Free Essay

The Ideal Muslim

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By fikryff
Words 15658
Pages 63
$V'HILQHGLQWKH4XU·DQDQGWKH6XQQDK

7KH7UXH,VODPLF3HUVRQDOLW\ õÇ ¡ ¢ ãÐ ¢øïöôÈm¡¨мË
”è´ßíŽ˜ÜߍòÓ

7KH0XVOLP,GHDO

5HYLVHG QG(GLWLRQ

'U0XKDPPDGµ$OLDO+DVKLPL
1DVLUXGGLQDO.KDWWDE
5HYLVHGE\ ,EUDKLP0.XQQD $QG $EX$\D6XODLPDQµ$EGXV6DEXU

7UDQVODWHGE\

¾¯ÈÅY[Zdº¨«Y`ºÀ°«Z˜«YyYv«Y ,QWHUQDWLRQDO,VODPLF3XEOLVKLQJ+RXVH ,,3

H

3XEOLVKHU¶V1RWH
$OO 3UDLVH LV IRU $OOK ,  5DEE /RUG  RI WKH ZRUOGV DQG SHDFH DQG SUD\HUV EH XSRQ 0XKDPPDG 7 KLVIDPLO\DQGFRPSDQLRQVDQGDOOWKRVHZKRIROORZLQWKHLUIRRWVWHSVXQWLOWKH/DVW'D\ 7KHµ,GHDO0XVOLP¶LVQRZLQLWVVHFRQGUHYLVHGHGLWLRQLQ(QJOLVK/LNHWKHµ,GHDO0XVOLPDK¶LWKDV EHHQYHU\ZHOOUHFHLYHGE\RXU(QJOLVKDQG$UDELFUHDGHUV,WVSRSXODULW\LVEDVHGRQWKHIDFWWKDW'UDO +VKLP¯ KDV GHDOW ZLWK WKH YDULRXV WRSLFV LQ D FRPSOHWH DQG FRPSUHKHQVLYH ZD\ +H KDV EURXJKW FRQFOXVLYHUHIHUHQFHVIURPWKH4XU¶QDQG6XQQDKWREDFNXSHYHU\SRLQWDQGLVVXHKHKDVUDLVHG+HKDV HYHQH[DPLQHGERWK(DVWHUQDQG:HVWHUQWKRXJKWVRQFHUWDLQ LVVXHVDQGSURYHGWKDWWKH,VOPLFLGHDOLV VXSHULRULQDOOFDVHV ,QGHHGWKH,GHDO0XVOLPKDVQRFRPSDULVRQ+LVKXPDQLW\JORZVLQHYHU\DVSHFWRIKLVOLIH+HLVD PDQRIKLJKPRUDOFKDUDFWHULQKLVGHDOLQJVZLWKKLVSDUHQWVIDPLO\IULHQGVDQGWKHVRFLHW\DWODUJH 7KLVUHYLVHGHGLWLRQKDVEHHQGRQHWRXSJUDGHDQGFRUUHFWDQ\PLVWDNHVLQWKHILUVWHGLWLRQ,,3+LV GHWHUPLQHGWREULQJWKHWUXHNQRZOHGJHRI,VOPWRLWVUHDGHUVLQWKHPRVWDXWKHQWLFIRUPLQDFFRUGDQFH ZLWKWKHSXUHWHDFKLQJVRIWKHUHOLJLRQ 7KLVERRNZLOOLQGHHGEHQHILWDOOWKRVHZKRVLQFHUHO\VHHNWKHDXWKHQWLFNQRZOHGJHRI,VOP:HSUD\ DQGKRSHWKDWZHDOOUHFHLYHEHQHILWIURPLWDQGWKDWZHPD\EHDEOHWRIROORZWKHH[DPSOHRIRXUSLRXV SUHGHFHVVRUV LQ SUDFWLFLQJ WKLV NQRZOHGJH $QG PD\ $OOK¶V SHDFH DQG EOHVVLQJV EH XSRQ WKH 3URSKHW 7 KLVIDPLO\DQGFRPSDQLRQV

I

7KH ,GHDO 0XVOLP LV D PDQ RI WKH KLJKHVW PRUDO FKDUDFWHU ,Q KLV UHODWLRQVKLS ZLWK +LV 5DEEKLPVHOIIDPLO\SDUHQWVUHODWLYHVIULHQGVDQGWKHFRPPXQLW\DWODUJH KHKDVDPRVW H[FHOOHQW H[DPSOH LQ WKH 3URSKHW RI ,VOP 7KLV LGHDO LV IXUWKHU VWUHQJWKHQHG E\ WKH FKDUDFWHUV RI WKH ILUVW JHQHUDWLRQV RI 0XVOLPV ZKR H[FHOOHG LQ DOO WKH YDULRXV ILHOGV RI KXPDQHQGHDYRXU+HLVUHDVVXUHGIURPWKHWHDFKLQJVRI,VOPWKDWKHDOVRFDQUHDFKWKHVH QREOHKHLJKWVE\ZRUNLQJWRLPSURYHKLVFKDUDFWHUGDLO\

7KLV FRPSUHKHQVLYH ZRUN E\ 'U DO+VKLP¯ LV D YDOXDEOH FRQWULEXWLRQ IRU RXU (QJOLVK UHDGHUV+HZURWHDQRWKHUERRNRQWKH,GHDO0XVOLPDK IHPDOH0XVOLP DQGRXUUHDGHUV DUHLQYLWHGWRUHDGERWKWLWOHVIRUWKHUHDVRQWKDWWKHVHWZRERRNVFRPSOHPHQWHDFKRWKHU 0D\$OOK , KHOSXVDOOLQPDNLQJWKHVHSXUHWHDFKLQJVDSDUWRIRXUOLIH 7KH2WKHU7LWOHLQWKLV6HULHVLV E 7KH,GHDO0XVOLPDK

J

7UDQVODWRU¶V)RUHZRUG
3UDLVHEHWR$OOK , WKH5DEE /RUG RIWKH:RUOGVDQGPD\WKHEOHVVLQJVDQGSHDFHRI$OOKEH XSRQRXUEHORYHG3URSKHW0XKDPPDGDQGKLV)DPLO\DQG&RPSDQLRQV ,GHDO 0XVOLP WKH WUXH ,VOPLF SHUVRQDOLW\ DV GHILQHG E\ WKH 4XU¶Q DQG 6XQQDK SUHVHQWV D FRPSUHKHQVLYHRYHUYLHZRIWKHZD\LQZKLFKWKH3URSKHW 7 DQGKLV&RPSDQLRQVOLYHG7KLVSLFWXUHRI WKHSUDFWLFDODVSHFWVRIDWUXO\,VOPLFOLIHVW\OHVHUYHVDVDWLPHO\UHPLQGHUIRUDOORIXV$WDWLPHZKHQ XQ,VOPLFDQGDQWL,VOPLFLQIOXHQFHVDUH VSUHDGLQJYLDPRGHUQWHFKQRORJ\WRWKHKHDUWODQGVRI,VOPDQG HYHQ WR WKH UHPRWHVW UHJLRQV ZH QHHG WR KROG ILUP WR WKH GLVWLQFW FKDUDFWHU RI RXU IDLWK DV SUHVFULEHG E\ $OOK , DQGUHYHDOHGWKURXJK+LV3URSKHW 7  'U0XKDPPDGµ$O¯ DO+VKLP¯ SUHVHQWVDZHOOWKRXJKWRXWJXLGHWRWKH,VOPLFOLIHVW\OH+HVWDUWVZLWK WKH 0XVOLP¶V UHODWLRQVKLS ZLWK KLV 5DEE ZKLFK LV WKH PRVW LPSRUWDQW DVSHFW RI KLV OLIH DQG SURYLGHV WKH IRXQGDWLRQIRUDOOKLVRWKHUUHODWLRQVKLSV)URPWKHUH'U+VKLP¯ RXWOLQHVKRZWKH0XVOLPVKRXOGUHODWHWR HYHU\SHUVRQLQKLVOLIHVWDUWLQJZLWKKLPVHOIDQGKLVIDPLO\DQGPRYLQJRQE\VWDJHVWRHQFRPSDVVHYHU\ PHPEHU RI WKH FRPPXQLW\ RU VRFLHW\ (DFK SRLQW LV VXSSRUWHG E\ H[WHQVLYH TXRWDWLRQV IURP WKH 4XU¶Q DQGRUpDG¯WK ,W VKRXOG EH QRWHG WKDW ZKLOH PRVW RI ,VOPLF WHDFKLQJV z DQG FHUWDLQO\ WKH FHQWUDO EHOLHIV DQG SUDFWLFHV ³SLOODUV´  z DUH LQFXPEHQW XSRQ PHQ DQG ZRPHQ DOLNH VRPH DVSHFWV RI WKH IDLWK DUH HPSKDVL]HGPRUHIRURQHWKDQWKHRWKHURUPD\EHDSSOLFDEOHWRMXVWRQHRIWKHWZRVH[HV$QREYLRXV H[DPSOH LV WKH GUHVVFRGH ZKHUH WKH HPSKDVLV LV SODFHG RQ ZRPHQ¶V DWWLUH DOWKRXJK LW VKRXOG QRW EH IRUJRWWHQWKDWPHQDUHLQVWUXFWHGWRGUHVVPRGHVWO\WRRDQGWKDWFHUWDLQSURKLELWLRQVDSSO\RQO\WRWKHP LHWKHZHDULQJRIJROGDQGVLON $QXPEHURIWKHVH³JHQGHUVSHFLILF´PDWWHUVDUHGLVFXVVHGKHUHEXW WKHERRNVKRXOGQRWEHYLHZHGDVH[FOXVLYHPHQDQGZRPHQDOLNHPD\OHDUQPXFKIURPLW 7KHLQWHUSUHWDWLRQVRI4XU¶QLFTXRWDWLRQVKDYHEHHQWDNHQIURPWKHWUDQVODWLRQE\(DWDQGGULQNEXWZDVWHQRWE\H[FHVVIRU$OOKORYHVQRWWKHZDVWHUV@ 4XU¶Q 6LPLODUO\WKH3URSKHW 7 DOVRDGYLVHGPRGHUDWLRQLQIRRGDQGGULQN

´7KHUHLVQRZRUVHYHVVHOIRUWKHVRQRIbGDPWRILOOWKDQKLVRZQVWRPDFKEXWLIKHPXVWILOOLWWKHQOHWKLP  DOORZRQHWKLUGIRUIRRGRQHWKLUGIRUGULQNDQGRQHWKLUGIRUDLUµ

µ8PDU W VDLG

´%HZDUHRIILOOLQJ\RXUVWRPDFKVZLWKIRRGDQGGULQNIRULWLVKDUPIXOWRWKHERG\DQGFDXVHVVLFNQHVVDQG OD]LQHVV LQ SHUIRUPLQJ SUD\HUV %H PRGHUDWH LQ ERWK IRRG DQG GULQN IRU WKDW LV KHDOWKLHU IRU \RXU ERGLHV DQG IXUWKHVW UHPRYHG IURP H[WUDYDJDQFH $OOK ,  ZLOO KDWH WKH IDW PDQ RQH ZKR UHYHOV LQ D OLIH RI  OX[XU\ DQGDPDQZLOOQRWEHFRQGHPQHGXQWLOKHIDYRXUVKLVGHVLUHVRYHUKLVUHOLJLRQµ

7KH 0XVOLP DYRLGV GUXJV DQG VWLPXODQWV HVSHFLDOO\ WKRVH ZKLFK DUH FOHDUO\ NQRZQ WR EH ­DUP+H VOHHSVHDUO\DQGZDNHVHDUO\DQGGRHVQRWWDNHPHGLFLQHH[FHSWIRULOOQHVV%HVLGHVWKLVHYHU\WKLQJLQKLV ZD\RIOLIHLVDLPHGDWSURPRWLQJKLVQDWXUDOKHDOWKDQGHQHUJ\ 7KH VPDUW 0XVOLP NQRZV WKDW D VWURQJ EHOLHYHU LV PRUH ORYHGE\$OOK , WKDQDZHDNRQHDVWKH 3URSKHW 7 VDLGVRKHWULHVWRVWUHQJWKHQKLVERG\WKURXJKDKHDOWK\OLIHVW\OH

+HH[HUFLVHVUHJXODUO\

$OWKRXJK WKH 0XVOLP XVXDOO\ HQMR\V JRRG SK\VLFDO KHDOWK EHFDXVH RI KLV DEVWHQWLRQ IURP ­DUP RU KDUPIXOIRRGDQGGULQNDQGKLVDYRLGDQFHRIEDGKDELWVVXFKDVVWD\LQJXSODWHRULQGXOJLQJLQDFWLYLWLHV WKDW PD\ EH GHWULPHQWDO WR KLV ZHOOEHLQJ KH PXVW VWLOO PDNH D FRQFHUWHG HIIRUW WR LPSURYH KLV ERGLO\ VWUHQJWK 7KH KHDOWK\ HDWLQJ KDELWV WKDW KH SUDFWLFHV DUH VXSSOHPHQWHG E\ DQ RUJDQL]HG H[HUFLVH SURJUDP DSSURSULDWHWRKLVSK\VLFDOFRQGLWLRQDJHDQGVRFLDOVWDWXV7KLVJLYHVVWUHQJWKHQHUJ\DQGYLWDOLW\WRKLV ERG\DQGSURYLGHVLPPXQLW\WRLOOQHVV

 

DO.DQ]

$­DVDQ­DG¯WKQDUUDWHGE\$­PDGDO7LUPLGK¯HWDODQGDXWKHQWLFDWHGDV ÑD­¯­ E\DOpNLP

ÎÎÖ



,IKHLVWRUHDSWKHEHQHILWVRIH[HUFLVHKHSODQVWRH[HUFLVHUHJXODUO\DQGGRHVQRWJLYHXS$OORI WKLVLVGRQHLQDQRUJDQL]HGDQGV\VWHPDWLFIDVKLRQEXWLQPRGHUDWLRQDVWKLVLVWKHKDOOPDUNRIWKHWUXH 0XVOLPLQHYHU\SODFHDQGDJH

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5HODWLYHV

+LVERG\DQGFORWKHVDUHFOHDQ

7KH 0XVOLP ZKRP ,VOP ZDQWV WR VWDQG RXW DPRQJ SHRSOH LV YHU\ FOHDQ +H KDV KLJK VWDQGDUGV RI SHUVRQDO K\JLHQH EDWKLQJ IUHTXHQWO\ LQ DFFRUGDQFH ZLWK WKH JXLGDQFH RI WKH 3URSKHW 7  ZKR HQFRXUDJHGSHRSOHWRZDVKWKHPVHOYHVFRPSOHWHO\DQGZHDUSHUIXPH HVSHFLDOO\RQ)ULGD\V
´+DYH D EDWK RQ )ULGD\V DQG ZDVK\RXUKHDGVHYHQLI\RXDUHQRWLQDVWDWHRIMDQEDK LPSXULW\HJ IROORZLQJVH[XDOUHODWLRQV DQGZHDUSHUIXPHµ %XNKU¯ 

7KH 3URSKHW 7  SODFHG VXFK D JUHDW HPSKDVLV RQ FOHDQOLQHVV DQG EDWKLQJ WKDW VRPH RI WKH IRXU ,PPVFRQVLGHUHGSHUIRUPLQJJKXVO EHIRUH)ULGD\SUD\HUWREHREOLJDWRU\ ZMLE  $EÔ +XUD\UDK W VDLG

´7KH 3URSKHW 7  VDLG ¶,W LV WKH GXW\ RI HYHU\ 0XVOLP WR WDNH D EDWK DW OHDVW  RQFHHYHU\VHYHQGD\V DQGWRZDVKKLVKHDGDQGERG\·µ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP

7KHWUXH0XVOLPNHHSVKLVFORWKHVDQGVRFNVFOHDQFKHFNLQJWKHPIURP WLPHWRWLPHWREHVXUHWKDW WKH\ KDYH QR XQSOHDVDQW VPHOO +H DOVR ZHDUV SHUIXPH WR KHOS NHHS KLPVHOI FOHDQ ,W LV UHSRUWHG WKDW µ8PDU W XVHGWRVD\³:KRHYHUVSHQGVDWKLUGRIKLVZHDOWKRQSHUIXPHLVQRWEHLQJH[WUDYDJDQW´ 7KHVPDUW0XVOLPWDNHVFDUHRIKLVPRXWKIRUQRRQHVKRXOGHYHUKDYHWRVPHOODQXQSOHDVDQWRGRXU FRPLQJ IURP LW +H GRHV WKLV E\ FOHDQLQJ KLV WHHWK HYHU\ GD\ ZLWK D VLZN WRRWKEUXVK WRRWKSDVWH DQG PRXWKZDVKHV+HDOVRYLVLWVWKHGHQWLVWUHJXODUO\WRFKHFNKLVPRXWKDWOHDVWRQFHD\HDUDQGYLVLWVRWKHU VSHFLDOLVWV VXFK DV RWRODU\QJRORJLVWV RU ³HDU QRVH DQG WKURDW´ GRFWRUV  DV QHFHVVDU\ VR WKDW KLV PRXWK ZLOOVWD\FOHDQDQGKLVEUHDWKIUHVK µb¶LVKDKQDUUDWHGWKDWWKH3URSKHW 7 ´QHYHUZRNHIURPVOHHSLQJDWDQ\WLPHRIGD\RUQLJKWZLWKRXW
FOHDQLQJKLVWHHWKZLWKDVLZN EHIRUHSHUIRUPLQJZXŸÔ·µ ´,ILWZHUHQRWIRUWKHIDFWWKDW,GLGQRWZDQWWRRYHUEXUGHQP\8PPDK,ZRXOGKDYHRUGHUHGWKHPWR XVHWKHVLZN EHIRUHHYHU\SUD\HUµ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP

7KH3URSKHW¶VFRQFHUQIRURUDOK\JLHQHZDVVRJUHDWWKDWKHVDLG



µb¶LVKDK ZDV DVNHG ZKDW WKH 3URSKHW 7  XVHG WR GR ILUVW ZKHQ KH FDPH KRPH 6KH VDLG ³8VH VLZN´ 0XVOLP 5HJUHWWDEO\VRPH0XVOLPVQHJOHFWWKHVHWHDFKLQJVWKDWDUHDWWKHKHDUWRI,VOPDQGGRQRWSD\KHHG WR WKH FOHDQOLQHVV RI WKHLU PRXWKV ERGLHV DQG FORWKHV 6R \RX PD\ VHH WKHP JRLQJ WR WKH PRVTXH RU WR RWKHU UHOLJLRXV PHHWLQJV DQG VWXG\ FLUFOHV DQQR\LQJ WKHLU EURWKHUV ZLWK WKHLU XQSOHDVDQW VPHOO DQG
 

:HDULQJSHUIXPHLQSXEOLFLVIRUPHQRQO\ZRPHQDUHQRWSHUPLWWHGWRGRVR>7UDQVODWRU@ $­DVDQ­DG¯WKQDUUDWHGE\$­PDGDQG$EÔ 'ZÔG

RIIHQGLQJWKHDQJHOVZKRVXUURXQGWKHVHEOHVVHGJDWKHULQJV:KDWLVUHDOO\VWUDQJHLVWKHIDFWWKDWWKH\ WKHPVHOYHVOLVWHQWRDQGUHSHDWWKHVD\LQJRIWKH3URSKHW 7 WKDWZKRHYHUHDWVRQLRQVJDUOLFRUOHHNV VKRXOGQRWJRWRWKHPRVTXHEHFDXVHKLVEUHDWKPD\GLVWXUEWKHDQJHOVDQGWKHSHRSOH
´:KRHYHUHDWVRQLRQVJDUOLFRUOHHNVVKRXOGQRWDSSURDFKRXUPRVTXHEHFDXVHZKDWHYHURIIHQGVWKH VRQVRIbGDPPD\RIIHQGWKHDQJHOVµ 0XVOLP

7KH,GHDO0XVOLP



7KH3URSKHW 7 EDQQHGWKRVHZKRKDGHDWHQWKHVHSXQJHQWYHJHWDEOHVIURPFRPLQJDQ\ZKHUHQHDU WKH PRVTXH OHVW WKH SHRSOH DQG WKH DQJHOV EH RIIHQGHG E\ WKHLU EDG EUHDWK EXW WKHVH VPHOOV SDOH LQWR LQVLJQLILFDQFHEHVLGHWKHVWHQFKRIGLUW\FORWKHVILOWK\VRFNVXQZDVKHGERGLHVDQGXQFOHDQPRXWKVWKDW HPDQDWHIURPVRPHFDUHOHVVDQGXQNHPSWLQGLYLGXDOVZKRRIIHQGRWKHUVLQDQ\JDWKHULQJ ,PP$­PDGDQG,PPDO1LV¶¯ QDUUDWHWKDW-ELU W VDLG

´7KH 0HVVHQJHU RI $OOK 7  FDPH WR YLVLW XV DQG VDZ D PDQ ZKR ZDV ZHDULQJ GLUW\ FORWKHV +H VDLG ¶&RXOGWKLVSHUVRQQRWILQGDQ\WKLQJZLWKZKLFKWRZDVKKLVFORWKHV"·´

7KH3URSKHW 7 GLGQRWOLNHD0XVOLPWRDSSHDUEHIRUHSHRSOHZHDULQJGLUW\FORWKHVLIKHKDGWKH PHDQVWRFOHDQWKHP+HHQFRXUDJHG0XVOLPVDOZD\VWRGUHVVLQFOHDQFORWKHVDQGWRSUHVHQWDQHDWDQG DWWUDFWLYHDSSHDUDQFH+HXVHGWRVD\
´7KHUHLVQRWKLQJZURQJZLWKNHHSLQJWZRJDUPHQWVIRU)ULGD\DSDUWIURPRQH·VZRUNFORWKHVµ

