Premium Essay

Trials and Verdicts

In: Business and Management

Submitted By wescochran
Words 1536
Pages 7
Assignment 2: Trials and Verdicts
Robert Cochran
CRJ 100 – Intro to Criminal Justice
Professor Karina Arzumanova
Strayer University
June 1, 2014

Discuss one real-life criminal case, taken from current events, and identify the court that took jurisdiction. Explain why the court that took the case was the appropriate one for the particular circumstances. One of the most fundamental questions of law is whether a given court has jurisdiction to preside over a given case. A jurisdictional question may be broken down into three components: whether there is jurisdiction over the person, whether there is jurisdiction over the subject matter, and whether there is jurisdiction to render the particular judgment sought. Also there are different courts that have jurisdiction depending on the case. State courts have general jurisdiction, meaning that they can hear any controversy except those prohibited by their specific state laws. Federal courts have limited jurisdiction in that they can only hear cases that fall both within the scope defined by the United States Constitution. The criminal case I choose for this is the Boston Marathon bombing case against which Dzhokhar Tsarnaev killed three people and injured more than 260 during the Boston marathon on April 15, 2013 when he detonated a bomb close to the finish line (Valencia, 2014). In regards to jurisdiction and due to the seriousness and nature of the crimes, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was charged in the federal court system rather than in the Massachusetts state courts. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was charged with 30 counts including charges of conspiring to use a weapon of mass destruction and maliciously damaging and destroying property with an explosive device. The federal government is allowed to prosecute any case that falls within the federal jurisdiction. U.S. Attorneys may choose to prosecute their cases…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Trial Analysis

...The procedures that are followed in the criminal trials today have been carefully fine tuned throughout history. The consistent set of procedures is followed by both the federal and state governments and is designed to provide a fair trial for the defendant. Procedure begins with the opening statements and ends with a verdict. In this paper, those procedures and all the ones that fall in between will be discussed. Opening statements begins a trial and are given to the jury and judge by attorneys for both sides of the case. Starting with the prosecuting attorney, an explanation of the case as well as a summary of what the attorney is asking for the jury to decide is given. Once the prosecution has made their statement, the defense attorney is permitted to give their opening statement, however the defense attorney may request to hold their opening statement until the beginning of the defense case. Once the opening statement has been made, the prosecution begins to present their case. This is where the prosecution calls forth any witnesses they may have to provide testimony for the case. Anyone involved in the arrest, interrogation, or investigation of the crime as well as any witnesses to the crime, may be called to testify. Throughout the testimonies evidence is permitted to be admitted to the court to further help the case. The defense is the allowed to cross examine each witness so that they may try to discredit any statements given that may help to prove the......

Words: 706 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Trials

...a hundred years before [Atticus and Scout] started is no reason for [Atticus and Scout] not to try to win" (76). Atticus was demonstrating his courage by proving that no matter how hard things get, you should never give up, and that you should always fight for what you believe in. Atticus is shown as being courageous by demonstrating perseverance and standing up for what is right. Another example of how Atticus is courageous is when at Finch Landing, he explains to Scout that this time he knew that he was " Fighting [his] friends, and no matter how bitter things get, they are still [his] friends and this is still [his] home"(76). Atticus' explanation to Scout was important because he had to reassure her that no matter the outcome of the trial they would still have their friends and there home. Even with all the pressure to quit the case, Atticus was determined to go up against all odds to ensure that justice would prevail. Atticus was a courageous, determined, and compassionate man. Along with Atticus, Mrs. Dubose is another prime example of a courageous person. Mrs. Dubose demonstrated courage when she decided to give up her morphine addiction. Mrs. Dubose died a slow painful death and when she was on her death bed, Mrs. Dubose reminded Atticus carefully, " [Mrs. Dubose] was going to leave this world beholden to nothing and nobody" (111). In this situation most people would not have been able to tolerate the pain and would have given in to the morphine. Mrs. Dubose could......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Trial of O.J.Simpson

