Premium Essay

Vapor Strain Rws 200

In: English and Literature

Submitted By rachelmirae
Words 1674
Pages 7
Rachel Beck
Professor Carr
RWS 200
Electronic Cigarettes: the Future of Smoking? Today, if you were to sit at a bar on the Lower East Side, you may find yourself next to a guy smoking a light-up plastic tube that smells like cherries and think to yourself, even Humphrey Bogart couldn’t make one of those look cool. Or if you haven’t seen the 1941 film, Casablanca, you may still chuckle a bit. But could these vaping devices be the future of smoking? Author Andrew Stuttaford in his article, “Vaper Strain” published by the National Review in 2013, addresses the topic of these electronic cigarettes, arguing that these healthy alternatives are, in fact, the future of smoking. He believes they are often demonized for no good reason and he advocates for the product by addressing some of the key health concerns that consistently show up in debates on e-cigarettes. His purpose is to address these concerns, but ultimately show how the benefits of e-cigarettes outweigh their potential detriments. In his attempt to debunk arguments from the critics of e-cigarettes, he adopts a sarcastic tone for his audience, the readers of the National Review.
Stuttaford’s sarcastic tone is used to introduce e-cigarettes to an older audience, predominantly one of older cigarette smokers who grew up in a time when smoking was a part of the American culture. The very first sentence in his article is introducing e-cigarettes – what they do and how they work – knowledge that is commonly known among younger generations, but is often unknown among older generations. He notes that “[a]s I write, I am vaping,” which immediately develops a level of credibility because his audience then knows that he isn’t just an observer writing on the topic of e-cigarettes, he is a consumer of the product. Stuttaford understands that these older smokers probably look at e-cigarettes and laugh, so he…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Theory of Strain

...Theory of Strain The strain theory explains delinquency as being caused by the strain or frustration of not having an equal opportunity or means to achieve commonly shared goals such as economic or social success. Persons with little formal education and few economic resources are denied the ability to acquire the goals of American society, thus producing a sense of alienation, hopelessness and frustration. Because opportunities for success are more open for the middle – and upper classes, strain is experienced most by those in the lower socioeconomic class, where quality education and employment opportunities are more limited. Strain is more common among lower-class persons, who live in inner-city urban areas that are characterized more by social problems and crime. As a way to enhance educational and employment opportunities and reduce delinquency, the government funded policies such as “Head Start” and job programs for the lower-class youths. The Head Start program is a federal program for preschool children three to five years of age in low-income families. This program promotes school readiness by enhancing the social and cognitive development of children through the provision of educational, health, nutritional, social and other services to enrolled children and families. They engage parents in their children’s learning and help them in making progress toward their educational, literacy and employment goals. Significant emphasis is placed on the involvement......

Words: 754 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Merton's Strain Theory

...3. Merton's Strain Theory says that there are goals present that are set by our culture, such as the American Dream ( white picket fence, high paying job and family). Although the goal exists for most people within that culture and should be attainable by all , that is not always the case. Sometimes some people lack the means and /or the opportunities to reach those goals. This is usually because of two reasons, lack of opportunity or discrimination, according to structuralism. People with less opportunity often are poorer and, less educated. The people being discriminated against are typically minorities and female. When the goal is unattainable, this leads to a road of deviance. One main idea is that not everyone who fails to reach their goals chooses a deviant lifestyle, only those with the opportunity to do so, do. When strain does occur there are 5 modes of adaption to deal with it, conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism and rebellion. Conformity is the most popular mode and means that the goals are met and the ways of meeting the goals are respected. Innovation is when the goals are met but the way they were met isn't considered "high status" . It usually involves very hard work and blue collar jobs. Ritualism does not meet the culture's goals but makes their own, and is happy with what they have. Retreatist shun away from the norms of the cultural goals , this is the rarest. Rebels fight against the norm and seek to create their own....

