Free Essay

Unit 4 Health and Social Care

In: Science

Submitted By adil089
Words 1782
Pages 8
Care settings are usually called residentials. There are many residential settings. Including those for elder people, or people with disabilities, and looked-after children. It is important that health and safety is taken very seriously in these settings.
You have to be sure that any residents can escape in case of a fire. And you also have to make sure that they don't get in the way of other people or cause danger. It is important to inform peers and other residents about health and safety and what to do in case anything could go wrong.
In some settings people can come in and go out whenever they want. But, in a setting where there are people who may be confused or young children, this would be inappropriate. It would be a bad idea because road traffic accidents could occur.
If anyone is to go out the staff must know so that the individual can be brought back safely.
Health care settings contain a lot of hazards. The hazards particular to the hospital include things like microbes infecting wounds during or after a surgery. There can also be radiation from x rays and radiotherapy and drugs which can be addictive
. Another risk which can be found in a hospital is anesthetic gases these can be harmful if used in the wrong way so they should be carefully administered. Also hypodermic needles have to be disposed of safely or someone else can be infected.
Fires can also cause problems in a health setting. Big organizations such as hospitals usually have zones divided up to help clear people out easily in case of a fire. It may be very difficult to evacuate patients who are really ill because some of them may rely on complex equipment to survive.
Day care
Day care settings do not tend to have any specific hazards. But there some normal dangers which can occur to vulnerable people.
The care provided is non-acute and those who are cared for are quite independent. The most common accidents that would occur would be things like slips and trips, so extra care has to be taken to work neatly and deal with any hazards promptly and quickly. There are also fire hazards and food hygiene which also need to be considered.
During cold weather, staff may need to consider weather users are safe at home – if they are unable to attend due to poor weather.
Pre-school, Child-minder, Infant school
These types of settings should be very safe, because young children will not be skilled at sensing danger.
Babies, toddlers and children are naturally curious, so this can lead to them into situations which can be dangerous. Potentially dangerous behaviors include;
- Placing tiny objects in the mouth and this can cause choking or it may potentially be poisonous.
- Opening gates, this could lead to the children getting lost or wandering off to somewhere they shouldn't be.
- Opening cupboard doors and drawers, this could lead to the children getting hold of sharp knives or other dangerous substances.
There is also a risk of children of climbing and falling, or becoming stuck and annoyed.

If you are walking in a pre-school setting you have to be focused and paying careful attention to your surroundings and look out for anything that could be dangerous.

The staff are fully responsible for making sure that activities are safe and that they are supervised properly and they have to take into account any special needs that the young children may have. For example allergies.

As the children develop from toddlers to infants, you can teach them more about the dangers before you start an activity. One way in which you can do this is by asking them questions like what would happen if they are not careful.

Any location where an individual receives care services (including in own home or the community)
Out of all the care settings community settings can be the most hazardous because it is really difficult to have full control over health and safety.
The care workers in the community have a high priority in health and safety. Individuals who are receiving care in their own home can be offered advice on health and safety. This can include things like trip hazards or the fitting of safety equipment.
Retail areas
City-center shopping areas and retail parks are usually very safe. They are mostly wheel-chair friendly and well lit with pavements. But, some retail areas can have signs on the pavement outside their shops to get the attention of shoppers. These signs can be a hazard to people with poor vision. Individuals with learning disabilities and small children can become disorientated when they are out in a very busy shopping area, this can lead to them losing track of where their careers are.
Also busy streets can also encourage pickpockets, so you may have to inform individuals about keeping their belongings such as purses and wallets hidden away out of reach.
Swimming pool
The primary hazards at a swimming pool are caused by behavior which is careless. For example things like diving in the shallow water, messing about in the pool and also running on floors which are wet. These can all cause serious head injuries or even may cause drowning. If people are going to a swimming pool the supervisor has to be very vigilant on what is going on around them.
Public park A public park is usually a safe place and is usually free of traffic. However you may need to consider whether there are any dangers from other park users. An example would be, if young people use the park as a place to ride their bikes, this could potentially be a hazard for older people who might be weak on their feet.
In public parks most equipment is well maintained but parks are on odd occasions targeted by vandals, and this could leave equipment in a dangerous state for children. So to avoid letting children play on dangerous equipment you should always check beforehand that the equipment is safe to use. The carer also has to assess how suitable the equipment is, this can be done according to the development stage of the child. Under the equipment there is usually soft padding so that when children fall of they do not get injured.
Sports ground
Taking people to big events like football matches can be really stressful. Football matches usually be very crowded and also there is a lot of noise from fans. There can also be frustration from the crowds and also anger. People may become detached from the group, or they could be involved in something which results in violence. This can be distressing. Also need to ensure that toilets are close by if anyone is wanting to go quickly.