,VOPIUHTXHQWO\HQFRXUDJHVLWVIROORZHUVWREHFOHDQDOZD\VWRSHUIXPHWKHLUFORWKHVDQGWRHQVXUHWKDW WKHLUERGLHVDOZD\VVPHOOIUHVKDQGFOHDQ7KLVLVZKDWWKH3URSKHW 7 XVHGWRGRDFFRUGLQJWRWKHUHSRUW WKDW,PP0XVOLPTXRWHVIURP$QDVLEQ0OLNZKRVDLG³,KDYHQHYHUVPHOWDQ\DPEHUJULVRUPXVNWKDW KDGDEHWWHUVFHQWWKDQWKHVFHQWRIWKH0HVVHQJHURI$OOK 7 ´ 0DQ\UHSRUWVGHVFULEHWKHFOHDQOLQHVVRIWKH3URSKHW¶VFORWKHVDQGERG\DQGGHVFULEHWKHVZHHWVPHOO RIKLVVZHDW)RUH[DPSOHLIKHVKRRNKDQGVZLWKDPDQKLVEHDXWLIXOVFHQWZRXOGUHPDLQRQWKDWPDQ¶V KDQGIRUWKHUHVWRIWKHGD\DQGLIKHODLGKLVKDQGRQWKHKHDGRIDFKLOGWKDWFKLOGZRXOGVWDQGRXWIURP RWKHUVE\YLUWXHRIKLVVZHHWVPHOO ,PP %XNKU¯ PHQWLRQV LQ DO7U¯NK DONDE¯U UHSRUWLQJ IURP -ELU WKDW WKH 3URSKHW 7  QHYHU SDVVHG WKURXJK D SODFH EXW D SHUVRQ ZKR IROORZHG KLP ZRXOG NQRZ WKDW KH KDG EHHQ WKHUH IURP KLV OLQJHULQJVFHQW 2QFHWKH3URSKHW 7 VOHSWLQWKHKRXVHRI$QDV+HVZHDWHGDQG8PP$QDVFDPHWRFROOHFWWKH VZHDWLQDERWWOH7KH3URSKHW 7 DVNHGKHUDERXWZKDWVKHZDVGRLQJDQGVKHWROGKLP ´7KLVLV\RXU VZHDWZHDGGLWWRRXUSHUIXPHDQGLWLVWKHEHVWRISHUIXPHVµ 0XVOLP +RZ XUJHQW LV WKH0XVOLPV¶QHHGWRIROORZWKHJXLGDQFHRIWKLVJUHDW0HVVHQJHULQKLVFRPPDQGWR WDNHFDUHRIRQH¶VKDLUDQGNHHSLWQHDWLQDFFRUGDQFHZLWKWKHWHDFKLQJVRI,VOP7KLVLVUHSRUWHGLQWKH ­DG¯WKWKDW$EÔ 'ZÔGTXRWHVIURP$EÔ +XUD\UDK W ZKRVDLG
´7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG¶:KRHYHUKDVKDLUOHWKLPORRNDIWHULWSURSHUO\·µ


5HSRUWHGE\$EÔ 'ZÔG,EQ0MDK,WVLVQ G LVÑD­¯­

ÎÏÎ



/RRNLQJ DIWHU RQH¶V KDLU DFFRUGLQJ WR ,VOPLF WHDFKLQJ LQYROYHV NHHSLQJ LW FOHDQ FRPELQJ LW SHUIXPLQJLWDQGVW\OLQJLWQLFHO\ 7KH3URSKHW 7 GLGQRWOLNHSHRSOHWROHDYHWKHLUKDLUXQFRPEHGDQGXQNHPSWVRWKDWWKH\ORRNHG OLNHZLOGPRQVWHUV+HGHVFULEHGVXFKDQXJO\DSSHDUDQFHDVEHLQJOLNHWKH6KD\ӍQ,QDO0XZDÓӍ,PP 0OLNUHSRUWVD­DG¯WKZLWKDPXUVDOLVQG IURPµ$Ӎ¶LEQ6D\:KRKDVIRUELGGHQWKHEHDXWLIXO>JLIWV@RI$OOKZKLFK+HKDVSURGXFHGIRU+LV VHUYDQWVDQG WKHWKLQJVFOHDQDQGSXUH>ZKLFK+HKDVSURYLGHG@IRUVXVWHQDQFH"@ 4XU¶Q $O4XUÓXE¯ VDLG³0DN­ÔOUHSRUWHGIURPµb¶LVKDKµ$JURXSRIWKH&RPSDQLRQVRIWKH3URSKHW 7  ZDVZDLWLQJDWWKHGRRUIRUKLPVRKHSUHSDUHGWRJRRXW WRPHHWWKHP7KHUHZDVDYHVVHORIZDWHULQWKH KRXVHDQGKHSHHUHGLQWRLWVPRRWKLQJKLVEHDUGDQGKLVKDLU µb¶LVKDKVDLG ,DVNHGKLP³20HVVHQJHU RI$OOKHYHQ\RXGRWKLV"´+HVDLG ´7KRVH ZKR ZKHQ WKH\ VSHQG DUH QRW H[WUDYDJDQW DQG QRW QLJJDUGO\ EXW KROG D MXVW >EDODQFH@ EHWZHHQWKRVH>H[WUHPHV@@ 4XU¶Q

,VOP ZDQWV LWV IROORZHUV DQG HVSHFLDOO\ LWV DGYRFDWHV Gµ¯V  WR VWDQG RXW LQ JDWKHULQJV LQ DQ DWWUDFWLYH IDVKLRQ QRW WR DSSHDU XQVLJKWO\ RU XQEHDUDEOH 1HJOHFWLQJ RQH¶V DSSHDUDQFH WR WKH H[WHQW RI EHLQJ RIIHQVLYH WR RQH¶V FRPSDQLRQV LQ WKH QDPH RI DVFHWLFLVP DQG KXPLOLW\ LV QRW SDUW RI ,VOP 7KH 3URSKHW 7  ZKR ZDV WKH HSLWRPH RI DVFHWLFLVP DQG KXPLOLW\ XVHG WR GUHVV LQ GHFHQW FORWKHV DQG SUHVHQWDSOHDVDQWDSSHDUDQFHWRKLVIDPLO\DQGKLVFRPSDQLRQV+HUHJDUGHGGUHVVLQJZHOODQGORRNLQJ JRRGDVDGHPRQVWUDWLRQRIWKHEOHVVLQJVRI$OOK , 
´$OOK , ORYHVWRVHHWKHVLJQVRI+LVJLIWVRQ+LVVODYHµ

7KH,GHDO0XVOLP



,EQ6DµGUHSRUWVLQDO†DEDTWWKDW-XQGDELEQ0DN¯WK W VDLG



´:KHQHYHUDGHOHJDWLRQFDPHWRPHHWWKH0HVVHQJHURI$OOK 7 KHZRXOGZHDUKLVEHVWFORWKHVDQG RUGHUKLVOHDGLQJ&RPSDQLRQVWRGROLNHZLVH,VDZWKH3URSKHW 7 RQWKHGD\WKDWWKHGHOHJDWLRQRI .LQGDKFDPHWRPHHWKLPKHZDVZHDULQJD2FKLOGUHQRIbGDP:HDU\RXUEHDXWLIXODSSDUHODWHYHU\WLPHDQGSODFHRISUD\HUHDWDQGGULQN

EXWZDVWHQRWE\H[FHVVIRU$OOKORYHVQRWWKHZDVWHUV6D\ZKRKDVIRUELGGHQWKHEHDXWLIXO>JLIWV@ RI $OOK ZKLFK +H KDV SURGXFHG IRU +LV VHUYDQWV DQG WKH WKLQJV FOHDQ DQG SXUH >ZKLFK +H KDV SURYLGHG@IRUVXVWHQDQFH"6D\7KH\DUHLQWKHOLIHRIWKLVZRUOGIRUWKRVHZKREHOLHYH>DQG@SXUHO\ IRU WKHP RQ WKH 'D\ RI -XGJHPHQW 7KXV GR :H H[SODLQ WKH 6LJQV LQ GHWDLO IRU WKRVH ZKR XQGHUVWDQG@ 4XU¶Q

0XVOLPUHSRUWVIURP,EQ0DVµÔG W WKDWWKH3URSKHW 7 VDLG

´1R RQH ZKR KDV HYHQ DQ DWRP·VZHLJKW RI SULGH LQ KLV KHDUW ZLOO HQWHU 3DUDGLVHµ $ PDQ DVNHG KLP ´:KDW LI KH OLNHV KLV FORWKHV DQG VKRHV WRORRNJRRG"µ 0HDQLQJLVWKLVFRXQWHGDVSULGH" 7KH3URSKHW 7  VDLG ´$OOK ,  LV EHDXWLIXO DQGORYHVEHDXW\3ULGHPHDQVGHQ\LQJWKHWUXWKDQGORRNLQJGRZQRQ RWKHUSHRSOHµ

7KLVLVWKHXQGHUVWDQGLQJDGRSWHGE\WKH6D­EDK DQGWKRVHZKRIROORZHGWKHPVLQFHUHO\7KHUHIRUH ,PP$EÔ pDQ¯IDK W DOZD\VWRRNFDUHWRGUHVVZHOODQGWRHQVXUHWKDWKHVPHOOHGFOHDQDQGIUHVKDQG


$ pDVDQ­DG¯WK QDUUDWHGE\DO7LUPLGK¯ DQGDOpDN¯P

ÎÏÐ



XUJHGRWKHUVWRGROLNHZLVH2QHGD\KHPHWDPDQZKRXVHGWRDWWHQGKLVFLUFOHZKRZDVGUHVVHGLQ VFUXII\ FORWKHV +H WRRN KLP WR RQH VLGH DQG RIIHUHG KLP RQH WKRXVDQG GLUKDPV ZLWK ZKLFK WR VPDUWHQ KLPVHOIXS7KHPDQWROGKLP³,KDYHPRQH\,GRQRWQHHGWKLV´$EÔ pDQ¯IDKDGPRQLVKHGKLP³+DYH \RXQRWKHDUGWKH­DG¯WKµ$OOK , ORYHVWRVHHWKHVLJQVRI+LVJLIWVRQ+LVVHUYDQW¶"6R\RXKDYHWR FKDQJH\RXUVHOIDQGQRWDSSHDURIIHQVLYHWR\RXUIULHQG´ 1DWXUDOO\WKRVHZKRFDOOSHRSOHWR$OOK , VKRXOGEHEHWWHUDQGVPDUWHULQDSSHDUDQFHWKDQRWKHUV VRWKDWWKH\ZLOOEHEHWWHUDEOHWRDWWUDFWSHRSOHDQGPDNHWKHLUPHVVDJHUHDFKWKHLUKHDUWV,QGHHGWKH\ XQOLNHRWKHUVDUHUHTXLUHGWREHOLNHWKLVHYHQLIWKH\GRQRWJRRXWDQGPHHWSHRSOHEHFDXVHWKRVHZKR SURFODLPWKHZRUGRI$OOK , VKRXOGWDNHFDUHRIWKHLUDSSHDUDQFHDQGSD\DWWHQWLRQWRWKHFOHDQOLQHVV RI WKHLU ERGLHV FORWKHV QDLOV DQG KDLU 7KH\ VKRXOG GR WKLV HYHQ LI WKH\ DUH LQ D VWDWH RI LVRODWLRQ RU UHWUHDWLQUHVSRQVHWRWKHFDOORIWKHQDWXUDOXQDIIHFWHGLQFOLQDWLRQRIPDQ ILÓUDK ZKLFKWKH3URSKHW 7  WROGXVDERXWDQGRXWOLQHGLWVUHTXLUHPHQWV
´)LYH WKLQJV DUH SDUW RI WKHILÓUDKFLUFXPFLVLRQUHPRYLQJWKHSXELFKDLUSOXFNLQJKDLUIURPWKHDUPSLWV FXWWLQJWKHQDLOVDQGWULPPLQJWKHPRXVWDFKHµ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5HODWLYHV

7DNLQJFDUHRIRQHVHOILQDFFRUGDQFHZLWKWKLVILÓUDK LVVRPHWKLQJHQFRXUDJHGE\,VOPDQGVXSSRUWHG E\HYHU\SHUVRQRIFRPPRQVHQVHDQGJRRGWDVWH 1HYHUWKHOHVV SD\LQJ DWWHQWLRQ WR RQH¶V DSSHDUDQFH VKRXOG QRW PDNH D 0XVOLP IDOO LQWR WKH WUDS RI RYHUH[DJJHUDWLQJ KLV JURRPLQJ WR WKH H[WHQW WKDW KH ORVHV VLJKW RI WKH VHQVH RI EDODQFH SUHVFULEHG E\ ,VOPLFWHDFKLQJ7KH0XVOLPDOZD\VDLPVDWPRGHUDWLRQLQDOOWKLQJVDQGLVRQWKHDOHUWWRSUHYHQWDQ\ RQHDVSHFWRIKLVOLIHIURPWDNLQJRYHUDWWKHH[SHQVHRIDQRWKHU 7KH0XVOLPQHYHUIRUJHWVWKDW,VOPZKLFKHQFRXUDJHVKLPWRWDNHFDUHRIKLVDSSHDUDQFHDQGWRZHDU KLVEHDXWLIXODSSDUHODWHYHU\WLPHDQGSODFHRISUD\HULVDOVRWKHUHOLJLRQWKDWZDUQVKLPDJDLQVWJRLQJWR H[WUHPHVLQWKDWDQGWHOOVKLPWRDYRLGEHFRPLQJHQVODYHGE\KLVDSSHDUDQFHDVWKH ­DG¯WKVD\V
´:UHWFKHG LV WKH VODYH RI WKH G¯QU GLUKDP DQG IDQF\ FORWKHV RI YHOYHW DQG VLON ,I KH LV JLYHQ KH LV SOHDVHGDQGLIKHLVQRWJLYHQKHLVGLVSOHDVHGµ %XNKU¯ 

1R GRXEW WKRVH ZKR FDOO SHRSOH WR $OOK ,  DUH VDYHG IURP WKLV HUURU EHFDXVH WKH\ VXUURXQG WKHPVHOYHVZLWKWKHSURWHFWLRQRI,VOPDQGDGRSWWKHSULQFLSOHVRIPRGHUDWLRQWKDWLWKDVEURXJKW

 +LV0LQG
.QRZOHGJHLVDQREOLJDWLRQDQGDQKRQRXUIRUWKH0XVOLP
´6HHNLQJNQRZOHGJHLVDGXW\RQHYHU\0XVOLPµ %XNKU¯

7KH,GHDO0XVOLP



7KH0XVOLPEHOLHYHVWKDWH[HUFLVLQJKLVPLQGDQGVHHNLQJNQRZOHGJHDQGGLVFRYHULQJWKHVLJQVRI$OOK , LQWKHXQLYHUVHLVDQREOLJDWLRQEHFDXVHRIWKHVD\LQJRIWKH3URSKHW 7  7KHUHIRUHWKH0XVOLPPXVWFRQWLQXHWRSXUVXHNQRZOHGJHDVORQJDVWKHEUHDWKRIOLIHUHPDLQVLQKLV ERG\ 7KH IDFW WKDW $OOK ,  KDV UDLVHG WKH VWDWXV RI WKRVH ZKR KDYH NQRZOHGJH DQG GHVFULEHG WKHP DORQH DV WUXO\ IHDULQJ +LP VKRXOG EH HQRXJK WR HQFRXUDJH WKH 0XVOLP WR DSSO\ KLPVHOI WR VHHNLQJ NQRZOHGJH)RU+HVDLG >7KRVHWUXO\IHDU$OOKDPRQJ+LV6ODYHVZKRKDYHNQRZOHGJH@ 4XU¶Q  1R RQH WUXO\ IHDUV $OOK ,  H[FHSW WKRVH ZKRVH PLQGV DUH HQOLJKWHQHG HQRXJK WR VHH WKH JUHDWQHVV DQGSRZHURI$OOK , PDQLIHVWHGLQWKHFUHDWLRQRIWKHXQLYHUVHDQGDOOOLYLQJWKLQJVDQGWKHVHDUHWKH SHRSOHRINQRZOHGJH6R+HKDVSUHIHUUHGWKHPRYHUWKRVHZKRKDYHQRNQRZOHGJH

>   6D\ ¶$UH WKRVH HTXDO WKRVH ZKR NQRZ DQG WKRVH ZKR GR QRW NQRZ" ,W LV WKRVH ZKR DUH HQGXHGZLWKXQGHUVWDQGLQJWKDWUHFHLYHDGPRQLWLRQ·@ 4XU¶Q 6DIZQ LEQ µ$VVO DO0XUG¯ FDPH WR WKH 3URSKHW 7  LQ WKH PRVTXH DQG VDLG ³2 0HVVHQJHU RI $OOK,KDYHFRPHVHHNLQJNQRZOHGJH´7KH3URSKHW 7 WROGKLP³:HOFRPH2VHHNHURINQRZOHGJH 7UXO\WKHDQJHOVVXUURXQGWKHVHHNHURINQRZOHGJHZLWKWKHLUZLQJVJDWKHULQJDURXQGKLPLQUDQNVRQH  DERYHWKHRWKHUXQWLOWKH\UHDFKWKHILUVWKHDYHQRXWRIORYHIRUWKDWZKLFKKHVHHNV´ 7KHWH[WVWKDWH[WROWKHYLUWXHRINQRZOHGJHDQGH[KRUWLWVSXUVXLWDUHPDQ\WKHUHIRUHWKHWUXH0XVOLP LVHLWKHUDVFKRODURUDVHHNHURINQRZOHGJHDQGFDQQRWEHDQ\WKLQJHOVH

&RQWLQXRXVO\VHHNLQJNQRZOHGJHXQWLOGHDWK

7UXHNQRZOHGJHGRHVQRWPHDQREWDLQLQJDGHJUHHRUGLSORPDWKDWZLOOOHWRQHHDUQDQLQFRPHDQG JXDUDQWHHDJRRGVWDQGDUGRIOLYLQJDIWHUZKLFKRQHWXUQVDZD\IURPOHDUQLQJDQGGRHVQRWH[SORUHWKH WUHDVXUHRINQRZOHGJHDQ\IXUWKHUWUXHOHDUQLQJPHDQVWKDWRQHFRQWLQXHVWRUHDGDQGVWXG\LQFUHDVLQJ RQH¶VOHDUQLQJGD\E\GD\LQDFFRUGDQFHZLWKWKHZRUGVRIWKH4XU¶Q > %XWVD\¶2P\5DEE $GYDQFHPHLQNQRZOHGJH· @ 4XU¶Q 



5HSRUWHGE\$­PDGDO†DEDUQ¯,EQpLEEQDOpNLPZLWKDÑD­¯­ LVQG

ÎÏÒ

2XUULJKWHRXVSUHGHFHVVRUVQHYHUVWRSSHGVHHNLQJWRLQFUHDVHWKHLUNQRZOHGJHQRPDWWHUKRZKLJK D OHYHO RI OHDUQLQJWKH\KDGDFKLHYHGDQGWKH\ZRXOGFRQWLQXHWKHLUSXUVXLWXQWLOWKHHQGRIWKHLUOLYHV 7KH\EHOLHYHGWKDWNQRZOHGJHZDVDOLYLQJWKLQJWKDWZRXOGWKULYHLILWZHUHDFWLYHO\SXUVXHGEXWZRXOG ZLWKHUDQGSHULVKLILWZHUHLJQRUHGDQGDEDQGRQHG0DQ\VD\LQJVDUHDWWULEXWHGWRWKHPWKDWHORTXHQWO\ H[SUHVVWKHLUUHVSHFWIRUOHDUQLQJDQGWKHLUNHHQQHVVWRDFTXLUHNQRZOHGJH([DPSOHVRIWKHLUVD\LQJVDUH JLYHQEHORZ ,PP ,EQ µ$EG DO%DUU UHSRUWHG WKDW ,EQ $E¯ *KDVVQ VDLG ³6R ORQJ DV \RX DUH VHHNLQJ NQRZOHGJH \RXDUHNQRZOHGJHDEOHEXWDVVRRQDV\RXDEDQGRQWKLVSXUVXLW\RXEHFRPHLJQRUDQW´ ,PP0OLN W VDLG³1RRQHZKRKDVNQRZOHGJHVKRXOGVWRSVHHNLQJNQRZOHGJH´ ,PPµ$EGXOODKLEQDO0XEUDNZDVDVNHG³+RZORQJZLOO\RXVHHNNQRZOHGJH"´+HVDLG³8QWLO, GLHIRUSUREDEO\,KDYHQRW\HWOHDUQWWKHWKLQJVWKDWZLOOEHQHILWPHPRVW´ ,PP$EÔ µ$PULEQDOµ$O¶ZDVDVNHG³)RUKRZORQJGRHVLWEHILWDPDQWRVHHNNQRZOHGJH"´+H VDLG³)RUDVORQJDVKHKDVOLIHLQKLP´ ,PP 6XI\Q LEQ µ8\D\QDK JDYH DQ H[FHOOHQW DQVZHU ZKHQ KH ZDV DVNHG ³:KR LV PRVW LQ QHHG RI VHHNLQJ NQRZOHGJH"´ +H VDLG ³7KRVH ZKR KDYH WKH PRVW NQRZOHGJH´ +H ZDV DVNHG ³:K\"´ DQG KH UHSOLHG³%HFDXVHLIWKH\PDNHDPLVWDNHLWLVZRUVH´ 6XFK ZDV ,PP )DNKU DO'¯Q DO5]¯ G  $+  WKH JUHDW PXIDVVLU 4XU¶QLF H[HJHWH  DQG SURPLQHQWVFKRODULQSKLORVRSK\ µLOPDONDOP DQGRWKHUGLVFLSOLQHVZKRDXWKRUHGPDQ\ZRUNV$OOK ,  JDYH KLP VXFK IDPH LQ NQRZOHGJH WKDW SHRSOH ZRXOG FRPH IURP DOO RYHU WR VHH KLP ZKHQHYHU KH YLVLWHGDFLW\:KHQKHFDPHWRWKHFLW\RI0HUY LQ7XUNPHQLVWDQ IORFNVRIVFKRODUVDQGVWXGHQWVFDPH WR KDYH WKH SULYLOHJH RI OLVWHQLQJ WR DQG OHDUQLQJ IURP KLP $PRQJ WKH VHHNHUV RI NQRZOHGJH ZKR DWWHQGHGKLVFLUFOHZDVD\RXQJPDQOHVVWKDQWZHQW\\HDUVROGZKRZDVYHU\ZHOOYHUVHGLQOLWHUDWXUH DQGJHQHDORJ\:KHQ,PP)DNKUDO'¯QUHDOL]HGWKDWWKLVVWXGHQWZDVDQH[SHUWLQJHQHDORJ\DILHOGLQ ZKLFKKHNQHZYHU\OLWWOHKHDVNHGKLVVWXGHQWWRWHDFKKLP+HGLGQRWILQGLWXQDFFHSWDEOHWREHFRPH WKHVWXGHQWRIKLVVWXGHQWDQGKHHYHQPDGHKLPVLWLQWKHWHDFKHU¶VSODFHZKLOHKHKLPVHOIVDWDWKLVIHHW 6XFKDQDFWZDVFKDUDFWHULVWLFRI,PP)DNKUDO'¯QDO5]¯DQGLWGLGQRWGHWUDFWIURPKLVKLJKVWDWXVDV KHZDVWKH,PPRIKLVDJH 7KLVUHPDUNDEOHVWRU\ZDVWROGE\WKHOLWHUDU\KLVWRULDQ%\WKH6RXODQGWKHSURSRUWLRQDQGRUGHUJLYHQWRLWDQGLWVHQOLJKWHQPHQWDVWRLWVZURQJDQGLWV ULJKW³ WUXO\KHVXFFHHGVWKDWSXULILHVLWDQGKHIDLOVWKDWFRUUXSWVLW@ 4XU¶Q

