Premium Essay

Wife by Bharathi Mukherjee

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Amalu
Words 30269
Pages 122
University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative
Exchange
Masters Theses

Graduate School

5-2010

Bharati Mukherjee and the American Immigrant:
Reimaging the Nation in a Global Context
Leah Rang
University of Tennessee - Knoxville, lrang@utk.edu

Recommended Citation
Rang, Leah, "Bharati Mukherjee and the American Immigrant: Reimaging the Nation in a Global Context. " Master's Thesis,
University of Tennessee, 2010. http://trace.tennessee.edu/utk_gradthes/655 This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Graduate School at Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange. It has been accepted for inclusion in Masters Theses by an authorized administrator of Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange. For more information, please contact trace@utk.edu.

To the Graduate Council:
I am submitting herewith a thesis written by Leah Rang entitled "Bharati Mukherjee and the American
Immigrant: Reimaging the Nation in a Global Context." I have examined the final electronic copy of this thesis for form and content and recommend that it be accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts, with a major in English.
Urmila Seshagiri, Major Professor
We have read this thesis and recommend its acceptance:
Lisi Schoenbach, Bill Hardwig
Accepted for the Council:
Carolyn R. Hodges
Vice Provost and Dean of the Graduate School
(Original signatures are on file with official student records.)

To the Graduate Council:
I am submitting herewith a thesis written by Leah Rang entitled ―Bharati Mukherjee and the American Immigrant: Reimagining the Nation in a Global Context.‖ I have examined the final electronic copy of this thesis for form and content and recommend that it be accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts, with a major in English.

Urmila Seshagiri, Major…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Drovers Wife

...The drover’s wife The drover’s wife is a short story written by Henry Lawson in 1892. Henry Lawson was a famous Australian writer, who lived from 1867 until 1922. He wrote fictive stories about the colonial period in Australia and is known as one of the most famous writers in Australia. The story is written during the colonial period, but that does not affect the story. The main theme in the story is the life of a lonely woman, who lives out in the bush with her four children. Her husband is a drover and isn’t home in long periods. Another theme in the story is the motherly instinct, and the will to always protect the family at any cost. The story takes place out in the bush in Australia. The family lives far out in the country, where nobody else lives. When problems occur there are no one to help, and the mother has to deal with it by herself. The eldest boy wants to help his mom when they have some problems, but she won’t always let him, because of her motherly instinct. The family lives in an old two-roomed house build of timber, slabs and stringy-bark. One day the family is out and one of the children sees a deadly snake, and calls the mother. The mother becomes dazzled and worried. They try to catch the snake because she wants to kill it, but the snake winds its way down under the house. The mother tries to tempt it out by putting small dishes with milk outside the hole. That doesn’t work, and they must let it be. It becomes sunset and the children have to......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Wife of Bath

...The Wife of Bath begins the Prologue to her tale by establishing herself as an authority on marriage, due to her extensive personal experience with the institution. Since her first marriage at the tender age of twelve, she has had five husbands. She says that many people have criticized her for her numerous marriages, most of them on the basis that Christ went only once to a wedding, at Cana in Galilee. The Wife of Bath has her own views of Scripture and God’s plan. She says that men can only guess and interpret what Jesus meant when he told a Samaritan woman that her fifth husband was not her husband. With or without this bit of Scripture, no man has ever been able to give her an exact reply when she asks to know how many husbands a woman may have in her lifetime. God bade us to wax fruitful and multiply, she says, and that is the text that she wholeheartedly endorses. After all, great Old Testament figures, like Abraham, Jacob, and Solomon, enjoyed multiple wives at once. She admits that many great Fathers of the Church have proclaimed the importance of virginity, such as the Apostle Paul. But, she reasons, even if virginity is important, someone must be procreating so that virgins can be created. Leave virginity to the perfect, she says, and let the rest of us use our gifts as best we may—and her gift, doubtless, is her sexual power. She uses this power as an “instrument” to control her husbands. At this point, the Pardoner interrupts. He is planning to marry soon and......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Wife of Bath