A trip to the beach can be really enjoyable, but at the same time be hazardous. Beaches can become very crowded this may be due to hot weather, this makes it difficult to see everyone and can also cause you to lose vision of any children.
So to help with distinguishing yourself the person should take something distinctive, like a brightly colored jacket, this will allow everyone to know where you are at all times. Another potential hazard could be the sea water. Some beaches are integrated steeply into the water, so it is easy to swim into deep waters very quickly if you are not care full. The kids should all have floats when in the water or someone must be holding their hand because the current of the water will drag a child along very easily.
For need to road travel, ensure that seat belts are always worn, and have enough staff to ensure that the driver does not get distracted. If taking children or vulnerable adults walking near roads, you need enough care workers supervising to prevent people walking onto the road, maybe even one worker for every two people.
Train travel can also be quite hazardous, as railway stations may be busy, large and noisy, which some people find quite intimidating. It is vital to keep individuals away from the platform edge, as trains passing through can suck people in if they stand too close.
The floors on modern buses can often be lowered to allow access for wheelchairs and pushchairs, so this is another option. To prevent falls, make sure people sit down before the bus moves off and don’t stand up until it has stopped. The driver can be alerted that you want to get off by pressing the bell.
- People receiving care
- Patients
Patients in a health and social care setting should all behave in a decent manner and not cause harm or risks to the other individual or staff at the workplace. The patient could be self-medicating and if they are then they should do so by taking their medicine and by keeping their medicine in a safe place so that it would not be in contact with anyone else.
Workers in a setting
- Care staff
Based in a setting
If there are staff shortages or other problems to do with staff then the staff at the workplace may rush their job. This can cause injuries and accidents to occur. Also if care staff are tired or not feeling well then this can also cause the care workers to lose concentration and not look after the residents as they should.
Support staff
- Caterers
Caterers should make sure that if they spill or break anything that these things are dealt with promptly and without causing a fuss.
- Cleaners
Cleaners have a responsibility to clean up after people and also make sure the place is clean and tidy to avoid any diseases spreading around and also for the visitors.
- Administrative
Health care administrators have a job to lead and manage the working place. They have a big responsibility in the health and social care setting.
- Visitors
People who may be visiting the patient or a family member must ensure that when they do enter the care home or setting that they notify a member of staff and also report any disease they may have because they could be passed along to the other service users. Relatives, Friends, Volunteers
Everyone else who visits a health and social care place should also be aware of health and safety and take responsibility for it. For example people can close the doors behind them when they enter or leave a room. Or they can inform and report a hazard and they should also behave in a good manner and be considerate to other people who are present.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Unit 619 Health & Social Care

...Unit 619 Understand mental health problems Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance-related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders MOOD DISORDERS BIPOLAR DISORDER In bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depression, there are swings in mood from elation to depression with no external cause. During the manic phase of this disorder, the patient may show excessive, unwarranted excitement or silliness, carrying jokes too far. They may also show poor judgement and recklessness and may be argumentative. They may speak rapidly, have unrealistic ideas, and jump from subject to subject. They may not be able to sleep or sit still for very long. These symptoms are last for a specific period of time lasting for a few days or even a few months. Hospitalization can often be necessary to keep the person from harming themselves and others. The other side of the bipolar is the depressive episode. Bipolar depressed patients often sleep more than usual and are lethargic. This contrasts with those with major depression, who usually has trouble sleeping and is agitated. During bipolar depressive episodes, a patient may also show irritability and withdrawal. Manic episodes can occur without depression, but this is very rare. DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS A person suffering from major depressive disorder is in a depressed mood...

