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Theoretical Essay

In: Social Issues

Submitted By muzic317
Words 712
Pages 3
Stephanie Newman
Sociology 102
September 7, 2013
Instructor: Frank Smith

Theoretical Perspectives Society can be viewed in so many different ways. Our perspective is just a simple way of seeing the world just as it is. Sociological theories assist us on how to explain and predict the world we live in on a social level. When thinking about “sociology”, one must include the three main theoretical perspectives of sociology: structural functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. As we take a look at each of these perspectives, they will give us incite on human behavior in the social world. Structural functionalism focuses on the structure of society and its stability. Meaning, just as the human body have structures (such as kidneys, heart, etc.) that work together to keep the body operating like it should, so does society. When society many parts function together smoothly, so does society as a whole. As an example, we look at parenting. When two parents work together to raise a child, they communicate with each other, listen and respect each other’s opinion, they both have the intention to want the best for their child, and their mind is in unison on discipline action, if needed. From this, the result is the child respects their parents, listen to the rules, and know that their parents knows what is best for them. Their family is a unity and structure. Now when, one of these things are broken, then the family as no unity. This leads us to our next theory. Conflict theory, unlike structural functionalism, looks at society as unharmonious, not working together. Society contains groups that are competing against each other for unusual resources and/or power. This perspective sees different aspects of our society by taking a look at which group has the most power and benefits from certain social activities. An example, would be…...

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