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Hamstring Strain

...Hamstring strain Have you ever experience a hamstring strain? Do you know how unsafe it can be? One of the common groups of people to go through hamstring injuries, are athletes who indulge in sports that involve jumping and explosive sprinting. In addition of hamstring injuries, they can be very frustrating to deal and treat with. The hamstrings are composing of tendons that attach three large muscles, the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus. These three muscles helps one knee to bend and extend to his or her hip; however, when one or more of these muscles gets stretched too far and starts to tear, it may cause plenty of pain due to the pulled hamstring. In the circumstance of having to go through a hamstring strain, his or her may experience many symptoms and signs. For example, if his or her feels a sharp pain and possibly a popping sensation at the back of his or her leg, it is probably a sign of a hamstring strain injury. Some symptoms that one may go through during this incident, is pain in the back of his or her thigh when they flex or extend their leg, tenderness, swelling, and bruising in the affected area, and lastly weakness in his or her leg that lasts for a long time after the injury. In the event of a particularly severe strain or complete tear, the victim injured may feel a gap in the torn muscle, which may cause difficulties to run, jump, stretch and possibly walk. In......

Words: 752 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Strain Theory

...The strain theory foundation was laid by a well known sociologist Robert Merton. Merton believed that when groups of people do not have access to particular resources within the community, they are faced with the issues of obtaining those achievements and/or resources. Often times the process by which these achievements and/or resources are obtained will lead to criminal action. This places tremendous pressure on individuals which can be described as strain. Merton also refers to the inability to obtain the achievements and/or resources honestly as blocked opportunity structure (Agnew 2006). Over time many studies regarding strain theory have been conducted which has altered the meaning of strain theory. Merton’s foundation of strain theory was built upon by a modern sociologist named Robert Agnew. Agnew took Merton’s strain theory and changed the theory behind which Merton believed that strain led to criminal and deviant behavior. Agnew’s newly defined definition of strain theory including the inability to obtain the achievements and/or resources need; but the loss of property and negative behavior displayed by others created strains (2006). Agnew also provided a structuralized approach to the strain theory by providing categories which the different behaviors can be classified. Agnew’s classification of the various form of strain theory can be determined by the resources available to an individual, behavior of others, and the experiences (both anticipated and......

Words: 1539 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Roark's Formulas for Stress and Strain

...Roark’s Formulas for Stress and Strain WARREN C. YOUNG RICHARD G. BUDYNAS Seventh Edition McGraw-Hill New York Chicago San Francisco Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan New Delhi San Juan Seoul Singapore Sydney Toronto Cataloging-in-Publication Data is on file with the Library of Congress. Copyright # 2002, 1989 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a data base or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 123456789 DOC=DOC 07654321 ISBN 0-07-072542-X The sponsoring editor for this book was Larry Hager and the production supervisor was Pamela A. Pelton. It was set in Century Schoolbook by Techset Composition Limited. Printed and bound by R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company. McGraw-Hill books are available at special quantity discounts to use as premiums and sales promotions, or for use in corporate training programs. For more information, please write to the Director of Special Sales, Professional Publishing, McGraw-Hill, Two Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10121-2298. Or contact your local bookstore. This book is printed on recycled, acid-free paper containing a minimum of 50% recycled, de-inked fiber. Information contained in this work has been obtained by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.......

