Premium Essay

Thinking Differently About Purchasing

In: Business and Management

Submitted By bonsoir
Words 12310
Pages 50
THINKING DIFFERENTLY ABOUT PURCHASING
PORTFOLIOS: AN ASSESSMENT OF SUSTAINABLE
SOURCING
MARK PAGELL
York University
ZHAOHUI WU
Oregon State University
MICHAEL E. WASSERMAN
Clarkson University

Kraljic is widely viewed as a driving force behind the concepts of supply management and purchasing portfolios. Kraljic proposed that supply management professionals needed to engage in a new approach, embracing globalization, technology and risk. This article marked a critical juncture for supply chain management. Almost three decades later, it is evident that the purchasing portfolio concept has been widely adopted as an effective practitioner tool and a well-accepted tenet in the supply chain management literature. However, a recently completed study yielded interesting evidence of a potential shift in supply chain management, specifically, in sustainable sourcing. We recently observed that a number of leaders in sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) were not organizing purchasing portfolios in the manner suggested by Kraljic. We found organizations buying what would traditionally be leveraged commodities in a manner more appropriate for strategic suppliers. This unexpected observation suggests that the supply chain field may face another critical juncture, this time related to SSCM. This manuscript describes the observed phenomena and then, using an inductive approach, enhances the existing theory to explain what was observed. The end result is a modified sustainable purchasing portfolio model that should provide a strategic tool to help both academics and practitioners adapt to the new realities of SSCM.
Keywords: environmental issues; procurement/purchasing processes; supplier management; sustainability; social responsibility

INTRODUCTION
Kraljic (1983) urged purchasing scholars and practitioners to push forward and embrace the concepts of…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion

...Thinking about diversity and inclusion 1. What are the dimensions of cultural diversity? Identify and briefly explain the dimensions by referencing both textbooks. The dimensions of cultural diversity consist of in the diverse cultures in the world. The diversity is the different race, gender, age, ethical, language, religion, education, and more. The geographic region and the social roll are the result of the cultural diversity in the world. The diversity is variable and depends of the human’s need and it has changed through human evolution. Countries that were pioneer on a cultural growth got behind and others countries progressed in art, technology, and science over the time. The immigration also interferes in the cultural diversity. The United States has a large amount of immigrants from many countries in the world. Immigrants try to preserve their cultural traditions to the future generations and over the time their cultures have influenced in the art, music, and the way to affront political issues of the United States. Cultures exist to serve the vital, practical requirements of human life (Harvey & Allard, 2009, p. 77). 2. With what ethnic, cultural, or other groups do you identify? Describe what members of your social circle have in common. Ethnic group is categorized to be integrated by people from other countries that speak different languages, cultural roots, and attitudes. The writer of this paper identify with the Hispanic group.The Hispanic social circle......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion

...Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion Jodi Jewett SOC 315 May 16, 2011 Tramayne Butler Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion Diversity and Inclusion are a part of everyday life in America. Diversity is within every culture and group including ethnical groups, gender, and workplaces. Diversity is the similarities and differences where Inclusion is the act of being included in that diversity group. It is important to know and understand the diversity and inclusion to gain the knowledge and understanding of people around us. What are the dimensions of cultural diversity? Identify and briefly explain the dimensions by referencing both textbooks. “Cultural diversity is commonly interpreted in relation to ethnicity. However, the term should be understood within a broader context where it recognizes the unique attributes of all persons” (La Trobe University, Oct). The dimensions of culture diversity are the difference and similarities within the culture groups. There are many different dimensions within a culture group, such as, dress attire, language, race, and gender. Within a culture there are many different languages, especially in American culture. While some women must not show in sin in one culture, they may be allowed to show as much as they want in another culture. There also different diversities with genders and cultures. In one culture women are treated as equal as men, and in another the women must wait on the man and are not as high ranked as......