>$QGNHHS\RXUVRXOFRQWHQWZLWKWKRVHZKRFDOORQWKHLU5DEE PRUQLQJDQGHYHQLQJVHHNLQJ+LV

)DFHDQGOHWQRW\RXUH\HVSDVVEH\RQGWKHPVHHNLQJ WKHSRPSDQGJOLWWHURIWKLV/LIHQRUREH\ DQ\ ZKRVH KHDUW :H KDYH SHUPLWWHG WR QHJOHFW WKH UHPHPEUDQFH RI 8VRQHZKRIROORZVKLVRZQ GHVLUHVZKRVHFDVHKDVJRQHEH\RQGDOOERXQGV@ 4XU¶Q 

 ­ ¯ +HIUHTXHQWO\UHSHDWV GXµ¶V DQGVXSSOLFDWLRQVGHVFULEHGLQ­DG¯WKV

$QRWKHU ZD\ LQ ZKLFK WKH 0XVOLP PD\ VWUHQJWKHQ KLV VRXO DQG FRQQHFW KLV KHDUW WR $OOK ,  LV E\ UHSHDWLQJWKHVXSSOLFDWLRQVZKLFKLWLVUHSRUWHGWKDWWKH3URSKHW 7 XVHGWRVD\RQYDULRXVRFFDVLRQV
  

5HSRUWHGE\$­PDGZLWKD­DVDQLVQG ,ELG pD\WDO6D­EDK

ÎÐÎ

6RWKHUHLVDGXµ¶ZKLFKKHZRXOGVD\ZKHQKHOHIWKLVKRXVHDQGRWKHUVIRUHQWHULQJWKHKRPH VD\LQJ IDUHZHOO WR D WUDYHOOHU ZHOFRPLQJ D WUDYHOOHU KRPH ZHDULQJ QHZ FORWKHV O\LQJ GRZQ LQ EHG ZDNLQJXSIURPVOHHSHWF7KHUHLVKDUGO\DQ\WKLQJWKDWWKH3URSKHW 7 GLGWKDWKHGLGQRWKDYHD GXµ¶ IRUWKURXJKZKLFKKHDVNHG$OOK , WRJXLGHKLPSURWHFWKLPIURPHUURUWRWDNHFDUHRIKLPDQGWR GHFUHHJRRGIRUKLPDVLVH[SODLQHGLQWKHERRNVRIÑD­¯­ ­DG¯WKVQDUUDWHGIURPWKH3URSKHW 7 6HH  IRU H[DPSOH DO$GKNU E\ DO1DZDZ¯ DQG DO0D¶WKÔUW E\ pDVDQ DO%DQQ¶ +H XVHG WR WHDFK WKHVH GXµ¶VDQGDGKNU WRKLV&RPSDQLRQVDQGHQFRXUDJHGWKHPWRUHSHDWWKHPDWWKHDSSURSULDWHWLPHV 7KHVPDUW0XVOLPLVNHHQWROHDUQWKHVHGXµ¶VDQGDGKNUIROORZLQJWKHH[DPSOHRIWKH3URSKHW 7  DQGKLVGLVWLQJXLVKHG&RPSDQLRQVDQGKHNHHSVUHSHDWLQJWKHPDWWKHDSSURSULDWHWLPHVDVPXFKDVKHLV DEOH ,Q WKLV ZD\ KLV KHDUW ZLOO UHPDLQ LQ FRQWDFW ZLWK $OOK ,  DQG KLV VRXO ZLOO EH FOHDQVHG DQG SXULILHG7KURXJKWKHVHVSLULWXDOH[HUFLVHVWKH3URSKHW 7 WUDLQHGWKHVRXOVRIWKHILUVWJHQHUDWLRQRIWKH 6D­EDK VR WKDW WKH\ EHFDPH SXUH DQG XQVXOOLHG ,VOP ZURXJKW D JUHDW PLUDFOH LQ IRUPLQJ D UHILQHG VXSHULRU JHQHUDWLRQ WKDW ZDV XQLTXH LQ WKH KLVWRU\ RI PDQNLQG RQH ZKLFK PDGH VXFK ZRQGURXV DFKLHYHPHQWVLQDIHZVKRUW\HDUV 7KHWUXH0XVOLPWRGD\PRUHWKDQHYHUQHHGVWRWUDLQKLVVRXOWRVRDUWRWKDWKLJKOHYHODQGWROLYHXS WRWKHKHDY\UHVSRQVLELOLWLHVRIKLVGDµZDK



7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5HODWLYHV



(QJOLVKVSHDNLQJ0XVOLPVZKRZLVKWROHDUQGXµV PD\FRQVXOW6HOHFWHG3UD\HUVE\-DPDO%DGDZ¯ZKLFKLVEDVHGODUJHO\RQpDVDQDO %DQQD¶VDO0D¶WKÔUWDQGLQFOXGHVWUDQVOLWHUDWLRQVDQGWUDQVODWLRQVRIPDQ\GXµV>7UDQVODWRU@

&KDSWHU 7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV3DUHQWV
7UHDWLQJWKHPZLWKNLQGQHVVDQGUHVSHFW ELUU

7KH,GHDO0XVOLP



2QHRIWKHPDLQGLVWLQJXLVKLQJFKDUDFWHULVWLFVRIWKHWUXH0XVOLPLVKLVUHVSHFWIXODQGNLQGWUHDWPHQW RIKLVSDUHQWVEHFDXVHWRWUHDWSDUHQWVZLWKNLQGQHVVDQGUHVSHFWLVRQHRIWKHJUHDWHVWFRPPDQGPHQWVRI ,VOP DV LV FOHDUO\ FRQILUPHG LQ WKH 4XU¶Q DQG 6XQQDK 7KH 0XVOLP ZKR LV WUXO\ IROORZLQJ WKLV FRPPDQGPHQWZKLFKLVDFRQVWDQWWKHPHLQWKH%RRNRI$OOK , DQGWKH6XQQDKRI+LV3URSKHWPXVW EHFKDUDFWHUL]HGE\KLVNLQGDQGUHVSHFWIXODWWLWXGHWRZDUGVKLVSDUHQWV

+HUHFRJQL]HVWKHLUVWDWXVDQGNQRZVKLVGXWLHVWRZDUGVWKHP

,VOPKDVUDLVHGWKHVWDWXVRIWKHSDUHQWVWRDOHYHOWKDWLVXQNQRZQLQDQ\RWKHUUHOLJLRQLQWKDWLWKDV SODFHGNLQGQHVVDQGUHVSHFWWRZDUGVWKHPRQDOHYHOWKDWLVMXVWRQHGHJUHHEHORZEHOLHILQ $OOK , DQG WUXHZRUVKLSRI+LP $OOK , UHYHDOHGPDQ\b\W ZKLFKUHLQIRUFHWKHPHVVDJHWKDWSOHDVLQJRQH¶VSDUHQWVFRPHVVHFRQG RQO\WRSOHDVLQJ+LPDQGUHVSHFWLQJWKHPLVFRXQWHGDVDKXPDQYLUWXHWKDWLVMXVWRQHVWHSEHORZEHOLHI LQ+LP ,  >ZRUVKLS$OOKDQGMRLQQRWDQ\SDUWQHUVZLWK+LPDQGGRJRRGz WRSDUHQWV@ 4XU¶Q  6R WKH WUXH 0XVOLP LV NLQGHU DQG PRUH UHVSHFWIXO WRZDUGV KLV SDUHQWV WKDQ DQ\ RWKHU SHUVRQ LQ WKH ZRUOG 7KH4XU¶QSDLQWVDYLYLGSLFWXUHRIWKHKLJKVWDWXVRI SDUHQWVDQGH[SODLQVWKHH[FHOOHQWZD\LQZKLFK WKH0XVOLPVKRXOGWUHDWWKHPLIRQHRUERWKRIWKHPVKRXOGOLYHWRROGDJHDQGUHDFKWKHVWDJHRIVHQLOLW\ DQGLQFDSDELOLW\WRDGHJUHHWKDWZDVXQNQRZQEHIRUHWKHOLJKWRIWKLVUHOLJLRQGDZQHGXSRQWKHIDFHRI WKHHDUWK

>6D\QRWWRWKHPDZRUGRIFRQWHPSWQRUUHSHOWKHP@ EXWDGGUHVVWKHPLQWHUPVRIKRQRXU@ $QGRXWRINLQGQHVVORZHUWRWKHPWKHZLQJRIKXPLOLW\@ $QGSUD\IRUWKHPIRUWKH XQIRUJHWWDEOHIDYRXUVWKH\KDYHGRQHIRU\RXDVWKH\WRRNFDUHRI\RXZKHQ\RXZHUHVPDOODQGZHDN >$QGVD\¶0\5DEE %HVWRZRQWKHPZRUVKLS$OOKDQGMRLQQRWDQ\SDUWQHUVZLWK+LPDQGGRJRRGz WRSDUHQWV@ 4XU¶Q > :HKDYHHQMRLQHGRQPDQNLQGQHVVWRSDUHQWV@ 4XU¶Q

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5HODWLYHV

>$QG:HKDYHHQMRLQHGRQPDQ>WREHJRRG@WRKLVSDUHQWVLQWUDYDLOXSRQWUDYDLOGLGKLVPRWKHU EHDUKLP@ 4XU¶Q $Q\RQH ZKR ORRNV LQWR WKH ,VOPLF VRXUFHV UHJDUGLQJ WKH NLQG WUHDWPHQW RI SDUHQWV ZLOO DOVR ILQG SOHQW\RI­DG¯WKVWKDWUHLQIRUFHWKHPHVVDJHRIWKHb\W TXRWHGDERYHDQGUHLWHUDWHWKHYLUWXHRINLQGQHVV DQGUHVSHFWWRZDUGVRQH¶VSDUHQWVDVZHOODVZDUQLQJDJDLQVWGLVREHGLHQFHRUPLVWUHDWPHQWRIWKHPIRU DQ\UHDVRQZKDWVRHYHU µ$EGXOODKLEQ0DVµÔG W VDLG

´, DVNHG WKH 3URSKHW 7  ¶:KLFK GHHG LV PRVW OLNHG E\ $OOK , "· +H VDLG ¶3UD\HU RIIHUHG RQ WLPH· , DVNHGKLP¶7KHQZKDW"·+HVDLG¶.LQGQHVVDQGUHVSHFWWRZDUGVSDUHQWV·,DVNHGKLP¶7KHQZKDW"·+H VDLG¶-LKGIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , ·µ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP 

7KH 3URSKHW 7  ZKR ZDV D JUHDW HGXFDWRU SODFHG NLQGQHVV DQG UHVSHFW WRZDUGV SDUHQWV EHWZHHQ WZRRIWKHJUHDWHVWGHHGV LQ,VOPSUD\HURIIHUHGRQWLPHDQGMLKGIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , 3UD\HULV WKH SLOODU RU IRXQGDWLRQ RI WKH IDLWK DQG MLKG LV WKH SLQQDFOH RI ,VOP :KDW D KLJK VWDWXV WKH 3URSKHW 7 KDVJLYHQWRSDUHQWV $PDQFDPHWRWKH3URSKHW 7 WR³PDNHED\µDK´DQGWRSOHGJHWRXQGHUWDNHKLMUDKDQGMLKGLQWKH KRSHRIUHFHLYLQJUHZDUGIURP$OOK , 7KH3URSKHW 7 GLGQRWUXVKWRDFFHSWKLVED\µDKEXWDVNHG KLP
´$UHHLWKHURI\RXUSDUHQWVDOLYH"µ7KHPDQVDLG´$XWKRU@

ÎÐÒ



7KH 3URSKHW 7  UDLVHG KLV WHDFKLQJV WR D QHZ SHDN ZKHQ KH DGYLVHG KLV IROORZHUV WR WUHDW WKHLU SDUHQWVZLWKNLQGQHVVDQGUHVSHFWHYHQLIWKH\IROORZHGDUHOLJLRQRWKHUWKDQ,VOP7KLVLVFOHDUIURPWKH ­DG¯WKRI$VP¶ELQW$EÔ %DNUDO6LGG¯T W ZKRVDLG´0\PRWKHUFDPHWRPHDQGVKHZDVDPXVKULN

+HLVNLQGDQGUHVSHFWIXOWRZDUGVWKHPHYHQLIWKH\DUHQRW0XVOLP

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5HODWLYHV

DW WKH WLPH RI WKH 3URSKHW 7  , DVNHG WKH 3URSKHW 7  ¶0\ PRWKHUKDVFRPHWRPHDQGQHHGVP\ KHOS VR VKRXOG , KHOS KHU"· +H VDLG ¶\RXUILQDO@*RDO·@ 4XU¶Q



7 DQGVDLG¶20HVVHQJHURI$OO K,KDYHZHDOWKDQGFKLOGUHQDQGP\IDWKHUZDQWVWRWDNHDOORIP\ZHDOWK·7KH 3URSKHW 7 

5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯DO$GDEDO0XIUDG 5HSRUWHGE\,PP$­PDG$EÔ 'ZÔGDQG,EQ0MDKZLWKD­DVDQLVQG7KHIXOOWH[WRIWKH­DG¯WKLV ´$PDQFDPHWRWKH3URSKHW

ÎÐÔ



7KHWUXH0XVOLPLVVWUXFNE\WKHVHWHDFKLQJVRIWKH3URSKHW 7 DQGKLVKHDUWLVILOOHGZLWKORYH UHVSHFWDQGNLQGQHVVWRZDUGVKLVSDUHQWV7KXVKHLVSURWHFWHGIURPIDOOLQJLQWRWKHVLQRIGLVREHGLHQFH DQGKHZLOOWUXO\EHDVWKH3URSKHWRI,VOPZDQWHGKLPWREHKHDQGKLVZHDOWKZLOOEHIRUKLVIDWKHU

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5HODWLYHV

+HWUHDWVKLVSDUHQWV¶IULHQGVZHOO

,VOPGLGQRWVWRSDWWHDFKLQJLWVIROORZHUVWRWUHDWWKHLUSDUHQWVZLWKNLQGQHVVDQGUHVSHFWEXWLWDOVR HQMRLQVWKHPWRVKRZUHVSHFWWRWKRVHZKRPWKHLUSDUHQWVORYH ,EQµ8PDU W UHSRUWHGWKDWWKH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´7KHEHVWNLQGRIJRRGQHVV ELUU LVWKDWDPDQVKRXOGNHHSLQWRXFKZLWKDQGUHVSHFWKLVIDWKHU·VIULHQGµ ,Q DQRWKHU UHSRUW ´2QH RI WKH EHVW NLQGV RI JRRGQHVV ELUU  LV WKDW D PDQ VKRXOG NHHS LQWRXFKZLWKKLV IDWKHU·VIULHQGHYHQDIWHUKLVIDWKHUKDVSDVVHGDZD\µ 0XVOLP

µ$EGXOODKLEQµ8PDU W PHWDIULHQGRIKLVIDWKHUµ8PDU W DQGZHQWRXWRIKLVZD\WRWUHDWKLP ZHOODQGVKRZKLPUHVSHFW6RPHRIWKRVHZKRZHUHZLWKKLPVDLG³,VLWQRWHQRXJKWKDW\RXJDYHKLP WZRGLUKDPV LQFKDULW\"´,EQµ8PDU W VDLG³7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG ¶.HHSLQWRXFKZLWK\RXUIDWKHU·V IULHQGDQGGRQRWEUHDN\RXUWLHZLWKKLPRUHOVH$OOK , ZLOOH[WLQJXLVK\RXUOLJKW·µ 0XVOLP $PDQDVNHGWKH3URSKHW 7 ³20HVVHQJHURI$OOKLVWKHUHDQ\DFWRINLQGQHVVRUUHVSHFWWKDW, FDQGRIRUP\SDUHQWVDIWHUWKH\KDYHGLHG"´+H 7 VDLG
´DQGFRQVLGHUDWLRQ@DQGIROORZWKHZD\RIWKRVHZKRWXUQWR0H>LQORYH@LQWKH(QGWKHUHWXUQRI \RXDOOLVWR0HDQG,ZLOOWHOO\RXWKHWUXWK>DQGPHDQLQJ@RIDOOWKDW\RXGLG@ 4XU¶Q

3DUHQWV DUH WKH FORVHVW DQG PRVW EHORYHG RI NLQ EXW WKH ERQG ZLWK WKHP DOWKRXJK LW LV UHJDUGHG YHU\KLJKO\VWLOOFRPHVVHFRQGWRµDT¯GDK FRUUHFWEHOLHI ,IWKHSDUHQWVDUH PXVKULNÔQ DQGWHOOWKHLU FKLOG WR MRLQ WKHP LQ WKHLU VKLUN KH PXVW QRW REH\ WKHP LQ WKDW IRU WKH 0XVOLP PXVW QRW REH\ D IHOORZFUHDWXUH LQ GLVREH\LQJ WKH &UHDWRU 7KH GHPDQGV RI IDLWK WDNH SUHFHGHQFH RYHU DOO KXPDQ
ÎÐÖ



UHODWLRQVKLSV+RZHYHUWKHFKLOGLVVWLOOREOLJHGWRWUHDWKLVSDUHQWVZLWKNLQGQHVVDQGUHVSHFWDQG WRWDNHFDUHRIWKHP +HQFH WKH WUXH 0XVOLP WUHDWV KLV SDUHQWV ZLWK NLQGQHVV DQG UHVSHFW LQ DOO FLUFXPVWDQFHV GRLQJ ZKDWHYHU KH FDQ WR PDNH WKHP KDSS\ ZLWKLQ WKH OLPLWV ODLG GRZQE\$OOK , +HVSDUHVQRHIIRUWWR VKRZKRQRXUDQGUHVSHFWWRZDUGVWKHPSURYLGLQJWKHEHVWIRRGFORWKLQJDQGKRXVLQJWKDWKHFDQDIIRUG DSSURSULDWH ERWK WR WKHLU VRFLDO VWDWXV DQG HQYLURQPHQW DQG WR ,VOPLF VWDQGDUGV $ERYH DOO KH VKRXOG VSHDN NLQGO\ WR WKHP SUHVHQW D SOHDVDQW DQG VPLOLQJ IDFH DQG VKRZ ORYH WHQGHUQHVV IDLWKIXOQHVV DQG JUDWLWXGHWRZDUGVWKRVHZKRDUHPRVWGHVHUYLQJRIWKLVJRRGWUHDWPHQWKLVSDUHQWV 7KHUHVSHFWDQGGXW\RIWKHWUXH0XVOLPWRZDUGVKLVSDUHQWVH[WHQGVHYHQEH\RQGWKHLUGHDWKKHVKRXOG JLYHPRQH\LQFKDULW\RQWKHLUEHKDOIDQGSUD\RIWHQIRUWKHPDV$OOK , VD\V

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5HODWLYHV

>$QGRXWRINLQGQHVVORZHUWRWKHPWKHZLQJRIKXPLOLW\DQGVD\¶0\5DEE %HVWRZRQWKHPULJKWV@ DQG >UHYHUHQFH@ WKH ZRPEV >WKDW ERUH\RX@«@ 4XU¶Q 7KLV\DK FRPPDQGVPDQWRIHDU$OOK , ILUVWDQGIRUHPRVWWKHQSODFHVUHVSHFWIRUDU­P VHFRQGWR
ÎÓÒ

WKDWRIWDTZ LQRUGHUWRHPSKDVL]HLWVLPSRUWDQFH )RUWKHWUXH0XVOLPWKHIDFWWKDWUD­P LVRIWHQPHQWLRQHGLQFRQMXQFWLRQZLWKEHOLHILQ$OOK , DQG JRRGWUHDWPHQWRISDUHQWVLVHQRXJKWRFRQILUPLWVVWDWXVDQGLPSRUWDQFH >$QG UHQGHU WR WKH NLQGUHG WKHLU GXH ULJKWV DV >DOVR@ WR WKRVH LQ ZDQW DQG WR WKH ZD\IDUHU EXW VTXDQGHUQRW>\RXUZHDOWK@LQWKHPDQQHURIDVSHQGWKULIW@ 4XU¶Q



7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5HODWLYHV

>:RUVKLS$OOKDQGMRLQQRWDQ\SDUWQHUVZLWK+LPDQGGRJRRG³ WRSDUHQWVNLQVIRONRUSKDQV
WKRVH LQ QHHG QHLJKERXUV ZKR DUH QHDU QHLJKERXUV ZKR DUH VWUDQJHUV WKH &RPSDQLRQ E\ \RXU VLGHWKHZD\IDUHU>\RXPHHW@«@ 4XU¶Q

