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Union Speeches

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Senator Daniel Webster of Massachusetts addressed the President regarding the Compromise of 1850. He began his speech by identifying himself not as a person from the North, or from Massachusetts, but as an American, and as a member of the United States Senate who was in favor of the Compromise of 1850. He stressed that the focus of Americans needed to be for the good of the collective people of the United States as a whole, and for the preservation of all Americans. He wished to preserve the Union. He mentioned that slavery was a topic of conflict that needed to be dealt with, not something that should continue. He spoke of the fact that when the Constitution was adopted there was “no diversity of opinion between the North and South” regarding the subject of slavery. He stated that “there were few who were against slavery being held as inhuman and cruel, but not many.” The main concern for the states was a political objection, wherein many felt if they released all the slaves, it would weaken the social fabric. Webster stressed that regardless of the personal opinions, everyone must remember that the most important cause was to preserve the Constitution and the harmony and peace of all who were destined to live under it. He reminded the President that our country was founded on the principles of equality, and they had to come together to make sure it remained that way.

John C. Calhoun gave his Proposal to Preserve the Union. He began his speech by saying “I have believed from the first that the agitation of the subject of slavery would, if not prevented by some timely and effective measure, end in disunion”. He wanted the Union to be preserved, without conflict, and also with slavery left untouched. In his speech, he stated that there was discontent between the North and the South, which centered around the North’s determination to infringe on the…...

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