Free Essay

Thimun Turkey Notes

In: Social Issues

Submitted By jamesleung
Words 1352
Pages 6
THIMUN 2013
Researching your country
SUDAN or TURKEY

A/ IDENTITY

1. Insert a picture of the country’s flag: |

2. Geography

a. Where is the country located? i. What continent?
Anatolia (Western Asia), East Thrace (South-eastern Europe). ii. Bordering countries?
Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Iraq and Syria. iii. Landlocked? Seas?
Mediterranean Sea (South), Aegean Sea (West), Black Sea (North).

b. What is the climate like?
Temperate Mediterranean climate.

3. People and Culture

a. Population?
75,627,384
b. Ethnicities and predominant religion?
Turks (70-75%), Kurds (18%), Others (7-12%).
Predominantly Islam. c. Are there any racial or ethnic issues? If so, what are they?
None.
d. How are women treated in your country?
Women are treated as the same as men.

4. Government and Politics

a. Leader? How long have they been in power for? Are they popular?
Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Prime Minister since 2003, not popular.

b. Current government system? Are there free elections?
Parliamentary representative democracy, there are free elections.

c. Stability or situation of the country’s political system today?
Unstable political system, there have been violent protests in May and June.

d. Any geo-political considerations?
Syrian Civil War, Cyprus dispute.

5. Education a. What is the education system like? (i.e. literacy rates, girls education, common length of time in school)
Literacy rate: 94.1%
Girls education same as males.
Common length of time in school: 14 years.

6. Health a. What is the health system like? (i.e. infant mortality rates, HIV/AIDS infection rates, disease)
Infant mortality rate: 22.23 deaths/1000 live births
HIV/AIDS infection rates: less than 0.1%

7. Economy a. Dependent on any other country?
Self-dependent.
b. Debt issues?
None.
c. Membership of economic and trade organisations?
WTO.

8. Natural resources a. Basic commodities produced?
Textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining, steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper.

b. Level of self-sufficiency?
High.

9. Defence a. Dependency on other nations?
None.

b. Membership of any alliances?
NATO.

c. Who is your country allied with? Give a brief explanation of the length and purpose of these alliances.
USA – economic, defence purposes.

10. Is the country a more developed country (MDC) or a less developed country (LDC)? How do you know?
More developed country, high Human Development Index, and high Gross Domestic Product.

B/ INTERNATIONAL POSITION

1. When did your country join the United Nations?
26 June 1945.

2. List three UN conventions that your country has ratified. * International Convenant on Civil and Political Rights * Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crime of Genocide * Convention on the Rights of Child

3. List three UN conventions that your country has not ratified.
None.

C/ BRINGING IT ALTOGETHER – A HISTORY

4. In around 300 words provide a overview of the history of your country in the past 50 years
Turkey remained neutral during most of World War II, but entered the closing stages of the war on the side of the Allies on 23 February 1945. On 26 June 1945, Turkey became a charter member of the United Nations. Difficulties faced by Greece after the war in quelling a communist rebellion, along with demands by the Soviet Union for military bases in the Turkish Straits, prompted the United States to declare the Truman Doctrine in 1947. The doctrine enunciated American intentions to guarantee the security of Turkey and Greece, and resulted in large-scale U.S. military and economic support. Both countries were included in the Marshall Plan and OEEC for rebuilding European economies in 1948, and subsequently became founding members of the OECD in 1961.
After participating with the United Nations forces in the Korean War, Turkey joined NATO in 1952, becoming a bulwark against Soviet expansion into the Mediterranean. Following a decade of Cypriot intercommunal violence and the coup in Cyprus on 15 July 1974 staged by the EOKA B paramilitary organization, which overthrew President Makarios and installed the pro-Enosis (union with Greece) Nikos Sampson as dictator, Turkey invaded Cyprus on 20 July 1974. Nine years later the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is recognized only by Turkey, was established
The single-party period ended in 1945. It was followed by a tumultuous transition to multiparty democracy over the next few decades, which was interrupted by military coups d'état in 1960, 1971, 1980 and 1997. In 1984, the PKK, a Kurdish separatist group, began an insurgency campaign against the Turkish government, which to date has claimed over 40,000 lives; however, a peace process is currently ongoing. Since the liberalisation of the Turkish economy during the 1980s, the country has enjoyed stronger economic growth and greater political stability. In 2013, widespread protests erupted in many Turkish provinces, sparked by a plan to demolish Gezi Park but growing into general anti-government dissent.