Words: 1077 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion

...Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion Shantha Whitehurst SOC/315 Due Date 01/25/2014 Instructor What are the dimensions of cultural diversity? Identify and briefly explain the dimensions by referencing both textbooks. The world in which people call home is a composite of diversity. People interact with one another through culture beliefs. Since humans spread throughout the world, unions have separated from each other. Stories of humans emerging to the United States became different throughout many ethnic communities. According to Schaefer (2011), the of diversity features in the United States include, ethnicity, age, race, martial status, religious beliefs, gender, and even appearances(Chapter 1, Ethnic Groups). Racial groups socially set themselves apart because of physical differences, and each society defines what it finds obvious. In the United States skin color is one of the obvious differences. Communities today have a more elaborate system of classification, in the United States hostility between races became higher than expected. Ethnic groups set apart from others because of national origin or distinctive culture patterns. Hispanics, Puerto Rican, African American, and Cubans describe some ethnic groups in America. The culture traits which made diversity exclusive originated from lands of segregation(Harvey, "Section I," 2009). With what ethnic, cultural, or other groups do you identify? Describe what members of your social circle have in common The......

Words: 932 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion

...Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion Paper Cultural diversity, or multiculturalism, is based on the idea that cultural identities should not be discarded or ignored, but rather maintained and valued. The foundation of this belief is that every culture and race has made a substantial contribution to American history. However, many people remain opposed to the idea of multiculturalism, or cultural diversity awareness, while others often support it and yet have no clear idea of how it should be taught. The diversity of the United States is truly astounding, as many different ethnic and racial groups have contributed to the social, economic and cultural values of our society. This has certainly been true throughout our history, even though many of our school books have not always taught that fact. In fact, the very idea that cultural diversity should be taught has only been promoted in the last few years. The bottom line is that when we fully recognize that America is great because of the contributions of the many, we as a people will be even more united in our common goals, and even more proud to be American citizens. When it comes to the dimension of cultural diversity, it can be identified with four main types of minority groups which help describe many of the dimensions of cultural diversity. The first group, racial, is based on physical differences that are obvious to the observer such as skin color, hair color or facial features. Ethnic groups are those based on a......

Words: 889 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Thinking Critically About Ethics

...Graded Project Thinking Critically About Ethics Graded Project Thinking Critically About Ethics Introduction The National Federation of Paralegal System (NFPA) is a very well known organization who has comprised paralegal association of individual and throughout the Canada and United States. They have their own job responsibilities that reflecting the diversity if parallel profession. This is also the responsibility of NFPA paralegal association that every individual legal supervisor does not break the law and perform their duties under given considerations (Zoubek, 2012, p. 26). On the other hand, ABA Models Rules settled by America Bar Association (ABA) for setting the rules according to the standards lawyer’s professional responsibilities and legal ethics in United States of America. Discussion In this paper, I will review activities throughout the week and identify where Carl and Attorney Howe violate the ethical considerations according to ABA Models rules and NFPA ethical considerations. Monday On the first day when Jane says, she has a side business on the side, and she didn’t pay taxes because the government does not know about it, Carl failed and avoided the ABA MR Rule 2.1; NFPA Rule EC-1.3(a) which is stated that, lawyer must be an independent lawyer and advice candidate according to justice but on that particular time Carl does not provide any instruction to Jane smith about the violation of ABA and NFPA rules. Furthermore, according to ABA......

Words: 551 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Thinking About Leadership

