Free Essay

Understanding Check One

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By luvkibbles2
Words 923
Pages 4

Hereditary-Environment correlations relates to the concept that individuals’ genes influence the types of environments to which they are exposed. Sandra Scarr described three different kinds of ways that they correlate.

Understanding Check One

In general, hereditary and environment have a lot of different sides to it and opinions. The relationship between the two is only mutual interaction. The hereditary part will set the growth factors from genes and the environment part will set an extended amount of genetic potential within society. One psychologist, Sandra Scarr, has sent her own point of view with the subject of hereditary and environment with three different points of passive, evocative, and active.

The passive perspective deals with the individual’s genes and surroundings of environment that are correlated with one another (Salkind, 2004). This occurs when the biological parents created a child and provide a nurture environment to their genetically related child (Santrock, 2011). They also provide a rear bearing for the child with in their own environment. An example of this from my parents is the need to want me to be intelligent and successfully read. My parents provided me with books to read and to learn enjoy reading. In return to getting me to read skillfully, I, the child, effectively became an exceptional reader. This was both due to both of my parents and their inherited predispositions and their very own environmental encouragements (Black Hawk College, 2012). Another example of the passive genotype-environment correlation is my heavily sport inclined parents. They have always been very involved in playing, participating are enjoying professional sports. My dad has coached while my mom just participated in watching him. Since my parents are very into sports, my sister and I are into sports. As a sport-oriented family, we always go to events together such as football or baseball. We even all like going bowling together and getting very competitive. With this correlation being said, my sister and I’s kids will most likely be into sports too since we will provide an environment of sports for our kids. Then the chain will continue on and be passed on due to the passive correlation.

The evocative perception evoke different individual responses that relate to that certain individuals own characteristics (Salkind, 2004). This genotype-environment correlation corporates with a child’s certain types of physical and social environments. In this case, a child’s penchant to elicit certain stimulation from the environment that supports a specific trait will then conjure environmental backing (Santrock, 2011). An example I have experienced from my own genetic makeup is being active. When I or anyone smiles, I will receive more social stimulation than passive quiet individuals. Also, athletic children will tend and want to take in encouragement to engage into the sports going on (Black Hawk College, 2012). In other words, an individual that is in a good, happy mood will vibe off others and the others surrounding will become in a good mood. This can happen the other way to with individuals in a bad mood. It is a response passed around. This evocative-environment correlation is very popular in any environment. Whether it is co-workers at work, students, or children, the mood or responses from others vibe off everyone in the surrounding and everyone’s mood or response can become mutual. This can be amongst everyone in the surrounding environment.

The active genotype shows that individuals will actively choose and select an environment that relates to their own interests (Salkind, 2004). This correlation is also called niche-picking. The term niche-picking is related to “finding a setting that is suited to one’s abilities” (Santrock, 2011). It occurs when people can seek out different places and environments that they like, find well-suited, and motivating. Children’s selection of their surrounding environments are based off how they respond to it, not having anything to do with, or like to learn about. For an example, for my own genetic makeup, I always searched for a good place that I can successfully perform my musical skills. I played music for some time and I always felt musically inclined to select different musical environments whether it was a stage, band room, bedroom, outside, or some good acoustic areas such as bathrooms, they have great sound barriers! Another example is when I was younger; I was very shy so I did put myself in social activities or situations. It made me more comfortable, compatible, and stimulating. Whereas social children put themselves in social situations with finding other interactive crowds. They would be class clowns in class, the troublemakers, or the ones with many friends. This correlation is all about making one self-comfortable we do not put ourselves in awkward or obstinate situations. It is what a specific individual does best feeling the most relaxed, calm, contented, and easy.

Anyone can relate to Sandra Scarr’s theory of hereditary-environment correlations. The passive, evocative, and active correlations create who individuals are. People have their own experiences and own genetic makeup, it makes it who people are. Human beings take different active roles in life to create environments that suits their very own interests. This only reflects their own personal differences.