5. In around 200 words explain what the biggest problems are that your country faces?
It is proving a long, turbulent summer for Turkish democracy. The chaos of Gezi Park may have abated after judges conveniently stopped building work there; but the fundamental reasons for protest haven't gone away – just as tourists, alarmed by demonstrations spreading far beyond Istanbul, haven't come back. And the crisis of Turkish journalism – too many reporters in prison, far too many sacked for telling their readers what happened in Taksim Square – grows worse, not better, in a climate of fear where even the most distinguished professionals, such as Yavuz Baydar, ombudsman of the daily Sabah, or Derya Sazak, editor of Milliyet, can suddenly find themselves out of a job.
Europe may have tactfully delayed negotiations on the next chapter of Turkey's entrance drive until much later in the autumn. It cannot, though, hide the rot of respect that now dogs Ankara's hopes of EU admission, nor the widespread disillusion with Prime Minister Erdogan's unflinching rhetoric.
Turkey can do better than this; indeed, Turkey was doing much better until Recep Tayyip Erdogan decided to tackle the demonstrators head on. Worse, the tainting of TV and press leaves his AKP government without the credibility it needs to argue its case.
Media baronies are short of trust right round the world; even MPs and ministers in Britain's post-Leveson months lay claim to a higher reputation.
Yet in Turkey, normality is stood on its head. The entrepreneurs and conglomerates who own newspapers and television stations don't pretend to wield independent power. To the contrary, they wriggle quietly under Erdogan's thumb. They own other businesses, too; they need government blessing for development plans, tax treatments, sales permits and the rest. So they know when to keep their heads down – and when to keep their editors in line.
There's no heavy boot of repression here, more a secondary twist from some hidden stiletto. Democracy appears in working order as visitors to the country turn on a television or pick up a paper, but down below trust is gone – and that is a potentially lethal problem.
Mr Erdogan's government has mountainous difficulties of its own: Syrian refugees and instability pouring over its borders; faltering efforts to solve the Kurdish (and terrorist) problem; an economy slowing; a country chronically uncertain whether to find a secular or Islamic future.
In many ways, the AKP and its leader, now elected three times, have much to boast about. Erdogan's Islamic vision has often seemed mild and non-ideological, exactly the blend of hope and pragmatic that Europe and the Middle East need.
But that vision is fading fast as his country creaks at frail seams and the prime minister relies on his electoral mandate (58% last time round) to insist that everything must be done his way.
Functioning democracy depends on far more than ballots in a box. It needs a respect for the rule of law and for a free flow of information. Locking up journalists by the score does not foster that respect.
Seeing 30 brave writers and columnists thrown out of work after Taksim breeds only cynicism. This isn't what Europe means by democracy; and it is not what Turkey should mean by it either.

6. Describe your country in 5 words
Tropical, Muslim, wealthy, hypocritical, undemocratic…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Turkey Reproduction

...Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) ecology has been examined within its native range, but knowledge of extralimital populations of Rio Grande wild turkeys (M. g. intermedia) is lacking. I investigated habitat use, characteristics of activity sites, home ranges and movements, productivity, and survival of Rio Grande turkey hens from 1989 through 1991. I obtained >6,000 locations of 76 radio-tagged hens in Douglas County, Oregon and quantified characteristics of 99 roosts, 126 nests, and 64 brood-rearing sites. Turkeys selectively used meadows and hardwood/conifer cover types during winter and summer (P < 0.05). Adult hens roosted in dense young conifer stands more often than expected throughout the year; hardwood/conifer woodlands were used more than expected for roosting by all flocks (P < 0.05). Hens nested in 8 of 10 cover types; recent clearcuts were used more than expected (P < 0.05). Use of meadows and hardwood/conifer habitats by brood hens exceeded availability (P < 0.05). Dense sapling/pole and mature conifer stands were used less than expected at all times (P < 0.05). Adults roosted in Douglas firs (Pseudotsuga menziesii) more than expected (P < 0.05), but hen-poult flocks roosted in tree species in proportion to availability (P > 0.50). Nest sites were characterized by relatively dense understory, but no relationship was observed between nest success and vegetation characteristics. Brood-rearing sites had sparse horizontal screening and moderate......

