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Wgu Community Health Task 2

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Communicable Disease Outbreak
(Measles)
Community Health Task 2
Western Governors University
Carissa J Dugan
Student ID: 000468111
August 20, 2015

Measles was discovered in the 19th century by a Persian Doctor, but was not recognized until 1957 as an infectious agent in human blood by a Scottish physician. In 1912 measles became a notifiable disease and in the first decade that records were kept there was on average 6,000 deaths per year reported from the disease. (Center For Disease Control). There is no definite origination of measles but scientists believe that it dates back to the Roman Empire about the 11th and 12th century (NCBI, 2010). The first outbreak known in America was in 1657 in Boston, Massachusetts. The disease spread quickly through the town and eventually believed to be the source of further infections nationwide. (The History Of Vaccines). A decade prior to a vaccine being developed it was estimated that all children would get the disease by the age of 15 (Center For Disease Control). It was not until 1964 a vaccine was developed to help eradicate the disease. John F. Enders and Dr. Thomas C. Peebles is credited with creating the vaccine, he was able to collect blood samples from the infected in Boston and was successful in isolating the measles virus in an infected 13 year old boy named David Edmundson. (Center For Disease Control). However it was not until 1968 that the vaccine was ready for use and distributed (Center For Disease Control). More recently in the year 2000 the disease was declared eliminated from the United States. This did not last long as outbreaks were reported the next year. (Center For Disease Control).
Measles can live in the airway passages of the infected human and is spread through coughing and sneezing on others. All caregivers are required to wear masks and gowns commonly known as…...

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