Words: 4105 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 1

...UNIT 201/ SHC 21 Q1) Identify the different reasons why people communicate? There are varies types of communication but all come under one of two categories. One being Verbal Commination and the other being Non-Verbal Communication. Verbal Communication is when one person communicates with another by using speech and Non-Verbal Communication is when one person communicates with another by using body language. People communicate with one another for many different reasons and for most this is an essential part of their daily lives. I have listed below a number of reasons of why I think people choose to communicate: * To express feelings * To teach * To learn * To connect * To share views and opinions * To take control * To compliment Q2) Explain how effective communication affects all aspects of working in adult social care settings? Effective communication is an extremely important part of working within adult social care. This is because we do not only have to communicate with one another as professionals but we also have to communicate with the people that we are here to support. * Clear & Concise - by having effective communication we are able to be clear and concise on what the needs of the individual are and how these needs can be met. * Mistakes - effective communicate also promotes the chances of less mistakes from happening by avoiding any inappropriate or unclear information being given or by something that has simply been...

Words: 3636 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Unit 4 Health and Social Care M1 and D1

...Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to the development of the individual (M1) & Evaluate how nature and nurture may affect the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of two stages of the development of the individual (D1). Nature can be loosely defined as genetic inheritance or the genetic makeup (the information encoded in your genes) which a person inherits from both parents at the time of conception and carries throughout life. Several things in an individual genetically inherits include; ranging from gender, eye colour, risks for certain diseases and exceptional talents to height. The concept of nature thus refers to biologically inherited tendencies and abilities that people have and which may get revealed later on as they grow up. Nurture can be defined as the different environmental factors to which a person is subjected from birth to death. There are many environmental factors. They include both physical environments and social environments. Some theorists believe that people behave as they do according to genetic predispositions or even because of ‘animal instincts.’ This is known as the ‘nature’ theory of human behaviour. Other theorists believe that people think and behave in certain ways because they are taught to do so. This is known as the ‘nurture’ theory of human behaviour. ( Nature refers to the inherited (genetic) characteristics and tendencies that influence development. Some......

Words: 3041 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Unit 1 Health and Social Care

...Developing Effective Communication in Health and Social Care – Task 4 One-to-One In class, I participated in a one-to-one role-play with a fellow classmate. I played as a teacher and my peer played as a student who was being socially excluded by her classmates. She came to me one day really upset and explained that she was being socially excluded from the rest of the class. I suggested we go to a quiet room where we could talk by ourselves and I had to consider my approach carefully as I didn’t want to upset her even more. As part of my course, my class and I had to participate in a group event called Christmas cheer. This included us getting into groups to cook food which would be served to the elderly. We first had to decide what groups we would be in and this was done very easily and quickly This included our class getting into small groups and cooking food which the elderly would be served during this event. I was partnered up with four girls from my class who on several occasions I had to have a group discussion with. The first discussion we had to do is to discuss what we were going to cook. One of the girls decided to do scones whilst a few others wanted to do a gingerbread house. We finally decided on welsh cakes and then had to find a recipe for them. All of us found a recipe which we thought would be appropriate and they decided on a Mary Berry recipe as she was a famous cook. Me and one of the other girls was not happy about this as most people......