Words: 375 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Turkey

...developments in Pakistan. (2003) * The rise of religious extremism and militancy has become a major challenge to Pakistan’s internal stability and promotion of democracy. Elaborate. (2008) * Why most countries of the Muslim world are devoid of democratic governance? What changes would you recommend to make them modern democratic states? (2009) * Democracy in Pakistan has remained an elusive dream. Why it has taken so long to develop a road map and follow it with necessary modification? Explain (2009) GOVERNANCE * Governance through ordinances has been the hallmark of all regimes, democratic or otherwise, in Pakistan. In this context briefly review Pakistan’s political, constitutional and judicial landmarks. (2000) * Note: Ramification of Taliban’s style governance. (2000) * Pakistan is suffering from crises of governance at Institutional level. Suggest remedies to mitigate this situation. (2007) GLOBALIZATION * Discuss politics of World Trade Organization and Globalization. (2000) * Globalization, as being shaped by the World Trade Organization in a world of un-equal nation-slates, has un-manageable implications. Discuss. (2003) 911 CONSEQUENCES * “A single catastrophic event –‘Nine Eleven’ – has turned the entire world topsy-turvy”. Discuss. (2002) * Give a long-term scenario of Afghanistan and Iraq beyond the perspective of' Nine Eleven'. (2003) TERRORISM * The phenomenon of terrorism has occupied center stage in......

Words: 6308 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Turkey

...Topic sentence: There are many reasons why Turkey is a popular destination for tourists. Turkey has long been very popular with tourists. In 2011, the country welcomed 31.4 million international tourists, making it the 6th most popular tourist destination in the World, behind only France, the US, China, Spain and Italy. This year, these numbers will probably increase further. There are a number of reasons to explain why Turkey is such a popular destination. Turkey has an incredible variety of nature. Nearly every region has its own distinguishing natural features. Thus, you can find lush forests along the Black Sea coast, desert landscapes in the South-East, beautiful beaches along the west and south coasts, and huge mountains scattered throughout the interior. There are also unique natural attractions, such as the rock formations in Kapadokya and the hot springs of Pamukkale. This means that, whatever season they arrive in, tourists can find something to do. In summer they can laze on the beaches, in spring and autumn go hiking, and in winter go skiing on Uludag or in the mountains around Kars and Erzurum. Turkey also has a lot of historical sites. Over the past two millenia and more, the country has been home to many different peoples, cultures and empires, and almost all of them have left traces. Istanbul is the most famous destination in this regard. Here, tourists can find world-famous monuments such as the Hagia Sophia church, built by a Byzantine emperor,......

Words: 513 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Turkey

...World War I The Ottoman Empire joined Germany and Austria (the Central Powers) during World War I (1914-1918) and collapsed after their defeat. The YoungTurks who controlled the government, anxious to have an all-Muslim empire, saw the chance to get rid of the Christian Armenians. Evacuations and killings during the Armenian genocide of 1915 left 600,000 dead and eliminated all the Armenians inside Turkey. The British expected easy victories, and sent armies into Mesopotamia (Iraq), which were badly defeated, and landed at Gallipoli in order to capture Istanbul, but failed badly in 1915. However, the British were successful in moving from Egypt to conquer Palestine, using the aid of Arab nationalists stirred up by British officer Lawrence of Arabia (T.E. Lawrence). Winston Churchill and other top British leaders envisioned an operation in which they placed their strength against Ottoman weakness. Instead of engaging a feeble opponent, however, the British faced the best-trained and best-led divisions in the Ottoman army and were up against the most heavily fortified and well-prepared positions in the Ottoman Empire. In command and control the Ottoman army performed well at all levels, and Ottoman soldiers proved to be effective fighters on the defensive. The Germans, furthermore, provided very talented generals and senior staff members to aid and help direct the Ottoman effort. As a result the Ottoman army fought the British to a stalemate, leading the British to abandon...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Should Turkey Join the Eu