...Book Review # 2: Thinking About Leadership Michael A. Woodhouse MLS 5300: Essentials of Leadership ABSTRACT Thinking About Leadership, written by Nannerl O. Keohane is a holistic view of leadership in efforts to analyze leadership through discussions of both active leadership and leadership philosophy. She also analyzes personality characteristics that are helpful for successful leadership skills and gets even more specific by examining the role of gender in our understanding and our appreciation for different styles of leadership. The purpose of this review is to illustrate the core focus of this book and to provide my own analytical views of it. Koehane begins her analysis of Thinking About Leadership by discussing in depth the concept of a leader emerging from a group that has no predetermined leaders among it, however they have a collective goal or purpose. Koehane uses the classic novel The Lord of the Flies as an example of this “origin story” concept (Koehane, 2010, p 19). Although particularly basic this example serves as groundwork of the definition of leadership that Koehane is trying to construct. Her definition simply stated is, ‘leaders determine or clarify goals for a group of individuals and bring together the energies of members of that group to accomplish those goals’ (Koehane, 2010, p 22). With this definition of leadership, one can assume many things. The first as Philip Selznick states, leadership is centered on accomplishing the needs of a social...

Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Think Differently

...does it point?" "It points to the thing you want most in this world.” “If everyone is thinking alike, then no one is thinking.” Saskatchewan as a Player in the Global Resources Market in 2014 Jean-Pierre Colin Capital Markets Strategies JPColin@Sympatico.Ca Mobile: 416-573-4300 2 Synopsis —  Jean-Pierre Colin draws from his 34 years of experience and wisdom as an investment banker and mining executive to outline criteria for success for mining companies. —  He also discusses how junior mining company executives in Saskatchewan must “think differently” because: —  seemingly small decisions by management can affect corporate survival in these times of crisis in the financial markets —  the new sources of capital that have emerged in the last decade impose important changes in corporate strategy —  the mining industry in Saskatchewan as a group must promote innovative initiatives to enhance it’s continued importance in the provincial economy. IF EVERYONE IS THINKING ALIKE, THEN NO ONE IS THINKING 3 Survival of an Industry —  Charles Darwin: “It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.” —  Is this a down cycle or a fundamental and permanent shift in capital markets? —  For how long? —  What will make it revert? —  Who will survive? IF EVERYONE IS THINKING ALIKE, THEN NO ONE IS THINKING 4 Hard Evidence of Any Recovery? —  Is the financial crisis over? — ......

Words: 5746 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Transform Your Thinking About Money

...In a world where the money has become a real issue, the one thing that you should do is to transform your thinking about money. One of the most common phrases that you may have heard from your parents or close family members is; money is the solution to everything or money is the root cause of all the problems. This argument actually depends on the side of the equation where you grew up which you can get by examining your "money blueprint". If you grew up in a family where your father and mother and all the money in the worlds, such that you had everything material that you would ever wish for but because of the money, your parent broke up because one of them spent a lot of money on other women and beer, then it is likely that you will argue that money is the root cause of all problems. If on the other hand you grew up in the side of money equation where getting a few bucks to buy your daily food was a problem, then the likelihood is that your argument will be money is the solution to all problems. The basic point in all this is that our perception about money is mainly influenced by what our parents tell us about money and how we perceive the life of those people that have the money and those that do not have. People with money think that people that do not have money are poor because they are lazy and always expecting people with money to help them. They think that it is the poor people’s fault that they are poor. On the other hand, those that do not have money view......

Words: 1072 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Thinking About Thinking

...Thinking about Thinking Critical thinking is a process of testing an argument or observation for legitimacy. (Moore & Parker, 2012) Critical thinking includes deductive and inductive arguments. One important survival skill humans have is critical thinking. Had our ancestors not had the ability to think critically, we would not be here. When determining the worth of an argument, it is necessary to break an argument into parts. One must determine the premise or premises and conclusion. Had our ancestors not learned that some red berries can kill you, many more would have eaten these berries; destroying the future of the gene pool. We learned that premises are statements of assumed or known facts which should not contradicts each other. (Moore & Parker, 2012) A conclusion is an assumption drawn from the premises. For example; one premise could be that two dogs sit before you. Another could be that both are white with black spots. Both statements suggest that the dogs belong to the same breed. We begin thinking critically by identifying the premises, then examining each for soundness. Any vagueness or uncertainty must be determined within the suggestions. In the case of a deductive argument, the conclusion must be true if the premises are true. (Moore & Parker, 2012) When the truth value of a conclusion is unclear, despite the truth of its premises, it is then an inductive argument. (Moore & Parker, 2012) For example; upon closer observation, one dog is......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Thinking Critically About Ethics