+HQFH NLQG WUHDWPHQW RI UHODWLYHV FRPHV RQH GHJUHH EHORZ NLQG WUHDWPHQW RI SDUHQWV RQ WKH VFDOH RI KXPDQUHODWLRQVKLSVDVGHILQHGE\WKH4XU¶QIURPWKHUHNLQGQHVVDQGUHVSHFWH[WHQGVWRHQFRPSDVVDOO WKRVH QHHG\ PHPEHUV RI WKH JUHDWHU KXPDQ IDPLO\ 7KLV VXLWV KXPDQ QDWXUH ZKLFK LV PRUH LQFOLQHG WR VWDUWZLWKNLQGWUHDWPHQWRIWKRVHZKRDUHFORVHULWLVDOVRLQKDUPRQ\ZLWKWKHRYHUDOO,VOPLFV\VWHPRI VRFLDORUJDQL]DWLRQDQGPXWXDOUHVSRQVLELOLW\ZKLFKVWDUWVZLWKWKHIDPLO\WKHQLVUHDGLO\H[WHQGHGILUVWWR UHODWLYHVDQGWKHQWRVRFLHW\DWODUJHLQDVSLULWRIPHUF\DQGIULHQGVKLSZKLFKPDNHVOLIHPRUHSOHDVDQW DQGEHDXWLIXOIRUPDQNLQG 8SKROGLQJWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSLVRQHRIWKHPDMRUSULQFLSOHVRI,VOPRQHRIWKHIXQGDPHQWDOVWKDWWKLV UHOLJLRQ KDVSURPRWHGIURPWKHILUVWGD\WKH3URSKHW 7 EHJDQWRSUHDFKKLVPHVVDJH,WLVRQHRIWKH PRVW FKDUDFWHULVWLF IHDWXUHV RI ,VOPLF ODZ 7KLV LV UHIOHFWHG LQ WKH OHQJWK\ FRYHUVDWLRQ RI $EÔ 6XI\Q ZLWK +HUDFOLXV :KHQ WKH HPSHURU DVNHG $EÔ 6XI\Q ³:KDW GRHV \RXU 3URSKHW RUGHU \RX WR GR"´ KH DQVZHUHG³+H 7 WHOOVXV ¶:RUVKLS$OOK , DORQHDQGGRQRWDVVRFLDWHDQ\WKLQJZLWK+LP*LYHXS
WKHUHOLJLRQRI\RXUIRUHIDWKHUV·+HWHOOVXVWRSUD\WRJLYHFKDULW\WREHFKDVWHDQGWRXSKROGWKHWLHVRI NLQVKLSµ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP

8SKROGLQJWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSLVFRXQWHGDVRQHRIWKHPDMRUFKDUDFWHULVWLFVRIWKLVUHOLJLRQDORQJZLWK SXUH PRQRWKHLVWLF EHOLHI LQ $OOK ,  HVWDEOLVKLQJ SUD\HU DQG DGKHUHQFH WR WUXWKIXOQHVV DQG FKDVWLW\ ZKLFKZHUHEHLQJH[SODLQHGWRWKRVHTXHVWLRQHUVIRUWKHYHU\ILUVWWLPH ,QWKHOHQJWK\­DG¯WKRIµ$PULEQµ$QEDVDK W ZKLFKLQFOXGHVPDQ\RIWKHEDVLFWHDFKLQJVRI,VOP KHVDLG
´,HQWHUHGXSRQWKH3URSKHW 7 LQ0DNNDK PHDQLQJDWWKHEHJLQQLQJRIKLV3URSKHWKRRG DQG DVNHG KLP¶:KDWDUH\RX"·+HVDLG¶$3URSKHW·,DVNHG¶:KDWLVD3URSKHW"·+HVDLG¶$OOK , KDVVHQWPH·, DVNHG¶:LWKZKDWKDV+HVHQW\RX"·+HVDLG¶+HKDVVHQWPHWRXSKROGWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSWREUHDNWKH LGROVDQGWRWHDFKWKDW$OOK , LV2QHDQGKDVQRSDUWQHUZKDWVRHYHUµ 0XVOLP

,QWKLVVXPPDU\RIWKHPRVWLPSRUWDQWSULQFLSOHVRI,VOPWKH3URSKHW 7 FOHDUO\JDYHSUHFHGHQFH WR XSKROGLQJ WKH WLHV RI NLQVKLS DQG PHQWLRQHG LW DPRQJ WKH IRUHPRVW IHDWXUHV RI WKH IDLWK 7KLV LV LQGLFDWLYHRILWVKLJKVWDWXVLQWKHIUDPHZRUNRIWKLVUHOLJLRQZKLFK$OOK , KDVUHYHDOHGDVDPHUF\WR WKH:RUOGV

7KH VRXUFHV RI ,VOP JR WR JUHDW OHQJWKV WR HQFRXUDJH XSKROGLQJ WKH WLHV RI NLQVKLS DQG ZDUQ DJDLQVWFXWWLQJWKHPRII$EÔ $\\ÔEDO$QэU¯ W VDLG

7KH,GHDO0XVOLP



´$PDQVDLG¶20HVVHQJHURI$OOKWHOOPHRIDJRRGGHHGWKDWZLOOJUDQWPHHQWUDQFHWR3DUDGLVH·7KH 3URSKHW 7  VDLG ¶:RUVKLS $OOK ,  DQG GR QRW DVVRFLDWH DQ\WKLQJ ZLWK +LP HVWDEOLVK UHJXODU SUD\HU SD\]DNK DQGXSKROGWKHWLHVRINLQVKLS·µ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP

8SKROGLQJWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSDSSHDUVLQWKHVDPHFRQWH[WDVZRUVKLSSLQJ$OOK , EHOLHYLQJLQ+LV DEVROXWHXQLW\HVWDEOLVKLQJUHJXODUSUD\HUDQGSD\LQJ]DNK+HQFHLWLVRQHRIWKHEHVWRIULJKWHRXVGHHGV WKDWZLOOJXDUDQWHH3DUDGLVHDQGVDYHRQHIURP+HOO $QDV W VDLG
´7KH 3URSKHW 7  VDLG ¶:KRHYHU ZRXOG OLNH KLV UL]T SURYLVLRQ  WR EH LQFUHDVHG DQG KLV OLIH WR EH H[WHQGHGVKRXOGXSKROGWKHWLHVRINLQVKLS·µ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP

6RLWLVDEOHVVLQJIRUWKHRQHZKRXSKROGVWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSDEOHVVLQJZKLFKDIIHFWVERWKKLV UL]T DQGKLVOLIHKLVZHDOWKZLOOLQFUHDVHDQGKHZLOOOLYHDORQJHUDQGPRUHEOHVVHGOLIH ,EQ µ8PDU XVHG WR VD\ ³:KRHYHU IHDUV KLV 5DEE DQG XSKROGV WKH WLHV RI NLQVKLS KLV OLIH ZLOO EH  H[WHQGHG KLVZHDOWKZLOOLQFUHDVHDQGKLVIDPLO\ZLOOORYHKLPPRUH´ $VZHKDYHVHHQXSKROGLQJWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSEULQJVEOHVVLQJLQDPDQ¶VUL]T DQGKLVOLIHPHUF\IURP $OOK ,  LQ WKLV ZRUOG DQG WKH QH[W DQG PDNHV SHRSOH ORYH KLP DQG SUDLVH KLP ,Q FRQWUDVW EUHDNLQJ WKRVHWLHVZLOOVSHOOGLVDVWHUDQGPLVHU\IRUKLPHDUQLQJKLPWKHGLVOLNHRI$OOK , DQGWKHSHRSOHDQG NHHSLQJ KLP IDU IURP 3DUDGLVH LQ WKH +HUHDIWHU ,W LV PLVHU\ DQG GHSULYDWLRQ HQRXJK IRU VXFK D PDQ WR KHDUWKHZRUGVRIWKH3URSKHW 7 
´7KHSHUVRQZKREUHDNVWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSZLOOQHYHUHQWHU3DUDGLVHµ %XNKU¯

(YHQ ZRUVH IRU KLP LV WKH QHZV WKDW KLV SUHVHQFH PD\ GHQ\ PHUF\ WR KLV IHOORZV DV LQ WKH ­DG¯WK TXRWHGE\DO%D\KDT¯ LQ6KXµDEDOxPQ
´0HUF\ZLOOQRWGHVFHQGXSRQDSHRSOHDPRQJZKRPLVRQHZKREUHDNVWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSµ

DQG0XVOLP

+HQFHWKHJUHDWÑD­E¯ $EÔ +XUD\UDK W QHYHUOLNHGWRPDNHVXSSOLFDWLRQWR$OOK , LQDJDWKHULQJ LQZKLFKDSHUVRQZKRKDGEURNHQWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSZDVSUHVHQWEHFDXVHWKDWZRXOGSUHYHQWPHUF\IURP GHVFHQGLQJ DQG WKH GXµ¶ IURP EHLQJ DQVZHUHG ,Q RQH 7KXUVGD\ QLJKW JDWKHULQJ KH VDLG ³, XUJH HYHU\RQHZKRKDVEURNHQWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSWRJHWXSDQGOHDYHXV´1RRQHJRWXSXQWLOKHKDGVDLGWKLV WKUHHWLPHV7KHQD\RXQJPDQJRWXSDQGZHQWWRVHHD SDWHUQDO DXQWRIKLVZKRPKHKDGIRUVDNHQIRU WZR \HDUV :KHQ KH HQWHUHG VKH VDLG ³2 VRQ RI P\ EURWKHU ZKDW EULQJV \RX KHUH"´ +H VDLG ³, KHDUG $EÔ +XUD\UDK W  VD\ VXFKDQGVXFK´ 6KH WROG KLP ³*R EDFN WR KLP DQG DVN KLP ZK\ GLG \RX VD\ WKDW"´ >$EÔ +XUD\UDK W @ VDLG ³, KHDUG WKH 3URSKHW 7  VD\ µ7KH GHHGV RI WKH VRQV RI bGDP DUH



1DUUDWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG

ÎÓÔ

VKRZQWR$OOK , HYHU\7KXUVGD\HYHQLQJEHIRUH-XPXµDKDQGWKHGHHGVRIRQHZKREUHDNVWKHWLHV  RINLQVKLSDUHQRWDFFHSWHG´ 7KH VHQVLWLYH 0XVOLP ZKR LV KRSLQJ WR HDUQ WKH SOHDVXUH RI KLV 5DEE DQG DWWDLQ VDOYDWLRQ LQ WKH +HUHDIWHU ZLOO EH GHHSO\ VKDNHQ E\ WKH QHZV JLYHQ LQ WKHVH WH[WV WKDW EUHDNLQJ WKH WLHV RI NLQVKLS ZLOO FDXVHPHUF\WREHZLWKKHOGIURPKLPDQGKLVGXµ¶ QRWWREHDQVZHUHG,WZLOOEHDVRXUFHRIJUHDWPLVHU\ WRKLPWREHLQVXFKDSRVLWLRQWRGRGHHGVZKLFKDUHRIQRDYDLOWRVHHNWKHPHUF\RIKLV5DEE DQGQRW UHFHLYHLW,WLVXQLPDJLQDEOHWKDWDWUXH0XVOLPZRXOGHYHUEUHDNWKHWLHVRINLQVKLS %UHDNLQJWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSLVDVLQ ZKLFKWKH0XVOLPZKRVHKHDUWLVILOOHGZLWKWUXHJXLGDQFHDQGWKH GHVLUHWRREH\$OOK , DQGHDUQ+LVSOHDVXUHZLOOQHYHUFRPPLWEHFDXVHLWLVRQHRIWKHVLQVWKDW$OOK , KDVVDLGZLOOEULQJSXQLVKPHQWLQGHHGLWLVRQHRIWKHIRUHPRVWVLQVIRUZKLFK$OOK , ZLOOSXQLVK WKHRQHZKRLVJXLOW\RIWKHPERWKLQWKLVZRUOGDQGWKHQH[WDVLVVWDWHGLQWKH­DG¯WK



7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5HODWLYHV



5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG DQGE\$­PDGLQDO0XVQDG

 7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5DEE ´7KHUHLVQRZRUVHVLQIRUZKLFK$OOK , ZLOOKDVWHQWKHSXQLVKPHQWRIRQHZKRLVJXLOW\RILWLQWKLVZRUOG ³ LQ DGGLWLRQ WR ZKDW DZDLWV KLP LQ WKH +HUHDIWHU ³ WKDQ EUHDNLQJ WKH WLHV RI NLQVKLS DQG RSSUHVVLQJ  RWKHUVµ

7KHDFWVRIEUHDNLQJWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSDQGRSSUHVVLQJRWKHUVDUHYHU\PXFKOLNHRQHDQRWKHUVRWKH 3URSKHW 7 PHQWLRQHGWKHPWRJHWKHULQWKLV­DG¯WK)RUEUHDNLQJWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSLVDNLQGRI]XOP ZURQJGRLQJ RSSUHVVLRQ  DQG ZKDW ]XOP FDQ EH ZRUVH WKDQ EUHDNLQJ RII UHODWLRQV ZLWK RQH¶V RZQ NLQ DQGGHVWUR\LQJWLHVRIORYHDQGDIIHFWLRQ" 7KH3URSKHW 7 GHVFULEHGWKHRSSUHVVLRQWKDWEHIDOOVWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSZKHQWKH\DUHFXWRII

´7KH WLH RI NLQVKLS UD­P  LV D FORVHNQLW UHODWLRQVKLS WKDW FRPHV IURP $OOK ,  WKH 0RVW 0HUFLIXO DO  5D­PQ  ,W VD\V ¶2 P\ 5DEE , KDYHEHHQRSSUHVVHG2P\ 5DEE,KDYHEHHQFXWRII·+HDQVZHUV ¶:LOO\RXQRWEHFRQWHQWLI,FXW RIIWKHRQHZKRFXWV\RXRIIDQGWDNHFDUHRIWKHRQHZKRWDNHVFDUHRI \RX"·µ %XNKU¯ 

$OOK , UDLVHGWKHVWDWXVRIWKHWLHRINLQVKLSDQGKRQRXUHGLWE\GHULYLQJLWVQDPHUD­PIURPRQH RI+LVRZQQDPHVDO5D­PQ)RU+HVDLG
´, DP DO5D­PQ WKH $OO0HUFLIXO  DQG , KDYH FUHDWHG UD­P DQG GHULYHG LWV QDPH IURP 0\ QDPH  :KRHYHUWDNHVFDUHRILW,ZLOOWDNHFDUHRIKLPDQGZKRHYHUFXWVLWRII,ZLOOIRUVDNHKLPµ

7KLVLQGLFDWHVWRWKHVHQVLWLYH0XVOLPWKDWWKHRQHZKRXSKROGVWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSSURSHUO\ZLOOHQMR\ WKHFRROVKDGHRIKLV5DEE¶V PHUF\DQGWKHRQHZKREUHDNVWKRVHWLHVZLOOEHGHQLHGWKDWVKDGHIRUVDNHQ DQGDEDQGRQHG

7KH0XVOLPXSKROGVWKHWLHVRINLQVKLSDFFRUGLQJWRWKHWHDFKLQJVRI,VO P

7KH WUXH 0XVOLP XSKROGV WKH WLHV RI NLQVKLS DQG GRHV QRW OHW KLV ZRUOGO\ FRQFHUQV ZHDOWK ZLIH RU FKLOGUHQGLVWUDFWKLPIURPNHHSLQJLQWRXFKZLWKKLVUHODWLYHVKRQRXULQJWKHPDQGKHOSLQJWKHP,QGRLQJ VR KH LV IROORZLQJ ,VOPLF WHDFKLQJ ZKLFK UHJXODWHV WKHVH UHODWLRQVKLSV DQG UDQNV WKHP LQ RUGHU RI SULRULW\ DQG GHJUHH RI FORVHQHVV VWDUWLQJ ZLWK WKH PRWKHU WKHQ PRYLQJ RQ WR WKH IDWKHU WKHQ RWKHU UHODWLYHV IURP WKH PRVW FORVHO\UHODWHG WR RWKHUV ZKR DUH PRUH GLVWDQWO\ UHODWHG $ PDQ FDPH WR WKH 3URSKHW 7 DQGDVNHG³20HVVHQJHURI$OOKZKRLVPRVWGHVHUYLQJRIP\JRRGFRPSDQ\"´+H 7  VDLG ´7UDQVODWRU@

5HSRUWHGE\DO†DEDUQ¯ DQG$EÔ 7KHQVKDOODQ\RQHZKRKDVGRQHDQDWRP·VZHLJKWRIJRRGVHHLW @ 4XU¶Q  $QGWKH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´6DYH\RXUVHOIIURPWKH)LUHHYHQE\JLYLQJKDOIDGDWHLQFKDULW\µ %XNKU¯

%XWWKLV­DG¯WKZKLFKLVJHQHUDOLQDSSOLFDWLRQPD\DOVREHWDNHQWRPHDQWKDWWKHUHFLSLHQWVKRXOGQRW ORRNGRZQRQWKHJLIW7KHPHDQLQJWKHQLV1R IHPDOH QHLJKERXUVKRXOGVFRUQWKHJLIWJLYHQWRKHUE\ DQRWKHU IHPDOH  QHLJKERXU HYHQ LI LW LV LW LV MXVW D VKHHS¶V IRRW 5DWKHU VKH VKRXOG WKDQN KHU IRU LW EHFDXVHJUDWLWXGHHQJHQGHUVIULHQGVKLSDPRQJQHLJKERXUVDQGHQFRXUDJHVPXWXDOVXSSRUWDQGKHOS7KLV LVLQDGGLWLRQWRWKHIDFWWKDWWKDQNLQJSHRSOHIRUIDYRXUVLVDEDVLF,VOPLFWUDLWZKLFKWKH3URSKHW 7 
ÎÔ

VWURQJO\HQFRXUDJHG

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5DEE




´7KHRQHZKRGRHVQRWJLYHWKDQNVWRSHRSOHGRHVQRWJLYHWKDQNVWR$OOK , µ

+LVJHQHURVLW\LVGLUHFWHGWRZDUGVERWK0XVOLPDQGQRQ 0XVOLPQHLJKERXUV

7KHWUXH0XVOLPGRHVQRWUHVWULFWKLVJRRGWUHDWPHQWRQO\WRQHLJKERXUVZKRDUHUHODWHGWRKLPRU ZKRDUH0XVOLPVEXWKHH[WHQGVLWWRQRQ0XVOLPQHLJKERXUVWRRVRWKDWWKHWROHUDQFHRI,VOPPD\ VSUHDGWRDOOSHRSOHUHJDUGOHVVRIWKHLUUDFHRUUHOLJLRQ7KHHPLQHQW6D­E¯ µ$EGXOODKLEQµ$PUKDGD VKHHSVODXJKWHUHGDQGDVNHGKLVVODYH³'LG\RXJLYHVRPHPHDWWRRXU-HZLVKQHLJKERXU")RU,KHDUG WKH3URSKHW 7 VD\ ¶-LEU¯ONHSWRQHQMRLQLQJWKHJRRGWUHDWPHQWRIQHLJKERXUVWRWKHH[WHQWWKDW, WKRXJKWKHZRXOGLQFOXGHQHLJKERXUVDVKHLUV·µ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP 7KH 3HRSOH RI WKH %RRN KDYH OLYHG DPRQJ 0XVOLPV IRU FHQWXULHV NQRZLQJ WKDW WKH\ WKHLU KRQRXU WKHLU ZHDOWK DQG WKHLU EHOLHIV DUH VHFXUH DQG HQMR\LQJ JRRG QHLJKERXUO\ UHODWLRQV JRRG WUHDWPHQW DQG IUHHGRPRIZRUVKLS(YLGHQFHRIWKLVLVVHHQLQWKHFRQWLQXHGH[LVWHQFHRIWKHLUDQFLHQWFKXUFKHVFOLQJLQJ WR PRXQWDLQWRSV VXUURXQGHG E\ WKRXVDQGV RI 0XVOLPV ZKR XSKROG WKH ZHOOEHLQJ RI WKHLU -HZLVK DQG &KULVWLDQQHLJKERXUVLQDFFRUGDQFHZLWK4XU¶QLFWHDFKLQJV

>$OOKIRUELGV\RXQRWZLWKUHJDUGWRWKRVHZKRILJKW\RXQRWIRU>\RXU@)DLWKQRUGULYH\RXRXWRI \RXUKRPHVIURPGHDOLQJNLQGO\DQGMXVWO\ZLWKWKHPIRU$OOKORYHVWKRVHZKRDUHMXVW@ 4XU¶Q 

+HVWDUWVZLWKWKHQHLJKERXUZKRVHKRPHLVFO RVHVWWRKLVRZQ

7KH WUXH 0XVOLP GRHV QRW IRUJHW WKH SUHFLVH V\VWHP WKDW ,VOP VHW RXW ZKHQ LW HQMRLQHG WKH JRRG WUHDWPHQW RI QHLJKERXUV ,VOP KDV WROG KLP WR JLYH SULRULW\ WR WKHRQHZKRVHKRXVHLVFORVHVWWKHQWKH RQHZKRLVQH[WFORVHVWDQGVRRQ7KLVWDNHVLQWRDFFRXQWWKHFORVHQHVVRIWKHQHLJKERXUVZKRVHKRPHV DUH EHVLGH RQH DQRWKHU WKH LVVXHV ZKLFK PD\ IUHTXHQWO\ DULVH EHWZHHQ WKHP DQG WKH LPSRUWDQFH RI PDLQWDLQLQJIULHQGVKLSDQGKDUPRQ\ µb¶LVKDKVDLG ´20HVVHQJHURI$OOK,KDYHWZRQHLJKERXUVVRWRZKLFKRQHVKRXOG,VHQGDJLIW"µ+H VDLG´7RWKHRQHZKRVHGRRULVFORVHUWR\RXUVµ %XNKU¯ 7KH6D­EDK ZHUHZHOODZDUHRIWKLV,VOPLFWHDFKLQJUHJDUGLQJWKHWUHDWPHQWRIRQH¶VQHLJKERXUVVR WKH\ZRXOGQRWDWWHQGWRWKHJRRGWUHDWPHQWRIQHLJKERXUVZKRVHKRPHZDVIXUWKHUDZD\XQWLOWKH\KDG WDNHQ FDUH RI WKH RQH ZKRVH KRPH ZDV QHDUHU &RQFHUQLQJ WKLV $EÔ +XUD\UDK W  VDLG ³+H GRHV QRW VWDUW ZLWK WKH QHLJKERXU ZKRVH KRPH LV IXUWKHU DZD\ EHIRUH KH WDNHV FDUH RI WKH RQH ZKRVH KRPH LV QHDUHU+HSD\VDWWHQWLRQWRWKHRQHZKRVHKRPHLVQHDUHUEHIRUHKHWXUQVKLVDWWHQWLRQWRWKHRQHZKRVH


