 2014 Francisco Villarroel Dr Charalampos Theodoulidis Dr Jamie Burton Prof Thorsten Gruber Dr Mohamed Zaki Content •  Customer Feedback and Value co-creation •  (Text Mining and its applications) •  Car park and transfer case study at an airport •  Results •  Managerial Implications •  Further Research Customer Feedback “Customer feedback process” plays a key role in ensuring that information from complaints, compliments, market research and other sources are systematically collected, analysed, and disseminated in ways that will drive service improvements” (Lovelock and Wirtz, 2007). “Service Quality (SQ) is a marketing stream that considers customer feedback as an opportunity for assessing customer (di)satisfaction. SQ can be “measured through the difference between customer expectations and their real experience with the service” (Parasuraman et al.1985). Customer Feedback Process Implicit Explicit Determined Actions (i.e. eye tracking, reading time, number of scrolling, etc.) Platforms (e.g. surveys, e-mails, online review, blog, etc.) Customer Feedback Process •  Many companies analyse explicit feedback using quantitative methods because of simplicity in analysis •  Evaluating an entire service of quantitative measures will result in an •  incomplete understanding of customer experience......

Words: 1373 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The Author, the Text, and the Reader

...A study of reader-response theories, and some views on how the objectivity of the literary text is or is not distinguished from the subjectivity of the reader's response by Clarissa Lee Ai Ling In the academic study of literature very little attention has been paid to the ordinary reader, the subjective individual who reads a particular text. David S. Miall and Don Kuiken, in their paper The form of reading: Empirical studies of literariness state. Almost no professional attention is being paid to the ordinary reader, who continues to read for the pleasure of understanding the world of the text rather than for the development of a deconstructive or historicist perspective. The concerns that an ordinary reader seems likely to have about a literary text, such as its style, its narrative structure, or the reader's relation to the author, the impact on the reader's understanding or feelings - such concerns now seem of little interest. In this paper I should like to study a few kinds of reader and the subjectivity of their responses to the objectivity found within literary texts, quoting some views found within reader-response criticism. Before I begin, I should like to consider what is meant by the term 'literary text', and what is meant by the objectivity of it. According to Terry Eagleton, [1] the definition of 'literary', as advanced by the Russian formalists, (who included in their ranks are Viktor Shklovsky, Roman Jakobson, Osip Brik, Yury Tynyanov, Boris......

Words: 3773 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Understanding Islam

...Understanding Islam Name Course Tutor Date Understanding Islam Christianity, Islam and Judaism Religious beliefs, traditions of social behavior, governmental structures and laws of today discover their foundation in the progress of three major belief classifications - Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Even though, number of various spiritual movements has increased all over the years, these three belief classification have mad the most influence on development of the West. To better appreciate this influence, it is essential to draw the progress of Christianity, Islam and Judaism, and assess the correlations between them. Whereas, each belief category is distinctive, there are several similarities because of their common foundations. According to Smith, (1991), Christianity, Islam and Judaism are all referred to as Abrahamic religions because they all mention Abraham as their originator. As such, they have several general beliefs. Christians and Jews share some of the similar Holy Scriptures that is the first five books of the Old Testament in the bible. There are a not many common foundations and several common aspects of Christianity, Islam and Judaism –in what is referred to as Abrahamic spiritual heritage. Similarities The beliefs and practices of Christianity, Islam and Judaism most significantly starts with the originator of the Hebrews called Abraham ca 1800 B.C.E. Historically, these ideas were also pledged to by nomadic tribes, who settled...

Words: 3103 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Textual Analysis

...Media Studies - Textual Analysis Part A This advertisement circulated around 1953 for Del Monte Ketchup (Lars, 2009), or as Australian’s call it, tomato sauce. On first appearance this text screams sexist as it frames a well dressed woman of the aforementioned era with manicured nails, perfect make up, not a hair out of place, looking suitably surprised by a bottle of tomato sauce. The image is anchored by the words “You mean a woman can open it?” with the word “woman” underlined to suggest that women are the weaker sex and previously unable to open a bottle of sauce without the assistance of a man. (Tremblay & Tremblay, 2012) writes that this ad depicts women as technically unskilled or as sex objects. Within the frame of the advertisement is the ideology of the 1950’s woman, the text which anchors the ad and part of the bottle of sauce. This acts as a slight form of metonymy as part of the bottle represents the whole bottle, or, all the bottles of that particular brand of sauce. At the time this advertisement went to print the Del Monte logo at the top of the bottle was most likely recognised by that general demographic. There is nothing else within the frame of this advert, no husband to suggest this new sauce bottle is for anyone to use and no family in the background suggesting this is for the ‘kept woman’ who takes care of her man. Furthermore, we can’t see her posture but we can assume her posture is straight and confident by what we can see of her head,......