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 4 P1

...Unit 4: P1 Key Words Growth- An increase in some measured quantity, such as height or weight. Development- Complex changes including an increase in skills, abilities and capabilities. Developmental Norms- Description of an average set of expectations with respect to an infant or child’s development. Developmental Milestones- Developmental milestones can describe the skills children may be expected to develop during the first months and years of life. Life course- A life course is a map of what is expected to happen at the various stages of the human life cycle. Maturation- When development is assumed to be due to a genetically programmed sequence of change. Life expectancy- An estimate of the number of years that a person can expect to live (on average). Holistic Development- A person’s physical, intellectual, emotional and social development as a whole. Development can be analysed under each of the individual categories to help identify issues but, in life, the categories can interact. Physical Development- Physical development is the changes within the body over periods of time for example the development and growth of organs, muscles and bones. These developments are often marked by stages such as puberty. Intellectual Development – We do not simply learn more as we grow older- we also develop more useful ways of thinking. It is believed there are four stages of intellectual development which mature or ‘unfold’. Your ability to use formal logical......

Words: 1490 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 4 P3

...clean their home and keep up with all house work and bills etc. They would also have to learn about mortgages for if they were planning to buy the house in the future. When an individual moves into their own home, they can become affected emotionally as they have has the drastic change from living with their family to being completely alone. This can mess with an individual's emotions as they can feel sad and lonely or even happy and free from the stresses of living under another person's rules. A person may feel frightened to be living alone but relieved at the same time. These provide an individual with positive and negative effects on their development. Finally, social development can be affected as they may move away from their loved ones and feel like they no longer have anybody around to look out for and care for them. To overcome this, an individual can go out and socialise with others and make new friends and connections in their new area. All of these developments have both negative and positive effects on an individual's, it just depends on how the situation is handled. Another predictable life event is starting school which can also have a major influence on a person's development. They will go through some physical developments whilst going through subjects such as P.E (physical education). The aim of this is for the individual to become fitter and to at least carry out enough physical activities in school in case they do not get any at home. At school, students......

Words: 1313 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Unit 18 Health and Social Care

...Unit 18 There are many things that people can do to contribute to providing a positive experience for users of health care services. The health care professional I will talk about and talk about how they can contribute to providing a positive experience is a health care worker. There are many things that a health care worker can do to provide a positive experience for the service user including; Respect the privacy of a service user: this could involve pulling the curtain around the individual whilst they are getting changed or putting a towel on them if/when they are having a bed bath. This will help the service user to feel that they have been respected and valued by the service provider. Be confidential: if the service provider is confidential and does not share information about the service user with others (who do not need to know) the service user will feel more positive and will feel safe with the service user, feeling like they can open up and do not have to keep secrets from them. Be Polite: if the service provider is polite then it shows the service user that they are respected, and that they service provider sees the service user as an equal and does not patronise them. It will help the service user feel comfortable and enjoy spending time with the service provider. Have a good work ethic: the service provider needs to have a good worth ethic because is they were lazy and didn’t get any work done throughout the day then the service user would not be......

Words: 909 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Unit 4 Task 4 Health and Social Care

...Saga Magazines... How does ageing affect you? MENOPAUSE The menopause, sometimes known as “the change of life”, is where a woman’s ovaries stop producing an egg every 4 weeks, meaning she no longer has periods and is unlikely to get pregnant. Monthly periods can sometimes stop suddenly when you reach the menopause; however it is more likely that your periods will become less frequent, with longer intervals between each one, before they stop altogether. In the UK, 51 is the average age for a woman to reach the menopause, although some women experience the menopause in their 30’s or 40’s. Symptoms The menopause can cause a wide range of physical and mental symptoms. The first symptom is usually a change in the pattern of your monthly periods. This is called the premenopausal stage, during this time you may have light or heavy periods (menorrhagia). Other symptoms can include: * Hot flushes and night sweats * Loss of libido (sex drive) * Headaches * Mood changes, such as depression, anxiety or tiredness * Urinary Tract Infections (UTI’s) * Noticeable heartbeat * Vaginal discomfort, pain, itching and dryness The severity of symptoms and the overall duration of the menopause will vary depending on a number of factors including genetics, lifestyle, diet, stress, and overall health. Although if you experience the menopause suddenly, rather than gradually, your symptoms may be worse. The menopause is caused by a change in the balance of the......