5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG

KRPHLVIXUWKHUDZD\´ 7KLVV\VWHPRISULRULW\LQWKHJRRGWUHDWPHQWRIQHLJKERXUVGRHVQRWPHDQWKDWD0XVOLPVKRXOGLJQRUH WKH QHLJKERXUV ZKR DUH IXUWKHU DZD\ IURP KLV KRPH (YHU\RQH DURXQG KLV KRPH LV FRQVLGHUHG WR EH D QHLJKERXUDQGWKXVHQMR\VWKHULJKWVRIDQHLJKERXU7KLVV\VWHPLVPHUHO\DPDWWHURIRUJDQL]DWLRQE\ PHDQVRIZKLFKWKH3URSKHW 7 HQFRXUDJHGWDNLQJFDUHRIWKHFORVHVWQHLJKERXUEHFDXVHKHLVWKHRQH ZLWKZKRPWKHUHLVXVXDOO\RQJRLQJFRQWDFWDQGLQWHUDFWLRQ




7KH,GHDO0XVOLP

7KHWUXH0XVOLPLVWKHEHVWQHLJKERXU

7KHDWWLWXGHRIWUHDWLQJQHLJKERXUVZHOOLVGHHSO\HQJUDLQHGLQWKH0XVOLP¶VFRQVFLHQFHDQGLVRQHRI WKHIHDWXUHVWKDWPRVWGLVWLQJXLVKHVKLPLQWKHVLJKWRI$OOKDQGRIRWKHUSHRSOHEHFDXVHWKHWUXH0XVOLP ZKRKDVJURZQXSLQRUEHHQQXUWXUHGE\,VOPDQGKDVLQWHUQDOL]HGLWVWHDFKLQJVFDQQRWEXWEHWKHEHVW RIFRPSDQLRQVDQGWKHEHVWRIQHLJKERXUV+HLVWKHRQHGHVFULEHGE\WKH3URSKHW 7 
´7KHEHVWRIFRPSDQLRQVLQWKHVLJKWRI$OOK , LVWKHRQHZKRLVEHVWWRKLVFRPSDQLRQDQGWKHEHVWRI  QHLJKERXUVLQWKHVLJKWRI$OOK , LVWKHRQHZKRLVEHVWWRKLVQHLJKERXUµ

6R,VOPFRXQWVDJRRGQHLJKERXURQHZKRVHSUHVHQFHLVDVRXUFHRI FRPIRUWVHFXULW\DQGVDIHW\DV RQHRIWKHMR\VRID0XVOLP¶VOLIH7KH3URSKHW 7 KRQRXUHGWKHJRRGQHLJKERXUE\GHVFULELQJKLPDV RQHRIWKHSLOODUVRIKDSSLQHVVLQD0XVOLP¶VOLIH
´$PRQJ WKH WKLQJV WKDW EULQJ KDSSLQHVV WR D 0XVOLP LQ WKLV OLIH DUH D ULJKWHRXV QHLJKERXU D VSDFLRXV  KRXVHDQGDJRRGVWHHGµ

7KH VDODI DSSUHFLDWHG WKH YDOXH RI JRRG QHLJKERXUV VR PXFK WKDW WKH\ FRQVLGHUHG KDYLQJ D JRRG QHLJKERXUWREHDSULFHOHVVEOHVVLQJ2QHVWRU\ZKLFKUHIOHFWVWKLVWHOOVWKDWWKHQHLJKERXURI6Dµ¯GLEQDO µbÑ ZDQWHGWRVHOOKLVKRPHIRUGLUKDPVDQGWROGWKHZRXOGEHSXUFKDVHU³7KLVLVWKHSULFHRI WKHKRXVHEXWZKDWZRXOG\RXJLYHIRUKDYLQJ6Dµ¯GDVDQHLJKERXU"´:KHQ6Dµ¯GKHDUGDERXWWKLVKH VHQWKLVQHLJKERXUWKHSULFHRIWKHKRXVHDQGWROGKLPWRVWD\WKHUH 7KLVLVWKHVWDWXVRIQHLJKERXUVLQ,VOPDQGWKHDWWLWXGHDQGEHKDYLRXURIDJRRG0XVOLPQHLJKERXU %XWZKDWDERXWEDGQHLJKERXUV"

%DGQHLJKERXUV

+DYLQJDEDGQHLJKERXULVVRPHWKLQJZKLFKLVVRDSSDOOLQJWKDWWKHVHQVLWLYH0XVOLPFDQQRWWKLQNRILW ZLWKRXWVKXGGHULQJDQGEHLQJILOOHGZLWKDVHQVHRIIHDUORDWKLQJDQGKDWUHG
  

5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG 5HSRUWHGE\DO7LUPLGK¯ ZLWKÑD­¯­ LVQG 5HSRUWHGE\$­PDGDQGDOpNLPZLWKDÑD­¯­ LVQG ÎÖ

7KHEDGQHLJKERXULVDSHUVRQZKRLVGHSULYHGRIWKHEOHVVLQJRIIDLWK

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5DEE



7KHEDGQHLJKERXULVDSHUVRQZKRLVGHSULYHGRIWKHEOHVVLQJRIIDLWKZKLFKLVWKHJUHDWHVWEOHVVLQJ WKDWWKH&UHDWRUKDVEHVWRZHGXSRQ+LVFUHDWLRQ7KH3URSKHW 7 FRQILUPHGWKHEDGQHLJKERXU¶VORVVRI WKLVJUHDWEOHVVLQJLQQRXQFHUWDLQWHUPVZKHQKHVDLG³+HLVQRWDEHOLHYHU+HLVQRWDEHOLHYHU+HLV QRWDEHOLHYHU´7KHSHRSOHDVNHG³:KR20HVVHQJHURI$OOK"´+HVDLG ´7KHRQHIURPZKRVHHYLO RU WURXEOHV KLVQHLJKERXUGRHVQRWIHHOVDIHµ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP ,QDUHSRUWJLYHQE\0XVOLPKH 7 VDLG
´7KHRQHIURPZKRVHHYLOKLVQHLJKERXUGRHVQRWIHHOVDIHZLOOQRWHQWHU 3DUDGLVHµ

+RZJUHDWPXVWEHWKHFULPHRIWKHEDGQHLJKERXULIKLVPLVWUHDWPHQWRIKLVQHLJKERXULVGHSULYLQJ KLPRIWKHEOHVVLQJVRIIDLWKDQGGHQ\LQJKLPHQWUDQFHWR3DUDGLVH 7KHWUXH0XVOLPOLVWHQVWRWKHVHWHDFKLQJVZLWKDQRSHQPLQGDQGDFFHSWVWKHP,WQHYHURFFXUVWRKLP WKDWRQHGD\KHPD\ILQGKLPVHOILQDQDUJXPHQWRUFRQIOLFWZLWKRQHRIKLVQHLJKERXUVEHFDXVHWKDWZLOO GHVWUR\KLVIDLWKDQGDOOKRSHRIVXFFHVVLQWKH+HUHDIWHU7KLVZRXOGEHWKHJUHDWHVWORVVDQGWKHPHUH WKRXJKWRILWPDNHVWKHWUXH0XVOLPWUHPEOH

7KHEDGQHLJKERXULVDSHUVRQZKRVHJRRGGHHGVDUHQRWDFFHSWHG

1RWVXUSULVLQJO\VHYHUDO­DG¯WKVWDWHWKDWWKHEDGQHLJKERXULVRQHZKRVHJRRGGHHGVDUHQRWDFFHSWHG DQGZLOOEHRIQRDYDLOVRORQJDVKHLVPLVWUHDWLQJKLVQHLJKERXUEHFDXVHLQ,VOPJRRGGHHGVDUHDOZD\V FHQWHUHGRQDIRXQGDWLRQRIIDLWKDQGDVZHKDYHVHHQLQWKH­DG¯WKTXRWHGDERYHWKHEDGQHLJKERXUKDVQR IDLWK6RREYLRXVO\KLVJRRGGHHGVDUHQRWDFFHSWHG$OOK , UHMHFWVWKHPRXWULJKWQRPDWWHUKRZPDQ\ JRRGGHHGVKHGRHVHYHQLIKHVSHQGVDOOGD\DQGDOOQLJKWGRLQJWKHP 7KH 3URSKHW 7  ZDV DVNHG ³2 0HVVHQJHU RI $OOK VXFKDQGVXFK D ZRPDQ VSHQGV KHU QLJKWV LQ SUD\HU IDVWV GXULQJ WKH GD\ DQG VR RQ DQG VKH JLYHV FKDULW\ EXW VKH RIIHQGV KHU QHLJKERXUV ZLWK KHU VKDUSWRQJXH´7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´+HUJRRGGHHGVZLOOEHRIQRDYDLOVKHLVDPRQJWKHSHRSOHRI+HOOµ7KH\VDLG´$QGVRDQGVRSUD\V RQO\WKHREOLJDWRU\SUD\HUVJLYHVFKDULW\LQWKHIRUPRIOHIWRYHUFXUGVEXWGRHVQRWRIIHQGDQ\RQHµ7KH  3URSKHW 7 VDLG´6KHLVDPRQJWKHSHRSOHRI3DUDGLVHµ ´7KHUHDUHWKUHHZRUVWW\SHVRISHRSOHDUXOHUZKRLI\RXGRZHOOGRHVQRWDSSUHFLDWHLWDQGLI \RXGR ZURQJKHGRHVQRWIRUJLYH\RXIRULWDEDGQHLJKERXUZKRLIKHVHHVVRPHWKLQJJRRGKHFRQFHDOVLW

7KHEDGQHLJKERXULVRQHRIWKHWKUHHZRUVWW\SHVRISHRSOHGHILQHGE\WKH3URSKHW 7 



5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG



7KH,GHDO0XVOLP DQGLIKHVHHVVRPHWKLQJEDGKHEURDGFDVWVLWDQGDZLIHZKRZKHQ\RXDUHSUHVHQWVKHDQQR\V\RX DQGLI\RXJRDZD\VKHEHWUD\V\RXµ

+HQFH WKH VPDUW 0XVOLP ZLOO KDYH D YHU\ FOHDU SLFWXUH RI WKH EDG QHLJKERXU DV GHVFULEHG E\ WKH 3URSKHW 7 DQGZLOONHHSDJUHDWGLVWDQFHIURPVXFKDSHUVRQ

7KHWUXH0XVOLPLVFDUHIXOWRDYRLGIDOOLQJLQWRVLQZKHUHKLVQHLJKERXULV FRQFHUQHG

7KH WUXH 0XVOLP LV HVSHFLDOO\ FDUHIXO WR DYRLG FRPPLWWLQJ VLQV DJDLQVW KLV QHLJKERXU EHFDXVH D VLQ DJDLQVWDQHLJKERXULVZRUVHWKDQRWKHUFULPHVDFFRUGLQJWRWKHZRUGVRIWKH3URSKHW 7 +HTXL]]HG KLV&RPSDQLRQVDERXWDGXOWHU\DQGWKH\VDLG³,WLV­DUP$OOK , DQG+LV0HVVHQJHUKDYHSURKLELWHG LW´ +H WROG WKHP ³$ PDQ ZKR FRPPLWV DGXOWHU\ ZLWK WHQ ZRPHQ KDV FRPPLWWHG D OHVVHU VLQ WKDQ RQH ZKRFRPPLWVDGXOWHU\ZLWKKLVQHLJKERXU¶VZLIH´7KHQKHTXL]]HGWKHPDERXWVWHDOLQJDQGWKH\VDLG³,W LV­DUP$OOK , DQG+LV0HVVHQJHUKDYHSURKLELWHGLW´+HWROGWKHP³$PDQZKRVWHDOVIURPWHQ  KRXVHKROGVKDVFRPPLWWHGDOHVVHUVLQWKDQWKHRQHZKRVWHDOVIURPKLVQHLJKERXU¶VKRXVH´

7KH QHLJKERXU LQ ,VOP HQMR\V D XQLTXH VDQFWLW\ ZKLFK LV XQNQRZQ LQ RWKHU PDQPDGH ODZV DQG V\VWHPV 7KRVH PDQPDGH ODZV HQFRXUDJH WKH YLRODWLRQ RI D QHLJKERXU¶V KRQRXU EHFDXVH LW LV XVXDOO\ HDVLHUDQGWKHUHDUHPRUHRSSRUWXQLWLHVWRGRVRWKDQWRYLRODWHWKHKRQRXURIRWKHUV7KHVHSURPLVFXRXV VRQJV DERXW ORRNLQJ WKURXJK WKH QHLJKERXU¶V ZLQGRZ DQG VXFK OLNH GLG QRW EHFRPH ZLGHVSUHDG LQ WKH 0XVOLPZRUOGXQWLOZHKDGIRUJRWWHQWKHPDQQHUVRIFKLYDOU\DQGIDLWKDQGEHHQRYHUZKHOPHGE\EOLQG LPLWDWLRQ DQG FXOWXUDO DQG LQWHOOHFWXDO LPSHULDOLVP 7KHQ FKHDS GLUW\ \RXQJ PHQ DPRQJ XV EHJDQ WR FRPSRVHVRQJVDQGSRHPVDERXWWKHIHPDOHQHLJKERXUZKHQVXFKDWKLQJKDGQHYHUEHHQNQRZQGXULQJ RXUMKLOL\\DKOHWDORQHDIWHUWKHDGYHQWRI,VOP2QHRIRXUQREOHDQGGHFHQWSRHWVLIKHKDSSHQHGWR VHHDIHPDOHQHLJKERXUZRXOGVD\
´, ORZHU P\ JD]H ZKHQ P\ IHPDOH QHLJKERXU DSSHDUV EHIRUH PH XQWLO VKH GLVDSSHDUV LQWR KHU RZQ  KRPHµ

,VOP KDV HQFRXUDJHG WKLV QREOH KXPDQ DWWLWXGH DQG EHKDYLRXU LQ WKH PDQ\ WH[WV FRQFHUQLQJ WKH JRRG WUHDWPHQWRIRQH¶VQHLJKERXUSURWHFWLQJKLVKRQRXUFRQFHDOLQJKLVIDXOWVKHOSLQJKLPZKHQKHLVLQQHHG ORZHULQJRQH¶VJD]HIURPKLVZRPHQIRONDQGNHHSLQJDZD\IURPHYHU\WKLQJWKDWPD\KDUPKLPRUPDNH KLPVXVSLFLRXV,WLVQRVXUSULVHWKHQWKDWWKHWUXH0XVOLPLVWKHEHVWQHLJKERXUWKDWDQ\KXPDQVRFLHW\KDV HYHUNQRZQ 7KH 0XVOLP ZKR LV WUXO\ VHQVLWLYH DQG DZDUH RI WKH WHDFKLQJV RI KLV UHOLJLRQ FRQFHUQLQJ WKH JRRG WUHDWPHQW RI QHLJKERXUV ZLOO EH YHU\ FDXWLRXV LQGHHG FRQFHUQLQJ DQ\ GLVSXWH WKDW PD\ DULVH EHWZHHQ
  

5HSRUWHGE\DO†DEDUQ¯WKHPHQRILWVLVQG DUHWKLTW

5HSRUWHGE\,PP$­PDGLQ DO0XVQDG,WVPHQDUH WKLTW

µ$QWDUDKLQKLV'¯ZQ ZLWKIRRWQRWHVE\DO0DZODZS ÏÎ

KLPVHOIDQGKLVQHLJKERXUIRUDQ\UHDVRQEHFDXVHRIWKHZDUQLQJRIWKH3URSKHW 7 DJDLQVWDUJXLQJ ZLWKQHLJKERXUV
´7KHILUVWWZRDQWDJRQLVWVRQWKH'D\RI-XGJHPHQWZLOOEHWZRQHLJKERXUVµ


7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5DEE



+LVJRRGWUHDWPHQWRIKLVQHLJKERXULVQRWODFNLQJ

7KH WUXH 0XVOLP GRHV QRW VSDUH DQ\ HIIRUW WR KHOS KLV QHLJKERXU RSHQLQJ ZLGH WKH GRRU RI FDUH IULHQGVKLSDQGJHQHURVLW\+HLVFDUHIXOWRIXOILOKLVGXW\WRZDUGVKLPOHVWWKHZRUGVRIWKH3URSKHW 7  FRQFHUQLQJWKHPLVHUO\XQKHOSIXOQHLJKERXUEHFRPHDSSOLFDEOHWRKLP
´+RZ PDQ\ SHRSOH ZLOO EH KDQJLQJ RQ WR WKHLU QHLJKERXUV RQ WKH 'D\ RI 5HVXUUHFWLRQ VD\LQJ ¶2 P\  5DEE +HVKXWKLVGRRULQP\IDFHDQGGHQLHGPHKLVNLQGWUHDWPHQWDQGKHOS·µ

:KDWDPLVHUDEOHSRVLWLRQWKHPLVHUO\XQFDULQJQHLJKERXUZLOOEHLQRQWKH'D\RI-XGJHPHQW $FFRUGLQJ WR ,VOP WKH 0XVOLPV DUH OLNH D ZDOO ZKRVH EULFNV DUH WKH SHRSOH RI WKH 8PPDK (DFK EULFN PXVW EH VRXQG DQG VWURQJO\ ERQGHG ZLWK WKH RWKHUV WR PDNH WKLV ZDOO VWXUG\ DQG HQGXULQJ RWKHUZLVHLWZLOOEHFRPHZHDNDQGSURQHWRFROODSVH7KXV,VOPVXUURXQGVWKLVZDOOZLWKVWURQJVSLULWXDO WLHVWRSUHVHUYHLWVLQWHJULW\DQGVWUHQJWKVRWKDWLWZLOOQRWEHVKDNHQQRPDWWHUZKDWHYHQWVEHIDOOLW 7KH3URSKHW 7 JDYHDPDUYHOORXVPHWDSKRURIWKH0XVOLPV¶VROLGDULW\DQGPXWXDOVXSSRUW
´7KHEHOLHYHUVDUHOLNHDZDOOZKRVHEULFNVDUHILWWHGWLJKWO\WRJHWKHUHDFKRQHRIWKHPVXSSRUWVDQRWKHUµ

%XNKU¯

´7KH EHOLHYHUV LQ WKHLU PXWXDO IULHQGVKLS PHUF\ DQG DIIHFWLRQ DUH OLNH RQH ERG\ LI DQ\ SDUW RI LW FRPSODLQVWKHUHVWRIWKHERG\ZLOODOVRVWD\DZDNHLQSDLQµ %XNKU¯

,I D UHOLJLRQ SODFHV VXFK DQ DPD]LQJ HPSKDVLV RQ WKH VROLGDULW\ RI LWV IROORZHUV LW LV QDWXUDO WKDW LW VKRXOG VWUHQJWKHQ QHLJKERXUO\ WLHV DQG EDVH WKHP RQ D VROLG IRXQGDWLRQ RI IULHQGVKLS NLQGQHVV PXWXDO VXSSRUWDQGJRRGWUHDWPHQW

+HSXWVXSZLWKKLVQHLJKERXU¶VPLVWDNHVDQGEDGWUHDWPHQW

7KH 0XVOLP ZKR LV JXLGHG E\ ,VOP LV SDWLHQW ZLWK KLV QHLJKERXU DQG GRHV QRW JHW DQJU\ RU EHDU D JUXGJHLIKHPDNHVDPLVWDNHRUKDVVRPHVKRUWFRPLQJV+HLVWROHUDQWDQGIRUJLYLQJWRZDUGVKLPWKXV KRSLQJWRHDUQUHZDUGIURP$OOK , DQGWRDWWDLQ+LVORYHDQGSOHDVXUH7KLVLVSURYHQE\WKH­DG¯WKRI $EÔ 'KDUUZKHQ0XÓDUULILEQµ$EGXOODKPHWKLPKHVDLG³2$EÔ 'KDUU,KHDUGDERXWZKDW\RXVDLG DQG , ZDQWHG WR PHHW \RX´ $EÔ 'KDUU VDLG ³7UXO\$OOKORYHVWKRVHZKR ILJKWLQ+LV&DXVHLQEDWWOHDUUD\DVLIWKH\ZHUHDVROLGFHPHQWHGVWUXFWXUH@ 4XU¶Q  0XÓDUULI DVNHG ³7KHQ ZKR"´ +H VDLG ³$ PDQ ZKR KDV D EDG QHLJKERXU ZKR DQQR\V DQG GLVWXUEV KLP EXW KH EHDUVLWZLWKSDWLHQFHDQGIRUEHDUDQFHXQWLO$OOK , HQGVWKHPDWWHUHLWKHUGXULQJKLVOLIHWLPHRUXSRQ  WKHGHDWKRIHLWKHURIWKHP´