Hereditary-Environment. (2012). Black Hawk College. Retrieved from

Salkind, N. J. (2004). An introduction to theories of human development (p. 34). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Santrock, J. W. (2011). Biological Beginnings. Life-span development (13th ed., pp. 72-73). Boston, Mass.: McGraw-Hill.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Check Your Understanding

...Melvin Felder Check Your Understanding February 3, 2013 Chapter 7 & 8 Chapter 7: Problems 1, 6, 8, and 9 1. In the Deep Creek Mining Company example described in this chapter (Table 7.1), suppose again that labor is the variable input and capital is the fixed input. Specifically, assume that the firm owns a piece of equipment having a 500-bhp rating. a. Complete the following table: Labor Input I (No. of Workers) Total Product Marginal Product Average Product 1 3 0 + 3 = +3 3/1 = 3 2 6 6 – 3 = +3 6/2 = 3 3 16 16 – 6 = +10 16/3 = 5.33 4 29 29 – 16 = +13 29/4 = 7.25 5 43 43 – 29 = +14 43/5 = 8.6 6 55 55 – 43 = +12 55/6 = 9.17 7 58 58 – 55 = +3 58/7 = 8.29 8 60 60 – 58 = +2 60/8 = 7.5 9 59 59 – 60 = -1 59/9 = 6.56 10 56 56 – 59 = -3 56/10 = 5.6 b. Plot the (i) total product, (ii) marginal product, and (iii) average product functions. c. Determine the boundaries of the three stages of production. Based on the information total product would range anywhere from 3 to 60; marginal product would range from -3 to 14, and average product would range from 3 to 9.17. 6. Consider the following short-run production function (where L = variable input, Q = output): a. Determine the marginal revenue product function. Total = P x Q = 10(10L - 0.5L^2) Marginal Revenue = 20(10L – 0.5L^2) = 200 –10L b. Determine the marginal factor cost function. Q = 200/10 Marginal Factor L = 20 c. Determine the...

Words: 1355 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Check Your Understanding 7&8

...input (workers hours) is increased by 2 percent next year (with the other inputs held constant). Determine the approximate percentage change in input. =.45(.02) = 0.009 (9%) C. Suppose the capital input (number of buses) is decreased by 3 percent next year (when certain older buses are taken out of service). Assume that the other inputs are held constant; determine the approximate percentage change in output. =.30 (-0.03) = -0.009 (-9%) D. What type of return to scale appears to characterize this bus transportation system? (ignore the issue of statistical significance) =.45 + .20 + .30= .95 this would be decrease return scale due to it is under 1 (?) E. Discuss some of the methodological and measurement problems one might encounter in using time-series date to estimate the parameters of this model. According to the book the following secular trends, cyclical variations, seasonal effects and random fluctuations could cause issues with this type of model. Say they buy new buses and they are more efficient than the older buses, population changes or the drivers have become more experienced then new drivers. Chapter 8 Howard Bowen is a large scale cotton farmer. The land and machinery he owns has a current value of $4 million. Bowen owes his local bank $3 million. Last year Bowen sold $5 million worth of cotton. His variable operating costs were $4.5 million: accounting depreciation was $40,000, although the actual decline in value of......

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Week One Understanding Food Labels

...Understanding Nutritional Labels Understand Nutritional Labels Nutritional labels provide very useful dietary information if you know how to understand what you are reading and can use the information it provides to make informed decisions about your diet. Using the 5/20 Rule According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration website in a video titled “The Food Label and You” the 5/20 rule is simple, if it is a nutrient that you are in need of then if it has 20% or more then it is a good source for that nutrient. In other words, if it is a nutrient such as Saturated Fat then you want to achieve a 5% or less factor for that item to be a healthy choice for your diet. However if the nutrient you are in need of is 5% or less then it is certainly not a good source. In basic terms if it is what you are looking for then 20% or better is what you want, if it is bad for you such as Saturated Fat or Sodium then 5% or less is certainly a better choice. Understanding Nutrition Facts Label The United States Food and Drug Administration website posted an article breaking down the Nutrition Facts Label. They segmented the label into six distinctive sections and described what information provided in each. Below you will see a breakdown of each section. Section 1 “Serving Size” This section describes the portion of...

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Chapter 5 & 6 Check Your Understanding

...Chapter 5 and 6 Check Your Understanding Chapter 5 1. The forecasting staff for the Prizer Corporation has developed a model to predict sales of its air-cushioned ride snowmobiles. The model specifies that sales S vary jointly with disposable income Y and the population between age 15 and 40, and inversely with the price of the snowmobiles P. Based on past data, the best estimate of this relationship is s=k yz/p Where K has been estimated (with past data) to equal 100 A. If Y = $11,000, Z = $1,200 and P =$20,000 what value would you predict for S? S = k(YZ)/P =100(11,000*1200)/20,000 = 66,000 B. What happens if P is reduced to $17,500? S = 100(11,000 /1,200)/17,500=$75,429 C. How would you go about developing a value for K? You would need the time series data on S, Y, Z and P. You would use the regression techniques to get an estimate K. The double log entry system would be used to get the intercept. D. What are the potential weaknesses of this model? Sales in the period t+1 are unknown before t+1 so estimates would have to be made for St, Yt, Zt and Pt. 5. A firm experienced the demand shown in the following table. A. Fill in the table by preparing forecasts based on a five year moving average, a three year moving average and exponential smoothing (with a w = 0.9 and a w=0.3).   Year Demand 5 year 3 year Ex Smoothing Ex......