...Courtroom TV Paper: OJ Simpson Trial Team C: Dwana Harris, Ian Mcguire, Ryan Raeffer, Andrew Cantrell, Renel Philippe, Aaron Pena CJA/224 October 7, 2013 Lou Wittmer Introduction The double-murder trial of O.J. Simpson is surely one that will live in infamy. From the controversial “If the glove doesn’t fit, you must acquit” phrase coined by his superstar attorney Johnnie Cochran to the jaw-dropping verdict of not guilty this case has made its mark in history. In 1994 Nicole Brown-Simpson and Ronald Goldman were found stabbed to death. With no other obvious suspects, Brown-Simpson’s husband Orenthal James Simpson became the object of law enforcement’s suspicion and was charged with the murders. The case was brought to trial and with seemingly solid physical evidence the prosecution went into attack mode painting a picture that was supposed to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that Simpson was guilty of premeditated murder. However, having a “Dream Team” defense, as it was called proved to be far more beneficial to Simpson that anyone I this nation would have ever thought. The defense lawyers used mechanisms such as racial profiling and police corruption to mangle the prosecution’s case and discredit every piece of information that was once presumed viable. The trial deliberations grabbed the attention of almost every American and for the duration people stayed glued to the television awaiting the verdict. What was the crime the defendant was alleged to have......

Words: 2126 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Verdict & Trial

...her 13 month old home from a post office in Brunswick, Georgia when she was robbed at gunpoint. When the defendant found out that Sherry didn’t have any money he shot baby Antonio in the head and shot Sherry in the leg. Elkins was found guilty but spared the death penalty because the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that 17 was too young to face capital punishment. He was sentenced to life in prison without parole plus 105 years in prison. The Glynn County Superior Court was the appropriate court for this case. In the state of Georgia there are several trial courts with different jurisdictions. Superior Court in Georgia is a court of general jurisdiction and hears felony murder cases like this case. The 159 Superior Courts in Georgia hear felony cases, divorce proceedings, title to land equity cases, juveniles who commit serious felonies and correct errors from county courts. (Rattley, 2008) The plea bargaining process is a common pre-trial practice between the prosecutor office and the defense attorney in the criminal justice system. Approximately 95% of all criminal convictions resulted from this over used process. This process saves the tax payer money and the courts a lot of time; however, in some cases dangerous defendants receive lighter sentences and prosecutors sidestep the law to obtain a guilty plea. Some states do not allow plea bargaining on certain cases like drunk driving or with repeat offenders. The judge in the case is not obligated to accept a recommended plea......

Words: 1194 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Jury Nullification the Alternative Verdict

...Betty Waltermire Critical Issues in Criminal Justice JUS-250 April 19, 2014 Jury Nullification the Alternative Verdict In 1771, John Adams wrote, “It is not only the juror’s right, but his duty to find the verdict according to his own best understanding, judgment and conscience, though in direct opposition to the instructions of the court” (Craig, 2010). No matter the way in which it is written the issue of jury nullification will never disappear. It seems that morality and law are in conflict. This is the beginning for jurors to feel the duty to prevent unfair or unjust criminal law on a person, the people are not willing to punish (Sheflin, 2001). Although the meaning of jury nullification has been written by numerous people and numerous courts have made rulings on jury nullification it still reads the same. Jury nullification occurs when a jury returns a verdict of “Not Guilty” despite its belief that the defendant is guilty of the violation charged. The jury in effect nullifies a law that it believes is either immoral or wrongly applied to the defendant whose fate they are deciding (Linder, 2001). The Grand Jury in states has the job of determining probable cause existed and believes that the defendant actually committed the crime. This group of people holds an enormous amount of power; they can change an offense to a lesser offense, numerous counts to only one, and change a capital offense to...