...there are many different corrupt and flat out crazy characters. However, The Wife of Bath is one character that stands out the most. She is a strong, sexual being who does not care about obeying the rules. The Wife of Bath speaks highly of herself when it comes to pleasing her man sexually and does not believe that when one marriage ends that is it; she believes that more opportunities open. She marries five men, four of them for money and one for love. The Wife of Bath is not perfect in her tale but she keeps her audience on their toes, she is bold in her tale and stands behind her beliefs. The Wife of Bath is a very sexual person; she loves to please her man. “So help me God, I can’t help laughing yet/When I think of how at night I made them sweat”(Chaucer, 1328). She speaks about how she always keeps her man on his toes. She speaks about how it is God’s word that we must generate and multiply. This is why she feels that sex is good all the time, not only to please her man but to keep herself satisfied. The Wife of Bath feels that she has control of her husband’s body not mind. She did not believe that once her husband passed away that she was to become ugly and old but to stay young and fair. She went on to marry one after the other; she makes each husband pay off their debts. Only then can they have their ways with her. The Wife of Bath feels it is a waste to not let your husband enjoy his wife, “If I hold back with it, God give me sorrow!/My husband shall enjoy it......

Words: 926 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Wife of Bath

...The Wife of Bath’s Tale; Chaucer’s Early Feminism When the knight from The Wife of Bath’s Tale is to be put to death for taking the ”maidenhead” of a young maiden, he is offered a chance to live, if he can find out what women really want in life. He finds out that women just want to be in charge of their relationships, and have the freedom to make choices on their own. The knight eventually gets married, and shows his true understanding of what women really want. This suggests that, for his time, Chaucer has progressive feminist views. The Wife of Bath’s Tale displays these feminist values through three major events in the tale. The knight’s sentencing, was a major event in The Wife of Bath’s Tale, and in which, a female was in a high place of power, which displays progressive views towards woman in power. King Arthur lets his queen decide what punishment to give to the knight. The king normally made this decision, but the queen requested to make the decision and “ceaselessly, he [King Arthur] gave the queen the case.”(72) This willingness to let his wife make decisions shows feminist intention from Chaucer. The question asked to the knight: “What is the thing that women most desire?” (81) is a feminist one, for it’s a question not asked too often in that time. The decision of the king to allow his wife to decide, and the penalty decided upon by the queen, both allude to the feminism in The Wife of Bath’s Tale. When the knight meets the old hag, he swears his life to......

Words: 670 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Curleys Wife

...Steinbeck depicts Curley’s wife not as a villain, but rather as a victim. Like the ranch-hands, she is desperately lonely and has broken dreams of a better life. She's the only female character in the novel, and she's never given a name and is only referred to in reference to her husband. The men on the farm refer to her as a “tramp,” a “tart,” and a “looloo.” Dressed in fancy, feathered red shoes, she represents the temptation of female sexuality in a male-dominated world. How is Curley's wife presented and developed throughout the novel? Curley's wife is an example of how our perception of a character can change without the character actually changing. She is portrayed as both a villain and victim throughout the course of the novel. Despite Steinbeck's rendering she emerges as a relatively complex and intricate character who through the course of the novel, our feelings become sympathetic towards. Throughout the novel she is shown in different lights, as from section 2 to section 5 in the novel, her character evolves and her sweeter and more vulnerable side is shown in contrast to her first appearance which portrays her as imposing and a trouble maker. Throughout the course of the novel, it appears women are treated with contempt and Steinbeck generally depicts women as trouble-makers who bring ruin on men and drive them mad. Aside from wearisome wives "Of Mice and Men" offers limited rather misogynistic descriptions of women who are either dead, maternal figures or......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Curlys Wife