Words: 815 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Eco 550 Check Your Understanding Chapters 1 and 2

...improvements (e.g., robotic welding) EE = entry or exit of other auto sellers F = accidental supply interruptions from fires, floods, etc. RC = costs of regulatory compliance PE = expected (future) changes in price TA = adjustment time period T/S = taxes or subsidies 5. Two investments have the following expected returns (net present values) and standard deviation of returns. Product A Expected return$50,000 Standard deviation $40,000 Product B Expected return $250,000 Standard deviation $125,00. Which one is riskier. Why? A. $50,000 $40,000 B. $250,000 $125,000 A is riskier. Because A has 0.8% and B only has 0.5%. 6. The manager of the aerospace division of General Aeronautics has estimated the price it can charge for providing satellite launch services to commercial firms. Her most optimistic estimate (a price not expected to be exceeded more than 10 percent of the time) is $2 million. Her most pessimistic estimate (a lower price than this one is not expected more than 10 percent of the time) is $1 million. The expected value estimate is $1.5 million. The price distribution is believed to be approximately normal. a. What is the expected price?
 1.5 million b. What is the standard deviation of the launch price?
 v=0.8 c. What is the probability of receiving a price less than $1.2 million? 10%...

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...With my understanding of the video, “The Food Label and You,” the 5/20 rule is basically a set of guidelines to follow to allow the proper nutrients into your body. This rule helps individuals compare different foods to see which the healthier alternative is. Any foods that are less than five percent of daily value, or DV, is considered to be unhealthy. Foods with a low DV include saturated fat, cholesterol, and also total fat. Foods with a higher daily value are healthy to intake at the right proportions. These foods offer more nutrients to our bodies as they include fiber, vitamins, iron, and calcium. My family is big on Nutella. I know its an alternative to peanut butter, and assumed it was healthy until of course I read the label earlier. Nutella has only four grams of protein and one gram of fiber, both of which fall under the daily value suggestion of staying above five percent. However, iron, Vitamin A & C, and calcium make up for the lack of nutrition in the previous areas although I am not sure if it counts as being healthy in general. Looking at various nutritional facts about food I regularly eat made me realize I do not always make the best choices in my eating habits. Reading these labels is important because they inform us of what we are putting into out bodies, and can help us choose something that is similar but is healthier. I know that people who diet are constantly looking at the labels on their food to see how many calories it may have or just too......

Words: 458 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Choose Any One Theory Perspective in Anthropology and Give Its Strength and Weakness Towards Understanding Humanity

...A QUESTION: CHOOSE ANY ONE THEORY PERSPECTIVE IN ANTHROPOLOGY AND GIVE ITS STRENGTH AND WEAKNESS TOWARDS UNDERSTANDING HUMANITY In a bid to fully understand the subject of anthropology, a number of theories have been coined, In as much these theories which takes in Marxism, Functionalism, Evolution perspective among other have done justice in their attempt to give light on the subject of humanity, they have been found wanting in some respects. This essay will discuss the evolution perspective and show its strength and weaknesses. Anthropology is defined by Wolf E (1994) as the study of humans which takes a broad approach to understand the many different aspects of human experience and to achieve this anthropologists consider the past , through archeology, to see how human groups lived, they also consider what makes mans biological bodies and genetics, they even go to the extent of comparing humans with other animals to ascertain how humans are similar and different from these. In general they draw and builds upon knowledge from social and biological sciences, as well as the humanities and the natural sciences. Evolution theory perspective or evolution anthropology as it is sometimes referred to is defined by Barnard A (2000) as the interdisciplinary study of the evolution of human......