Words: 1118 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Crimes and Verdicts

...CRIMES AND VERDICTS PROFESSOR TIMOTHY KELLY INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE MAY 29, 2014 I have chosen the State of Florida vs. George Zimmerman as the first part of this paper. Why was Zimmerman charged and tried at the state level, and then face the possibility of Federal charges? Is this not “double jeopardy”? The court that will try a case is decided by jurisdiction, jurisdiction being defined as “(1) the legal authority of a court to hear and decide a certain type of case; (2) the geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases “ (Definitions, n.d.). Also we must clarify state and federal jurisdiction. Federal court jurisdiction is limited to the types of cases listed in the Constitution and specifically provided for by Congress. For the most part, federal courts only hear cases in which the United States is a party and cases involving violations of the U.S. Constitution or federal laws. There are others, but those are the ones relevant to this paper. State courts have much broader jurisdiction, they preside over cases most individual citizens would be involved in and most criminal cases involve violations of state law and are thus tried in state court.  Being as Zimmerman was charged with second degree murder, he was tried in a state court. Zimmerman was found not guilty by the jury, so case closed, correct? U.S. Attorney General Holder stated that after the trial that the Federal Government would investigate the possibility of charging......

Words: 1540 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Trials and Verdicts

...Assignment 2: Trials and Verdicts Student: Melissa Harmon Professor: Phylanice Nashe Introduction to Criminal Justice February 18, 2014 TRIALS AND VERDICTS PAGE 1 Our criminal justice system is an intricate one. When crime is committed, law enforcement detains the offender and in most cases holds them until they are seen by a judge. The period between arrest and arraignment is also known as the pretrial procedures; this is a very important aspect of the justice process. At this time, the biggest majority of cases are either resolved and never make it to court. However, some crimes are so serious that they must go the next steps and this could be plea bargaining or trial by jury, both resulting in a sentence ordered by the judge. Here we will take a look at a particular case involving five men who viciously beat another man resulting in his death. What started as a barroom brawl, ended outside of the victim's mother's home in La Jolla, California May of 2007 [L.A. Times 2008]. Emery Kauanui was a 24 year old professional surfer that tragically lost his life three days after being treated for bleeding of the brain, facial fractures, and multiple contusions caused by five individuals. Eric House, 21; Orlando Osuna, 23; Matthew Yanke, 21; Henri Hendricks, 22; and Seth Cravens, 22 who dealt the fatal blow; these are the offenders that each in turn punched and kicked Kauanui until the last punch knocked him to the pavement where he hit his head knocking him......

Words: 1305 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Trials and Verdicts

... Trials and Verdicts Jennifer Johnson Professor Roreita Walker Introduction to Criminal Justice Sunday August 24, 2014 The First case that I found is about a 75 year old woman getting a life term sentence for killing her former husband 40 years ago. According to the facts of the case the defendant shot her former husband with a rifle in the mid 1970’s and then threw his body down the shaft of an abandoned gold mine. According to her testimony the defendant claimed she acted on self -defense trying to protect her daughter who was two years of age at the time. However the judge and jury did not believe her side of the story on what happened. The defendant’s case was taken care of in the Laramie county district court. I feel that it was the correct court to take care of the case. Simply because district courts have jurisdiction to any cases originating within their jurisdiction that deal with violations of the federal civil and criminal statuses. The second case that I found is about a Co-defendant in 1998 murder case takes plea deal. The defendant charged with being party to the first-degree murder of Chad McLean in 1998 is only going to spend a year or less in prison for his role in the Green Bay teen’s death. He accepted a plea deal and was convicted of being party to first-degree reckless endangerment and one count of perjury. When he made the plea deal he had been scheduled for trial that week for two counts of perjury and one count of first-degree intentional......

Words: 703 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Verdict of History