Words: 1838 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Case Studies on Academic Integrity

...Enabling strategies enact academic integrity policy. Without long-term, sustainable and practical support resources, a policy will not be enacted, no matter how well it is articulated. The cases in this resource cover a range of academic integrity issues in Australian universities with application for a wider audience. These case studies have been developed by the Academic Integrity Standards Project. “…I suspect that every senior manager needs to have some training in the issue of academic integrity principles.  I learnt mine on the job, so I think that needs to be worked through so that the policy and the implementation and the people who have that power understand those principles …So I think the case study models really useful.  How would you deal with someone who had this story; you know, what would you do, and then work out what you'd do pragmatically versus where the policy fits from there.” (Senior Manager, University B, Academic Integrity Standards Project) Although they may be based on real life stories, they have been adapted and anonymised for the purposes of this project resource; pseudonyms are used in every instance. The case studies are designed to be used as triggers for discussion in group seminars and primarily target teaching staff, although they could be used for discussion with students or other academic integrity stakeholders.  Support for this project/activity has been provided by the Australian Government Office for Learning and Teaching...

Words: 15906 - Pages: 64

Free Essay

Comparison Between Influential and Instrumental Texts

...Comparison between Instrumental and Influential texts: Instrumental texts and influential texts are very different in the way they are set out and written, but both offer a sense of power over the audience. Instrumental texts usually use features that help them show the power they have very clearly, such as in a parking ticket or penalty charge letter. These texts are very obvious in what they want out of the reader, and tell them very clearly in a simple but brash manner, making the audience feel as if they’re forced to do what it’s telling them too. Influential texts are a little bit less obvious, the power they have isn’t as standoffish. Influential texts use a lot of language features that give a sense of obligation to the audience, rather than the forceful feel that the contrasting text type has. At first glance of the two texts, a charity leaflet and penalty charge notice, the graphology is clearly very different. The leaflet, which is the influential text, contains colours of blue and red that surround the leaflet and images of the children that they are trying to gain support for. When looking closely at the text, all of the negative aspects such as ‘Aisha wants to learn…but every day she has to battle against disease and poverty’ are in red colouring, but the more positive things such as ‘Donate online’ and ‘send a little hope’ are set in blue. Red font is very commonly known for its negative connotations of death, danger and fear so contrasting this with calming......

Words: 1119 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Textual Sublimations: Textual Precultural Theory in the Works of Fellini

...Textual Sublimations: Textual precultural theory in the works of Fellini Thomas Dietrich Department of Politics, University of Michigan 1. Expressions of genre If one examines the neodialectic paradigm of reality, one is faced with a choice: either accept textual precultural theory or conclude that the collective is capable of truth. Thus, an abundance of deconstructions concerning not materialism, but postmaterialism may be found. The subject is contextualised into a textual capitalism that includes sexuality as a reality. Therefore, the characteristic theme of the works of Fellini is the dialectic, and eventually the meaninglessness, of predialectic class. The subject is interpolated into a constructivist discourse that includes art as a whole. In a sense, Derrida uses the term ‘rationalism’ to denote the bridge between narrativity and society. Bataille suggests the use of neotextual rationalism to deconstruct sexist perceptions of class. 2. Rationalism and the material paradigm of discourse “Consciousness is intrinsically responsible for hierarchy,” says Derrida. It could be said that the primary theme of Prinn’s[1] analysis of the patriarchial paradigm of narrative is the role of the writer as artist. If textual precultural theory holds, we have to choose between rationalism and Lacanist obscurity. But the subject is contextualised into a textual precultural theory that includes reality as a reality. Rationalism implies that consensus is created by the......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Ninja Slayer From Animation English Subbed | Rudy Youngblood | George O'Brien