Words: 1151 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Questioning to Check for Understanding

...CURRICULUM VITAE NAME: RONALD KIPCHIRCHIR KIBETT DATE OF BIRTH: 17th FEBRUARY , 1986 MARITAL STATUS: Single POSTAL ADRESS: P.O BOX 3521-20100 MOBILE PHONE NUMBER: +254 725 623 391 E-MAIL ADDRESS: NATIONALITY: Kenyan LANGUAGES: English and Kiswahili PERSONAL PROFILE * Committed and visionary to achieving tangible results under minimum or no supervision. * Have innovative drive and skills to motivate others. * Have self confidence, excellent oral, written and interpersonal communication skills. WORK EXPERIENCE Kerio Valley Development Authority (May -Sept 2010) Skills acquired: * Hardware management * User training * Software installation and maintenance * Lan set up and configuration * User support activities Kenya Museum Society (May -Aug 2009) * Worked as a volunteer in office work EDUCATION BACKGROUND * 2007-2011 Maseno University Bachelor of Science (Major in computer science Minor Physics) Expecting 2nd class upper division * 2002-2005 Sacho High School K.C.S.E Exams B+ (70 points) * 1994-2001 Noiwet Boarding and Day Primary school KCPE Marks out of possible 500. OTHER SKILLS ACQUIRED * 2010 Constitution Referendum as a Counting clerk * 2010 International movement of catholic students of catholic students-attended truth......

Words: 298 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Understanding How One Learns

...MICHAEL S. SHEPPARD OU 101-06 ORIENTATION SEMINAR OCTOBER 18, 2012 JOURNAL 3 I believe that having an understanding of how one learns is absolutely essential in the success of any career field of choice. For any individual to know how they learn will be of a great benefit in how they take in and retain information. Not everyone processes information and learns at the same pace this is why it is so important to know how one learns so that the he or she may get the best out of their learning ability. In order for an individual to be successful in their career goal of choice he or she must know how to carry out the work appropriately in their career field of study in order to have a promising career. For instance, some people are visual learners, while others are more hands on learners. Some people need object lesson illustrations to process the information given, while others can take the information in just as is and understand it clearly. For any individual to know how they learn will ultimately determine how far their lifelong journey of learning goes. Some people are not where they should be from a learning standpoint because they have not taken the time to know how they best learn; therefore they are struggling to obtain information as it is given in their lifelong process of learning. The career that best peaks my interest is the career study of Pastoral/Evangelistic Ministry. Do to this career choice of mine I know that the lifelong learning that I must go......

Words: 366 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Eco 550-Chap 1 Check Your Understanding

...Week 1, Check you Understanding Chapter 1: Problems 2, 3, and 6 #2: Owners (the principals) frequently delegate decision-making authority to professional managers (the agents). Modern corporations allow firm managers to have no participation (or only limited ownership participation) in the profitability of the firm. Because the manager-agents usually have less to lose, they often seek acceptable levels of profits and shareholder wealth rather than maximizing profits unlike the owner-principals. Owner-principals tend to pursue their own self-interests. For example, agents may have less interest in maximizing profits in order to focus on their own interests like long-term job security. This is known principal-agent conflict. To mitigate agency problems, the compensation committee of the board should concentrate on more long-term incentives in order to avoid financially crippling a corporation by distributing large sums of cash at a single time. It also allows for more capital to be available to the company to make more profits. In general, managers will be more motivated when receiving extra income in the form of higher salaries, cash compensation and bonuses. I’m not sure of anyone that doesn’t like this type of reward. Also, this type of compensation is usually immediate. So, a manager can see an instant result. On the other hand, long-term incentives can be a little less motivating because of the time constraint, but can prove to be just as lucrative. If an...

Words: 504 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Page 1 of 2 Reference Check (Please print legibly) Thank you for completing and returning this reference form. We are grateful for your time and input. If you would like to talk to an LFS staff member about this application, please call (402) 978-5665. Lutheran Family Services of Nebraska Volunteer Management 124 South 24th Street, Suite 230 Omaha, NE 68102 Fax (402) 978-5660  Dear _______________________________________, I am applying for a volunteer position with Lutheran Family Services of Nebraska (LFS) and am asking you to be a reference. Please answer the following questions to the best of your knowledge. LFS will use this information to help place me within their programs. Thank you for your help and cooperation. Sincerely, ___________________________________________ Applicant _______________ Date Position(s) Desired: City I am willing to serve: Reference Information Reference Name: First Last Reference Address: Street Address Apartment/Unit # City State ZIP Code Home Phone: E-mail: What is your relationship to the applicant? How long have you known the applicant? Alternate Phone: (Use arrow keys to select.) Have you seen this person work with children? If yes, please describe their level of comfort and ability in the space below. Yes No Have you seen this persons work with adults? If yes, please describe their level of comfort and ability in the space below. Yes No In the space below, name a time......

Words: 396 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

To Check or Not to Check?