Words: 2463 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Unit 3 Health and Social Care as

... A911 Health and Social Care And Early Years Provision Controlled Assessment Task Task 1: Preparation: As part of my coursework I will be investigating a service in the Early Years sector. The following are the aims for my coursework: The range of care needs of your client group (The choice of health, developmental and social needs of babies and children) I would questionnaire parents and also questionnaire different staff for each service (Primary Research). I also would research from health and social care fact books (Secondary Research).The reason I would questionnaire parents and staff is because they have the knowledge and understanding of young babies and children and know what the choice of needs are for them. The other reason is because they have also the experience in which they can and give to me. The reason I would research from health and social care fact books are because people who have taken degrees in these subject have written these books and would be more reliable that me searching on the Internet for this aim. The ways your client group can obtain care services and the possible barriers that can prevent them from gaining access to these services. (The customs that babies and children can gain from care services and the achievable barriers that can stop babies and children from getting hold of access to these services). I would research on the internet and questionnaire service providers. The reason I would research ask services is because they do......

Words: 7230 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 7

...Unit 7- sociological perspectives for health and social care P1 – Explain the principal sociological perspectives Sociological Perspectives | Main Points | Criticisms | Functionalism | Functionalist believe that just as the body functions through the efficient interrelationship of major organs and has disease, so the different institutions in society each have particular contributions to make. They work together and use methods of social control to deal with deviant members or groups, to ensure that society functions smoothly. Parsons (1902-1979) saw society as a system made up of interrelated institutions, which contributed to its smooth running and continuity. He thought that the main role of an institution is to socialise individuals and ensure that they understood the underlying values of their society and behave in acceptable ways. Murdock(1897-1985) did a study of the family, examined over 250 societies and concluded that in all societies the family performed 4 functions: * Sexual function which was allowed for the expression of sexuality in an approved context * Reproductive function which provided stability for the rearing children * Socialisation included the responsibility of teaching children the acceptable ways of behaving in society * Economic function meant that food, shelter, and financial security had to be provided for the family membersParsons(1951) argued that the family had only two basic functions which were: * The primary socialisation of......

Words: 3703 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 1

...fghjklzxcvbnm HNC LEVEL 4 HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE COMMUNICATION IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE ORGANISATIONS 3/12/2013 By EVELYN HARRISON | HNC LEVEL 4 HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE TASK 2 2.1 Communication can be strongly influenced by people’s beliefs, cultures, sexuality, gender preferences, social classes, level of education and ethnicity. How people view each other will determine how people will respond/communicate with each other in and out of a workplace. At work it is always advised to be fully aware of our service users’ communication preferences and wishes. Having different cultural beliefs can have an impact on how we communicate with each other and also how we communicate with our service users. Therefore it is essential to know the service users’ values and culture background by reading care plans and talking and listening to them. When it comes to communication, a person’s beliefs can have an impact on how they interact with others. What might be deemed to be normal in one’s culture can be seen as inappropriate in another and different cultures interpret non-verbal and verbal messages and humour differently. For example maintaining eye contact English culture implies that one is paying attention to what is being said and they will be considered as being honest whereas in my culture it is seen as being disrespectful especially if talking to someone to is older than me. In health and social care it is important to know our......

Words: 2575 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

P1 Unit 4 Health and Social Care

...P1 Describe physical, intellectual, emotional, social development for each of the life stages of an individual. Life expectancy this is the number of years that remain within the life time of an individual, this is estimated by statistics. This depends on the Population on several variables such as their lifestyle, access to healthcare, diet, economical status and the relevant mortality and morbidity data. However, as life expectancy is calculated based on averages, a person may live for many years more or less than expected. P.I.E.S this is the breakdown of the Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social developments through all the life stages Life coursethis is a course it is culturally defined sequence of age categories that people are normally expected to pass through as they develop from birth to death. This Includes the cultural conceptions of the life course is some idea of how long people are expected to live. Growth A gradual process which occurs from birth until a point in early adulthood when you reach your maximum height. It involves both height and weight gain Development this is a change in a person's skills and capabilities, for instance an individual’s development intellectually, emotionally etc. Maturation this is the gradual process of becoming physically mature or fully developed this is part of adolescent when a male and female go through changes as they are going through puberty. For example females in adolescence will start to grow breast......