...The Verdict of History Lee Strobel, author of “The Verdict of History”, researched questions he had about Christianity and tried to answer them with an open mind. One question he asked himself was, “Can the autobiographies of Jesus be trust?”. Lee thought the gospels were just religious propaganda, made through imagination. But, Craig Blomberg, a specialist on it, had convincing information with good evidence supporting that they are reliable. The gospel writers wanted to preserve their experience and were honest. Some of the facts in the gospel included accurate historical facts of that time period. Although there are many forms of New Testament manuscripts, they are very similar to the old, original writings. Bruce Metzger, a world-class scholar, stated that the modern new testaments are 99.5 % free of textual discrepancies. Lee also asked himself, “Is there Credible evidence for Jesus outside his biographies?”. We have better evidence of Jesus than any other religion. There are sources outside the Bible that account for Jesus’ miracles, followers, crucifixion, and teachings. Also, there are no archaeological findings that disprove any Biblical reference. In fact, archaeology discoveries show that Luke, a writer of one of the gospels, was a careful historian. If he was so careful with his writings, why would we assume that he would create inaccurate reports of something so important? As historians look at the documents that relate back to the time of Jesus, there is......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Trials and Verdicts

...Trial and Verdict Arquisa Ross Dorothy Sliben Into to Criminal Justice 02/28/2015 Contentious Teacher Related Policies Moving From Legislatures to the Courts National teacher unions won a landmark victory in a California lawsuit last year that challenged tenure protections, a case that became the beginning of a national effort to roll back teacher tenure laws in state courts. Teaching professions are shifting from legislative arenas to the courts giving judges the chance to make decisions that could shape the way teachers are hired, fired, and paid. Lawsuits show that two of the nation’s most contentious battles over the teaching professions. Now some of the largest unions in the country are using similar tactics to end test based evaluations, teachers say that they are arbitrary and unfair. Teachers are turning to the courts to fight for one of their most pressing interests. A lot of the teachers have come together stating that there’s nothing wrong with teacher evaluations when done right. President of the National Education Association the nation’s largest teachers union which has helped argue the case in Florida and Tennessee. Many of the lawsuits says that were widespread errors in the new evaluations because of a rushed rollout and faulty data including incomplete or wrong test scores and some teachers were docked due to absences which should’ve been protected under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act. Many of the teachers has stepped up and said “ It’s...

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Jury Trial

...Jury Trial Analysis Raquel Hearns CJA/364 April 13, 2015 Jonathan Sperling The sixth amendment states that all accused criminals have the right to a trial by impartial jury of the state, in which the person allegedly committed a crime (Right to Jury Trial, n.d). The jury is a group of citizens selected from the state randomly, to decide whether or not the accused criminal is guilty or not guilty. Once the jury has heard and reviewed the evidence, it is their duty to determine the faith of the accused by rendering a verdict of guilty or not guilty. Although, this criminal process ends with the verdict of the jury, it all begins when a person is arrested by law enforcement for committing a crime. Once an arrest, the accused individual is booked. During the booking course the person is advised of the charges, paperwork is completed stating the offense including the person’s name, birth date, social security number and other personal information of that nature. Shortly after, the individual will be fingerprinted and photographed upon booking (Worrall, 2012). From that point forward, the person is detained for the following court procedures that include the initial appearance, the pretrial process, and the preliminary hearing. In addition to those steps, the arraignment and discovery process follows (Worrall, 2012). In the course of the initial process, the defendant stands before a judge and is informed of the former charges, as well as acknowledged of his or her......

Words: 1747 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Christopher Pittman Verdict Opinion

...Opinion over Christopher Pittman’s Adult Trial Verdict Name Professor Institution Date Just to quote Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. words, “injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere”. Human beings are not entirely fit. Thus judges just like any other human being are bound to make mistakes in dispensing justice. However, Judges are obliged to be ever watchful and mindful in their endeavors of delivering justice. Every day, all over US judges dispense justice to convicted persons and defendants. However, absolute justice ideally is hardly realizable across board since its effectiveness demands human infallibility. Although it might be even harder to reap justice, justice is achievable and pursuit for justice remains a noble order. In this case, a 12 years old boy, Christopher Pittman from the state of South Carolina on February 15, 2005 shot his two grandparents using his father’s shotgun while they lay on their beds, he then set the house on fire, drove his grandparents truck and fled with cash and weapons in his possession. The petitioner, Pittman was only 12 years of age when he committed this malicious acts. He was charged with premeditated murder and put on an adult court for trial. Christopher Pittman’s defense team claimed that young Christopher Pittman remained an innocent child because he still could not differentiate what was right or wrong while under influence of Zoloft, an antidepressant. The defense urged the court to consider Pitman a child thus......