Words: 289317 - Pages: 1158

Free Essay

Stress and Strain

...MIT - 16.20 Fall, 2002 Unit 2 Loads and Design Considerations Readings: Rivello (Ch. 1) Cutler book (at leisure) G 7.1 Paul A. Lagace, Ph.D. Professor of Aeronautics & Astronautics and Engineering Systems Paul A. Lagace © 2001 MIT - 16.20 Fall, 2002 Sources of Stresses and Strains Depends on type of structure Aircraft Launch Vehicles Space Structures General Other Considerations Paul A. Lagace © 2001 Unit 2 - p. 2 MIT - 16.20 Fall, 2002 Can generally divide these into: • Normal operational effects (regular use) • Environmental effects (internal stresses, material property degradation) • Isolated effects (lightning, impact) In a (large company) • “Design” group does general management • “Loads” group determines operating conditions • This is passed on to “stress” group that analyzes stresses and deformations • “Materials” group provides material ultimates, etc. ⇒ Need to understand each part NOTE: New approach in companies: IPT (Integrated Product Teams) DBT (Design Build Teams) - people from each branch including manufacturing and marketing ⇒ even more important to understand various factors Paul A. Lagace © 2001 Unit 2 - p. 3 MIT - 16.20 Fall, 2002 Factors, Margins, etc. Two important definitions for static considerations Limit Load/Stress/Condition: Maximum load/stress/condition where structure shows no permanent deformation. Ultimate Load/Stress/Condition: Maximum load/stress/condition where...

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Execcutive Summary Rws

...Singapore Public Limited Company (PLC), a leisure and gaming company listed on the mainboard of the Singapore Exchange. Genting Singapore PLC is part of the Genting Group that is listed in Malaysia. Current Situation List of products/services offered from Resorts World Sentosa ATTRACTIONS Universal Studios Singapore® Enter the thrilling world of movie magic as you “ride the movies®” on the roller coaster and other movie-themed attractions. Be dazzled and delighted by an immersive entertainment experience that brings the silver screen to life. Marine Life Park Whether you’re a scientist , university researcher or non-governmental organization (NGO) involve in marine-life related research, education and conservation projects, the RWS Marine Life Fund can help your cause. Resorts World Sentosa is committed to marine conservation and provides sponsorship for researchers. NGOs and kids to conduct marine conservation projects around the world. Maritime Xperiential Museum The Maritime Xperiential Museum will take you back in time to one of the greatest eras in history: It is here that the tale of maritime adventurers, sea pirates, and the growth of sea trade between Asia, the Middle East and Europe is told. The museum provides a fascinating look at the history of the Maritime Silk Route along the Strait of Malacca and Asia's greatest ports and coastal cities from 9th to 19th century, when explorers discovered and opened up trade new maritime routes. The museum's......

Words: 2502 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

General Strain Theory

...General Strain Theory: Robert Agnew At one point in life, every individual will experience strain. Theorist Robert Agnew tried to explain that when an individual experiences strain, he/she would feel a certain negative emotion or emotions. These negative emotions may lead a person to cope their strain through delinquent behavior. This paper will first summarize a recent crime on the news and it will also address Robert Agnew’s General Strain Theory. The three situations that are believed to cause strain will be explained, as well as the five factors that can make it strenuous for a person to cope in a positive and legal manner. This paper will also discuss why Agnew would explain this criminal decided to commit the crime by giving examples of the individual’s (the criminal’s) environment, personalities, and relationships. Nelly Kantun worked for more than 20 years at the Domino’s Pizza located at 1644 E. Highland Ave in San Bernardino, California. She was the manager of the store when something tragic took place on February 12, 2014. According to a news website, The Sun, Nelly Kantun’s ex-boyfriend Pedro Enrique Duquesne, age 55, from Highland shot her once in the upper body when she was inside the Domino’s store; Nelly was then shot two more times outside of the store when she allegedly tried to run out. Police believed this incident was due to domestic violence. The 39 year old unfortunately died at St. Bernardines Medical Center in San Bernardino. She was well liked......