...scheduled to join is Turkey, which will open negotiations with the EU in October 2005. Potential Turkish membership of the EU is in many ways a paradox. Turkey has for many years had pro-western leanings. Its strategic requirements during the Cold War led Ankara to strongly embrace NATO and rely on the west for its security guarantees. Also, the founder of modern Turkey, Kemal Ataturk founded the state on six profoundly western pillars. These were: firstly, Secularism, which effectively meant removing the direct influence of religious leaders on political decisions and education; secondly, Republicanism, organising the polity as a modern state, as opposed to the Ottoman Empire; thirdly, Populism, not accepting class divisions but making the well being of the people as a central aim of politics; fourthly, Nationalism, establishing a single unified Turkish nation beyond religious or ethic allegiances; fifth, Etatism, meaning securing state influence and the economy; and finally, Reformism, continuous adaptation of the state to new conditions. As Barry Buzan notes, this overall design is still upheld by the westernising elites, despite some changed in detail, even where it has been abandoned, as in the case of Etatism since the 1980’s, its legacy is still strong; the state run sector still accounts for 11% of value added in industrial production. However, while Turkey may have a history of looking westwards, there are many differences between Turkey and the......

Words: 4260 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Turkey

...Turkish Economy and Business 1. Turkey has been one of the fastest growing economies in the last 10 years. What have been the main drivers of this rapid growth? a. Fast recession recovery: The painful experience of 2000-01 meltdown that lead to an increase in public debt from38% to 74% of Turkey’s national income, made Turkey better prepared to handle the next crisis. b. Attractive foreign direct investment destination, which grew 20 times from 1990s c. Young and vibrant demographics: Current population of 72 mil with an average age of 29 that makes the young entrepreneurs amongst industrious people d. Europe’s 6th and the world 16th largest economy. e. Strong financial sector and one of the biggest exporter of construction material(cement), car, textile, and agri-business f. Soring share of export to middle east g. Relatively low labor costs compared to higher costs European labor market h. Recent advancement in medium to high-tech sectors i. Recent betterment of the neighboring markets: Russia, Iran, other Middle east countries j. GDP growth rate at 6% between 2002-08 k. Inflation of 9% from 75% a year in 1990s. l. Utilizing its Special geographic location to be the energy corridor amongst Europe ,Middle east & North Africa m. Attempt to normalize relations with all neighboring countries including Armenia. n. Keen and long-term interest in becoming an EU member ...

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Turkey Peste

...1.Brief Background of Turkey  Turkey,  officially  the  Republic  of  Turkey  is  a  contiguous  coast­to­coast  country,  located  mostly  on  Anatolia  Western  Asia,  and  on  East  Thrace  in Southeastern  Europe.  Turkey's  location  at the crossroads  of  Europe  and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance.    Turkey's  largely  free­market  economy  is  increasingly  driven  by  its  industry  and  service  sectors,  although  it traditional  agriculture  sector  still  accounts  for  about   25%  of  employment.  Oil  began   to  flow  through  th Baku­Tbilisi­Ceyhan  pipeline  in  May  2006,  marking  a  major milestone  that  will  bring up to  1 million  barrels  per day  from  the  Caspian  to  market.  Tourism  in  Turkey has  experienced rapid  growth  in the last twenty  years, an makes up an important part of the economy.    2.  PESTE Factors  2.1  Political (P)  Stability of Government  Turkey’s  current  government  (Justice  and  Development  Party),  Turkish  Adalet  ve  Kalkınma  Partisi (AKP),  als called AK  Party  or Turkish AK  Parti,  political party that came to power in Turkey in the general elections of 2002 Prime  minister  of  the  party  is   Recep  Tayyip  Erdoğan  since  2002.  In  the  most  recent  election,  Turkey's  17th general  election was  held  on  12 June  2011  to elect 550 new members of Grand National Assembly. Justice and Development  Party  garnered  21,399,082 votes,  which  was almost half of  the ......

Words: 5756 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Turkey Eu

...This thesis examines different legal aspects of the enlargement of the European Union and the relations between the EU and Turkey. As a preliminary remark, it is established that only two articles of the EU-Treaty address the question of enlargement. The first one, article 49 1 states that the applicant country has to respect the principles set out in article 6(1) 2, i.e. liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and the rule of law. In reality, these articles entail a long and complicated process, where the Commission is particularly involved. There is a difference between when an entity can qualify as a European state, a prerequisite for the acceptation of the application, and that a state later on will be accepted as a Member State. This hierarchy will be highlighted and further discussed. Compliance with the Copenhagen Criteria 3 is of vital importance before a state is recognized as a candidate state. However, total compliance does not seem to be necessary. In connection to this, the body of EU-law, the so-called acquis communitaire, is discussed. All new Member States have to implement and comply with the “acquis”. The political trend within the EU is moving towards a constantly deepening cooperation. The European Union of today is more of a political Union than an economical Union, which means that a constantly evolving EU legislation renders accession to the Union increasingly difficult. The issue of human rights is of importance during the...