...Suzanne Woods Harshaw HRM 1121 Tuesday, December 04, 2012 TERM PAPER To Check or Not to Check? Should employers be allowed to make a credit check a mandatory requirement before being hired? This is an issue that is up for debate up to the national level. Those who support employers that engage in this practice argue that if you can’t handle your finances you might not be able to handle the job, that you pose the possible threat of internal theft or embezzlement and that one’s credit history demonstrates reliability and responsibility. On the other hand, there are those that feel this practice is inappropriate; to say the least it is an invasion of privacy that your personal credit may have been adversely affected by situations beyond your control and that previous experience and work ethic make an applicant qualified for a position, not personal credit. I think engaging is this practice is a ridiculous stipulation to be considered for employment. In this uncertain economy and sky rocketing unemployment rates in recent years, it unfairly penalizes people whose credit was damaged by layoffs, medical bills or other factors beyond their control. In recent years the United States has been hit with a number of economic crises. Millions of American’s are out of work and for lengthy periods of time. In addition to the foreclosures this crisis has caused; medical bills are mounting for those who are out of work and cannot afford private health insurance. These are......

Words: 1592 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...As everyone knows, Occidental prefer go Dutch while having a meal in the restaurant and they don’t often entertain guests. But in China, people usually pay the bill and check out generously or often invite friend to dinner. A lot of Occidentals feel puzzled to this question. Such a difference can be resulted from the East and West culture and custom. First of all, food systems between China and Occident are different. Chinese put into practice Gather Dining System; Occidentals put into practice Individual Dining System. Everybody can share the delicious food of all over the table when eating Chinese food, but Occidentals just eat the food in one’s own plate. That’s impossible for sharing under the Individual Dining System. Secondly, Occidentals eat for the health; Chinese eat for the friendship. Westerners advocate individualism and independence and it is a way to express that respect for each other’s independence through go Dutch. Chinese like making friends and solidarity, they value the interpersonal relationships and friendship very much. Therefore, friend’s position is important in Chinese’s mind. The purpose that Chinese don’t go Dutch is doesn’t want to destroy the friendship between the friends. Dutch treatment is the stingy behavior in China, is unfavorable to the friends’ solidarity and is unfavorable to keeping the harmonious interpersonal relationship. Third, it is only simple “Have a meal!” that Occidental entertain guests. It is not purpose that Chinese......

Words: 493 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Check Your Understanding

...Running Header: Check your Understanding Check your Understanding-Week 1 Tiffany Hector Dr. George A. Uhimchuk ECO/550 October 13, 2013 2.There are several dimensions to the principal-agent problem. This includes the manager pursing their own intrests and dreams. There are some managers who only look out for themselves and their potential growth and job security. When a manager is focused on their individual goals, it is hard to get them to focus on the company and to perform well. They will sometimes take risk for the company that they should not because they have not put the thought and research into the product. Another issue is the manager’s trying to make sure that the management’s bonuses continue to be paid out at good dollar amounts. There is always a way to work out the bonuses so that they are paid well, but it can be at the expense of the company in lots of cases. Also by trying to make sure that management is paid accordingly, the money flow is taken away from the owners and cuts into the money that they are bringing in. I believe that based on this the company should focus more on long term incentives. This allows the company to see valued results prior to paying out money to Senior Executives. If the company agrees to just pay......

Words: 536 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Check Fraud and Check Washing

...Check Fraud and Check Washing: Prevention and Strategies “What I did in my youth is hundreds of times easier today. Technology breeds crime.” or so says Frank William Abagnale, Jr (2008), one of the most infamous check forgers and imposters of all time as he reflects back to his reign as a check fraud kingpin of 1960’s. Some may remember the movie Catch Me If You Can (Spielberg, 2002) that stars Leonardo DiCaprio and Tom Hanks portraying the true story behind the great confidence trickster that is Frank Abagnale, Jr. Mostly known for his various impersonations as a security guard, airline pilot, teaching assistant, physician, and attorney, he is also widely known for his ability to forge checks and after numerous escapes from law enforcement leading up to his capture in France in 1969. He was sentenced to 12 years at a Federal Corrections Institute facility in Petersburg, Virginia. After serving only 4 years of that sentence his talents were used for the greater good. The U.S. Federal Government released him on the condition that he aid the authorities in helping find con-artists similar to himself…without pay. Why is this significant? Because this mastermind is telling us that all these things that he did are actually easier to do today. But how? The first step to prevention is being informed. And the first thing piece of information we need to know is that there are many types of check fraud to include check washing, forgery, counterfeiting and alteration,......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Plant Based Diet | Thugs of Hindostan | Cyber Threat season 03 episode 02