...portrayal of Curley's Wife in Of Mice and Men. John Ernst Steinbeck, Jr, was born on February 26th, 1902, Salinas, California, United States. He decided while in high school he wanted to be a writer. Steinbeck studied at Stanford University intermittently between 1920 and 1926 where he majored in English. He married on the 28th December 1950 to his third and last wife, Elaine Anderson Scott. During his lifetime he wrote twenty-seven books, including five collections of short stories, six non-fiction books and sixteen novellas. One of his most successful novellas is ‘Of Mice and Men’ which I am going to explore and analyse. Steinbeck uses Curley’s wife as a symbol to portray and demonstrate male dominance and portray female oppression in the 1930’s USA. He also shows the futility of the American dream throughout the novella. Steinbeck portrays the nameless wife throughout the novella as Curley’s wife, as that ‘title’ shows the apostrophe of possession. Curley’s Wife is not a person of her own but merely a possession. We are not informed the name of Curley’s Wife. Steinbeck never informs us about her at all during the course of the novella, she remains much of a questionable character. Steinbeck's way of showing us this is that she is always asking questions, she never gives any solid information about herself. This gives way to excessive mystery and many different observations about her. Symbolism is used by Steinbeck when he refers to Curley’s Wife in various......

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Curleys's Wife

...identify that Steinbeck is portraying Curley’s wife as an ostrich. Unable to fly, meaning CW can’t leave or escape the ranch. This represents that she is stuck and will never be able to leave. This goes back to portraying her as a lonely woman. It can also portray that she shows off and for that reason she is unable to leave because she no one would care in the outside world. | |Two |34 |‘For the rectangle of sunshine in the doorway was cut off’ |Obstacle, trap and as a distraction. |Connotations, imagery and descriptive language |Connotes that she is an evil character who cuts the hopes and dreams of innocent men such as Lennie and George. This is portraying the Curley’s wife is an evil character and warning us that George’s and Lennie’s dreams will always be cut off if she is in the way. | |Two |35 |‘But I have never seen no piece of jail bait worse than her’ |Whore and a trouble. |Connotations and imagery |In this quote Steinbeck shows what the ranch workers think of her. A girl who will get you in trouble due to her level in the hierarchy. | |Two |34 |‘Nobody can’t blame a person for looking’ |Flirty |Symbolism |In this quote it symbolises how the Curley’s wife is always pointing out the obvious. This is if someone like George is ignoring here he will look at here and then she will feel that she is getting attention. | |Two |35 |‘She was suddenly apprehensive’ |Scared |Symbolism Portrayal |In this quote we see how the Curley’s wife is presented to be always scared of......

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Curley's Wife

...The novel ‘Of Mice and Men’ is set in1930 during the Great Depression, a society where it is believed men are stronger and superior. Steinbeck uses Curley’s wife to illustrate difficulties women faced during the time, where there is no respect for women they are powerless, for this reason Curley’s wife does not have her own name which symbolise men oppression because It’s a men’s world, she represent all the women of the time. Steinbeck portrait Curley’s wife as a sexual object and troubled. This shows through her appearance that she is seeking attention ‘her face was heavily made up. Her lips were slightly parted’. It is no surprise that many men in the ranch think that she’s ‘jailbait’ and the fact she is introduced through rumours by Candy to George and Lennie means their viewed about her is bad. These does not shows any positive attitude towards any woman in the novel. Curley’s wife may be bad woman but she does suffer from real affliction. Despite all the revelations about her personality in the novel, her death is caused by her never ending need for attention even though Lennie has reveals to her that he likes to pet soft things and they ended up dead, she still offers up her hair, which is foreshadowing her fate. Steinbeck makes Curley’s wife character seem insecure, lone and isolated from the others on the ranch. As the only women on the ranch, she want someone to talk to. Her life is lonely her husband is not always around to talk to her, this suggest how she is......