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Turkish and Kurdish Fertility in Turkey

...Turkish and Kurdish Fertility in Turkey: New Statistical Evidence for Convergence Word Count: 3,528 Number of Tables: 5 Number of Figures: 4 Running Head: Turkish and Kurdish Fertility in Turkey Abstract The purpose of this quantitative study was to present and discuss statistical evidence for the convergence of Turkish and Kurdish fertility rates in the Republic of Turkey. Linear regression and other statistical methods were utilized in order to illustrate convergence, which was theorized as (a) resulting from the delayed exposure of Turkey’s Kurds to the dynamics of modernization and (b) providing compelling evidence against the claim that Turks and Kurds belong to fundamentally different demographic regimes. One important form of divergence between these populations—bride’s age at first marriage—was acknowledged and related to a potential change in sexual economics among Turkish Kurds. Keywords: Turkish fertility; Kurdish fertility; Turkish fertility transition Turkish and Kurdish Fertility in Turkey: New Statistical Evidence for Convergence Introduction Although the overall fertility rate for Turkey has declined precipitously as part of the country’s demographic transition, perhaps the earliest in the Muslim Middle East (Angin & Shorter, 1998), there is a well-documented disparity between the fertility rates of ethnic Turkish and ethnic Kurdish women in Turkey (Işık & Pınarcıoğlu, 2006;......

Words: 4118 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Turkey

...For the past 10 years, Turkey has grown its real GDP at about 6% annually. This came after a huge debt crisis in 2001-02, wherein Turkey had to borrow $16 billion more from the IMF and comport with its difficult conditionality. Today, Turkey is a middle-income country in search of an effective development strategy. It tends to run high inflation with a devalued currency, despite massive capital inflows and a huge current account deficit. At home, the government has carefully managed between Islamicization, democracy and secularism. And abroad, it deals with a difficult neighborhood – Syria, Iran, Iraq, Israel (not to mention Russia, Europe and the USA). Prime Minister Erdogan is trying to rewrite the Constitution before 2014, when the next election occurs. 1. What have been the strengths and weaknesses of Turkey’s growth model? 2. What is causing the current account deficit? What can Turkey do about it? 3. What do you make of Islamicization in Turkey? Has it gone too far? Will it? 4. What do you make of the government’s foreign policy – “zero problems with its neighbors”? Country Background: • Land Mass; 97% in Asia 3% in Europe • 8400 Km Coast Line. (Mediterranean & Black Sea) Rivers: Tigris & Euphrates • Population 75 mm growing at 1.2% annually. 99% Moslem of which 30% Kurdish roots • 26% of population under 15 Years. • Economic activity dominated by Services 64%, then Industry 27 % then Agriculture 9% • Informal economy (unregistered) is a......

Words: 1946 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Turkey

...When comes to caring for people in the medical field we come across many different cultures and traditions, which we as medical professionals need to take into consideration. Traditions are defined as behaviors learned, shared, and passed on from generation to generation by a certain culture or group of people (Yılmaz, Kısa, Zeyneloğlu, & Güner, 2013). The culture of Turkey is a combination of modern and western, along with traditional religious as well as historic values. “In Turkish culture, it is believed that the Koran (Holy book of Muslims) is curative so beliefs are found such as ‘reading the Holy Koran verses into water’ and patients’ drinking the water in order to facilitate healing” (Yılmaz, Kısa, Zeyneloğlu, & Güner, 2013, p. 69). There is a major tradition of separation of church and state in Turkey, which recognizes religious freedom and protects certain religions. When it comes to communication, Turkish is the primary language used, but depending on the region one comes from different languages and dialects are used. Using translators and interpreters is a common form of communication if English is not spoken (YILMAZ, BALCI, ALTIOK, TÛRKLEŞ, ÔZCAN, & KUYURTAR, 2013). Traditionally the head of the family, the male, is the one who should be addressed when discussing any type of medical issues. Today, usually both the male and female are addressed concerning anything medical (Kocaman, Seren, Lash, Kurt, Bengu, & Yurumezoglu, 2010). The Turkish......