...Thinking Critically about Ethics MONDAY Carl was in violation of the following model rules at various times throughout the day. He appears to be in violation of Model rules 1.8, 1.5 as well as the Ethical Considerations that apply being EC- 1.5 (a), EC- 1.7(a), EC 1.6(a) TUESDAY Carl didn’t do much better on Tuesday when he managed to violate Model Rules 1.8, 1.5 and the accompanying Ethical Considerations EC-1.5 (e), EC-1.6 (a) WEDNESDAY Carl appears to have disregard ABA Model rules 1.8, 7.1, 7.3 and EC-1.8 (a) THURSDAY The ABA Model Rules that were disregarded on this day were 1.5 (c), 1.1 and the Ethical Considerations for these were EC-1.1 (a), EC-1.1 (b), and EC-1.5 (f) FRIDAY Carl did not follow ABA Model Rules 1.7 (a), EC-1.7 (a). In addition to the model rules that were broken the attorney that was supervising Carl was commingling funds from the client trust account to pay Carl his paycheck 2. I have reviewed all of the comments I had made pertaining to the 5 days that Carl had spent at the law office and I believe that one of the most serious events that had taken place was when Carl had asked for his paycheck on Friday and Attorney Howe did not have the cash resources on hand to pay him the paycheck so he took the money out of the client trust account which is also referred to as commingling which is not only unethical but is also a criminal offense....

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Thinking About Diversity

...g Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion University of Phoenix 9/28/11 Instructor: Sheila Ferguson What are the dimensions of cultural diversity? Identify and briefly explain the dimensions by referencing both textbooks. The dimensions of cultural diversity include age, ethnic heritage, gender, mental or race. This is different terms of dimension diversity, because the important of this terms impact on our early social life, values, and throughout every stage of life. According in chapter one, the Human Genome Project mapping human DNA has only served to confirm genetic diversity with differences within traditionally regarded racial groups much greater than that between groups. It is no surprise that the question of whether races have different innate levels of Intelligence has led to the most explosive controversies (Bamshad and Olson 2003). In chapter 17 explain, “older African Americans and Hispanics tend to rely more on family members, friends, and informal social networks than on organizational support systems. Because of their lower incomes and greater incapacity resulting from poor health, older Blacks and Hispanics are more likely to need substantial assistance from family members than are older Whites (Harvey and Allard, 2009).” With what ethnic, cultural, or other groups do you identify? Describe what members of your social circle have in common. I identify ethnic groups like Italians, Irish, Dominicans, Germans, Poles, Jews, French,......

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Thinking Critically About Ethics

...Graded Project Thinking Critically About Ethics By Mike Wilson, Esq. Reviewed by Brian Bastyr, Esq. All terms mentioned in this text that are known to be trademarks or service marks have been appropriately capitalized. Use of a term in this text should not be regarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark. About the Author Mike Wilson is a freelance writer and college instructor who has had wide legal and educational experience. He graduated with his Bachelor of Arts degree in English from the University of Kentucky in 1976, and three years later received his law degree from the same school. He has been a partner in a law firm, a solo practitioner, and has done work in General and Family Mediation. He has also been a fulltime instructor in Paralegal Studies at Sullivan College, Kentucky. He was given the “Teacher of the Year” award in 1997. Mr. Wilson has published a number of papers on law-related topics in scholarly and popular journals. About the Reviewer Brian Bastyr is a senior attorney editor for West Group, a legal publishing company. He earned a bachelor’s degree at the University of Illinois, and a Juris Doctor from the University of Illinois College of Law. He is currently a member of the Illinois bar, and has published a number of articles in legal journals. Copyright © 2000 by Penn Foster, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by......