Words: 3741 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 4: Developing Through the Life Stages

...For this task I had to select an individual for my assignment and describe their physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of their life stages. The individual I have chosen is Michael Jackson, I have chosen him because I think that his life was very interesting and I’d like to explore all the other aspects of this life. I will need explain what I think could/should happen to Michael Jackson at each life stage. Conception Michael Jacksons parents Katherine Jackson and Joe Jackson would have conceived Michael around about November 1957.Conception is the making of a new beginning of life , now each women should be born with a full functioning birth system sometimes when a women does not function properly she may not be able to have children and conceive. Each month hormones are released such as follicle stimulating hormone and estrogen, these hormones help follicles develop and help the uterus to get thick and to get prepared for the fertilization of an egg. Each egg leaves the woman’s ovaries and it goes into the fallopian tube, then after this process it gets travelled through to the uterus. It all starts during intercourse, when a man has intercourse with a woman he inserts sperm into her vagina about 250 million sperms would have been ejaculated into the vagina. Every sperm looks the same as it has a long tall to enable it to swim and force itself up to the fallopian tube. This is where all the magic happens in the woman fallopian tube, the......

Words: 7848 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 5

...Unit 5 Assignment 1, Anatomy and Physiology for Health and Social Care Nucleus The majority of cells in the human body contain a nucleus but not all nuclei are the same as there are many variations. The nucleus has the largest spherical structure within the cell, and is known as the ‘brain of the cell’ because the nucleus controls all of the cell’s activity, such as: reproduction of cells and movement. The nucleus contains strands of DNA (chromosomes) in the form of a double helix. Within the human body there are cells that have no use for a nucleus such as red blood cells and cells that contain multiple nuclei such as muscles, because they are more active. Cytoplasm The cytoplasm is a thick, clear semi fluid, gel like substance that is enclosed by the cell membrane and covers the entire cell. The cytoplasm contains other organelles, such as Golgi apparatus, mitochondria and lysosome etc. This organelle is mainly made up of water, salts and proteins, and is where the cells, enzyme controlled, chemical reactions take place. These reactions are most commonly referred to as metabolism. Mitochondria Mitochondria are rod shaped organelles with a double membrane that are scattered around the cell in the cytoplasm. The three components of mitochondria are: the outer membrane, inner membrane and the matrix. The outer membrane acts like a skin, keeping the structure. The inner membrane is folded over multiple times to create a layered structure, which......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 2

...Equality, diversity and human rights in relation to health and social care. - - - - “ Recognising how vital and valuable these are within a health and social care setting is mandatory for you professionals. ” So, what is equality, diversity and human rights? - - - - The true meaning of ‘equality’ is that all people are of the same value. Equality is a huge subject within the caring sector, every person has the right to be treated equally regardless to their gender, race, beliefs, religions, wealth and age. All health and social work practices are required to place a policy that ensures equal opportunities for their staff. The policies are aimed at making sure that all people in the workplace are treated equally for example, access to work, Pay and conditions of work are all equal.Although it is very important, we must not forget that not everyone must not be treated in the same way due to diversity. Diversity? Diversity explains although we all have many things in common with one another, we are all also different and unique in thousands of different ways. Diversity is all about valuing and understanding each other's differences and by embracing that we create a productive environment where everyone can feel valued and have the right to be who they are. Rights? The term rights are essential to know about in a healthcare setting. Knowing the individual's rights is mandatory. Rights also describes the responsibilities of......

Words: 1201 - Pages: 5

One Piece Chapter 813 | Venom 3D FULLBluRay | PEINTURES Polyuréthane bi-composants BLANC RAL 9010 brillant direct 500 ml