Words: 1666 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Turkey

...billions of dollars from the country with a single signature continue to be appreciated and hailed. As their deeds -- or rather, corrupt practices -- are not clearly defined as offenses in law and therefore are not reprehensible, they are not punishable under laws. As a political leader remarked in the wake of the graft and bribery probe of Dec. 17, 2013, a bribe is defined as small sums (such as $5 or $10) a civil servant takes from citizens. According to this approach, politicians and contractors are not, by definition, civil servants, and therefore the fraudulent transactions amounting to millions of dollars between them are not bribes. Public procurement law amended about 170 times It is true that many investments have been made in Turkey, effectively turning the country into a vast construction area during the last decade. During this period, the public procurement law was amended about 170 times. Were these amendments made in an effort to safeguard public interests or with the intention of ensuring benefits to contractors and politicians and bureaucrats affiliated with them? A country's administration, particularly including the power to dispose material resources in the country, is a major source of power. Even if they come to power through legitimate methods, the people or organization that have the power to use the country's material resources may, over time, succumb to the lure of power and material endowments. Unless they act with extra care and attention......

Words: 1840 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Why Turkey

...WHY TURKEY? THE BRIDGE TO THE WORLD You have many reasons to come to Turkey! Turkey is an attraction to everyone in the world because of the spiritual and physical features which are unique to each single city. For example, İstanbul is the only city in the world that connects two continents. The city, which is located in both Asia and Europe, has been the capital city for many civilizations for thousands of years throughout its history.  Turkey is more than a bridge between two continents. Actually, Turkey is a country in which East and West meet in a much broader sense.  Turkey has been successful in blending these two cultures and being home to cultural and historical richness and legacy for thousands of years. A WORLD OF SCHOLARSHIP OPPORTUNITIES The chance to study abroad is a dream for many students, especially in today’s global era.  According to the UNESCO, more than 3,6 million students were enrolled in higher education abroad in 2010, and the number is increasing every year. In this challenging global market, there are a wide variety of scholarship opportunities in Turkey available just for you. Many of these scholarships are provided by the State. For more information, please visit http://www.turkiyeburslari.gov.tr/index...

Words: 1689 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Turkey

...About Founded in 1926, Koç Holding has become not only one of the largest and most successful groups of companies in Turkey but also in Europe, by staying one step ahead of change throughout its journey of 80 years. Adamant in observing in all its operations the principles and ethical values of administering corporate governance, undertaking social responsibility and providing environmental protection at international standards, the Koç Group is a global player constantly moving toward its objective of duplicating its success in Turkey at the global scale. Consumer Durables Developments in the durable consumer goods sector In 2014, the white goods market is estimated to have grown 2.4% and the LCD TV market by 1.6% worldwide over the prior year. The European white goods market, one of Arceliks main markets, expanded about 4% over the previous year. While the growth in the Western European market neared 4%, the Eastern European market grew 5.6% due to rapid market growth across the region during the last quarter. In the Middle East and North Africa, upheavals across the region have created significant pressure on the markets. The white goods market contracted over 10% in Egypt, and by nearly 3% in South Africa, the largest and most developed economy on that continent. Turkey remained the largest production hub in Europe for the white goods sector. According to data by the Turkish White Good Manufacturers Association (BESD), exports in the white goods grew 5%......

Words: 2060 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Essay on Turkey

...Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (help·info)), is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia (mostly in the Anatolian peninsula) and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan (the exclave of Nakhchivan) and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between East Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.[8] Turkey is one of the six independent Turkic states. The vast majority of the population are Muslims.[9] The country's official language is Turkish, whereas Kurdish and Zazaki languages are spoken by Kurds and Zazas, who constitute 18% of the population.[10] Oghuz Turks began migrating into the area now called Turkey (derived from the Medieval Latin Turchia, i.e. "Land of the Turks") in the 11th century. The process was greatly accelerated by the Seljuk victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert.[11] Several small beyliks and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion. Starting from the 13th century, the Ottoman beylik united Anatolia and created an empire encompassing much of Southeastern...

Words: 942 - Pages: 4

Thám Tử Lừng Danh Conan chap 923 | Abelssoft FileFusion 2019 2.04 Build 168 Multilingual | Powerless HDTV 720p AC3 5.1