7KH,GHDO0XVOLP



5HSRUWHGE\$­PDGDQGDO†DEDUQ¯ ZLWKDÑD­¯­ LVQG

ÏÐ

+HGRHVQRWJLYHWLWIRUWDW

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5DEE



2QHHOHPHQWRIWKHWHDFKLQJVRIWKLVUHOLJLRQZKLFKWKH3URSKHW 7 H[SODLQHGWRKLV&RPSDQLRQVLV QRWWRUHSD\DEDGQHLJKERXUZLWKEDGGHHGVEXWWREHDUKLVGLVWXUEDQFHZLWKSDWLHQFHLQVRIDUDVKHLV DEOHKRSLQJWKDWWKHRQHZKRLVGRLQJZURQJPD\VWRSKLVEDGEHKDYLRXUZKHQKHVHHVWKDWKLVQHLJKERXU LVQRWUHVSRQGLQJLQNLQG7KLVLVRQHRIWKHQREOHVWFKDUDFWHULVWLFVDQGRQHRIWKHPRVWHIIHFWLYHZD\VRI XSURRWLQJWKHHYLOWKDWH[LVWVLQVRPHVRXOV 0XKDPPDG LEQ µ$EGXOODK LEQ 6DOOP W  FDPH WR WKH 3URSKHW 7  DQG VDLG ³0\ QHLJKERXU LV GLVWXUELQJ PH´ +H VDLG ³+DYH SDWLHQFH´ +H FDPH EDFN D VHFRQG WLPH DQG VDLG ³0\ QHLJKERXU LV GLVWXUELQJPH´$QGWKH3URSKHW 7 DJDLQWROGKLP³+DYHSDWLHQFH´+HFDPHEDFNDWKLUGWLPHDQG VDLG³0\QHLJKERXULVGLVWXUELQJPH´7KH3URSKHW 7 WROGKLP³*REDFNDQGSXWDOO\RXUJRRGVDQG FKDWWHOVRXWLQWKHVWUHHW,IDQ\RQHFRPHVDORQJDQGDVNV\RXWHOOKLPµ0\QHLJKERXULVGLVWXUELQJPH¶ 7KHQ KH ZLOO WUXO\ LQFXU FXUVHV :KRHYHU EHOLHYHV LQ $OOK ,  DQG WKH /DVW 'D\ OHW KLP KRQRXU KLV  QHLJKERXU¶´

+HNQRZVKLVQHLJKERXU¶VULJKWVRYHUKLP

)URPWKHWHDFKLQJVRIWKH3URSKHW 7 UHJDUGLQJQHLJKERXUVWKHWUXH0XVOLPNQRZVWKHULJKWVRIKLV QHLJKERXURYHUKLPDWDOOWLPHV6RKHKHOSVKLPDWWLPHVRIGLIILFXOW\KHVKDUHVKLVMR\VDQGKLVVRUURZV LIKHEHFRPHVSRRUKHWUHDWVKLPNLQGO\DQGKHOSVKLPLIKHLVLOOKHYLVLWVKLPDQGFRQVROHVKLPLIKH GLHV KH IROORZV KLV ELHU FRPIRUWV KLV IDPLO\ DQG WDNHV FDUH RI WKHP +H QHYHU IRUJHWV WR FRQVLGHU WKH IHHOLQJVRIKLVQHLJKERXUDQGKLVIDPLO\DQGDYRLGVGRLQJDQ\WKLQJWKDWPD\KXUWWKHLUIHHOLQJVZKHWKHU GLUHFWO\RULQGLUHFWO\ 7KHVHDUHWKHVXEOLPH,VOPLFWHDFKLQJVFRQFHUQLQJQHLJKERXUVIRUHYHU\0XVOLPZKRKDVEHHQJXLGHG WR WUXH ,VOP DQG ZKR DSSOLHV LWVUXOHVWRKLPVHOIDQGWRKLVIDPLO\,VLWDQ\ZRQGHULQWKHOLJKWRIDOO WKLVWKDWWKHWUXH0XVOLPVKRXOGEHWKHEHVWQHLJKERXUWKDWDQ\KXPDQVRFLHW\KDVHYHUNQRZQ"



pD\WDO6D­EDK



7KH,GHDO0XVOLP

&KDSWHU  7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV)ULHQGVDQG%URWKHUV,Q,VOP
+HORYHVWKHPIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK ,  ,

2QH RI WKH PRVW SURPLQHQW GLVWLQJXLVKLQJ IHDWXUHV RI WKH WUXH 0XVOLP LV KLV ORYH IRU KLV IULHQGVDQG EURWKHUVLQIDLWKDORYHWKDWLVXQWDLQWHGE\DQ\ZRUOGO\LQWHUHVWVRUXOWHULRUPRWLYHV7KLVLVWUXHEURWKHUO\ ORYHZKRVHSXULW\LVGHULYHGIURPWKHOLJKWRI,VOPLFJXLGDQFHLWVHIIHFWRQWKHEHKDYLRXURI0XVOLPVLV TXLWHXQLTXHLQWKHKLVWRU\RIKXPDQUHODWLRQVKLSV 7KHERQGWKDWOLQNVD0XVOLPWRKLVEURWKHUUHJDUGOHVVRIUDFHFRORXURUODQJXDJHLVWKHERQGRIIDLWK LQ$OOK ,  >7KH%HOLHYHUVDUHEXWDVLQJOHEURWKHUKRRG@ 4XU¶Q 7KHEURWKHUKRRGRIIDLWKLVWKHVWURQJHVWRIERQGVEHWZHHQKHDUWVDQGPLQGV,WFRPHVDVQRVXUSULVH WKDWWKLVXQLTXHEURWKHUKRRGEHDUVIUXLWVRIORYHWKDWDUHDPD]LQJO\VXEOLPHSXUHGHHSDQGODVWLQJ,VOP FDOOVLW³ORYHIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , ´LQZKLFKWKHWUXH0XVOLPILQGVWKHVZHHWQHVVRIIDLWK
´7KHUH DUH WKUHH WKLQJV WKDW ZKRHYHU DWWDLQV WKHP ZLOO ILQG WKH VZHHWQHVV RI IDLWK LI $OOK ,  DQG +LV 0HVVHQJHUDUHGHDUHUWRKLPWKDQDQ\RQHHOVHLIKHORYHVDSHUVRQVROHO\IRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , DQGLI KHZRXOGKDWHWRUHWXUQWRNXIU DIWHU$OOK , KDVUHVFXHGKLPIURPLWDVPXFKDVKHZRXOGKDWHWREH WKURZQLQWRWKH)LUHµ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP

7KHVWDWXVRIWZRZKRORYHRQHDQRWKHUIRUWKHVDNHRI$OO K , ,

0DQ\ ­DG¯WK GHVFULEH WKH VWDWXV RI WZR SHRSOH ZKR ORYH RQH DQRWKHU IRU WKH VDNH RI $OOK ,  DQG GHVFULEHWKHKLJKSRVLWLRQLQ3DUDGLVHZKLFK+HKDVSURPLVHGWKHPDQGWKHJUHDWKRQRXUZKLFK+HZLOO EHVWRZXSRQWKHPRQWKH'D\ZKHQPDQNLQGLVUHVXUUHFWHGWRPHHWWKH5DEE RIWKH:RUOGV$PRQJWKHP LVWKH­DG¯WKZKLFKGHVFULEHVWKHVHYHQZKRP$OOK , ZLOOVKDGHRQWKH'D\ZKHQWKHUHLVQRVKDGHEXW +LV
´«D MXVW OHDGHU D \RXWK ZKR JURZV XS ZRUVKLSSLQJ $OOK ,  D PDQ ZKR LV GHHSO\ DWWDFKHG WR WKH PRVTXHWZRPHQZKRORYHRQHDQRWKHUIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , PHHWLQJIRU+LVVDNHDQGSDUWLQJIRU+LV ÏÒ

 7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5DEE VDNHDPDQZKRLVFDOOHGE\DEHDXWLIXOZRPDQDQGVD\V¶,IHDU$OOK , ·DPDQZKRJLYHVFKDULW\LQ VHFUHW VXFK WKDW KLV OHIW KDQG GRHV QRW NQRZ ZKDW KLV ULJKW KDQG LV GRLQJ DQG D PDQ ZKR UHPHPEHUV $OOK , ZKHQKHLVDORQHDQGKLVH\HVILOOZLWKWHDUVµ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP

7KHWZRZKRORYHRQHDQRWKHUIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , DUHFOHDUO\VKRZQWREHDPRQJWKRVHZKRP $OOK , ZLOOVKHOWHUZLWK+LVVKDGHDQGXSRQZKRP+HZLOOVKRZHU+LVPHUF\DQGNLQGQHVV:KDWD JUHDW KRQRXU ,W LV HQRXJK KRQRXU IRU WKRVH ZKR ORYH RQH DQRWKHU IRU WKH VDNH RI $OOK ,  WKDW WKHLU $OPLJKW\5DEE ZLOOJUHHWWKHPRQWKH'D\RI5HVXUUHFWLRQDQGVD\WRWKHP ´:KHUHDUHWKRVHZKRORYHG
RQHDQRWKHUIRU0\JORU\"7RGD\,ZLOOVKDGHWKHPLQ0\VKDGHRQ WKH'D\ZKHQWKHUHLVQRVKDGHEXW 0LQHµ 0XVOLP

6XFK LV WKH PDJQLILFHQW KRQRXU DQG WUHPHQGRXV UHZDUG WKDW ZLOO EH EHVWRZHG XSRQ WKRVH ZKR WUXO\ ORYHGRQHDQRWKHUIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , RQWKDWDZHVRPH'D\ /RYHIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , DQGQRWIRUWKHVDNHRIDQ\WKLQJHOVHLQWKLVOLIHZKLFKLVILOOHGZLWK JUHHGGHVLUHVDQGLQWHUHVWVLVYHU\GLIILFXOWDQGQRQHFDQDWWDLQLWH[FHSWWKHRQHZKRLVSXUHRIKHDUWIRU ZKRPWKLVZRUOGLVDVQRWKLQJFRPSDUHGWRWKHSOHDVXUHRI$OOK , ,WLVQRWVXUSULVLQJWKDW$OOK ,  VKRXOG JLYH WKHP D VWDWXV DQG EOHVVLQJ ZKLFK LV FRPPHQVXUDWH ZLWK WKHLU SRVLWLRQ LQ WKLV ZRUOG DERYH ZKRVHFRQFHUQVWKH\KDYHULVHQ:HILQGSURRIRIWKLVLQWKH­DG¯WKRI0XµGKZKRVDLGWKDWWKH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´$OOK , VDLG¶7KRVHZKRORYHRQHDQRWKHUIRU0\JORU\ZLOOKDYHPLQEDUV RIOLJKWDQGWKH3URSKHWVDQG  PDUW\UVZLOOZLVKWKDWWKH\KDGWKHVDPHµ

$OOK , JLYHVWRWKRVHZKRORYHRQHDQRWKHUIRU+LVVDNHDJLIWZKLFKLVHYHQJUHDWHUWKDQWKLVVWDWXV DQGEOHVVLQJWKDWLV+LVSUHFLRXVORYHZKLFKLVYHU\GLIILFXOWWRDWWDLQ7KLVLVSURYHQE\WKH­DG¯WKRI$EÔ +XUD\UDK W LQZKLFKWKH3URSKHW 7 VDLG

´$PDQZHQWWRYLVLWDEURWKHURIKLVLQDQRWKHUYLOODJH$OOK , VHQWDQDQJHOWRZDLWIRUKLPRQWKHURDG :KHQWKHPDQFDPHDORQJWKHDQJHODVNHGKLP¶:KHUHGR\RXLQWHQGWRJR"·+HVDLG¶,DPJRLQJWR YLVLW D EURWKHU RI PLQH ZKR OLYHV LQ WKLV YLOODJH· 7KH DQJHO DVNHG ¶+DYH \RX GRQH KLP DQ\ IDYRXU IRU ZKLFK\RXDUHQRZVHHNLQJUHSD\PHQW "·+HVDLG¶1R, MXVWORYHKLPIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , ·7KHDQJHO WROG KLP ¶, DP D PHVVHQJHU WR \RX IURP $OOK ,  VHQW WR WHOO \RX WKDW +H ORYHV \RX DV \RX ORYH \RXU EURWKHUIRU+LVVDNH·µ 0XVOLP

:KDWDJUHDWORYHWKDWUDLVHVDPDQWRDSRVLWLRQZKHUH$OOK , ORYHVKLPDQGLVSOHDVHGZLWKKLP 7KHWHDFKLQJRIWKH3URSKHW 7 JRHVHYHQIXUWKHUDQGVWDWHVWKDWWKHEHWWHURIWZREURWKHUVZKRORYH RQHDQRWKHUIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , LVWKHRQHZKRORYHVKLVEURWKHUPRUH7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´1RWZRPHQORYHRQHDQRWKHUEXWWKHEHWWHURIWKHPLVWKHRQHZKRVHORYHIRUKLVEURWKHULVJUHDWHUµ


 

5HSRUWHGE\DO7LUPLGK¯ZKRVDLGLWLVD­DVDQÑD­¯­ ­DG¯WK 5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG



,VOP JRHV HYHQ IXUWKHU LQ VSUHDGLQJ ORYH LQ WKH ULJKWO\JXLGHG 0XVOLP VRFLHW\ E\ WHOOLQJ WKH 0XVOLPWKDWLIKHORYHVKLVEURWKHUKHVKRXOGWHOOKLP7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´,IDPDQORYHVKLVEURWKHUOHWKLPWHOOKLPWKDWKHORYHVKLPµ

7KH,GHDO0XVOLP

7KH3URSKHW 7 XQGHUVWRRGWKHLPSDFWRIWKLVVWURQJSXUHORYHLQEXLOGLQJVRFLHWLHVDQGQDWLRQVVR KH QHYHU OHW DQ\ RFFDVLRQ SDVV ZLWKRXW DGYRFDWLQJWKLVORYHDQGFRPPDQGLQJWKH0XVOLPVWRDQQRXQFH WKHLU ORYH IRU RQH DQRWKHU LQ RUGHU WR RSHQ KHDUWV DQG VSUHDG ORYH DQG SXULW\ DPRQJ WKH UDQNV RI WKH 8PPDK $QDV W VDLGWKDWDPDQZDVZLWKWKH3URSKHW 7 ZKHQDQRWKHUPDQSDVVHGE\7KHILUVWPDQVDLG ³20HVVHQJHURI$OOKLQGHHG,WUXO\ORYHWKLVPDQ´7KH3URSKHW 7 DVNHGKLP³+DYH\RXOHWKLP NQRZWKDW"´+HVDLG³1R´7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG´7HOOKLPµ+HFDXJKWXSZLWKKLPDQGWROGKLP´7UXO\
, ORYH \RX IRU WKH VDNH RI $OOK , µ DQG WKH PDQ VDLG ´0D\ $OOK ,  ORYH \RX ZKR ORYHV PH IRU +LV  VDNHµ



0XµGKEHJDQWRVSUHDGWKLVSXUHORYHDPRQJWKH0XVOLPVWKURXJKRXWWKH0XVOLPODQGVWHOOLQJWKHP ZKDWKHKDGKHDUGIURPWKH3URSKHW 7 DERXWWKHJUHDWUHZDUGWKDW$OOK , KDGSUHSDUHGIRUWKRVH ZKR ORYHG RQH DQRWKHU IRU +LV VDNH DQG DERXW +LV JUHDW ORYH IRU WKHP ,Q DO0XZDÓÓD¶ ,PP 0OLN JLYHV D UHSRUW ZLWK D ÑD­¯­ LVQG IURP $EÔ ,GU¯V DO.KÔOQ¯ ZKR VDLG ³, HQWHUHG WKH PRVTXH RI 'DPDVFXVZKHUH,VDZD\RXQJPDQZKRKDGDEULJKWVPLOHDQG,VDZWKHSHRSOHJDWKHUHGDURXQG KLP :KHQWKH\GLVDJUHHGRQVRPHPDWWHUWKH\UHIHUUHGLWWRKLPDQGDFFHSWHGKLVRSLQLRQ,DVNHGZKRKH ZDV DQG WKH\ WROG PH µ7KLV LV 0XµGK LEQ -DEDO W ¶ (DUO\ WKH QH[W GD\ , ZHQW WR WKH PRVTXH EXW , IRXQG WKDW KH KDG DUULYHG HYHQ HDUOLHU WKDQ , +H ZDV SUD\LQJ VR , ZDLWHG XQWLO KH KDG ILQLVKHG WKHQ , DSSURDFKHGKLPIURPLQIURQWJUHHWHGKLPDQGVDLGµ%\$OOK , ,ORYH\RX¶+HVDLGµ)RUWKHVDNHRI $OOK , "¶,VDLGµ)RUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , ¶+HUHSHDWHGKLVTXHVWLRQµ)RUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , "¶DQG ,VDLGµ)RUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , ¶6RKHWRRNKROGRIP\FROODUDQGSXOOHGPHWRZDUGVKLPDQGVDLGµ, KDYH JRRG QHZV IRU \RX , KHDUG WKH 3URSKHW 7  VD\ ´$OOK ,  $OPLJKW\ VD\V ¶0\ ORYH LV JUDQWHG WR
WKRVH ZKR ORYH RQH DQRWKHU IRU 0\ VDNH ZKR YLVLW RQH DQRWKHU IRU 0\ VDNH DQG ZKR VSHQG RQ RQH DQRWKHUIRU0\VDNH·µ·µ

7KHHIIHFWRIORYHIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , RQWKHOLIHRI0XVOLPV  ,

,QDQRWKHU­DG¯WKWKH3URSKHW 7 FRQILUPHGWKDWWKLVORYHEHWZHHQEHOLHYHUVLVRQHRIWKHFRQGLWLRQV RIIDLWKWKDWZLOOJUDQWHQWUDQFHWR3DUDGLVHWRWKHRQHZKRKDVLW,QDUHSRUWJLYHQE\,PP0XVOLPIURP $EÔ +XUD\UDK W WKH3URSKHW 7 VDLG

 

5HSRUWHGE\$EÔ 'ZÔGDQGDO7LUPLGK¯ZKRVDLGLWLVDÑD­¯­ ­DG¯WK 5HSRUWHGE\$EÔ 'ZÔGZLWKDÑD­¯­ LVQG

ÏÔ

 7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5DEE ´%\ WKH 2QH LQ :KRVH KDQG LV P\ VRXO \RX ZLOO QRW HQWHU 3DUDGLVH XQWLO \RX EHOLHYH DQG \RX ZLOOQRW EHOLHYH XQWLO \RX ORYH RQH DQRWKHU 6KDOO , QRW WHOO \RX RI VRPHWKLQJ WKDW LI \RX GR LW \RX ZLOO ORYH RQH DQRWKHU"6SUHDGVDOP DPRQJVW\RXUVHOYHVµ 0XVOLP

7KH3URSKHW 7 ZLWKWKHEULOOLDQWHGXFDWLRQDOLQVLJKWEHVWRZHGXSRQKLPE\$OOK , XQGHUVWRRG WKDWQRWKLQJFRXOGHOLPLQDWHKDWUHGMHDORXV\DQGULYDOU\IURPSHRSOH¶VKHDUWVEXWWUXHEURWKHUKRRGEDVHG RQORYHIULHQGVKLSDQGPXWXDODGYLFHDQGIUHHRIFRQVSLUDFLHVHQY\VXOOHQQHVVDQGKDWUHG6RKHFDOOHG IRU WKH 0XVOLPV WR VSUHDG VDOP DPRQJ WKHLU EURWKHUV VR WKDW LW ZRXOG RSHQ WKHLU KHDUWV WR ORYH DQG PHHWLQJRQHDQRWKHURQDJRRGEDVLV +HIUHTXHQWO\UHSHDWHGWKLVWHDFKLQJWRKLV6D­EDKKRSLQJWRVRZWKHVHHGRIORYHLQWKHLUKHDUWVDQG QXUWXUHLWXQWLOLWERUHIUXLWVRIWKDWJUHDWORYHWKDW,VOPZDQWVIRUWKH0XVOLPV:LWKWKLVJUHDWORYHWKH 3URSKHW 7 EXLOWWKHILUVWJHQHUDWLRQRI0XVOLPVZKLFKFRQYH\HGWKLVGLYLQH0HVVDJHWRWKHZRUOGDQG IRUPHGWKHVROLGEDVLVRQZKLFKWKLVUHOLJLRQZDVEXLOW :LWKRXW WKLV SXUH ORYH ZKLFK ,VOP DORQH LQVWLOOHG LQ WKHLU KHDUWV WKH ILUVW 0XVOLPV ZRXOG QRW KDYH EHHQ DEOH WR SHUVHYHUH LQ MLKG DQG PDNH WKH JUHDW VDFULILFHV WKURXJK ZKLFK WKH\ EXLOW WKH ,VOPLFVWDWHDQGVSUHDGWKHUXOHRI,VOPWKURXJKRXWWKHZRUOG :LWKWKLVDPD]LQJWUXHORYHWKH3URSKHW 7 ZDVDEOHWRHVWDEOLVKWKHPRVWLGHDOVRFLHW\RIEHOLHYHUV HYHUNQRZQZKRVHVROLGDULW\KHGHVFULEHGVRZHOO
´7KHUHODWLRQVKLSEHWZHHQEHOLHYHUVLVOLNHDZDOOSDUWVRIZKLFKVXSSRUWRWKHUSDUWVµ ´7KH EHOLHYHUV LQ WKHLU PXWXDO IULHQGVKLS PHUF\ DQG DIIHFWLRQ DUH OLNH RQH ERG\ ,I DQ\ SDUW RI LW FRPSODLQVWKHUHVWRIWKHERG\ZLOODOVRVWD\DZDNHLQSDLQµ 0XVOLP

0XVOLP

´7KH0XVOLPVDUHOLNHRQHSHUVRQLIKLVH\HKXUWVKLPWKHQKLVZKROHERG\ZLOOVXIIHUDQGLIKLVKHDGKXUWV KLPWKHQKLVZKROHERG\ZLOOVXIIHUµ 0XVOLP

,Q WKH OLJKW RI WKLV JXLGDQFH WKH 0XVOLP FDQQRW EXW EH ILOOHG ZLWK ORYH IRU KLV EURWKHUV DQG IULHQGV 7KXV KH EHFRPHV D JRRG FRQVWUXFWLYH HOHPHQW RI ORYH LQ WKLV ZRUOG DQG D YLFWRU ZKR KDV JDLQHG WKH SOHDVXUHDQGORYHRIKLV5DEE LQWKH+HUHDIWHU