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Wife of Bath

...autobiography known as confessio, but though the Wife admits her former ‘misliving’ (which could be interpreted as confessional), but it’s tone and her/Chaucer’s purpose take it far away from a ‘theological’ form of confession…the Wife has not the slightest intention of changing her life. • Several of Chaucer’s sources allow the woman’s voice to be heard as proof of misogynist messages, but Chaucer allows the woman’s voice to take over completely; the impossibility of identifying a safe ‘genre’ is typical of everything Chaucer does with the Wife. Sources • The first thing to stress is that Chaucer and the Wife are dealing in commonplaces of the medieval stock of antifeminism; and the second, that she turns them inside out. The Wife uses them as a triumphant vindication of who she is and her way of life. While Alison of Bath takes great care to footnote her sources, it is safe to assume that anything she fails to footnote is common of the medieval body of antifeminist propaganda. • The Prologue draws on an EXCEPTIONALLY large range of sources, some sub textual, and some identified by the Wife herself (we are even told how she has come to know then – through her fifth husband Jankin, an Oxford scholar). • The most authoritative and prominent of her Latin sources is that of St. Jerome’s Adversus Jovinianum, written to refute the suggestion that virginity and marriage were of equal worth; this provides the Wife with most of her polemical......

Words: 1967 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Wife of Bath

...Inbalance Power In the story “ The Wife of Bath’s Tale “ portrays a common issue happening in society. This being that women are seen to be the weakest gender. There is no equal pay, women are underestimated and thought of to be incapable at performing at the same level as men. Although, it isn’t as radical as it was during the time of King Arthur, in this story, the power that men hold is suddenly withdrawn from their hands and put into the delicate hands of the “weaker sex”. It starts off with a flirty knight who thinks that he has every right to take a maiden’s virginity away, against her will. Of course, the knight knew what he was doing and chose to do it anyways, feeling that he has superior power of the innocent maiden’s virginity. It’s like having a perfect rose in your palm and suddenly destroying it with your own hands. You can’t get that perfect rose to be perfect once again. Once committed, the damage cannot be undone. At this point it is evident that the superiority is held by men. Although when the knight is brought to trial, this is not the case. Being charged with rape, during the medieval times, was a crime punishable by death. King Arthur held his knights to the idealized code of honor known as chivalry and was not going to let one knight stain the reputation of them all. But suddenly his jurisdiction is stripped away by her beloved wife, the queen. She simply asks the king to grant her the power to decide the fate of the sinful knight. Now the queen......

Words: 434 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Wife

...Sean Cannon English Annabel Servatt 23 April 2014 12. With the aftermath of being killed by his beloved wife, we see that Agamemnon starts to become very shaky towards all women and initially questions every woman’s devoted love for their husbands. In order to understand his confusion and heartache, we must understand the reasoning behind his death. We learn that Agamemnon was married to Clytemnestra, which is Helen’s sister. Long before he sets for sail, his wife makes it known that he should not bring home any female slaves when he comes back. The irony is that as soon as he gets to Troy, he finds another woman and makes her his wife and brings her back home with him. Once Clytemnestra hears news of this, she plans the murder of her husband. Clytemnestra begins to knit him a short that has no sleeve holes and her reasoning behind it is so that when they attack him, he cannot fight back. She decides to draw him a bath and she plans to try and get him to wear the shirt and to kill him in the tub. It is very ironic because ancient Greek warriors are always known for dying with honor and integrity and going out with a fight and in this case he could not do that because she killed him so easily. Odysseus travels down to the underworld in order to seek answers to some of his curiosity; in the underworld he meets Achilles and Agamemnon. The whole time he is down their he notices that all Achilles does is whine and complain about why he hates being dead and says how much he......

Words: 2052 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Gualin Wife

...developed, and the remnants of slavery are more prevalent. Therefore, the setting and background of Polk County, greatly affected the folk tales that Hurston collected there. The tales told in Polk County were all tales of “Massa” slave relations, and a great deal were of “ John and Old Massa”. While in Polk County, Hurston documents the tale of “Why the sister in black works hardest”. This myth, basically suggests that it is the black woman’s fault that she works so hard. In the tale, God rests a large box in the road, and it is left there for thousands of years. One day, a white woman asks her husband to fetch her the box, the slave owner then asks his slave to fetch the box, for it appears to heavy, the black man then in turn asks his wife to get it. The black woman runs to get the box for it is quite large and she thinks that it holds something nice. The box is instead filled with hard work, which the black woman must now do for eternity (Hurston 74). The stereotypes that black men are lazy and black women are greedy are at the base of this joke/tale. And while this tale is told in order to make people laugh, the underlying message can be dangerous and can subconsciously perpetuate long lasting negative ideas about people of African descent. Because the persons residing in Polk County were not as racially liberated as those in Eatonville, they were more susceptible to share and believe these myths. Throughout the texts by Glinton and Hurston respectively, it is......