Words: 2173 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Strain-Testing to Determine Genera Class Name University/School Name Cytoplasm is generally transparent, making it difficult to study under a microscope. Various methods of staining microbes are used to differentiate them and draw attention to their distinguishing features. In the case of a patient whose symptoms are consistent with an infection of the Bacillus, Escherichia and Mycoplasma genera, a sputum sample can be analyzed with staining procedures to narrow down possibilities to one genera. All tests begin by applying a sample to a slide and allowing it to dry. Most tests then require that the culture be passed over a flame to kill the cells and allow them to accept dyes. Some tests don’t require heat fixing due to the damage it causes to fine structures. The Bacillus, Escherichia and Mycoplasma genera can be distinguished by their distinct features anatomically as well as their reactions to various solutions. The acid-fast test, spore test, flagella test, and the negative strain technique, taken together, will eliminate two of the possibilities and leave one. Mycoplasma can be distinguished from other genera using the acid-fast test. In this process, sputum is applied to a slide and an initial bright red dye is applied to the sample via heat or through a solvent. The dye is then rinsed off with an acid-alcohol solution; Mycoplasma cells retain the red dye after being washed, while Escherichia and Bacillus cells would take on a blue stain. If Mycoplasma is ruled......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Andromeda Strain

...ANDROMEDA STRAIN 1. Name and type of microorganism (actual disease mimic) indicate the name and the type of microorganism that caused the pandemic in each movie and what actual disease they mimic Code name: “andromeda”. Andromeda Strain is a deadly extraterrestrial virus. I mutates with each growth cycle, changing its biologic properties. The microbe contains chemical elements required for terrestrial life and appears to have a crystalline structure, but lacks DNA, RNA, proteins, and amino acids, yet it directly transforms matter to energy and vice versa. The scientists learn that Andromeda grows only within a narrow pH range; in a too-acid or too-basic growth medium, it will not multiply—Andromeda's pH range is 7.39–7.43, like that of human blood. Leptospirosis. 2. Origin and how it spread state where the organisms came from and explain how they were spread Project Scoop was one of several attempts to investigate a singularity, or a worm hole, that has mysteriously appeared in the Solar system. Sent specifically collect biological samples, the satellite malfunctioned upon approaching the worm hole and fell back to Earth. It was picked up and released the deadly agent. Piedmont, Utah. Further investigation determines that the bizarre deaths were caused by a crystal-structured, extraterrestrial microbe on a meteor that crashed into the satellite, knocking it from orbit. 3. Cause and......

Words: 592 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...The Electronic Cigarette has turned into a growing trend in recent years as a different option for the tobacco smoker. The more up to date vapor style electronic cigarettes permit the typical tobacco smoker to have a more beneficial distinct option for smoking cigarettes when attempting to secure their nicotine. Being the more up to date item out available in the refined forms of vapor fluid you can discover today, there are numerous wellbeing inquiries that wait in individuals' psyche, some of which incorporate however are not restricted to, what do the specialists say? Is this FDA affirmed? How cans this contrast with the tobacco that is in an ordinary cigarette? Is this direction for living a change that I need to do? In this paper, you can read a few responses to these inquiries to see more about how the electronic cigarette can influence you in both positive and negative ways. Vaporing There is another revelation that is clearing the country in the recent years; the solid substitute for cigarettes, the electronic cigarette. The electronic cigarette or the "e-cigarette" is turning out to be more referred to all through the smoker group as a more advantageous substitute for one who is dependent on nicotine. The electronic cigarette takes out the destructive tar and other unsafe parts of tobacco and conveys the nicotine, however, a vapor to the smoker. Despite the fact that smoking by and large is terrible for your wellbeing and you are still helpless to the......

Words: 1686 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Strain Theory

...The Strain Theory Professor Jaske CRM 3407 15 February 2016 Thus, the Social Learning Theory appears to be the best theory to explain how people of different cultures and origins are able to co-exist in a ship since the theory gives credibility to the ability of people to live cordially as they learn a particular living environment or system. The Strain Theory does an excellent job of explaining white collar crime, along with the contextual anomie/ strain theory. While examining this theory, it was discovered as the most compelling in our constant battle with white collar and corporate crimes. Ever since the beginning of recorded history man/woman has tried to achieve a better life, but not much has changed in today’s standards, since it can be said it is more now than ever. From television, and radio we see the American dream of home ownership, the ability to fit into the society with the latest gadgets. At the same time trying to further their education has its roots in the American dream of more pay, a better job, and the ability to retire all these things is associated with the American dream of more money. While reading this theory I took a closer look into what fuels the human mind in our society. White collar crime in most cases, according to the Strain Theory and my own beliefs is what fuel the human desire to be successful. Greed has always and always will be a driving force in our society, I see no relief in sight unless we as a society find some way......