Words: 3548 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Sth About Critical Thinking

...change music by computer . It has the same design concept as walkman, which is taking the music to anywhere. The mp3 player, therefore, has a succession from the walkman. What makes the difference is the method to store the music. Walkman uses the old way, storing the music by magnetic tape. Nevertheless, the mp3 player use a storage to store and by the development of mp3 technology, a technology of music compression, it makes it available for more music files. Another advantage of mp3 player is we can easily delete or insert the music files by computer. It is the combination of the concept, carrying music, and the new technology, smaller storage and mp3. The Chinese fast food About ten years ago, when Chinese mention fast food they must talk about KFC or Macdonald’s for hardly can we find a Chinese fast food restaurant on the streets. And the situation maintained for a long time till these two years. The conventional Chinese meal would be few dishes and eating for a long time. Therefore, traditionally Chinese will not go to a Chinese restaurant for just a fast meal and the possibility of Chinese fast food in also very little for noticing. However, with the step of development of the economy quickening up, more and more Chinese offer a fast meal between work. Then the Chinese fast food comes out. It is a combination of occidental fast food and Chinese dishes. Chinese fast food use rice and one main dish as a main meal, as the hamburger in KFC......

Words: 399 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion

...Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion SOC/315 Cultural Diversity Abstract In this paper I will be answering the following questions: What are the dimensions of cultural diversity? Identify and briefly explain the dimensions by referencing both textbooks. With what ethnic, cultural, or other groups do you identify? Describe what members of your social circle have in common. What is the difference between diversity and inclusion? What is the importance of workplace diversity training? What is your experience with workplace culture? Could there be, or could there have been, more inclusion? Thinking About Diversity and Inclusion Dimensions of cultural diversity are racial groups. It is a group that is socially set apart by obvious physical difference. Ethnic groups are groups set apart by culture patterns or nationality. There are also religious groups and gender groups. Age can also be considered a dimension. Minority groups generally share the characteristics of experiencing unequal treatment, sharing similarities, involuntary membership, group solidarity, and marriage within the group. I identify myself with being in a religious group. There are many similarities but we also have many differences. However, the things that my social circle has in common are the want to just have peace amongst us. I mean we all go to work every day and deal with the variety of people’s attitude, and their different mood swings day to day. So, when my social circle gets together......

Words: 743 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Thinking Critically About Ethics

...Model Rule 1.3 by not acting with reasonable diligence and promptness in representing the clients because he was not present. He also violated ABA Model Rule 5.5(b) after Carl told him they had a new case and did not respond correctly to Carl's actions. Carl failed to present himself and his position as a paralegal which violates EC-1.7(a). Carl also accepted the case, set fees and gave legal advice to the clients, which demonstrates Unauthorized Practice of Law violating EC-1.8(a). Carl inadvertently disclosed other client’s information by letting Zeke use the phone where documents were in sight. This violates EC-1.5(a) because Carl was aware of the confidential information. Carl violated ABA Model Rule 1.6 by telling Jane not to forget about the alimony in the reception area. He also learned that Jane has a small business that the government is unaware of and pays no taxes. He did not disclose this fraudulent activity to Attorney Howe which violates EC-1.3(f), ABA Model Rule 1.6 (b2) and 4.1(b). TUESDAY: Carl continues to avoid the income issue with Jane again violating EC-1.3(f), ABA Model Rule 1.6 (b2) and 4.1(b). He is also letting her fill out the interrogatories with false statements thus violating ABA Model Rule 4.1(a). Carl answered the phone and began to repeat the client’s information while Jane was still present which violates EC-1.5(a) and (f). Carl recorded his meeting as two hours when it should have been one hour and twenty minutes. His dishonesty in......

Words: 571 - Pages: 3

Video and Text of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” Speech | Neu eingestellt | 1,8 - 10,1Kg EP-Harz Epoxidharz GFK Epoxydharz Epoxi Laminierharz Top-Qualität