Words: 1838 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Curley's Wife

...Home Page» English and Literature Karina's Paper In: English and Literature Curley’s Wife Impressions of Curleys Wife John Steinbeck sees Curleys wife a 'nice girl' and not a 'floozy' however in the novel 'Of Mice and Men', Steinbeck introduces the character of Curley's wife; she could be interpreted as a mis-fitting character in the novel. In the novel Curley's wife is probably the most loathed on the ranch, the way she looks and acts lead others on the ranch to see her as a 'tart'. Additionally Curley might be the reason of Curley's wife behavior; Curley's wife is clearly lonely in the novel because Curley doesn't pay much attention to her. The lack of attention from Curley forces her to seek it elsewhere. She flirts with the other characters on the ranch but they pay her no attention either. In this essay I am going to examine whether Curley's wife is a tart or not. I will consider how some of the other characters in this novel, Of Mice and Men, perceive her. Using this information I will draw a conclusion about her personality and nature. A tart is defined as someone who dresses up gaudily and exposes her body features to attract the opposite sex. It is usually described for someone who is a prostitute. John Steinbeck portrays Curley's wife, as a tart at the beginning of the novel, however as it progresses the way he presents her is opposite. At the end of the novel we see that she presents herself as a tart because of the intense loneliness......

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Army Wife

...of active duty once their initial terms of enlistment are through” (army wife, 2008 para 1). When using Ethos or her creditability she places herself in the blog she gives very fine examples of what she has been through. This gives us some feeling on someone who goes through this very situation. She explains how she was in the same situation and also what she knows about the stop-loss policy. Pathos her emotions or feelings on this subject are also very well noticed especially when using words like whole-heartedly and where she states she does not feel sorry for the others that are being stop-loosed because this will get her husband home sooner. Logos it really draws you into her feelings. It really makes you put yourself in her shoes and actually feel what she going though personally and, understand why she feels this stop-loss policy is very much fair. When using Ethos, Pathos, and Logos she used all three well enough to persuasive the reader. The army wife husband was stop-lossed the day her husband took command of his unit it was agreed that he would not leave until after the deployment. “The deployment has been pushed back 3 times now and so he remains with his unit” (army wife, 2008 para 14). This is where he remains until the people in charge over him saids otherwise. “However, as most military families will tell you, the military is not the real world nor has it always been fair” (army wife, 2008 para 5). In that direct quote she’s talking about how a lot......

Words: 1030 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Wife-Girlfriend0Mistress

...Natalie Goldina English 098/261 Professor McColl 8/17/12 Wife-Girlfriend-Mistress Through a man’s lifetime he encounters different type of women in different stages of his life. First he has a girlfriend, falls in love, and makes her an honest woman a wife. After he has gotten tired of not being able to get satisfied at home he pursues a mistress who will be able to discreetly satisfy him without having to end his marriage. That’s why a man looks for a discreet affair to have, so he could keep his wife and keep a mistress. I think men truly can’t distinguish between a girlfriend and a mistress. Women are constantly controlling a typical man during his life. First, he is dominated by his mother, then his girlfriend, then his wife, then and his mistress. A wife is a feminine spouse in the marriage, who takes care of the mortgage, legal matters, and hospital bills. She takes care of the slightest difficulty so the husband doesn’t have to take care of it. She is part of the family, and takes care of the man and the rest of the family, whereas the girlfriend has no entitlement to family problems. A wife is the only one that is responsible for the cleaning, buying groceries, cooking, and laundry, making things cozy in the house while the husband is working. After doing all those chores she will have zero amount of romantic interest left to satisfy her husband. But she will wait on for her husband to get home safely. Whenever the husband will try to be nice and......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Blanco Perfecto | Agent K.C. | Adelheid und ihre Mörder