Words: 911 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Merlons Strain Theory

...the material needs of society are met; for example, individuals within society work in order to gain their wages which in turn provides for their material needs. He also argued that society needs goal attainment - society needs to set goals and achieve them; this need is met via the political – political leaders set goals for society to achieve and these goals help to improve society. Integration is another need which Parsons identified, this is where cohesion between the different institutions, such as the family and education system, is promoted; this is done to avoid chaos and conflict. Latency is also needed by society, this refers to the way in which individuals cope with problems in society - they may turn to religion to reduce the strain which has been put on them by society. These needs which Parsons identified can be seen as a strength of society as they help sociologists to understand what society needs in order to function adequately. However, functionalist sociologist, Merton disagreed with the needs which Parsons identified. Merton claims that Parsons ignored the fact that there are institutions within society that can be dysfunctional, for example, religion can form cohesion but can also cause divisions within society. According to Merton, Parsons failed to acknowledge this. Merton also argues that Parsons fails to differentiate between intended (manifest) and unintended (latent) functions within society and therefore, Parsons’ idea about the needs and......

Words: 1163 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Merton's Strain Theory

...Rudee Reyes SOC 408 In order to illustrate how biological theories of criminal behavior came up short in showing social reality, Robert Merton proposed his strain theory. He realized that every society and culture sets forth goals that every member should meet, and dictates the legitimate means of achieving those goals. So Merton argued that structural conditions needed to be considered as influencing deviation from behavior considered as normative. He referred to Durkheim’s concept of anomie, but understood it as the pressure, or strain, that an individual experiences based on two conditions. First, an individual may experience strain when institutional means of achieving culturally defined goals do not necessarily lead to attainment of those goals. Second, an individual may also experience strain when access to the institutional means of achieving culturally defined goals is completely blocked off. In his theory, Merton describes five different ways that individuals adjust to the strains they experience (Merton pg. 233). These categories explain how individuals adapt under the conditions of strain resulting from anomie. The first category is conformist, in which the individuals believe in both the goals set forth by their culture and the institutional means of achieving those goals (Merton pg. 234). These people strive for their culture’s goals of success by following the prescribed means of achieving them. An example of this would be college students because they......

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mercurial Vapor Superfly Ii Elite

...focuses on creating competitive advantage through product differentiation. The company creates value by meeting consumers’ need for products that ensure performance excellence. Characterized by innovative and high performance traits, Nike’s products, offer performance improvements and individuality allowing customers to choose the right shoe according to their game style. Marketing activities such as creating the “Swoosh” logo and the “Just Do It” campaign have also helped the company defined its brand and create brand equity. Faced with the launch of a new boot, the Mercurial Vapor Superfly II Elite, Nike must find the right fit between the company, competitors and consumers in order to obtain a competitive positioning advantage and successfully launch the new boot. Nike is the market leader in product differentiation when it comes to football shoes. With its most recent innovation, the Mercurial Vapor Superfly II Elite, Nike offers football players the latest in performance technology. To understand the product’s sources of competitive advantage it is important to identify the value created at the following different product levels: the core product, the actual product and the augmented product. Starting at the core level, the product’s benefit is that it allows football players to improve performance by providing superior stability, traction and support. Additional product differentiation is established at the core level through the development process, which is unique......

Words: 1462 - Pages: 6

Teresa Palmer | Tom Hopper | Violetta