+HGRHVQRWIRUVDNHRUDEDQGRQKLVEURWKHU

7KH WUXH 0XVOLP ZKR XQGHUVWDQGV WKH WHDFKLQJV RI ,VOP NQRZV WKDW WKH UHOLJLRQ WKDW FDOOV IRU ORYH FRQWLQXHGFRQWDFWDQGPXWXDODIIHFWLRQDOVRLVWKHUHOLJLRQWKDWKDVIRUELGGHQEURWKHUVLQIDLWKWRKDWHRU DEDQGRQ RQH DQRWKHU ,VOP KDV H[SODLQHG WKDW WZR SHRSOH ZKR WUXO\ ORYH RQH DQRWKHU IRU WKH VDNH RI $OOK , ZLOOQRWEHVHSDUDWHGE\WKHILUVWPLQRURIIHQFHWKDWHLWKHURIWKHPPD\FRPPLWEHFDXVHWKH ERQG RI ORYH IRU WKH VDNH RI $OOK ,  LV WRR VWURQJ WR EH EURNHQ E\ VXFK PLQRU PDWWHUV 7KH 3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´1R WZR SHRSOH ZKR ORYH RQH DQRWKHU IRU WKH VDNH RI $OOK ,  RU IRU WKH VDNH RI ,VOP ZLOO OHW WKH ILUVW



,VOPGRHVQRWLJQRUHKXPDQQDWXUHLWUHFRJQL]HVWKDWDQJHUPD\VWULNHLQPRPHQWVRIZHDNQHVVEXWLW SXWV D OLPLW RQ WKH OHQJWK RI WLPH WKDW DQJHU PD\ SUHYDLO DQG IRUELGV 0XVOLPV WR FRQWLQXH D GLVSXWH EH\RQGWKLVWLPHZLWKRXWRQHRUERWKRIWKHPEULQJLQJDERXWDUHFRQFLOLDWLRQ7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG

PLQRURIIHQFHRIHLWKHURIWKHPFRPHEHWZHHQWKHPµ



7KH,GHDO0XVOLP

´,WLVQRWSHUPLVVLEOHIRUD0XVOLPWREHHVWUDQJHGIURPKLVEURWKHUIRUPRUHWKDQWKUHHGD\VERWKRIWKHP WXUQLQJ DZD\ IURP RQH DQRWKHU ZKHQ WKH\ PHHW 7KH EHWWHU RI WKHPLVWKHRQHZKRLVILUVWWRJUHHWWKH RWKHUµ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP 

7KHWUXH0XVOLPZKRKDVVWXGLHGWKHVHGHILQLWLYH­DG¯WKVZLOOQRWEHDEOHWREHDUKDYLQJDGLVSXWHZLWK KLVEURWKHUDQGEHLQJHVWUDQJHGIURPKLPQRPDWWHUZKDWWKHUHDVRQ5DWKHUKHZLOOKDVWHQWREULQJDERXW DUHFRQFLOLDWLRQEHFDXVHWKHEHWWHURIWKHWZRLVWKHRQHZKRLVILUVWWRJLYHVDOP,IWKHRWKHUUHWXUQVWKH JUHHWLQJERWKRIWKHPZLOOKDYHDVKDUHRIWKHUHZDUGIRUWKHUHFRQFLOLDWLRQDQGLIKHGRHVQRWUHWXUQLW WKHQWKHRQHZKRJDYHWKHJUHHWLQJZLOOEHDEVROYHGRIWKH VLQRIIRUVDNLQJKLVEURWKHUZKLOHWKHRQHZKR UHIXVHGWRUHWXUQWKHVDOP ZLOOKDYHWREHDUWKHEXUGHQRIWKDWVLQDORQH7KLVLVPDGHFOHDUE\WKH­DG¯WK LQZKLFK$EÔ +XUD\UDK W VDLG
´, KHDUGWKH3URSKHW 7 VD\¶,WLVQRWSHUPLVVLEOHIRUDPDQWREHHVWUDQJHGIURPDEHOLHYHUIRUPRUH WKDQ WKUHH GD\V ,I WKUHH GD\V KDYH SDVVHG WKHQ KH VKRXOG JR DQG JLYH VDOP WR KLP LI KH UHWXUQV WKH VDOP WKHQERWKRIWKHPZLOOKDYHDVKDUHLQWKHUHZDUGDQGLIKHGRHVQRWUHVSRQGWKHQWKHRQHZKR  JDYHVDOP ZLOOEHDEVROYHGRIWKHVLQRIHVWUDQJHPHQWµ

7KHORQJHUWKHHVWUDQJHPHQWODVWVWKHJUHDWHULVWKHVLQDQGWKHPRUHVHYHUHLVWKHSXQLVKPHQWWKDWZLOO EHIDOOWKHWZRZKRDUHVSOLWE\WKHGLVSXWH7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´:KRHYHULVHVWUDQJHGIURPKLVEURWKHUIRUD\HDULWLVDVLIKHKDVVKHGKLVEORRGµ


7KH,VOPLFV\VWHPRIHGXFDWLRQLVEDVHGRQPXWXDOORYHDQGDIIHFWLRQDQGRQJRLQJFRQWDFW7KHUHIRUH PXWXDOKDWUHGDQGHQY\VKRXOGKDYHQRSODFHLQWKHOLIHRIWKHWUXH0XVOLP+RZFRXOGKHDOORZVXFKEDG FKDUDFWHULVWLFV ZKHQ KH NQRZV WKH WHDFKLQJV RIWKH3URSKHW 7 ZKLFKHQMRLQPRUDOVDQGPDQQHUVWKH OLNHRIZKLFKKDYHQHYHUEHHQNQRZQVLQFHPDQILUVWZDONHGRQWKHIDFHRIWKHHDUWK"7KH3URSKHW 7  VDLG
´7KHUHVKRXOGEHQREUHDNLQJRIIRIWLHVQRWXUQLQJDZD\IURPRQHDQRWKHUQRKDWLQJRQHDQRWKHUDQG QRHQY\LQJRQHDQRWKHU%HEURWKHUVDV$OOK , KDVFRPPDQGHG\RXµ 0XVOLP ´%HZDUHRIVXVSLFLRQIRUVSHDNLQJRQWKHEDVLVRIVXVSLFLRQLVWKHZRUVWNLQGRIOLH'RQRWVHHNRXWRQH DQRWKHU·V IDXOWV GR QRW VS\ RQ RQH DQRWKHU GR QRW FRPSHWH ZLWK RQH DQRWKHU GR QRW HQY\ RQH DQRWKHUGRQRWKDWHRQHDQRWKHUDQGGRQRWWXUQDZD\IURPRQHDQRWKHU2VHUYDQWVRI$OOK , EH EURWKHUVµ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP
  

5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG 5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG 5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG

ÏÖ

 7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5DEE ´'R QRW HQY\ RQH DQRWKHU GR QRW RXWELG RQH DQRWKHU LQ RUGHU WR LQIODWH SULFHV  GR QRW KDWH RQH DQRWKHU GR QRW WXUQ DZD\ IURP RQH DQRWKHU DQG GR QRW HQWHU LQWR D WUDQVDFWLRQ ZKHQ RWKHUV KDYH DOUHDG\HQWHUHGLQWRLW2VHUYDQWVRI$OOKEHEURWKHUV$0XVOLPLVWKHEURWKHURID0XVOLP+HGRHVQRW RSSUHVV KLP KXPLOLDWH KLP RU ORRN GRZQ XSRQ KLP 7DTZ LV KHUHµ ³ DQG VR VD\LQJ KH SRLQWHG WR KLV FKHVW WKUHH WLPHV ³ ´,W LV HYLO HQRXJK IRU D PDQ WR ORRN GRZQ XSRQ KLV 0XVOLP EURWKHU 7KH ZKROH RI D 0XVOLP·V EHLQJ LV VDFUHG WR DQRWKHU 0XVOLP ³ KLV EORRG KLV ZHDOWK DQG KLV KRQRXU DUH LQYLRODEOHµ

0XVOLP

7KH 0XVOLP ZKR WKLQNV GHHSO\ DERXW WKLV WHDFKLQJ RI WKH 3URSKHW 7  ZKLFK LV ILOOHG ZLWK ORYH DIIHFWLRQDQGEURWKHUKRRGZLOOQRWEHDEOHWRSHUVLVWLQKLVKDWUHGXQOHVVWKHUHLVVRPHGLVHDVHLQKLV KHDUW RUVRPHWZLVWHGQHVVLQKLVQDWXUH 7KHUHIRUH,VOPLVVXHVDVWHUQZDUQLQJWRWKRVHKDUGKHDUWHGSHRSOHZKRDUHGHYLDWLQJIURPWUXH,VOP DQGGHQ\LQJLWVVSLULWRIWROHUDQFHE\LQVLVWLQJRQUHPDLQLQJHVWUDQJHG7KH\DUHULVNLQJDQDZIXOIDWHLQ WKH+HUHDIWHUWKHLUDFWLRQVPD\SUHYHQWWKHPIURPDWWDLQLQJWKHPHUF\DQGIRUJLYHQHVVRI$OOK , DQG PD\FORVHWKHGRRUVRI3DUDGLVHWRWKHP7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´7KHGRRUVRI3DUDGLVHDUHRSHQHGRQ0RQGD\DQG7KXUVGD\DQGHYHU\VHUYDQWZKRGRHVQRWDVVRFLDWH DQ\WKLQJZLWK$OOK , ZLOOEHIRUJLYHQH[FHSWIRUWKHPDQZKREHDUVDJUXGJHDJDLQVWKLVEURWKHU,WZLOO EHVDLG¶:DLWIRUWKHVHWZRXQWLOWKH\UHFRQFLOHZDLWIRUWKHVHWZRXQWLOWKH\UHFRQFLOHZDLWIRUWKHVHWZR XQWLOWKH\UHFRQFLOHµ 0XVOLP \RXWKDQFKDULW\DQGIDVWLQJ"5HFRQFLOHEHWZHHQ\RXUEURWKHUVIRUKDWUHGGLPLQLVKHVUHZDUGµ


7KLVLVGHHSDQGSHQHWUDWLQJLQVLJKWRQWKHSDUWRIWKLV6D­E¯ ZKRVHLQWHOOLJHQFHDQGJRRGVHQVHWKH 3URSKHW 7  XVHG WR WUXVW LQWR WKH VSLULW RI WKLV UHOLJLRQ ZKLFK LV EDVHG RQ EURWKHUKRRG DQG ORYH +H XQGHUVWRRGWKDWKDWUHGFDQFHOVRXWJRRGGHHGVDQGGHVWUR\VUHZDUGVVRUHFRQFLOLQJWKHHVWUDQJHG0XVOLP ZLWKKLVEURWKHULVEHWWHUIRUKLPWKDQFKDULW\DQGIDVWLQJEHFDXVHLIKHZHUHWRFRQWLQXHEHDULQJDJUXGJH DJDLQVWKLVEURWKHUWKLVZRXOGQHJDWHDQ\UHZDUGKHPLJKWUHFHLYHIRUWKRVHDFWVRIZRUVKLS

7KHJUHDW6D­E¯ $EÔO'DUG¶ W XVHGWRVD\ ´6KDOO,QRWWHOO\RXDERXWVRPHWKLQJWKDWLVEHWWHUIRU



5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG



,IKHEHFRPHVDQJU\ZLWKKLVEURWKHUWKHWUXH0XVOLPUHVWUDLQVKLVDQJHUDQGLVTXLFNWRIRUJLYHKLP DQGGRHVQRWVHHDQ\VKDPHLQGRLQJVR5DWKHUKHVHHVLWDVDJRRGGHHGZKLFKZLOOEULQJKLPFORVHUWR $OOK , DQGHDUQKLP+LVORYHZKLFK+HEHVWRZVRQO\RQWKRVHZKRGRJRRG

+HLVWROHUDQWDQGIRUJLYLQJWRZDUGVWKHP

7KH,GHDO0XVOLP

>«>WKRVH@ZKRUHVWUDLQDQJHUDQGSDUGRQ>DOO@PHQ³ IRU$OOKORYHVWKRVHZKRGRJRRG@ 4XU¶Q  $PDQPD\EHDEOHWRUHVWUDLQKLVDQJHUEXWUHVHQWPHQWPD\EHVPRXOGHULQJLQKLVKHDUWDQGPD\WXUQ LQWRGHHSURRWHGKDWUHG2SHQDQJHUDQGUDJHDUHKHDOWKLHUWKDQKLGGHQUHVHQWPHQWDQGPDOLFH 7KH WUXH 0XVOLP ZKRVH VRXO KDV EHHQ VDWXUDWHG ZLWK WKLV UHOLJLRQ GRHV QRW KDUERXU JUXGJHV LI KH UHVWUDLQVKLVDQJHUKHWKHQIROORZVWKDWZLWKIRUJLYHQHVVDQGWKXVKHZLOOEHDPRQJWKRVHZKRGRJRRG $QJHU LV YHU\ GLIILFXOW WR UHVWUDLQ IRU LW LV D KHDY\ EXUGHQ RQ WKH KHDUW %XW ZKHQ D SHUVRQ IRUJLYHV DQRWKHUWKLVKHDY\EXUGHQLVOLIWHGIUHHLQJKLPVRRWKLQJKLPDQGEULQJLQJSHDFHRIPLQG7KHVHDUHWKH IHHOLQJVRIL­VQ JRRGQHVV ZKLFKWKH0XVOLPIHHOVZKHQKHIRUJLYHVKLVEURWKHU 7KHWUXH0XVOLPLVIRUJLYLQJWRZDUGVKLVEURWKHUSXUHO\IRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK , +HKRSHVWKHUHE\ WRHDUQWKHKRQRXUWRZKLFKWKH3URSKHW 7 UHIHUUHGLQWKH­DG¯WK
´$OOK , ZLOOQRWLQFUHDVH+LVVHUYDQWH[FHSWLQKRQRXU1RRQHKXPEOHVKLPVHOIIRUWKHVDNHRI$OOK ,  EXW$OOK , ZLOOUDLVHKLVVWDWXVµ 0XVOLP

,W LV D JUHDW KRQRXU IURP $OOK ,  ZKLFK FRPELQHV ZLWK WKH JRRG FKDUDFWHULVWLFV RI WKH WROHUDQW IRUJLYLQJ0XVOLPVRWKDWKHEHFRPHVRQHRIWKRVHZKRGRJRRGZKRP$OOK , ORYHVDQGRQHRIWKRVH KRQRXUHGRQHVZKRPSHRSOHORYH 5HVHQWPHQW KDV QR SODFH LQ WKH KHDUWRIWKHVHQVLWLYH0XVOLPZKRWUXO\XQGHUVWDQGVKLVUHOLJLRQ+H UHDOL]HVWKHYDOXHRIIRUJLYHQHVVDQGSXULW\RIKHDUWDQGWKHLULPSRUWDQFHLIKHVHHNV$OOK¶VIRUJLYHQHVV DVWKH3URSKHW 7 H[SODLQHG
´7KHUH DUH WKUHH VLQV ZKRHYHU GLHV IUHH RI WKHVH VLQV ZLOO EH IRUJLYHQ IRU DQ\WKLQJ HOVH LI $OOK ,  ZLOOV DVVRFLDWLQJ DQ\WKLQJ ZLWK $OOK , SUDFWLVLQJPDJLFRUZLWFKFUDIWDQGEHDULQJUHVHQWPHQWWRZDUGVKLV  EURWKHUµ

+HPHHWVWKHPZLWKDVPLOLQJIDFH

7KH 0XVOLP VKRXOG DOZD\V EH SXUH RI KHDUW DQG FKHHUIXO RI FRXQWHQDQFH +H VKRXOG QRW PHHW KLV EURWKHUVH[FHSWZLWKZDUPWKDQGVPLOHVDVWKH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´'RQRWWKLQNOLWWOHRIDQ\JRRGGHHGHYHQLILWLVMXVWJUHHWLQJ\RXUEURWKHUZLWKDFKHHUIXOFRXQWHQDQFHµ

0XVOLP


5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDG

ÐÎ

+DYLQJDFKHHUIXODQGIULHQGO\IDFHLVDJRRGFKDUDFWHULVWLFZKLFK,VOPHQFRXUDJHVDQGFRQVLGHUV WREHDJRRGGHHGZKLFKZLOOEULQJUHZDUGEHFDXVHDFKHHUIXO IDFHPLUURUVDSXUHVRXO7KLVLQZDUGDQG RXWZDUGSXULW\LVRQHRIWKHGLVWLQJXLVKLQJIHDWXUHVRIWKHVLQFHUH0XVOLP+HQFHWKH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´7UDQVODWRU@

ÐÖ

$Q $QэU¯ ZHOFRPHGKLV0XKMLUEURWKHUDVDJXHVWZKHQKHKDGQRIRRGLQKLVKRPHH[FHSWZKDW ZDVMXVWHQRXJKIRUKLVFKLOGUHQEXWKHSUHIHUUHGKLVEURWKHURYHUKLPVHOIDQGKLVIDPLO\VRKHWROGKLV ZLIH³3XW\RXUVRQVWREHGDQGH[WLQJXLVKWKHODPSWKHQ RIIHUZKDW\RXKDYHWRRXUJXHVW:HZLOOVLW ZLWK KLP DW WKH WDEOH DQG PDNH KLPWKLQNWKDWZHDUHHDWLQJEXWZHZLOOQRWHDW´6RWKH\VDWDWWKH WDEOHDQGWKHJXHVWDORQHDWHZKLOHWKHFRXSOHVWD\HGKXQJU\DOOQLJKW7KHQH[WPRUQLQJWKH$QэU¯ ZHQWWRWKH3URSKHW 7 DQGWROGKLPZKDWKDGKDSSHQHG7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG´$OOK , LVSOHDVHG ZLWKZKDW\RXKDYHGRQHIRU\RXUJXHVWWKLVQLJKWµ %XNKU¯ DQG0XVOLP 7KH VHOIOHVV DWWLWXGH RI WKH $QэU WRZDUGV WKH 0XKMLU¯Q DQG WKHLU ZLOOLQJQHVV WR VXSSRUW WKHP ZLWK WKHLU ZHDOWKUHDFKHGVXFKDQH[WHQWWKDWWKH\DVNHGWKH3URSKHW 7  ´'LYLGHWKHGDWHSDOPVEHWZHHQXVDQGRXU
EURWKHUVµ+HVDLG´1Rµ6RWKH\VDLGWRWKH0XKMLU¯Q´+HOSXVWRWHQGWKHWUHHVDQGZHZLOOVKDUHWKHFURS ZLWK\RXµ7KH0XKMLU¯QVDLG´7RKHDULVWRREH\µ %XNKU¯

7KH0XVOLPDQG+LV5DEE



7KH0XKMLU¯QJUHDWO\DSSUHFLDWHGWKHJRRGGHHGVRIWKHLU$QэUEURWKHUVDQGWROGWKH3URSKHW 7 ³2 0HVVHQJHURI$OOKZHKDYHQHYHUVHHQDQ\WKLQJOLNHWKLVSHRSOHWRZKRPZHKDYHFRPHLIWKH\KDYHD OLWWOH WKH\DUHVWLOOZLOOLQJWRKHOSDQGLIWKH\KDYHSOHQW\WKH\DUHPRVWJHQHURXV7KH\KDYHVXSSRUWHGXV DQG VKDUHG WKHLU ZHDOWK ZLWK XV VR PXFK VR WKDW ZH IHDUHG WKDW WKH\ ZRXOG UHFHLYH DOO WKH UHZDUG´ 7KH  3URSKHW 7 VDLG´1RQRWVRORQJDV\RXSUDLVHWKHPDQGSUD\WR$OOK , IRUWKHPµ ,W ZDV VXIILFLHQW IRU WKH $QэU WKDW $OOK ,  SUDLVHG WKHP DQG FRPPHQGHG WKHLU JRRG GHHGV +H UHYHDOHGDQ\DK RIWKH4XU¶QZKLFKZRXOGEHUHFLWHGDQGWKHVWRU\RIWKHLUXQLTXHVHOIOHVVQHVVZRXOG EHWROGIRUDOOWLPHDQGZRXOGVHUYHDVDUHDOLVWLFDQGYLYLGH[DPSOHRIKRZSHRSOHFDQEUHDNIUHHIURP VHOILVKJUHHG

>%XW WKRVH ZKR EHIRUH WKHP KDG KRPHV >LQ 0DG¯QDK@ DQG KDG DGRSWHG WKH )DLWK ³ VKRZ WKHLU
DIIHFWLRQWRVXFKDVKDGFRPHWRWKHPIRUUHIXJHDQGHQWHUWDLQQRGHVLUHLQWKHLUKHDUWVIRUWKLQJV JLYHQWRWKH>ODWWHU@EXWJLYHWKHPSUHIHUHQFHRYHUWKHPVHOYHVHYHQWKRXJKSRYHUW\ZDVWKHLU>RZQ ORW@$QGWKRVHVDYHGIURPWKHFRYHWRXVQHVVRIWKHLURZQVRXOV³ WKH\DUHWKHRQHVWKDWDFKLHYH SURVSHULW\@ 4XU¶Q

:KHQHYHUSHRSOHDUHFDOOHGXSRQWRPDNHVDFULILFHVDQGEHJHQHURXVWKLV4XU¶QLFGHVFULSWLRQRIWKH $QэUZLOOUHPDLQIRUHYHUDEHDFRQRIJXLGDQFHDQGDVKLQLQJH[DPSOHWRPDQNLQGZKRLVORVWLQJUHHG DQGFRYHWRXVQHVV 7KH$QэUXQGHUVWRRGWKHPHDQLQJRIWKHEURWKHUKRRGRIIDLWKZKHQWKH3URSKHW 7 HVWDEOLVKHGWKH WLHVRIEURWKHUKRRGEHWZHHQWKHPDQGWKH0XKMLU¯Q7KH\ZHUHWUXHEHOLHYHUVZKROLNHGIRUWKHLUEURWKHUV ZKDWWKH\OLNHGIRUWKHPVHOYHVDVWKH\KDGOHDUQHGIURPWKH3URSKHW 7 7KH\GLGQRWZLWKKROGDQ\RI WKHLUZRUOGO\JRRGVIURPWKHLUEURWKHUVEXWWKH\ZLOOLQJO\RIIHUHGWKHPKDOIRIZKDWWKH\SRVVHVVHG$W WKHEHJLQQLQJRIWKHKLMUDKWKH\PDGHWKH0XKMLU¯QWKHLUKHLUVWRWKHH[FOXVLRQRIWKHLURZQUHODWLYHVLQ RUGHU WR IXOILO WKH GXWLHV RI EURWKHUKRRG ZKLFK WKH 3URSKHW 7  KDG WDXJKW WKHP 7KLV LV VHHQ LQ WKH UHSRUWQDUUDWHGE\%XNKU¯ IURP,EQµ$EEV W ZKRVDLG
´:KHQWKH0XKMLU¯QFDPHWR0DG¯QDKD0XKMLUZRXOGLQKHULWIURPDQ$QэU¯ WRWKHH[FOXVLRQRIKLVRZQ UHODWLYHV :KHQ WKH \DK >¶   %XW NLQGUHG RI EORRG KDYH SULRU ULJKWV DJDLQVW HDFK RWKHU   ·@