Words: 1829 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Criminal Trial

...Administration: An Analysis of the Roles in the Process of Criminal Trial The Court’s Administration: An Analysis of the Roles in the Process of Criminal Trial Criminal procedure is the process of investigating, prosecuting, and punishing crimes (Scheb & Sharma, 2013). Criminal procedure includes law enforcement activities, including the arrest, interrogation, and identification of suspects. Criminal procedure also involves a process of criminal trial, in which a person is tried for their crime. The trial process can be extensive, but criminal charges can also be settled in the pretrial process. The pretrial process largely determines the outcome of a criminal case; most criminal cases never make it to trial. Charges against the defendant may be dropped or dismissed due to a lack of evidence. The defendant may also plead guilty without trial. Many guilty pleas result from plea negotiations between the prosecutors and defendant or defense attorneys. This pretrial process makes a formal criminal trial unnecessary (Scheb & Sharma, 2013). There are various roles in the criminal trial process, including the judge, the prosecuting attorneys, the jury, and the expert witnesses such as forensic psychologists. The assortment of roles has a high effect on the outcome for the defendant. A prosecutor is responsible for determining what charges to pursue and whether to plea bargain with the defendant. A jury decides a verdict. A judge decides a sentence. A forensic......

Words: 3921 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Trials and Verdicts

...Trials and Verdicts Alexis N. Ford Strayer University CRJ 100 Week 8 Assignment Professor Currie Guavreau November 29, 2015 Introduction In a criminal trial, a jury examines the evidence to decide whether, "beyond a reasonable doubt," the defendant committed the crime in question. Once the case is taken to trial the jury then must come up with a verdict of either "Guilty" or "Not Guilty" based off the evidence and points of the attorneys. Some cases turn out to be pretty accurate yet others may have a little twist to them. Understanding the court processes and its jurisdiction, plea bargaining, and of course wrongly accused and/ or convicted felons are all a part of criminal cases and trials that almost everyone should understand. Court Processes Marcus Burrage was arrested for distribution of heroin and distribution of heroin resulting in the death of Joshua Banka. A jury found him guilty, and Burrage was sentenced to nearly 40 years in prison. The Supreme Court held that a defendant who distributes drugs cannot receive an enhanced penalty when a victim suffers death or serious bodily injury as a result of using the drugs unless the victim’s use of the drugs is a but-for cause of the death or injury, at least where the use of the drug was not independently sufficient to cause the death or injury. The victim in the case died following an extended drug binge involving a mixture of several drugs, only one of which he had purchased from the defendant. Expert......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Criminal Trial

...The criminal trial process begins with the arresting of the individual or the filing for an arrest warrant. An arraignment usually occurs within 48 hours after an arrest. At this time if the defendant has not been mirandized, they will advise them of their rights and of the charges against one. Bail will be set as long as the charge is not murder (2011). A judge can determine if he wants to impose bail for someone charged with murder. They will be given a date for their next court appearance and will be able to post bail and leave or if bail is denied will be remanded into custody (2011). In a state case the preliminary hearing is the next step. Within 7 to 10 days of the initial arraignment the preliminary hearing will take place. During this hearing a district judge will decide if the charges should be upheld. The prosecutions job is to prove that the charges are valid via a prima facie case. Witnesses and evidence will be provided by the prosecutor. The defense attorney does not provide any at this point. If the charges are federal charges an individual goes before a grand jury instead of a preliminary hearing. Grand jury trials are private hearings comprised of 23 citizens. The only one allowed to present in this hearing is the jury, prosecutor, and any witnesses the prosecutors deems necessary. The witnesses can only enter one at a time and have to leave immediately after giving there testimony. A formal arraignment takes place within 30 days from......

Words: 1026 - Pages: 5

Rm Gastro | Hubzone Act - 698 Words | Reifenmarkierer 8er Set Radmerker Reifenmarkierung Reifen