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World War I

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Most major countries in Europe had been getting ready for war since 1870. German kingdoms united and became the largest power on the continent. Russia tried to align with Great Britain and France for protection. Great Britain tried to remain neutral but that just wasn’t possible. When war did erupt in 1914, it quickly escalated into the most deadly war the world had ever seen. Germans, Austro-Hungarians, and the Ottoman Turks untied to form the Central powers, while Great Britain, France and Russia formed the Entente powers. Although everyone in the US was in agreement to stay neutral through this war, Wilson soon realized that Germany’s U-boar campaign escalated the war to a new level. He pushed for mediation and settlement. He sent Colonel Edward House to England, France and Germany to propose a peace settlement in 1915, but no one was ready to listen.
In May of 1915, 120 Americans were lost when Germany destroyed the British ocean liner Lusitania. Wilson, trying to remain out of the conflict asked Germany to end their attacks on non-shipping vessels. Within months of the destruction of Lusitania, another British liner the Arabic was sunk by a u-boat torpedo. Wilson again tried to reason with Germany. In early 1917, Germany announced that they would attack all vessels in waters around Europe regardless of purpose, nationality, or destination. Wilson is finally done talking and ended all diplomatic relations with Germany. What put the icing on the cake was when the US intercepted the Zimmerman note. The Zimmerman note was from Germany to Mexico, requesting that Mexico declare war on the US, if the US declared war on Germany, with the promise of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico as a reward at the end of the war. When German U-boats sank three American merchant ships without warning, President Wilson had finally had enough. The next day President Wilson decided to…...

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