5HSRUWHGE\%XNKU¯ LQDO$GDEDO0XIUDGDQGE\$­PDG$EÔ 'ZÔGDO7LUPLGK¯ DQGDO1LV¶¯,WVLVQG LVÑD­¯­



7KH,GHDO0XVOLP 4XU¶Q   ZDV UHYHDOHG WKLV LQKHULWDQFH ZDV DEURJDWHG EXW WKH GXWLHV RI VXSSRUW KHOS VHOIOHVVQHVVDQGEHQHILFHQFHUHPDLQHGµ

+HSUD\VIRUKLVEURWKHUVLQWKHLUDEVHQFH

7KHVLQFHUH0XVOLPZKRWUXO\OLNHVIRUKLVEURWKHUWKDWZKLFKKHOLNHVIRUKLPVHOIGRHVQRWIRUJHWWR SUD\IRUKLVEURWKHULQKLVDEVHQFHZKLFKLVDSUDFWLFDOGHPRQVWUDWLRQRIKLVEURWKHUO\ORYHDQGFDUH+H NQRZVWKDWWKLVLVWKHSUD\HUZKLFKLVPRVWTXLFNO\DQVZHUHGEHFDXVHLWLVFKDUDFWHUL]HGE\VLQFHULW\DQG SXULW\7KH3URSKHW 7 VDLG
´7KHTXLFNHVWSUD\HUWREHDQVZHUHGLVDPDQ·VVXSSOLFDWLRQIRUKLVEURWKHULQKLVDEVHQFHµ

+HQFHWKH3URSKHW 7 DVNHGµ8PDU W WRSUD\IRUKLPZKHQµ8PDUFDPHDQGVRXJKWSHUPLVVLRQ WRSHUIRUPµ8PUDKµ8PDU W VDLG
´, DVNHG WKH 3URSKHW 7  IRU SHUPLVVLRQ WR SHUIRUP ¶8PUDK +H JDYH PH SHUPLVVLRQ DQG VDLG ¶'R QRW  IRUJHWXVLQ\RXUSUD\HUV·+HWROGPHVRPHWKLQJWKDWPHDQWPRUHWRPHWKDQWKHZKROHZRUOGµ



7KH6D­EDK XQGHUVWRRGWKLVDQGXVHGWRDVNWKHLUEURWKHUVWRSUD\IRUWKHPZKHQHYHUWKH\ZHUHLQD VLWXDWLRQ ZKHUH WKHLU SUD\HUV ZRXOG EH DQVZHUHG 0HQ DQG ZRPHQ DOLNH VKDUHG WKLV YLUWXH ZKLFK LV LQGLFDWLYHRIWKHKLJKOHYHORIWKHHQWLUHVRFLHW\GXULQJWKDWJROGHQSHULRGRIRXUKLVWRU\%XNKU¯ UHSRUWV LQ DO$GDE DO0XIUDG IURP 6DIZQ LEQ µ$EGXOODK LEQ 6DIZQ ZKRVH ZLIH ZDV DO'DUG¶ ELQW $E¯O 'DUG¶ +H VDLG ³, FDPH WR YLVLW WKHP LQ 'DPDVFXV , IRXQG 8PP DO'DUG¶ LQ WKH KRXVH EXW $EÔO 'DUG¶ZDVQRWWKHUH6KHVDLGµ'R\RXZDQWWRJRWRpDMM"¶,VDLGµ…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Muslim Ameicans

...With the American Jewish Community” By Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf | Issue Date: November 2011 Editor’s Note: Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf, internationally known Muslim leader who lives and teaches in New York City and is a friend to BJ’s rabbis and other faith leaders, wrote an essay for the book Muslims and Jews in America,1 from which the excerpts below are taken. In this essay he outlines the commonalities faced by faith traditions of immigrant religions in America—particularly Judaism and Islam. … Any student of American immigrant history recognizes that the path to integration in the United States has always been painfully difficult. As a result, it is important that as Muslims struggle to establish themselves within the context of the broader American society they learn successful lessons from the American Jewish community’s historical integration, which will likewise open a space for meaningful partnership between these two communities. As American Muslims forge such relationships, I am convinced that we can both solidify Muslims’ presence within the American mainstream and initiate a fresh chapter in global Jewish-Muslim relations, one that echoes the best chapters of the historical reality of Jewish-Muslim harmony. … Though focused on issues of immigration and integration within a specific American context, Jewish-Muslim partnerships should be built upon the foundation of what I call the “Abrahamic ethic.” … The essence of the Abrahamic ethic is the understanding that......

Words: 1605 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Muslim

...of Muslim Muslim is an Arabic word meaning "one who submits to God". The ordinary word in English is "Muslim". It is sometimes transliterated as "Moslem", which is an older spellig. In defining Muslim, the mystic Ibn Arabi said: "A Muslim is a person who has dedicated his worship exclusively to God.Islam means making one's religion and faith God's alone.” Their basic religious practices are enumerated in the Five Pillars of Islam, which, in addition to Shahadah, consist of daily prayers, fasting during Ramadan , zakat, and the pilgrimage to hajj at least once in a lifetime. Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable, He creates all the things. Muslim beliefs regarding God are summed up in chapter 112 of the Qur'an, al-Ikhlas. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal religion, including through the prophets Abraham, Moses and Jesus.Muslims maintain that previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time. but consider the Qur'an to be both unaltered and the final revelation from God. Most Muslims accept as a Muslim anyone who has publicly pronounced the declaration of faith which states, "I testify that there is no god except for the God, and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God." They also believe that Muhammad is the Seal of the Prophets and the final prophet. Muslims view many prophets and messengers such as Adam, Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Moses and Jesus and his apostles are all considered to be Muslims in...

Words: 1733 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Muslim History

...Muslim Ascendency After the tragic collapse of the Muslim world during the thirteenth and fourteenth century, the Muslim worlds history was reversed. It was during the thirteenth and fourteenth century that the Muslim world lost its long reigning dominance. It was regained after the death of Timur Lang. The Muslim world emerged into a period of ascendency. For the next few centuries, 14th-17th centuries, the Muslim world expanded dramatically. Islam became deeply rooted in the regions as diverse as West Africa, East Africa, Central Asian, South Asian, and Southeast Asia. It was due to the large expansion, strong economic and political power and influence, and remarkable intellectual culture that the Muslim world became hegemonic. One can see how the Muslim world had such a strong power by scrutinizing the Ottoman Empire and their dramatic expansion, strong economic and political power, and intellectual advances. The rebirth of the Ottoman Empire, after the death of Timur Lang, became the most powerful development in the Muslim world. In the sixteenth century, the Ottoman Empire was one of the two most powerful empires in the world, expanding the Empire severely. In 1517, the Ottoman Empire defeated the Mamlukes, during the battles in Syria and Egypt. The Mamlukes did not use gunpowder weapons because of the cavalrymen, consequences led to downfall. This victory for the Ottoman was massive; Selim now gained control over the holy sites, or hijaz, including Mecca and......

Words: 1083 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Black Muslims

...Black Muslim Movement The "Black Muslim" movement in America, which started in the early 1900's, stems from a backlash against centuries of oppression by white Americans. By the 1920's, at the movement's beginning, slavery had been over for sixty years. Still, the status of African-Americans was still below the level of equality that they demanded, and also deserved. Beginning with Timothy Drew, (who later changed his name to Noble Drew Ali) in the 1920's, and Wallace D. Fard Muhammad in 1930, hundreds of thousands of African-Americans converted to Islam, many under the guidance of Fard's successor, Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam. . It had taken nearly four hundred years for the Black Man to climb from beneath this proverbial rock. Leading the climb during the civil rights movement was the Nation of Islam, the most influential and directional group in the history of Black America. The members got this name because up until the formation of the group, Muslims in America were all immigrants from the Middle East and Southeast Asia. African-Americans did not begin to convert until Drew, Fard, and Elijah Muhammad began to preach. The founding beliefs of the Nation of Islam were that African-Americans had been oppressed for too long, and that the White, Christian-dominated American society was to blame. term "Black Muslim" is the original term for members of the Nation of Islam. The members got this name because up until the formation of the group, Muslims in......

Words: 376 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Stereotyping of Muslims

...EAST IS EAST, MY JOURNEY MY ISLAM, MUSLIM COOL, DEBATING THE VEIL RESPONSE PAPER Islam Despite its huge following around the world and the growing Muslim communities in western countries, Islam is foreign to most westerners who are familiar with Christianity or Judaism. Because most Americans know little or nothing about Islam, they have many misconceptions about Muslim beliefs and rituals. These misconceptions are formed by the media and the lack of research most people do on Islam. There have been many movies and documentaries made to show people the life of a Muslim person and to show people what Islam really is; East is East, My Journey My Islam, Debating the Veil, and Muslim Cool are examples of movies portraying Muslims in a different light. These movies although very different from each other in the way they are portrayed all are out to achieve the same goal, which is to show misinformed people what Islam really is. East is East is a movie about a Pakistani immigrant in the UK by the name of George khan who tries to push his family to abide by his strict Pakistani Muslim ideals. Having an English mother and being born and raised in England, his children see themselves as being English and disobey their father’s rules on how they dress, the foods they eat, religion, and other aspects of life. East is East, portrays Muslim Isolationism, patriarchal authoritarianism, white English racism, and teenage rebellion. The film perfectly explores connections between comic......

Words: 1490 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Being Muslim in the 21st Century

...hundred martyrs.” What is Islam? For a fifth of the world's population, Islam is both a religion and a complete way of life. Muslims follow a religion of peace, mercy, and forgiveness, and the majority have nothing to do with the extremely grave events, which have come to be associated with their faith through a biased media. For centuries, the Muslim faith has had a history of struggle to create a Qu’ranic civilization. The challenge of creating a “good” society on earth is the goal sought by Islam; one universal ideal for the entire world, It has been the mission of all Muslim prophets to see that humanity, through the spiritual and moral perfection taught by the Qu’ran, brings the establishment of a community built through the word of Allah and the message of Muhammad. However, it has not been an easy task. Many people have struggled and strived to follow their Faith as time and the way of things changed, all the while respecting the demands of moral values, socialization, family, and community found in the Qu’ran. The Qur'an cites that "A man receives but only that for which he strives; that his endeavors will be judged, and only then will he receive his recompense in full." (53:39-41). In other words, Muslims must continue to strive to earn their final blessing. How to maintain that faith by ruthlessly remaining a devout Muslim in this new, accepting, transforming 21st century has turned out to be quite a challenge. As we enter a new age ripe for......

Words: 1618 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Christianity and Muslims:

...Christianity and Muslims: More alike than different HUMN250-Phase 5 Individual Project November 12, 2012 To start things off, this is totally against my beliefs to compare different religions. It’s something that I will not engage in discussion because I think everyone is entitled to their own opinion. Ever since I first read this assignment back at the beginning of this course, I haven’t been looking forward to completing this paper. From the beginning of time many religions have come to exist. The two that are under discussion here are Christianity and Muslim. Like all religions, they have to start with a way we all came about or our creation. For Christians, we have been taught from childhood that God created Earth and everything in and around it in 6 days. He created man from his own image and created women from the ribs of man. He created all animals, birds and fish and taught man whom he named Adam, all their names. (unknown, http://www.crystalinks.com/judeo.html, 2012) For Muslims, there are the same ways but God created man from clay, earth, sand and water and breathed life into which created man. This from what has been written in the Quran and the Bible is the only difference. (Circle, 2007) For both, God placed Adam and Eve in a special place, the Bible calls it The Gardens of Eden, and the Quran calls it Paradise. These are described in both books as the same, but with just different meanings. (Circle, 2007). For the Bible and the Quran,......

Words: 1517 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Muslim Discrimination in the Us

...just because they are the minority who practice a religion which is different from the public orthodoxy. In modern day, Arabs and Muslims in exact suffer from being labeled as extremists or terrorists especially in Western cultures. five out of ten Americans believe Islam is more likely than other religions to encourage violence, despite the fact that seven out ten admit they know very little about Islam. And yet Americans rank Muslims second only to atheists as group that does not share their vision of American society (Ghazal, 2008). Intolerance and discrimination against Muslims, or if you like Islamophobia, is not a new phenomenon. There are historical, cultural/religious and psychological reasons behind it.. ““Islamophobia” is a distinct and clear manifestation of hate crime and as such generates fear, feelings of stigmatization, marginalization and rejection. The net result is heightened anxiety and rising violence. As a hate crime, Islamophobia is also an assault on identity and human dignity” (Hazewinkel, 2007, p 77) . One of the more vital factors that can be said to have triggered the Islamophobic mind state within the United States are the homicidal attacks by Anti-American extremist groups. The 9/11 incident more specifically was a turning point in the western-Islamic status quo that raised the tensions between both parties and put Muslims under the discriminatory scope that was once focused on other religious or racial groups in forms of Anti-Semitism and......

Words: 2418 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Accepting Cultural Differences in Muslims

...there are nearly five million Muslims living in America. These Muslims face persecution by Americans as a result of the country’s present state of affairs. In their own communities Muslims are forced to defend themselves against their enemies. To be a Muslim is not just an individual activity it is a community identity and responsibility. Islam is considered a total way of life for the religious community. For many in America who are raised with the idea of the separation of church and state and the sense that religion is a private affair, Islam can seem confusing, especially since Islam does not have a “church” to preserve and promote its beliefs. There is a great diversity among Muslims as there is among other religious communities in America. Because America is predominantly Judeo-Christian it is sometimes easier for Christians and Jews to practice their faith. American schools do not recognize Muslim holidays. Even such a simple task as attending Friday congregational prayer and taking a break to perform the salat during working hours are often difficult. Muslim culture has become prominent in coutries other than Islam. Countries that have a large Muslim following include Australia, Canada, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand, United Kingdom and United States. Accepting Cultural Differences in Muslims Since the tragedy of 9-11 a portion of American citizens are under the beliefs that all Muslims are terrorists.......

Words: 3458 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Culture of Muslim

...susunan perkataan yang nilainya di sisi Allah dan orang-orang yang beriman adalah melebihi daripada nilai dunia dan segala isinya. Diriwayatkan daripada Nabi SAW bahawa; “Sekiranya hendak ditimbang nilai dua kalimah syahadah dengan segala isi dunia, nescaya timbangan yang membawa dua kalimah itulah yang terlebih berat”. Dua kalimah syahadah adalah dua ungkapan yang mesti diucapkan dengan lidah dan diakui dengan hati yang ikhlas oleh setiap orang yang ingin memeluk agama Islam. Yakni, dua kalimah inilah yang menjadi perantara di antara seorang Muslim dan bukan Muslim. Apabila seseorang yang sebelumnya menganut agama lain kemudian ingin memeluk agama Islam, maka dia perlu mengucap dua kalimah syahadah inilah. Dua kalimah syahadah adalah rukun yang pertama daripada lima rukun Islam. Maksud rukun itu sendiri ialah; dasar, tiang, asas dan sendi (Kamus Dewan, ed.4, 2007). Jadi lima rukun Islam itu akan membentuk jatidiri seseorang muslim (orang yang beragama Islam) itu sendiri, sama ada ia benar-benar Islam atau sebaliknya. Sekiranya pincang salah satu daripada rukun itu, maka Islam seseorang tidaklah seperti sepatutnya. Dua kalimah syahadah ini merupakan rukunnya yang pertama maka ia perlu dihayati sesungguh-sungguhnya oleh setiap orang Islam. Dua kalimah syahadah ini juga satu ungkapan yang menjadi syiar umat Islam apabila mereka melaungkan azan bagi menyeru manusia untuk mengerjakan solat. Tidak diterima azan atau tidak dinamakan azan tanpa ucapan dua kalimah syahadah......

Words: 1673 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

An Ideal Classroom in an Ideal School

...other of the pragmatic/ideological spectrum referred to earlier, while many fall somewhere in between, essentially responding to a pragmatic need but, in doing so, offering a form of education that aims to prepare young people for adult life as responsible and capable international citizens of an increasingly globalized world. Though some groupings do exist, as noted, and certain ‘types’ of international school may be identified, it is still the case that large numbers of such schools are individual and, to some extent, idiosyncratic in their responses to local pragmatic needs. As with any large number of schools in any context, some are excellent in the educational experience offered, while others at present fall short of the high ideals to which many international schools aspire, as most mission statements and school philosophies readily attest. In such circumstances, one challenge for a newcomer to the context, such as a family relocated overseas for the first time, can be knowing how to identify one from the other. As time has gone on, various forms of quality assurance have been developed in relation to different aspects of the provision of international schools; these will be discussed in Chapter V. 27 International schools: growth and influence Though the diversity in international schools makes it difficult to generalize about their characteristics, there are, nevertheless, a number of areas in which they clearly are distinctive when......

Words: 28532 - Pages: 115

Premium Essay

Muslims and Arabs

...The major difference between Muslims and Arabs is that Arabs are an ethnic group and Muslims are a religious group. According to the textbook (Schaefer, 2006) “many Arab Americans are not Muslims, and most Muslim Americans are not Arabs” (p. 285). Arab Americans are immigrants and descendants from Arab countries as well as non-Arab countries. Muslims are people who practice the Islam faith. Though Muslims and Arabs are significantly different, they do share some similarities. Both Arabs and Muslims experience orientalism, which prevents them from obtaining classification as individual groups. There are many characteristics of orientalism such as stereotyping of Islam, religious conflict, and misrepresentation of cultures among Eastern countries. Orientalism can contribute to hate crimes because it promotes prejudice. It does this by fostering the idea that everyone within an ethnic group is to blame for the actions and ideas of only a few. For example, Muslims and Arabs have experienced high levels of hate crimes and discrimination since the attacks of 9/11. This is most likely because orientalism helped foster the idea that all Arabs and Muslims are a threat to the country, just because a few were. There are some recent changes to the United States policies that may affect the treatment of Muslim and Arab Americans. The most recent change comes in the form of verbal support for Muslim Americans by President Obama in his State of the Union Address, January 25, 2011.......

Words: 365 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Black Muslims

...INTRODUCTION In this work I will explain about the Muslims that are black. This topic is very important to talk about this kind of culture because we are in a world which is assorted of many cultures, also is important to talk about this topic because we have to know that the black people are humans too and they have the same rights like everybody. The phrase Black Muslims may describe any black people who are Muslim, but historically it has been specifically used to refer to African-American organizations that describe themselves as Muslim. Some of these groups are not considered to be Muslim by orthodox Muslims. THE BLACK MUSLIMS The black Muslims are an American religious organization formed mostly by blacks who profess the Muslim religion. This group is known as the American Muslim Mission, formerly known as world community of al-islam in the west in 1975, but but ehy were called the nation of Islam, the members called themselves the “bilalian”. Its leaders are in favor of economic cooperation and self-sufficiency; they also impose on their followers the observance of strict Islamic codes of behavior, referring to issues such as food, clothing and interpersonal relationships. Members practice some of the Islamic religious rites and pray five times a day. HISTORY: In 1913, there was the arrival in Newark, New Jersey (USA), an African-American North Carolina named Timothy Drew. This, with the nickname of Noble Drew Ali founded the Moorish Temple of......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Arabs and Muslims

...oriented, woman as homemakers, devout, law abiding, fanatically religious, and religion part of government. My participant put for both well educated, undereducated, conservative political values, strict moral values. There are descriptive words used in both of the categories, the ones used in the Christian American there were good neighbors, moral values, peaceable, socially compliant and socially inclusive. In the Arab and Muslims the descriptive words are violent, strict moral values, socially oppressed, patriarchal society. The two descriptors that I think are true about the Christian Americans are that the political environment is open to both sexes and secular content in education and the two that I think are not true are that well educated and not oppressive woman. The reason I say that they are not true is because Christian Americans because all Christian Americans are not well educated there are some that are educated and some that are not. All Christians are not oppressive to woman some of them ridicule and abuse their woman. The Arabs and Muslims are more dominating than other countries when it comes to the woman in their life, the woman has no say so and everything that the man say goes. They are not allowed to have their own opinion; they are to do as they are told. I think the average Americans perception of each group is by physical appearance because appearance is the first thing that you see. When you do not know someone you cannot base it on their......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Qu'Ran and Muslims

...What ways does the Muslim understanding of the unique and special nature of the Quran contribute to the recitation Qur'an The Quran can be spelled different ways from, Koran, to Korin, Koren, it also can be interpreted different ways. The Muslim community interprets the message to only help the world if followed correctly. The Quran is most decidedly referred to as “The Holy book of Allah” It is a recitation or something that can be continuously recited. It contains the word of Allah as told to Muhammad by the arch angle of Gabriel. Most Muslims take the written passage from the Quarn and interpret it as “a call to worship Allah alone and the rejection of whatever is worshiped besides him. The more a person recites the Quran , the more rewards in the afterlife. Even if a person is not fluent in Arabic, it is the fact that he/she makes an effort to recite the text as it is written. This persistence will give an “extra” reward in the afterlife. The rewards are believed to be –peace, blessings, of Allah upon you .The Muslims life is to be enriched by the Quran . It is to be followed and the importance of propagating this message to all others is the responsibility of all Muslims. It serves as a reminder that everyone is fully accountable for their deeds and Allah will take every person into account. It is understood that if everyone heeded to this fact alone, the world would be a much better place....

Words: 255 - Pages: 2

vintage brass metal set of 3 wall hanging flying birds swallows | Poster arte Ferdinando Scianna New York 65x98 cm foto bianco nero | DesignaKnit 8 FR